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Homework 2

Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, February 27, 2011

Note:You will receive no credit for late submissions.

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Current Sheet

Consider an infinite sheet of parallel wires. The sheet lies in the

xy

plane. A current runs in the

-y

directionthrough each wire. There are wires per unit length in the

x

direction.Part AWrite an expression for , the magnetic field a distance above the

xy

plane of the sheet.Use for the permeability of free space.Hint A.1

How to approach the problem

Hint not displayed

Hint A.2

Find

Hint not displayed

Hint A.3

Determine the direction of the magnetic field

Hint not displayed

Hint A.4

Magnitude of the magnetic field

Hint not displayed

Hint A.5

Evaluate

asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...1 of 505/12/2011 8:00 PM

Hint not displayed

Express the magnetic field as a vector in terms of any or all of the following: , , , , , andthe unit vectors , , and/or .

ANSWER:=

Correct

This equation is analogous to on either side of a infinitely charged sheet. Thecorrespondence seems more obvious if you set the current per unit length . Then themagnetic field you just calculated is.The electric field, though, points along the perpendicular to the surface.Do you see why you had to pick the rean loop you used? That is, why would any other loop not haveworked.Did you notice that by using Ampère's law you could find the field by using a much simpler integral thanBiot-Savart's law? The drawback is that you may not always be able to find a convenient loop insituations where the current distribution is more complicated.

Force between an Infinitely Long Wire and a Square Loop

A square loop of wire with side length carries a current . The center of the loop is located a distancefrom an infinite wire carrying a current . The infinite wire and loop are in the same plane; two sides of thesquare loop are parallel to the wire and two are perpendicular as shown.Part AWhat is the magnitude, , of the net force on the loop?Hint A.1

How to approach the problem

asteringPhysics: Assignment Print Viewhttp://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrintView?assignme...of 505/12/2011 8:00 PM

Hint not displayed

Hint A.2

Determine the direction of force

Hint not displayed

Hint A.3

Determine the magnitude of force

Hint not displayed

Hint A.4

Find the force on the section of the loop closest to the wire

Hint not displayed

Hint A.5

Find the magnetic field due to the wire

Hint not displayed

Express the force in terms of , , , , and .

ANSWER:=

Correct

Part BThe magnetic moment of a current loop is defined as the vector whose magnitude equals the area of theloop times the magnitude of the current flowing in it (), and whose direction is perpendicular to theplane in which the current flows. Find the magnitude, , of the force on the loop from Part A in terms of themagnitude of its magnetic moment.

Express in terms of , , , , and .

ANSWER:=

Correct

The direction of the net force would be reversed if the direction of the current in either the wire or theloop were reversed. The general result is that "like currents" (i.e., currents in the same direction)attract each other (or, more correctly, cause the wires to attract each other), whereas oppositelydirected currents repel. Here, since the like currents were closer to each other than the unlike ones,the net force was attractive. The corresponding situation for an electric dipole is shown in the figurebelow.

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