Chapter 3 Suffixes The Language of Medicine Arthralgia Pain in a joint Otalgia Pain in the ear Neuralgia Nerve pain

Myalgia Muscle pain Rectocele Hernia of the rectum into the vagina Cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder into the vagina Thoracentesis A surgical puncture to remove fluid from chest Amniocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sack Abdominocentesis/paracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen Streptococcus Bacteria that grow in twisted chains

Staphylococci Bacteria that grow in clusters Erythrocyte Red blood cell Leukocyte White blood cell Thrombocyte Clotting cell/platelet Pleurodynia/pleuralgia Pain in the pleural cavity/ chest wall muscles Laryngectomy Excision of the larynx Mastectomy Excision of a breast Anemia A condition of reduction in the number of red blood cells or amount of hemoglobin in the circulating blood Ischemia Deficiency of blood flow to a part of the body due to narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels Carcinogenesis A condition of producing cancer Pathogenesis A condition of producing disease

Angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels in the embryo Carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer Osteogenic Pertaining to being produced by bone tissue Electroencephalogram Record of the electricity in the brain Myelogram An x-ray record of the spinal cord after injecting a contrast material Mammogram An x-ray record of a breast Electroencephalograph An instrument for recording the electricity in the brain Electroencephalography The process of recording the electricity in the brain Angiography x-ray recording of blood vessels after injecting a contrast bronchitis inflammation of the bronchial tubes tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils

thrombophlebitis / phlebitis inflammation of a vein accompanied by formation of a clot ophthalmology study of the eye ophthalmologist optometrist optician morphology study of the shape of cells hemolysis destruction of red blood cells ana lysis hem o dia lysis lipolysis osteomalacia softening of bones chondromalacia softening of cartilage acromegaly enlargement of extremities spleenomegaly enlargement of the spleen myoma benign tumor of muscles

myosarcoma malignant tumor of muscles multiple myeloma malignant tumor originating from the bone marrow hematoma a mass of blood under the skin biopsy viewing a living tissue necropsy dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death necrosis abnormal condition of death of cells hydronephrosis dilation of the pelvis of the kidney due to an obstruction to the free flow of urine from the kidney leukocytosis a slight increase in the number of white blood cells as a response to infection cardiomyopathy disease condition of the heart muscle erythropenia a decrease in the number of red blood cells

neutropenia a decrease in the number of neutrophils (white blood cells) thrombocytopenia a decrease in the number of clotting cells acrophobia fear of heights agoraphobia fear of public places or open places necrophobia achondroplasia a disorder in which the bones of arms and legs fail to grow to normal size due to a defect in cartilage and bone angioplasty surgical repair of a blood vessel blepharoptosis prolapse of the upper eyelids nephroptosis prolapse of the kidney arteriosclerosis hardening of arteries laparoscope an instrument to visually examine the abdomen laparoscopy

visual examination of the abdomen metastasis spread of a malignant tumor beyond its original site to a secondary organ or location hemostasis stoppage of blood flow by natural or mechanical means colostomy opening of the colon to the outside of the body tracheostomy opening of the trachea to the outside of the body hydrotherapy treatment with water chemotherapy treatment with drugs or chemicals radiotherapy treatment with high energy x-ray laparotomy incision of the abdomen phlebotomy incision of a vein tracheotomy incision of the trachea (to remove a blockage) hypertrophy

an increase in the size of a tissue or an organ due to enlargement of the cells atrophy a decrease in the size of cells within an organ radiographer a health care professional who operates radiological equipment leukemia higher than normal number of (cancerous) white blood cells pneumonia abnormal condition / inflammation of the lungs nephrologist a kidney specialist arteriole a small artery venule a small vein pericardium a membrane surrounding the heart mucus a sticky substance secreted from a mucous membrane esophagus a tube leading from the throat to the stomach nephropathy disease condition of the kidney

cardiac pertaining to the heart peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum inguinal pertaining to the groin pleural pertaining to the pleura tonsillar pertaining to the tonsils pulmonary pertaining to the lungs axillary pertaining to the armpit laryngeal pertaining to the larynx carcinogenic pertaining to producing cancer osteogenic pertaining to producing in the bones chronic occurring over a long period of time pathologic

pertaining to the study of disease adenoids enlarged lymphatic tissue in the upper part of the throat near the nasal passage mucoid resembling mucus adipose pertaining to or full of fat mucous membrane an epithelial membrane that secretes mucus and lines the tubular organs of the body necrotic pertaining to death of cells

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