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r05222103-thermodynamics

# r05222103-thermodynamics

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05/09/2014

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Code No: R05222103
Set No. 1
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
THERMODYNAMICS
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) De\ufb01ne the term property. State the di\ufb00erences between extensive, intensive and speci\ufb01c properties of a thermodynamic system. Give few example for each.

(b) A mass of 2.5 kg of air is compressed in a quasi static process from 0.1 MPa to 0.7 MPa for which PV = constant. The initial speci\ufb01c volume is 0.80 m3/kg. Find the work done by the piston to compress the air.

[8+8]
2. (a) What are the practical di\ufb03culties associated with the use of ideal gas ther-
mometer?

(b) A new temperature scale in Degree N is desired with freezing point at 1000 N and the boiling point at 4000N. Establish a correlation between degrees Centigrade and degrees N. What will be the absolute temperature at 00N?

[6+10]
3. (a) State the limitations of \ufb01rst law of thermodynamics.
(b) What is a thermal energy reservoir?

(c) An engine operating on a Carnot cycle works with in temperature limits of 600 K and 300 K. If the engine receives 2000 KJ of heat, evaluate the work done and thermal e\ufb03ciency of the engine.

[6+2+8]
4. (a) Describe the process of formation of steam and give its graphical representation
(b) Steam enters an engine at a pressure 10 bar absolute and 2500C. It is exhausted
at 0.2 bar. The steam at exhaust is 0.9 dry. Find
i. Drop in enthalpy
ii. Change in enthalpy.
[7+9]
5. (a) Deduce the relationship between absolute temperature and absolute pressure
[7]

(b) 1.5 kg of air at pressure 6 bar occupies a volume of 0.2m3.If this air is expanded to a volume of 1.1m3. Find the work done and heat absorbed or rejected by the air for each of the following methods of trying one the process.

i. isothermally
[9]
6. (a) 200m3 of air per minute at 150C DBT and 75%RH.If heated until its temper-
ature is 250 C, \ufb01nd
1 of 2
Code No: R05222103
Set No. 1
i. RH of heated air
ii. WBT of heated air
iii. Heat added to air per minute.

(b) A vessel of 5m3 capacity contains two gases A and B in proportion of 40% and 60% respectively at 250C .If the value of R for the gases is 0.288 KJ/kg K and 0.295 KJ/KgK and if the total weight of the mixture is 2 kg, calculate

i. Partial pressure
ii. Total pressure
iii. The mean value of the R for the mixture.
[8+8]

7. (a) Show that the e\ufb03ciency of the Diesel cycle is lower than that of Otto cycle for the same compression ratio. Comment why the higher e\ufb03ciency of the Otto cycle compared to Diesel cycle for the same compression ratio is only for a academic interest and not practical importance.

(b) A Diesel engine has a compression ratio of 18 and cut-o\ufb00 takes place at 6% of
the stroke. Find the air-standard e\ufb03ciency. Assume\u03b3 = 1.4.
[8+8]
8. (a) Explain the working of simple Rankine cycle and what are di\ufb00erent ways to
improve the e\ufb03ciency of a cycle?
(b) Explain the functioning of vapour compression refrigeration system along with
diagrams?
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R05222103
Set No. 2
II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008
THERMODYNAMICS
(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Write the di\ufb00erences between system and control volume.

(b) A gas undergoes a reversible non-\ufb02ow process according to the relation P = (-3V+15)where V is the volume in m3 and P is the pressure in bar. Determine the work done when the volume changes from 3 to 6 m3.

[6+10]
2. (a) What are the practical di\ufb03culties associated with the use of ideal gas ther-
mometer?

(b) A new temperature scale in Degree N is desired with freezing point at 1000 N and the boiling point at 4000N. Establish a correlation between degrees Centigrade and degrees N. What will be the absolute temperature at 00N?

[6+10]
3. (a) State the limitations of \ufb01rst law of thermodynamics.
(b) What is a thermal energy reservoir?

(c) An engine operating on a Carnot cycle works with in temperature limits of 600 K and 300 K. If the engine receives 2000 KJ of heat, evaluate the work done and thermal e\ufb03ciency of the engine.

[6+2+8]
4. (a) Explain the di\ufb00erence between internal energy and enthalpy of wet and dry
steam
-
[7M]
(b) 2 kg of steam initially at a pressure of 12 bar and a temperature of 2500C
expends polytropically to 1.2 bar. Find
[9M]
i. Final condition
ii. Work done
iii. Change in entropy ,assume the index of expansion as 1.25

5. (a) One kg-mol of oxygen under goes a reversible non-\ufb02ow isothermal compression and the volume decreases from 0.15m3/kgto0.06m3/kg and the initial temper- ature is 500C. The gas obeys Vander waal\u2019s equation during the compression. Find:

i. The work done during the process
ii. The \ufb01nal pressure.
T ake a= 139250Nm4/(kg\u2212mole)2; b= 0.0314m3/kg\u2212mole; R= 8314J/kg mole K
1 of 2