Route surveying is comprised of all survey operations required for design andconstruction of engineering works such as highways, pipelines, canals, or railroads.Route surveying is needed for the purpose of selecting the best route between 2 terminior end stations, and to find the most suitable combination of alignment, gradient andother details of the selected route.Route surveying can be divided into the following operations.i. Reconnaissanceii. Preliminary surveyiii. Location surveyiv. Construction surveyThe details of surveying methods used on a particular project depend upon the nature of the project, the topography and many other factors.
Generally done by a very experienced engineer who is familiar with the terrainand who has been involved in the design and planning of various other similar projects.The main objective of reconnaissance is to collect information about the topographybetween 2 termini for the purpose of the selection of a narrow band along which theroute can be located. It is a rapid and rough survey job. Steps in reconnaissance are:i. collect and study information about the areaii. visit to the site to examine the areaiii. determine approximate elevations and distancesiv. preparing a preliminary report