TEAM OR WORK GROUP INTERVENTIONS

Organizational Development (OD)
Definition Organization Development (OD) is an effort (1)Planned (2)Organization wide, and (3)Managed from the top, to (4)Increase organization effectiveness and health through (5)Planned interventions in the organization’s “processes,” using behavioral-science knowledge. (6) (7)

Intervention

To intervene is to enter into an ongoing system of relationships, to come between or among persons, groups, or objects for the purpose of helping them.

OD Interventions

It refers to the range of planned, programmatic activities clients and consultants participate in during the course of an organization development program.

Team Interventions

Distinction between Groups and Teams
A work group is  - a number of persons  - usually reporting to a common superior  - having some face-to-face interaction  - persons have some degree of interdependence in carrying out tasks for the purpose of achieving organizational goals  A team is  - a form of group  - has some characteristics in greater degree than ordinary groups  - and a higher degree of interdependency and interaction

Team or work groups
Strategic units of organization  Much of the organization’s work is accomplished directly or indirectly through teams  Work team culture exerts a significant influence on individual behaviour

 Cross-Functional

Teams

individuals with functional home baseeg. Manufacturing, design, engg etc.but they meet regularly to solve ongoing challenges requiring input from a number of functional areas

Teams: comprised of

 Effective

comfortable and informal

Teams: are relaxed, Teams: have

 High-Performance

strong personal commitment to each other- commitment to other’s growth and success

Team-Building Interventions

The four main areas: ü Diagnosis ü Task Accomplishments ü Team relationships ü Team and organization processes

Major approaches to Team Building

al work group diagnost ic m eet ing

Form al work group t em -building m eet ing

Process Consult at ion

Gest alt OD

THE FORMAL GROUP DIAGNOSTIC MEETING

Its purpose is to conduct a general critique of the performance of the group and to uncover and identify problems on which they will work on

THE FORMAL GROUP TEAMBUILDING MEETING

It has the goal of improving the team’s effectiveness through better management of task demands, relationship demands and group processes.

PROCESS CONSULTATION INTERVENTIONS
 Process

consultation model is similar to team-based interventions  It places greater emphasis on diagnosing and understanding process events

A GESTALT APPROACH TO TEAM BUILDING
 Focuses

more on the individual than on the group is the Gestalt Approach to OD

Techniques and Exercises used in Team Building

E ANALYSIS TECHNIQUE INTERDEPENDENCYROLE NEGOTIATION TECHN EXERCISE

IATIONS & CONCERNS EXERCISE RESPONSIBILITY CHARTING VISIONING

FORCE-FIELD ANALYSIS

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