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t&dkif; ESihf t,Of (2

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tnmom; atmifrif;wa,muf ] aygif } e,fol jzLjzLawmihfawmihf vHk;MuD;aygufvS
&ifMuD;MuD; wifxGm;xGm; cifjidrf;wihfESihf olUnDr vHk;vHk;uspfuspfav; cifjidrf;qihfwdkUudk tydkif
pnf;&Hk;odrf;oGif;um umrt&om jrdefjrdefMuD;cHpm;aeonfrSm tawmfyifMumoGm;cJhavjyD/ ..
reufreuf cifjidrf;wihfa,mufsm; udkodef;pdk;tvkyfoGm;jyDqdkonfESihf a&mufvmjyD; wreufvHk;
wcgw&H waeukefeD;yg;yif 0uf0ufuGJrQ vkd;cef;zGihfaecJhjcif;jzpf\/ nDtrESpfa,mufpvHk;udk
tydkifukdifxm;EdkifonfrdkU atmifrif;tzdkU rMuHKzl;atmifyif umrukodkvfxl;aeonf[k ajym&
ayvdrfhrnf/ ol pdwful;,Ofxm;orQ umrpyf,Sufenf;rsm;udk cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtpfrESpfazmf
ESihf aysmfaysmfMuD;yif vufawGUvkyfaqmifaeav\/ umrpyf,SufyHkrsm;ESihfygwfoufjyD; yHkpHwl
twkcdk;Edkif&ef tjym"mwfyHkrsm;? pmtkyfrsm;? wcgw&H AD'D,dkrsm;udkyif atmifrif;u ,laqmif
vmjyD; jyoavh&Sd&m ,cifu umrrIESifhygwfoufvmvQif t&d k i f ; av;rsm;omjzpfcJhMuaom
cifjidrf;wihfwdkUnDtronf ,ckawmh umrpyf,SufrI t&omtrsdK;rsdK;udk wwfodem;vnfcHpm;
vmwwfum ,Ofyg;ívmMuavjyD/ ... wzufwGifawmh ,cifu t&SuftaMumuf MuD;um
tdajE´odu©m apmihfpnf;vQuf twGif;cHqdkvQifaomfrS b&mpD,mawG yifwDawGr0wfwwfMuyJ
&dk;&dk;abmfvDrQom 0wfum ydydjym;jym; ,Of,Ofaus;aus; aexdkifvmcJhMu&mrS ,cktcgwGifrl
umrt[kef zrf;pm;um avmupnf;pdrfaemuf irf;irf;wufvkdufygvQuf &rufpdwf&dkif;awGESihf
t&SuftaMumufuif;rJhpGm umrrIrsdK;pHkudk rjiif;wef; pdwfygvufygvkyfaqmifaeMuaom
rdef;r&dkif; t&d k i f ; av;awG jzpfukefMujyD[k ajym&rnfom jzpfyg\/ ... aMomf .. t&dkif;ESihf
t,Of Mum;rS jcm;xm;aom pnf;awGudk cifjidrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihfwdkU nDtrESpfa,muf
jzwfausmfvmrdcJhMuygjyDaum/
Mum;xJrS tacsmif&um pnf;pdrfawG awGUae&oluawmh atmifrif; aygh/ ...
atmifrif;\ rmefruswrf; oHacsmif;wrQrmawmifaeaom vD;MuD;jzihf y,fy,fe,fe,ftvkd;cH
ae&aom cifjidrf;wifhrSm txaES;jyD; awmfawmfESihf rawmifEdkifyJ awmifjyefawmhvnf; tcsdef
tenf;i,ftwGif; jyefaysmhusoGm;avh&Sdol ] vD; MuD;aygMuD; } ydkif&Sif udkodef;pdk;udk rvdkvm;
txifao;pdwfawG waeUxufwaeU ydkwdk;vdkUom vmaerdawmhonf/ udkodef;pdk;uawmh þ
tjzpftysufawGudk rod&Sm .. / olUxHk;pHtwdkif; nnqdkvQif cifjidrf;wihfudk tawmfMumMum
ayGUzufudkifwG,fjyD; pdwfxapvQuf rjzpfnpfus,f vdk;jrJvdk;aeavonf/ cifjidrf;wihf tzdkU
udkodef;pdk;ESihfvdk;&onfrSm qm;rygaom[if;udk rpdkUrydkUav; pm;ae&ovdkom &Sdaeawmhonf/
tm;u vHk;0udk r& .. / 'gayr,hf vifESihfr,m;qdkawmhvnf; udkodef;pdk;vdk;wdkif; pdwfrygpGm
ESihfyif cHay;ae&onf/ udkodef;pdk;\vdk;rIonf cifjidrf;wihfudk pdwfydkqmatmif vkyfay;aeovdk
om jzpfae&\/ xdk qmaeaompdwf .. tmomrajyaom umraZmwdkUudk aemufwaeUreufus
atmifrif;vmvdk;ay;onfESihf tm;&yg;& jyefvnfajzazsmufae& avawmhonf/
cifjidrf;qihfuawmh tpfrESihfa&mjyD; olyg vdkufyGJtjzpf atmifrif; toHk;awmfudk aysmfaysmfMuD;
cH aeav\/
atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihf nDtrESpfa,mufudk wOD;csif; zkdufonhftcg zdkuf
onf/ nDtrESpfa,mufvHk;udk twlac:um ] wl;bdkif0rf; } aysmfyg;onhftcgvJ aysmfyg;onf/
atmifrif;tzdkU ] wl;bdkif0rf; } ac:onhf a,mufsm;wa,mufESihf rdef;reSpfa,muf twlaysmfyg;

pyf,SufrIrsdK;udk tjymAGD'D,dkawG "mwfyHkpmtkyfawGxJ awGUzl;jrifzl;jyD;uwnf;u vufawGUvkyf
aqmifMunhfvdkaompdwf jyif;jyaecJholjzpf\/ a[m .. tck cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtrESihfusawmhrS
a&ueftoihf .. Mumtwihf qdkovdk olUpdwfqE´awG tjynhf0MuD; jynhf0 &awmhonf/ ...
þodkUjzihf cifjidrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihfudk atmifrif;wa,muf tm;remwrf; umravvH qGJ
onhfeS,f enf;rsdK;pHkjzihf y,fy,fe,fe,faqmfvmaecJhjyD; oHk;vcefUtMumwGifawmh tajctae
ajymif;vJrIMuD;w&yf rarQmfvihfyJ ay:aygufvmcJhavawmhonf/ .....
________________________________________
oHk;vcefUMumjyD;aom aeUwaeU .....
xdkaeUu udkodef;pdk;onf tvkyfudpöwckjzihf '*Hkajrmufydkif;rS ajruGufwckudk vmMunhfjyD;
tcsdefvnf; tenf;i,f&aeojzihf tdrfcejyefem;rnf[kpdwful;um tdrfodkUjyef0ifvmcJhonf/
olonf tvkyfcsdefwGif MudK;pm;yrf;pm;tvkyfrsm;wwfoljzpf&m aeUvnfydkif;wGif b,fawmhrS
tdrfjyefavhr&Sd/ ,ckrl vrf;MuHKaeonhftjyif tcsdefvnf;wem&Dru ydkaeaomaMumihf pdwful;
&um jyefvmjcif;jzpfonf/ aeUvnfydkif; rjyefpzl;tdrfjyefvmaom rdrdudkawGUvQif cspfZeD;av;
wtHhwMojzpfoGm;vdrfhrnf[kvnf; MudKawG;,if; wvrf;vHk; wjyHK;jyHK;ESihf jzpfvmav\/
&Hk;zGihf&uf '*HkjrdKUopfajrmufydkif;vlae&yfuGufrsm;xHk;pHtwkdif; wdwfqdwf vljywfvQuf&Sdonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf tdrfay:odkU tomwufonf/ .. tdrfwHcg;udk acgufrnfvkyfjyD;rS aph,Hkom aph
xm;rSef;awGU&ojzihf tomyifwGef;zGihf 0ifvmcJhonf/ rdrda&mufvmonfudk ciffjidrf;wihf tHhMo
oGm;apcsifojzihf tdrfxJodkU wdwfwdwfav;yif 0ifvmcJhonf/ tdrfa&SU{nhfcef;wGif rnfolrQ
&Sdrae/ ..
xdktcdkuf udkodef;pdk;em;xJwGif w[if;[if;ESihf nOf;oHvdkvdk Mum;vdkuf&\/ jyD;awmh touf
jyif;jyif; &IoHrsm; ... / cifjidrf;wihf\ wtiftif nOf;oHrsm; ... / xdktoHwdkUonf olwdkUvif
r,m; tdyfcef;xJrS xGufay:aejcif;jzpfonf/ cifjidrf;wihf wpHkwckjzpfjyD;awmhrsm; nOf;nLae
ovm;[k cspfZeD;av;twGuf awG;ylum udkodef;pdk;&ifxJ xdwfueJjzpfoGm;\/ vufwGifudkif
vmaom om;a&vufqGJtdwfudk xdkifcHkwckay:tjrefwif&if; tdyfcef;bufodkU ajcvSrf;usJMuD;
rsm;jzihf tjrefavQmufoGm;vdkufonf/
tdyfcef;0em; a&mufaom tcgwGifrl .....
] awmuf .... wihfwihf &,f/ .. eihf apmufywfMuD;u b,fawmhrS csvdkUudk r&dk;Edkifygvm;uGm/
aqmihfcsvdkufwdkif; azmif;azmif;jyD;wufvmwJh apmufywfrsdK;u &Sm;rS&Sm; uG .. [if; ... }
tdyfcef;xJrS a,mufsm;wa,muf\ pum;oHu udkodef;pdk;udk qD;MudKESihf\/ udkodef;pdk;ajcvSrf;
rsm; csufjcif; wkefUueJ&yfoGm;&onf/ udkodef;pdk;onf tdyfcef;0em;wGif awmihfawmihfMuD;yif
&yfaerd\/ .. rdrd em;Mum;rvGJyg/ yDyDoo MuD; Mum;vdkuf&jcif;jzpfonf/ pum;vHk;rsm;u
&Sif;vSonf/ tdyfcef;xJwGif bmawGjzpfaeonfudk rsufpdjzihfMunhfp&mrvdkawmhygyJESihfudk
uGufuGufuGif;uGif; odEdkifaejyD/ ..
udkodef;pdk; pdwfawG t&rf;udk wkefvIyfoGm;&\/ Mum;vdkuf&aom pum;oHrsm;u em;xJodkU
oH&nfylawG avmif;xnhfvdkufonhftvm; .. / xdkUjyif wpfwpfcGcG &uf&ufa&ma&m ajymcs
vdkufonhf xdkpum;vHk;rsm;onf udkodef;pdk;\aoG;om;rsm;udk xl;xl;jcm;jcm;yif vIyf&Sm;oGm;
apavonf/ wkefvIyfaeaompdwfwdkUu vTrf;rdk;aeojzihf xdkodkU aoG;om;awGvIyf&Sm;oGm;rI
udkawmh udkodef;pdk;udk,fwdkif owdrjyKrdyg/

tdajE´odu©mMuD;um ydydjym;jym;aewwfol rdrdZeD;acsmav; tckvdkrsdK; a,mufsm;wa,mufu
npfnpfnrf;nrf;wpfwpfcGcG pum;rsm;ajymqdkwmcHaeonhf tajctaeodkU a&mufaernf [k
udkodef;pdk; b,fwkef;urS a,mifvdkUyif rawG;rdcJhyg/ ckawmh bmvkyf&rnfenf; ... /
tdyfcef;xJrS aemufxyf pum;oHwcsdKUxGufvmjyefonf/ .. 'Dwcgawmh udkodef;pdk;\ &IrjiD;
onhf cspfZeD;av; cifjidrf;wihfudk,fwdkif\ toHygay ..
] vdk;prf;yg&Sihf .. cyfememav;zdMudwfaqmihfvdk;prf;yg udkudk&,f ... 'DaeUvdk;wm odyftm;ryg
ovdkyJ? vkyfprf;yg ... tm;yg;yg; .. tihf tihf ... [kwfjyD? [kwfjyD .. 'grS udkudkUpHcsdefrSDwm ..
.. udkudkUvD;MuD;uvJ oHacsmif;MuD;usaewmyJaemf ... awmifhjyD;rmaewkef;yJ .. 'gawmif ESpfcg
jyD;xm;vdkUom awmfawmhw,f .... tm; ... tr,fav;av; .. }
udkodef;pdk; i,fxdyf rdk;MudK;ypfavjyD/ ..
wcgwnf;vSnhfum ta0;odkUxGufajy;jyD;om oGm;vdkufcsifawmh\/ .. 'gayr,hf ol rajy;
Edkif/ xl;jcm;aom pGrf;tifwckcku qGJiifxm;ovdk ajcaxmufawGu vSnhfvdkUudk r&/ a&SU
odkUyif wdk;jyD; acsmif;Munhfcsifovdkvdk jzpfvmonf/ Mum;ae&oHawGuawmh bmrS oHo,
jzpfp&mrvdkawmh/ .. rdrd ZeD;acsmav; awmihfawmihfajzmihfajzmihf cifjidrf;wihf wa,muf
wjcm;aom a,mufsm;wa,mufESihf umrpyf,SufaeavjyD/ .. jyD;awmh ckrS r[kwfyJ tawmf
MumMumuwnf;u vdk;aeMu jzpfjyD;rSm aocsmonf/ ...... awmuf /
rdrdZeD;ESihf tjcm;a,mufsm;wa,muf vdk;aeMurIaMumihf udkodef;pdk;tzdkU ] a&TOMurf;nyf? tlEk
uRJcwf } udef; qdkufae&av\/ a'goawG wvdIif;vdIif; xGufvmonf/ ...
odkUayr,hf wjcm;wzufwGifrawmh bmaMumihfrSef;rodyJ udkodef;pdk;\ umr&rufrsm; ,cifu
ESihf rwl? .. xl;jcm;aom t&Sdeft[kefjzihf Edk;Mum;vmonf/ odpdwfu rdrdr,m;azmufjyefrIudk
a'goxGufaeonf? .. rodpdwfuawmh olwdkUwpfwpfcGcGajymaeoHrsm;udk Mum;&&if; &m*awG
Edk;Mum;avaeonf/ .. xdk umrpdwf\ aphaqmfrIaMumihfyif udkodef;pdk; vD;MuD; rwfaxmifrSef;
rod rwfaxmifvm&avonf/ .. cHjyif; a'gorsm; acsmif;acsmif;xGufaeaom udkodef;pdk; rSm
olUvD;MuD; awmifvdkU awmifaerSef;yif owdrxm;rdyg/
rodpdwfu wdkufwGef;aeaom &m*aZmjzihf ukdodef;pkd;onf tdyfcef;xJrS vdk;yGJudk aoaocsmcsm
acsmif;Munhfvdkaom qE´ wm;rEdkif qD;r& jzpfay:vmavawmh\/
udkodef;pdk; a&SUwdk;um tomacsmif;MunhfvdkufcsdefwGif jrif&aom jrifuGif;u &ifbwfudk wif;
ykwfMuD;MuD;ESihf xkESufvdkufovdkjzpfoGm;&onf/ .. MunhfygOD; .. olwdkUvifr,m; wlESpfudk,f
tdyfMuonhf ckwifMuD;ay:wGif olUZeD;acsmav; cifjidrf;wihfonf tom;rJMuKwfMuKwf vludk,f
cyfxGm;xGm; a,mufsm;wa,mufESihf &uf&ufa&ma&mMuD; umrpyf,SufaeMuavonf/ olUZeD;
udk,fay:wGif t0wftpm;qdkvdkU bmrQr&Sd .. yuwd udk,fwHk;vHk;MuD;/ [dkvluvnf;yJ Avm
usif;vQufom;ESihf ESpfa,mufom; tm;&yg;&udk aqmfaeMuavonf/ cifjidrf;wifhu arGU,m
ay:wGif yufvufav;ESihf 'l;axmifaygifum;ay;xm;vQuf [dkvlu tay:rSwufcGum rem;
wrf; aqmihfvdk;aeav\/ cifjidrf;wihf\ jzLazG;0if;0gpdkajyum zGHUxGm;vSaom udk,fay:wGif
tom;rnf;rnf;ESihfvlaumifxGm;xGm; a,mufsm;udk,fvHk;MuD;u xyfvQufwufcGaeaom jrif
uGif;onf tjzLESihftrJ wGJxm;onfrdkU qef;opfum qGJaqmiftm; &SdvSayonf/ jrifuGif;u
udkodef;pdk;udk trsdK;rsdK;aom pdwfvIyf&Sm;rIrsm;udk ay;av\/ ...
rdrdr,m;acsmav; wjcm;a,mufsm;wa,mufESihf azmufjyefaewmawGU&awmh a'goawG 0efwdk
pdwfawGu w[kef;[kef; awmufonf/ ..
wcsdefwnf;rSmyif rdrdyif tdrfaxmifouf3ESpftwGif; wcgrS yDyDjyifjyif rjrif&zl;ao;aom
ZeD;onf\ 0wfvpfpvpf rdarG;wdkif;zarG;wdkif; udk,fvHk;MuD;udk jzLjzLazG;azG;wif;wif;&if;&if;

teD;uyfjrifae&rIaMumihf xl;jcm;pGm &ifawGckef? pdwfvIyf&Sm;vmonf/ rsufpdawG tpGrf;ukef
jyL;xGufvQuf cifjidrf;wihf\ rdkU0ef;MuD;xGm;vSaom EdkUtHkMuD;rsm; .. ao;odrfaom cg;av;
atmufrS um;tdvGef;vSaom zifqHkMuD;rsm; .. jzLazG;oG,faysmif;aom aygifwHwkwfwkwfcJcJ
MuD;rsm;udk tm;&yg;&yif Munhfaerdawmhonf/
xdkUjyif rdrdESihfusawmh &Sufovdkvdk pdwfrygovdkvdkESihf atmufrS taoaumifyrm jidrfcHaecJh
aom cifjidrf;wihfu ckawmh yDyDjyifjyif&uf&ufa&ma&m wufwufMuGMuGtm;yg;w& tvdk;cHae
onhf jrifuGif;uvnf; udkodef;pdk;\ &rufudk xl;xl;jcm;jcm; EdI;qGaeav\/ ...
wMudrfwcgrQ rjzpfay:bl;aom umrpGrf;tifrsm;Edk;Mum;vmrIonf tjrJvdk txaeS;wwfaom
olUvD;MuD;udk tcsdefwdktwGif;yif rmaMumrwfaxmifvmapavonf/ .. oluom olUudk,fol
owdrxm;rdaomfvnf; udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;uawmhjzihf oHacsmif;MuD;yrm rmaMumvmaeavjyD/
rdrdvifawmfarmif acsmif;MunhfaerSef; rod&Smaom cifjidrf;wihfonf atmifrif;\ jyif;xefjyD;
tm;ygaomaqmihfcsufrsm;udk MuD;rm;tdum;aom zifqkHMuD;wMuGMuGjzihf tEdkifrcH t&HI;ray;
pwrf; wkefUjyefaeavonf/ wcgwcgrsm; atmifrif;yif tay: ajrmufajrmufwufoGm;\/
'gudk jrifawGU&aom udkodef;pdk;uawmh olUrsufpdudkyif olr,HkEdkifavmufatmif jzpfae&\/
remvdkpdwfawG &rufpdwfawG w[kef;[kef; avmifjyD;&if; avmifjrdKufaeavjyD/ ...
] uJ ... wrsdK;ajymif;jyD; vdk;&atmif wihfwihf a& .. }
cifjidrf;wihfwdkU yHkpHajymif;Muonf/
xdktcgrS udkodef;pdk;onf olUr,m;acsmav;udk tyDtjyif oraeolrSm olUtod tnmom;
atmifrif;jzpfaMumif; aoaocsmcsm jrifvdkuf&avawmh\/ .. awmuf .. 'Dvdkaumif rnf;
rnf;usKwfusKwfESihfrS jzpf&w,fvdkU wihfwihf &,f ... / atmifrif;udk udkodef;pdk;odcJhwm
MumjyDjzpfayr,hf odyf&if;&if;ESD;ESD;r&SdcJh/ tdrfudk wcgwcg0ifxGufaewwfayr,hf 'Dvdkaumif
rnf;rnf;usKwfusKwfESihf olUZeD;jzLjzLacsmacsmav;udk b,fvdkpdwful;ESihfrSyif ,SOfvdkUawmif
awG;rMunhfrdcJh/ .. ckawmh 'D tnmom;u olUtdrfxJa&muf .. olwdkUvifr,m;tdyfcef;xJrSm
olUZeD;acsmav;udk tyDtjyif jzKwfaeygavjyDaum ... /
omrmeftm;jzihfajym&vQif udkodef;pdk;taejzihf tdyfcef;xJ ajcoHjyif;jyif;jzihf 0ifa&mufoGm;&
rnf? .. pyf,SufaeolESpfa,mufudk vlcGJypf&rnf? .. atmifrif;udk xkd;Mudwfuefausmufum
r,m;cdk;rIjzihf w&m;pGJjypf&rnf? .. cifjidrf;wihfudkawmh vSdrfhvSdrfhjyD; &dkufjypfoihfayonf/
odkUayr,hf .. udkodef;pdk; 'gawGudk wckrS rvkyfEdkif/ cifjidrf;wihfudk atmifrif;vdk;aeyHkudkMunhf
Munhf&if; &rufaZmawGuom aumif;aumif;MuD;vTrf;rdk;vmonf/ remvdk 0efwdka'goESihf
,SOfaom xdk&ruffaZmonf tiftm;MuD;vSay\/ 'DjrifuGif;av; jyufjy,foGm;rSmudk pdk;aerd
jyD/ .. xdkUaMumihfvnf; udkodef;pdk;rSm 0ifjyoemvkyf&efa0;pG? .. rsufvHk;yif rcGmEdkifyJ vdk;yGJudk
txl;wef;rS qufMunhfaerdavawmhonf/
] b,fvdkrsm; xGifOD;rSmvJ vdkU .... udkukd &JU }
cifjidrf;wihfu nKwkwkav; ajymonf/
] wihfwihfu tay:wpfvSnhfwufvdk;ay;av .. raumif;bl;vm; }
] tif; .. aumif;w,f .. vkyfr,f }
tay;t,l rQaevdkufMuyHkrsm; ... / udkodef;pdk; vufoD;ukd uspfuspfygatmif qkyfxm;rdonf/
olwdkUtoGif olwdkUajymaeonhf pum;rsm;udk Munhfjcif; em;axmifjcif;jzihf olwdkUESpfa,muf
'Dvdk tvkyfjzpfaeMuonfrSm awmfawmhudk MumjyDrSef; aA'ifar;aep&myif rvdk/
aMomf ... rdrdawmh EGm;vHk;vHk; jzpfaecJh&ayonfudk; ... / awmuf ..

atmifrif;u cifjidrf;wihfapmufzkwfxJrS olUvD;MuD;udk jyGwfueJ qGJxkwfonf/ atmifrif; \
vD;MuD;u apmuf&nfMunfrsm;pdk&TJum awmufajymif0if;y aeonf/ olUxHk;pHtwdkif; oHacsmif;
wrQvnf; rmaMumaeonf/ ... tif; 'gaMumihfvnf; cifjidrf;wihf 'Daumihfudk aemufaumuf
usoGm;&wmjzpfrnf [k udkodef;pdk; qifjcifoabmaygufrdonf/
atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;wihfudk,fay:cGxm;&mrS z,fqif;jyD; arGU,may: yufvufvSefvSJonf/
apmuf&nfMunfrsm;ajymifvufaeaom olUvD;MuD;u rdk;udkarQmfum aihgaihg aihgaihgeSihf ... /
cifjidrf;wihfu xdkvD;MuD;ay: wufxdkifrnfjyKonf/
] [m ... wihfwihf/ .. vD;pkyfay;OD;avuGm }
atmifrif;u cifjidrf;wihf EdkUtHkMuD;wckudk vSrf;nSpfudkifwG,f&if; ajymvdkufonf/
olonf cifjidrf;wihf\ rnfonhfrdef;rESihfrS rwlatmif MuD;rm;El;nHhum wif;wif;&if;&if;&SdvS
aom EdkUMuD;awGudk tjywfESpfouf oabmusoljzpf&um; rMumcPyif EdkUMuD;awGudk udkifqGJ
nSpfe,fvkyfwwfavonf/
] udkudku wu,fyJuGm .... &pfjyD }
cifjidrf;wihfu atmifrif;udk rsufpav;csDum Munhf&if;ajymonf/ avoHu wu,hfudk
nKwkwkav; ... / atmifrif;yif r&dk;r&G jzpfoGm;onf/
t&SuftaMumufMuD;um &GHvnf; t&rf;&GHwwfoltjzpf olUZeD;onfudk odxm;avaom
udkodef;pdk;onf atmifrif;cdkif;ovdk cifjidrf;wihf vkyfyghrnfvm; [k awG;rdonf/ odyfawmh
rxif .. / rsufawmifyif rcyfEdkifyJ cifjidrf;wihf b,fvdkrsm; wkefUjyefavrvJ[k pdwf0ifwpm;
jyL;jyJ Munhfaerd\/
] &pfwm r[kwfygbl;uGm ... wihfwihf ydkjyD; zDvifvm&atmifvdkUyg ... [J[J }
] awmfyg ... olyJ tajymaumif; ... cpfcpfcpf }
cifjidrf;wihfonf aighueJaihgueJ vIyfaeaom atmifrif;\vD;MuD;udk Munhfum wcpfcpf &D
avonf/ jyD;awmh atmifrif;ay:wufcGrxdkifao;yJ ab;em;wGifom 'l;wkwfxdkifcsvdkufjyD;
udk,fudk a&SUodkUudkif;nTwfvdkuf\/ wcsdefwnf;rSmyif cifjidrf;wihf EIwfcrf;zl;zl;av; ESpfcku
yGihf[ oGm;onf/ xdkUaemufwGifawmh vD;wHMuD;udk tvkdufoihf [yf,lvdkufum cyfjyif;jyif;
pkyfvdkufavawmhonf/ ..
] jyGwf jyGwf .. yvyf jyGwfjyGwfjyGwf }
] tm;yg;yg; ... rdkufw,fuGm/ ... &SD; .. [if;[if;[if; }
atmifrif;\ rcsdrqefU nD;wGm;vdkufoHu udkodef;pdk;udk tHMudwfjyD; vufoD;wif;wif; qkyf
oGm;rdap\/ ... aMomf .. olUr,m;acsmav;awmh umruRef vHk;vHk;MuD; jzpfaeygjyDaum/ ...
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihf tyDtjyif vD;pkyfay;aeyHkudkMunhf&if; Munhf&if; &ifxJu a'go
vTrf;aom umrqdyfawG wufonfxuf wufvmum olUvufawGu axmifrwfaejyDjzpfaom
olUvD;MuD;qD tvdkvdka&muf&Sd qkyfukdifrdavawmh\/
udkodef;pdk;onf tvkyfudkMudK;pm;vkyfudkifoljzpfovdk t0wftpm;udkvnf; aoaooyfoyf
0wfwwfavonf/ tckvnf; wufx&ufwdkufyHk? tJ&dk;&Syf? &cdkifykqdk;ESihfjzpf\/ ykqdk;atmuf
rSmawmh abmif;bDwdkwxyfygonf/ a&S;qefolrdkU acwfay: pyD'dkyHkrsdK;r[kwf? tm;upm;vkyf
vQif 0wfMuonhf &dk;&dk;abmif;bDwdkrsdK;omjzpf\/ abmif;bDwdku odyfrMuyf? cyfyGyGjzpfonf/
'gaMumihfrdkU abmif;bDatmufrS xdk;axmifxGufvmaom olUvD;MuD;u t&rf;udk wdk;xGuf
axmifrwfvm\/ cyfxlxl &cdkifykqdk;onfyif vD;MuD;udk rwm;xm;Edkif/ obm0 aphaqmfrIjzihf
vD;MuD;udk tvkdvdk qkyfudkifrdaom udkodef;pdk;onf tvdkvdkyif a&GUvsm;yGwfoyfrd\/ wpwp
jzihf *Gif;wdkufrdonhf tjzpfodkU a&mufrSef;rod a&mufoGm;avawmhonf/

ykqdk;u xlaeawmh *Gif;wdkuf&wmu odyf zD;vfrvm/ rdrdudk,fudkyif bmvkyfrdrSef; owdrjyK
rdyJeSifhyif udkodef;pdk;onf &cdkifykqdk;udk *Gif;odkif;ypfvdkufrd\/ jyD;awmhrS abmif;bDudk arQmhMudK;
avQmhum vD;acsmif;MuD;udk tyDtjyifqkyfudkifjyD; *Gif; ememwdkufaerdawmhonf/ olU tm&Hku
awmh olUqDrSm r&Sd? atmifrif;vD;MuD;udk oJoJrJrJ pkyfay;aeonfh olUZeD;onf cifjidrf;wihf qD
rSmom &Sdavonf/
] uJuJ ... pkyfwmawmfawmh/ .. tay:uwufcGjyD; vdk;awmh wihfwihf .. }
cifjidrf;wihfvD;pkyfay;rIudk tawmfMumrSdef;cHaejyD;rS atmifrif;u ajym\/
cifjidrf;wihfonf vD;MuD;udk yg;pyfxJrS xkwfvdkufonf/ apmapmu apmuf&nfrsm;jzihf pdk&TJ
ajymifvufaecJhaom vD;MuD;onf ,ckawmhjzihf cifjidrf;wihf wHawG;rsm;jzihf pdk&TJae&jyefavjyD/
rmwmuawmh ydkvdkUyif rmvmovm; xifrSwf&\/
cifjidrf;wihfonf atmifrif;\ udk,fay:wufcGonf/ aqmihfaMumihf ruswusxdkifaerdojzihf
cifjidrf;qihf\ e*dku tdxGm;aomzifqHkMuD;rsm;u ydkvdkU um;pGifhaeMu\/ aemufzufrS jrifae
&aom udkodef;pdk;taejzihf olUZeD;acsmav;\ zifMuD; tyDtjyifjyJaeyHk .. jyLwpfxGufaeaom
apmufzkwft0odkU atmifrif;vD;MuD; xdk;axmufrdyHkwdkUudk aoaocsmcsm jrif&avonf/
jyD;onhfaemufwGifum; cifjidrf;wihfu zifqHkMuD;udkESdrfhcsvdkuf&m vD;MuD;u apmufywfav;xJ
wtdtdxdk;0ifavawmh\/
ukdodef;pdk;vufawGuvnf; olUvD;acsmif;rmrmMuD;ay:rSm t&Sdeft[keftjyif;om;ESihf *Gif;wkduf
aumif;aeqJ ..... /
________________________________________
cifjidrf;qihfonf aps;udkcyfjrefjref0,faeavonf/
tdrfjrefjrefjyefum tpfrjzpfolcifjidrf;wihfESihf atmifrif;wdkU vdk;yGJudk MunhfcsifvSjyD/ ..
cifjidrf;qihfonf ESmxefolav;jzpf&m tysdKb0uyif olrsm;twGJawGjzKwfMuvQif acsmif;Munhf
aeMu/ .. rdrdukd,fwkdif atmifrif; tvdk;cH&awmh tvdk;cH&onhft&omudkaum olrsm;vdk;wm
acsmif;Munhf&onhf t&omudkyg pGJrufESpfjcdKufrdoGm;&onf/ cifjidrf;wihfESihf atmifrif;wdkU
] jzpf } oGm;MujyD;aemufwGifum; cifjidrf;qihftzdkU acsmif;Munhfp&m yGJMuD;yGJaumif;wckudk
avvHqGJ &&Sdvkdufonhftvm;yif &Sdawmhonf/ nDtreSpfa,mufvHk; atmifrif;ESihf enf;vrf;
rsdK;pHk urf;ukefatmif vdk;cJhMujyDjzpfonfhwdkif cifjidrf;wihfESihf atmifrif; ESpfa,mufxJvdk;wm
udkvnf; olru rMumce acsmif;MunhfjrJyifjzpf\/ ] wl;bdkif0rf; } rqGJyJ cifjidrf;wihf
wa,mufxJudkyJ atmifrif; trJzsufaomaeUrsm;onf cifjidrf;qihftwGuf tyDtjyifMunhf&
aom aeUrsm;yifjzpfawmhonf/ .. acsmif;Munhfonfqdkayr,hf tm;vHk;txmaygufaeonfrdkU
ay:wifMunhfonfESihf odyfawmhrjcm;yg/
cifjidrf;qihfonf cJtdkawmfESihf tpfrjzpfolwdkU nn vdk;Muonfudkvnf; tcgtm;avQmfpGm
acsmif;qJjzpf\/ odkUaomf vdk;yGJu udkodef;pdk; vD;tusjrefrIaMumihf jrefqefvSum rD;uvJ
arSmifarSmifxJwGifom vkyfMuonfrdkU cifjidrf;qihftzdkU acsmif;&wm atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wihf
yGJawGvdk ryDjyifyg/
tvsifvdkrS taES;jzpf&onfqdkovdkyif aps;tjref0,fjyD; jyefxGufvmumrS aps;xdyfem;wGif
i,foli,fcsif; cifjrwfEdkifqdkolESihf awGUaeav\/ rawGU&onfrSm MumvSjyDrdkU cifjrwfedkifu
pum;awGaumif;aeav&m twif;pum;jzwf jyef&rSmuvnf;raumif;wwfaomaMumihf
cifjidrf;qifhrSm pdwfryghwygESihfyif tvdkuftxdkufpum;jyefajym&if; tcsdefawG ukefae&av

onf/ pdwful;xm;ovdk cifjidrf;wihfESihf atmifrif;wdkUvdk;yGJudk txl;wef;u Munhf&eftwGuf
tdrftjrefjyefvdkU r&awmhay/
xdkodkU cifjidrf;qihfwa,muf tdrfawmfawmfESihf jyefrvmEdkifonhftwGufvJ udkodef;pdk;tzdkUawmh
olUr,m;acsmav;ESihf atmifrif;wdkU vdk;yGJudk taeSmihft,Sufr&Sd vGwfvyfpGm qufMunhfedkif&ef
pDpOfay;vdkufovdk jzpfoGm;&avonf/
________________________________________
udkodef;pdk;onf rsufvHk;MuD;tjyL;om;ESihf tdyfcef;xJodkU pl;pl;pdkufpdkufyif Munhfaeonf/
tdyfcef;xJrS pHkwGJuawmh &uf&ufa&ma&mMuD;udk vdk;vdkU aumif;aeMuqJ/ ..
atmifrif;u atmufrSm yufvuf? cifjidrf;wifhu tay:uwufcGum zdMudwfaqmihfvdk;aejcif;
jzpfonf/ omrmef avSMuD;xdk; &dk;&dk;jzihfom ZeD;onfESihf3ESpfvHk; pcef;oGm;vmcJhol udkodef;pdk;
tzdkU 'DjrifuGif;u xl;qef;aeonf/ rMunhfvdkrjrifvdkaomfvnf; rjrif&ufaomfvnf;
xGufcGmoGm;edkifpGrf;vJ udkodef;pdk; r&Sd&Smyg/ cifjidrf;wihf\ t&SuftaMumufuif;rJhpGm wPSm
xefaeyHkrsm;onf udkodef;pdk;udk rsufaphrvTJEdkifavmufatmif qGJaqmifxm;avonf/
vufuvnf;yJ rem;wrf;udk *Gif;wkdufaerdonf/
rdrdZeD;acsmav;ESihf tjcm;a,mufsm;wa,muf azmufjyef,if; cyfMurf;Murf; cyf&rf;&rf; vdk;ae
Muonfudk teD;uyfjrifawGUae&aom vifawmfarmifwa,muf\ xl;jcm;aom umrpdwftm&Hk
Edk;Mum;rIjzpf&yf wck&,fyg ... /
udkodef;pdk;vD;onf ,cifuqdk awmfawmfESihf rawmif/ txaES;ovdk awmifjyD;vQifvnf;yJ
tcsdefMumMum rmausmaejcif;r&Sd/ cetwGif; rmefjyefusum jyefaysmhacGoGm;jrJjzpf\/ ckawmh
tcsdeftawmfMum *Gif;wdkufaeonhfwdkif olUvD;MuD;rSm jyefaysmhusroGm;? okwf&nfawGvnf;
rxGufvmao;yJ oHacsmif;wrQ rmwif;aeqJ&Sdao;onf/ *Gif;wdkuf&if; ydkvdkU ydkvdkUom rmjyD;
vmonfudk cHpm;rdae&\/ udkdodef;pdk; udk,hfudkukd,fyif udk,fr,HkEdkif jzpfae&onf/
wufx&ufpf wkdufyHk0wf? .. &cdkifykqdk;udk *Gif;odkif;jyD; atmufrS abmif;bDwdkudk arQmhMudK;avQmh
um tyDtjyif *Gif;wdkufaeaom udkodef;pdk;yHkudk wa,mufa,mufomjrifvQiff tawmhfudk
&Dp&maumif;aeayvdrfhrnf/ udkodef;pdk;uawmh olUcHpm;csufeSihfol bmudkrSvJ *&krjyKrdedkiftm;/
*Gif;udk tyDtjyifwdkufqJ/ .. rsufvHk;rsm;uawmh olUZeD;acsmav; cifjidrf;wihf\ atmifrif;
udk,fay:wufcG vdk;aqmihfaerIudk pl;pl;&J&J MunhfaerdqJ/ ..
atmifrif;uawmh olUtay:wufcGum zdMudwfvdk;ay;aeaom cifjidrf;wihfudk tm;&pGmyif
atmufrS Munhfaeavonf/ onfrdef;rudk vdk;cGihfMuHKavaom rdrd\ uHxl;yHkudkvnf; pdwfxJ
awG;um wpdrfhpdrfhauseyfaerdonf/ umrrIrsm; bmrSrodao;yJ t&dkif;oufoufjzpfaeao;
aom cifjidrf;wihftjzpfrS &rufa&,sOfwGif ,Ofyg;vmaom rdef;uav;jzpfvmatmif wrsdK;?
,Ofaus;odrfarGUum t&SuftaMumufMuD;vSolav; tjzpfrS wPSmaemuf aumufaumufyg
atmifvdkuf&if; &rufvdIif;jyif;xefonhf rdef;r&dkif;av; jzpfvmatmif woG,f ..... t&dkif;rS
t,Of .... t,OfrS t&dkif; ... ajymif;vJyHkoGif;ay;EdkifcJhonhf rdrdtpGrf;udkvnf; awG;rdavwdkif;
yDwd jzmaerdavawmh\/
atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;wihf\ &rufvTrf;aeaom rsufawmifpif;pif;av;rsm;? r[w[ jzpf
aeaom EIwfcrf;yg;av;rsm;? aoG;a&mifvTrf;um acR;oD;av;awGpdkUaeaom rsufESmav; wdkUudk
r0Edkifatmif Munhf&if; pnf;pdrf,laeavonf/ zifqHkMuD;udk MuGvdkufcsvdkufvkyfaerIaMumihf
wkefwkef wkefwkefjzpfaeaom EdkUMuD;rsm;udkvnf; tHwMudwfMudwfESihf Munhf&IcHpm;&if; olUvD;

MuD;udk cifjidrf;wihf apmufacgif;xJ 0ifEdkiforQ 0ifatmif aumhaumhxdk;ay;aerdjyefonf/
t&nfawG &Trf;&Trf;pdkum azmif;rdkUaeaom cifjidrf;wihfapmufzkwfjzLjzLxJodkU rdrdvD;rJrJMuD;u
wkd;0ifjyefxGuf jzpfaeyHkudkvnf; wcgwcg acgif;axmifaxmifxum MunhfjyD; t&omcHvdkuf
ao;\/ vufudkqefUxkwfí cifjidrf;wihf\ MuD;rm;vHk;0ef;aom tdaxG;El;nHhaom EdkUMuD;rsm;
udk vSrf;udkif qkyfe,fjcif;uawmh rMumrMumyif vkyfavonf/ zifqHkwif;wif;MuD;udkvnf;yJ
vSrf;udkifumyGwf&if; ptdkaygufav;udk vufcv,fjzihf xdk;uvdwmvJ vkyfvkyfay;ao;onf/
ziftvkd;cHbl;jyD;jzpfaom cifjidrf;wihfrSm zif0wGif ,m;usdusdjzpfum wGefUí wGefUíoGm;& av
onf/ 'gawGudkteD;uyfjrifae&aom vifawmfarmif udkodef;pdk;rSmawmh zDvifawGwufoxuf
xuf&if; *Gif;xkcsufawGuvnf; jyif;oxufjyif;vmae&awmh\/
rMumcif cifjidrf;wihf vIyf&Sm;rIwdkU ydkoGufvmonf/
umrt&om txGwftxdyfa&mufcgeD;vmavjyDrdkU &rufaZmawG xefonfxuf xefvmonf/
zifMuD;udk tomt,mr[kwfawmhyJ tm;xnhfjyD; aqmihfaqmihfcsonf/ atmufrS atmifrif;yif
wcgwcg tihfueJ toHxGufum rsufjzLvefvef oGm;&onftxd/ ..
acsmif;Munhfaeaom udkodef;pdk;onf olUZeD;zifqHkjzLjzLMuD;rsm; 'vMurf;wkefcgaqmihfcsaeMu
onfudk Munhf&if;Munhf&if; *Gif;wdkufcsufawG ydkjyif;vmum aemufqHk;awmh okwf&nfawG
zGrf;ueJ yef;xGufoGm;avawmh\/ atmufcHabmif;bDa&SUydkif;wckvHk; okwf&nfawG pdk&TJayusH
ukefavawmhonf/
] awmuf ... [if; ... }
okwf&nfyef;xGufonhft&omu cgwdkif;vdk rpdkUrydkUr[kwfyJ t[kefjyif;jyif;ESihf wvMurf;
yef;xGufoGm;onfrdkU udkodef;pdk; rMuHKpzl; t&omxl;um awmufawGacguf .. oufjyif;awG
csrdonf/ tcef;xJu pHkwGJuawmh umr'Da&awG tjywfwufaeonfrdkU udkodef;pdk;toHawGudk
rMum;rdMuyg/
] aqmifhprf; wihfwihf .. eihfzifqHkMuD;udk tyDaqmihfprf; .. }
] udkudkuvnf; atmufu aumhwifay;OD;av udkudk&JU ... tifhtihf }
t&omaumif;aumif;awGUum wyGJodrf;Mu&ef tMuD;us,fqHk;aqmihfvdk;MubdkU atmifrif; ESihf
cifjidrf;wihfwdkU tay;t,l pum;qdkMuavjyD/
cifjidrf;wihfonf zifqHkMuD;udk txufodkUyihfrvdkuf\/ vD;'pfMuD; ay:vkvka&mufonf txd
qGJr vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ xdkUaemufwGifawmh cg;tm;aum wudk,fvHk;tav;csdefudkoHk;um
atmufudk Murf;EdkiforQtMurf;qkHk; zdaqmihfcsvdkufawmh\/
atmifrif;uvnf; t&HI;ray;? .. cifjiddrf;wihf aqmihfcsvmcsdefESihf tHudkufyif atmufrS touf
atmihf tHMudwfum &SdorQ tm;tiftukefoHk;jyD; aqmihfxdk;aumhyihf wifypfvdkufonf/
] azmif; .... }
] tm; .... tihf[ihf[ihf ... aumif;vdkufwm tdk; ........ }
] tm; ... &SD; ... rdw,fuGm .. wu,fyJ [l; ............ }
tm;ESpfck vrf;ckvyfwGif rD;yGihfrwwf qHkvdkufMuojzihf azmif;ueJjrnfoHeSihftwl cifjidrf;wihf
a&m atmifrif;yg rcsdrqefU nOf;nLoHawG wjydKifwnf; yGihfxGufoGm;&\/
apmufacgif;twGif;om; EkEkav;rsm;udk wvMurf;wdk;0ifvmaom vD;MuD;onf cifjidrf;wihf\
om;tdrf0av;udkyif eihfueJaeatmif aqmihfrdavonf/ wpfcsufqdk qdkoavmuf xdvSrdvS
aom aqmihfcsufyifjzpfyg\/ qD;pyfcsif; jyefrcGmMuyJ atmifrif;u aumhyihfvQuf cifjidrf;wihf
u zdcsxm;vQuf qufawmihfxm;rdMuonf/ ESpfa,mufvHk;vJ wqwfqwf wkefaeMuavjyD/
*Gif;wdkuf,if; okwf&nfawGxGufoGm;ojzihf vD;MuD;aysmhoGm;awmhrnfh qJqJ udkodef;pdk;rSm

þjrifuGif;udk rsufvHk;tjyL;om;ESihfMunhf&if; jidrf;rvdkjzpfaeaom umrrD;rsm;u rD;yHkudk
a&eHqDavmif;vdkufovdk [kef;ueJ jyefxMuGvmMuavonf/ olUvD;MuD;rSmvnf; okwf&nf
awG xGufoGm;jyD;onfudkyif rodusdK;usifjyKum csufjcif; jyefrwfaxmifvmavawmh\/
ceaeawmhrS atmifrif;eSihfcifjidrf;wifhwdkU awmihfxm;wmudk avQmhcsvdkufMuum jyefvnf
aqmihfvdk; vmMuavonf/ udkodef;pdk;vnf; olwdkUpHkwGJ aqmihfvdk;aeyHkudk jyefMunhf&if; jyef
rmawmifaejyD jzpfaom olUvD;MuD;udk qufvuf*Gif;wdkufaerdjyef\/
udkodef;pdk;onf ,cifu r&cJhbl;aom umrtm;tifrsm;udk jynhfjynhf00 &avjyD/ 'gaMumihfvJ
qufjyD;Munhfonf ... qufjyD; *Gif;wdkufonf/ olUvD;MuD;uvJ oHacsmif;tvm; rmaeqJ/ ...
cifjidrf;wihfonf zifqHkMuD;udk qufcgqufcg aqmihfcsavonf/
atmifrif;uvnf; cifjidrf;wihf aqmihfcsay;orQ atmufujyefyihfaumhwifay;onf/
tay:rS zdtm;awGjrefvmjyif;vmovdk atmufrS yihftm;awGuvnf; ydkjyif;vm pl;&Svmonf/
cifjidrf;wihf yg;pyfrS tzsm;wufaeovdk w[if;[if; tqufrjywf nOf;nLvmonf/
cifjidrf;wihf ] jyD; } awmhrnf/ atmifrif;vnf; okwf&nfawG yef;xGufcsifaejyD/
ESpfa,mufvHk; t&rf;udk zDvifwufaeMuonf/ ckcsdefwGif urÇmMuD; ysufoGm;apOD;awmh olwdkU
ESpfa,mufuawmh tvkd;&yfMurnfr[kwfyg/
cifjidrf;wihfonf xdkif&if;aqmihfae&mrS udk,fudka&SUodkUudkif;um arSmufcsvdkufonf/ xdktcg
zifqHkMuD; ydkaumhum wif;vm&av\/ tzkwfnSpftm;vnf; ydkaumif;vmonf/
cifjidrf;wihf\MuD;rm;zGHUxGm;aom EdkUtHkMuD;ESpfckonf atmifrif;&ifbwfay:wGif ususee xdxd
rdrd zduyfrdaeonf/ wcsufwcsuf ab;odkUyif EdkUtHkom;awG jyLxGufvmonf/ 'gudk jrifae&
aom udkodef;pdk;onf remvdkpdwfawGaum &rufaZmawGaum xl;xl;uJuJ jyif;xefvm&av\
wvMurf;yif *Gif;tqufrjywfwdkufaerdawmhonf/
jyD;cgeD;aeaomcifjidrf;wifhonf arSmufcsxm;vQufrSyif zifqHkMuD;ukd cg;tm;jzihf tqufrjywf
qGJyihfvdkuf aqmihfcsvdkuf wvMurf;vkyfaeav\/ atmifrif;uvnf; cifjidrf;wihf zifqHkMuD;
eSpfzufvHk;udk vufESihfqkyfudkifqGJnSpfum qGJqGJjzJavonf/ xdkrQESihf tm;r&av[efjzihf
vuf0g;MuD;rsm;jzihf zifqHkom;awGudk wjzef;jzef; &dkufvdkufao;\/
] tm; ... tmh ... aumif;vdkufwm .. / xGufjyD xGufjyD udkudka& ... xGufukefjyD tifh .. tifh ..
tm; .... tD; ... }
] awmuf .. &SD; .......... igvJ yef;xkwfay;vdkufjyD wihfwihfa& ... tm; ... tm; ... }
atmifrif;ESihf cifjidrf;wihfwdkUESpfa,muf jydKifwl jyD;oGm;MuavjyD/
wcsdefwnf;rSmyif tdyfcef;tjyifrS udkodef;pdk;vnf; 'kwd,tMudrfajrmuf okwf&nfawG
yef;xGufoGm;jyefonf/ .. oHk;a,muf tjyD;csif;qHkoGm;onf[kyif ajym&ayrnf/
udkodef;pdk;onf rdrdudk,fudk tHhMoaerd\/
,cifu ceqdk jyefaysmhoGm;jrJjzpfaom olUvD;MuD;onf ckawmhjzifh tcsdefMumjrifhpGmyif rwf
axmifaecJh,HkrQru okwf&nfrsm; ESpfMudrfwdkif yef;xkwfjyD;vdkufonhfwdkif aysmhusroGm;ao;yJ
cyfrmrmyif &Sdaeao;aomaMumihfjzpfonf/
umrtm;awG b,fursm; a&mufvmygvdrfh .... [efusavpG/
cifjidrf;wihfESihfatmifrif;uawmh ajcypfvufypfxyfvQufom; zufxm;jyD;jidrfoufaeMuonf/
olwdkUtwGuf avmp&mrvdkyg ... waeUvHk;vHk; tcsdefawG trsm;MuD; r[kwfygvm;/
wpfcsDaumif; ] jyD; } oGm;rI t&omudk tjynhft0 cHpm;&if; rSdef;um tarmajzaeMujcif; jzpf
onf/ tarmajyvQif aemuftcsDawG qufMuayOD;rnf/ ..

atmifrif;udk,fay:wGif xyfvQufom; arSmufcHkMuD; rSdef;aeaom cifjidrf;wihf\ tpGrf;ukef
umrpyf,SufjyD;cgp acR;oD;av;awG Oaeonhf 0wfvpfpvpfudk,fvHk;jzLjzLMuD;udkMunhf&if;
udkodef;pdk; vD;onfjyefvnf rmawmifvmjyefonf/ .. cufjyD/ 'Dwcgawmh *Gif;wdkufaevdkU
vnf; rjzpfawmh/ .. udpö0dpö jyD;oGm;MujyDjzpfaom atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wihfwdkUESpfa,muf
'grSr[kwf wa,mufa,muf tjyifxGufvmí rdrdudkawGUoGm;vQif tcuf[k udkodef;pdk;
awG;rdonf/ wu,fawmh [dkESpfa,mufu cetarmajzaewmomjzpfjyD; tarmajyvQif
jyefvnfí vdk;yGJ pMuOD;rnhf tjzpfudkawmh udkodef;pdk; rodyg/ .. tcktcsdefwGif rdrd jrefjref
jyefvpfoGm;vQif taumif;qHk;jzpfrnf[k om qHk;jzwfvdkufavonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf atmufcHabmif;bDudk aoaooyfoyfjyef0wfonf/ pvG,fodkif;xm;aom
&cdkifykqdk;udk tuste jyef0wfonf/ csxm;aom om;a&vufqGJtdwfudk aumufudkifum
tdrfay:rS ajczGeif;jyD; cyfokwfokwfyif qif;oGm;avawmhonf/ tvkyfudk aphpyfaocsmpGm
vkyfwwfolyDyD tdrfa&SUwHcg;udkyif aeom;rysuf jyefaphcJhao;onf/
udkodef;pkd; xGufoGm;jyD; odyfrMumrDSrSmyif atmifrif;ESihf cifjidrf;wihfu aemufwyGJqufMujyef
av\/ .. onfwcgawmh atmifrif;u cifjidrf;wihfudk zifaxmifum ziftyDaqmfaeavonf/
cifjidrf;wihf zifaygufxJodkU atmifrif;vD;MuD; t&SdefESihf cyfoGufoGuf 0ifxGufpjyKcsdefrSmyif
cifjidrf;qihfvnf; aps;u jyefa&mufvmjyD; acsmif;Munhfjcif;vkyfief; pavawmh\/
xdkUaMumihf udkodef;pdk; trSwfrxif a&mufvmum olUZeD;acsmav;eSihf tnmom; atmifrif;wdkU
tjzpfudk aoaocsmcsm acsmif;MunhfawGUjrifoGm;onfh tjzpfukd cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtraum
atmifrif;yg vHk;0 rod&Sd r&dyfrdvdkufMuygay/ .....
________________________________________

xdkaeUwaeUvHk; ukdodef;pdk;onf pdwfwdkUvIyf&Sm;jyD; bmrS tvkyfaumif;aumif;vkyfvdkUr&awmh/
olUrsufpdxJwGif ZeD;onfcifjidrf;wihf\ jzLjzLawmihfawmihf0wfvpfpvpfudk,fvHk;MuD;udkyJ jyef
jrifa,mifaeonf/ atmifrif;ESihfpyf,SufaeyHkrsm;udkvnf; owd&onf/ xdktcgrsdK;wGif aygif
Mum;rS olUvD;MuD;u twif; axmifaxmifxvm&m renf;udk zdxm;&\/
tvkyfvkyf&mwGif trSm;t,Gif;awGrjzpfatmif renf;MuD;udk MudK;pm;ae&onf/ awmfao;onf
.. xdkaeUu udkodef;pdk; tvkyfodyfrsm;aomaeU r[kwfojzihfomyif/
tdrfwGif vkyfp&mav;awG &Sdonf[k taMumif;jycGihfawmif;um udkodef;pdk;onf nae tvkyfrS
apmapmqif;cJhav\/ tcsdefjynhf tvkyfMudK;pm;ol udkodef;pdk;taMumif;udkodaom tvkyf&Sifu
vnf; tvG,fwullyifcGihfay;vdkufonf/
tdrfodkUjyefomvm&onf .. tdrfwGif cifjidrf;wihfESihf atmifrif;wdkUZmwf jyD;rSjyD;ygOD;rvm; [k
udkodef;pdk; awG;ylvmrd&\/ naeydkif;xdrsm; qufpcef;oGm;aeMuOD;rnfvm; awG;,if; reuf
wkef;u acsmif;MunhfcJhwmawGu tawG;xJrSm jyefvwfqwfvmjyefavonf/ vrf;wavQmuf
vD;u awmifrnfwuJuJjzpfaeojzihf bwfpfum;yifrpD;&JyJ tiSm;um;jzihfom jyefcJh&av\/
odkUESihf udkodef;pdk; tdrfjyefa&mufvmonf/
awmfygao;onf ... atmifrif; r&Sdawmhyg/ w&ufpm tpm0í jyefoGm;ESihfavjyD/
olUtdrfonf reufwkef;u bmrS rjzpfcJhovdkyif yHkrSeftaetxm;twdkif; &Sdaeav\/
xl;xl;jcm;jcm; apmapmjyefvmaom vifawmfarmif udkodef;pdk;udk cifjidrf;wihf eJeJawmh tHhMo
aerdonf/ bmrSawmh rar; .. / [efrysufyif cgwdkif;vdk qD;MudKaevdkufonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf vD;cece rwfaxmifaejyD; vdk;csifvSjyDjzpf&m npmpm;jyD;onfESihf cyfapmapm
tdyf,m0ifav\/ olUoabmt&omqdkvQifawmh tdyf,mxJa&mufonfESihf cifjidrf;wihfudk
wufvdk;ypfrnfjzpfonf? .. odkUayr,hf c,frav;u rtdyfao;ojzihf c,frav;udk tm;emí
ce atmihftnf;ae&ao;\/ toHyvHawG qlnHukefvQif olav;crsm tysdKav;rdkU &Suf&Smay
vdrfhrnf[k tm;emaerdjcif;yif/ .. cifjidrf;qihfu atmifrif;eSihf olUrdef;rxufyif t&ifaps;OD;
azmufxm;wmqdkonfudkawmh ol rod&Sm/ .. jzpf&av udkodef;pdk; &,f/
odkUayr,hf cifjidrf;qihfuvnf; tvkdufodygonf/
cyfapmapmjyefvmjyD; tdyf,mvnf; wef;0ifonfqdkuwnf;u olUcJtdkMuD; olUtpfrudk apm
apmvdk;csifvdkUjzpf&rnfqdkwm olu oabmaygufonf/xdkUaMumihfolvnf; a&SUqihfaemufqihf
qdkovdkyif olUtcef;xJ0ifum tdyfarmusoGm;av[efESihf toufrSefrSef&Iaeay;vdkufonf/
cifjidrf;qihftcef;bufrS toufrSefrSef&IoHyJMum;&awmhojzihf tdyfaysmfoGm;avmufayjyD [k
wGufrdonfESihf udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihfbufvSnhfjyD; &kwfw&ufayGUzufum cyfMurf;Murf;
erf;avawmh\/ cifjidrf;wihf aMumifaeqJrSmyif xrDudkvnf; qGJcRwfjypfyvdkufonf/
cgwdkif;qdk udkodef;pdk;onf olrudk xrDav;vSef,HkomvSefum vdk;aeusjzpf\/ 'DaeUawmh
bmaMumihf xrDqGJcRwfjypfvdkufygvdrfh [k cifjidrf;wihfawG;rdavonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf rD;awmhrzGihf/ .. tarSmifxJrSmyif qufvIyf&Sm;onf/ [dkwkef;uom qdkvQif
t&SufMuD;aom cifjidrf;wihfonf vifr,m;csif;ayr,fh 'Dvdk xrDqGJcRwfypfwmrsdK;udk cH&JrSm
r[kwf/ .. ckawmh tajymif;vJMuD;ajymif;vJcJhjyD;jyDrdkU tomyifjidrfcHaevdkufonf/ pdwfuawmh
odyfryg/ .. udkodef;pdk;\ txaES;tusjref vD;MuD;jzihf rjzpfnpfus,ftvdk;cH&rIudk vifr,m;
0wÅ&m;&SdvdkUom cHay;ae&jcif;jzpf&m ckvJyJ jiD;aiGUp&maumif;aom tayGUtzufawGudkom
ysif;avmufatmif cHae&OD;rnf[kyJ xifxm;rdavonf/

rD;rzGihfojzihf cifjidrf;wihfatmufydkif; yuwdtaeudk udkodef;pdk;rjrif&yg/ odkUayr,hf reufu
aeUcif;aMumifawmifwGif olUrdef;r\0wfvpfpvpfwudk,fvHk;udk tMumMuD;jrifawGUcJhjyD;om;rdkU
aygifwHMuD;awGazG;OaeyHk .. zifqHkMuD;awGum;pGihfaeyHk .. tzkwfMuD;u azmif;tdaeyHk awGudk
pdwfrSef;ESihf tvkdvkdjrifvm&onf/ ... xdkcewGif olUvD;MuD;u tjywfudkrwfaxmifvmav
awmh\/ e*dku MuD;&onhftxJ ckvdkrwfaxmifrmaMumvmawmh ydkíyif MuD;vmavoa,mif
xif&avonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf cgwdkif;vdk ayGUzuferf;pkyfwmawG MumMumvkyfraeawmhyJ csufjcif;qdkovdkyif
cifjidrf;wihfudk,fvHk;ay: wufcGavawmh\/ cGjyD;vdkU olrtzkwf0wGif vD;MuD; vmaxmufrd
onfESihf cifjidrf;wihfwa,muf xl;jcm;rIudk odavjyD/ ..
] [,f ..... OD;&JUvD;MuD;u axmifrwfjyD; rmaevdkufwm ygvm; ... }
yg;pyfrS vTwfueJyifxGufoGm;rdonf/ olrxuf toufESpfq,favmuf ydkMuD;onhftjyif
&dkao&if;pGJvJ &Sdojzihf cifjidrf;wihfu udkodef;pdk;udk ] OD; } [kyifac:onf/ [dkwkef;uvdkomjzihf
'Dvdk pum;rsdK; cifjidrf;wihfyg;pyfrS b,fxGuf&JyghrvJ .. / ckawmh atmifrif;ZmwfoGif;xm;wm
cH&jyD; jzpfojzihf udkodef;pdk;ESihfygvm; [k pdwfu b&dwfrtkyfEdkifao;cif EIwfu vTwfueJyif
xGufoGm;rdjcif;jzpfonf/ 'gudk ukdodef;pdk;uvnf; owdxm;rdonf/ udkodef;pdk;rSmvnf; olU
tdajE´ESihfol vlMuD;vlaumif;yDyD aexdkifvmoljzpf&m 'Dvdkpum;rsdK;awG t&ifuqdk ajymrxGuf/
ckawmh olvJ npfwGef;wGef;um pdwf&dkif;awG 0ifaejyDrdkU cifjidrf;wihfpum;ESihf tvdkufoihf yif
olUyg;pyfrS jyefxGufoGm;rdonf/
] at; ... [kwfw,f/ ighvD;MuD;u t&rf;udkawmifaejyD/ 'Dnawmh eihfudk tyDvdk;awmhr,f
wihfwihf a& .. }
ajymaeusr[kwfyJ ajymvdkuf&aom pum;rsm;u udkodef;pdk;EIwfzsm;wGif tm;&yg;& &SdvSonf/
pdwfawGvnf; ydkxvmonf/ cifjidrf;wihfrSm &ifzdkoGm;jyD; olUtzkwf0ü awhxm;aomvD;MuD;udk
vufjzihfvSrf;udkifwdkUxdMunhf&ef tvdkvdkvSrf;vdkufrdvsufom;jzpfoGm;&av\/ .. odkUayr,hf
pdwfawGtvGefxefaeavaom udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihfvufuav; a&mufrvmao;rDrSmyif
olUvD;MuD;udk tzkwfxJodkU tm;ukef aqmihfxdk;xnhfvdkufavjyD/ udkodef;pdk;vD;u t&ifuwJu
oefom roefwm tawmfhudkMuD;onf? q,fvufrcefU&SnfjyD; bD,mAl;cGHavmuf vHk;ygwfqdkrS
pOf;pm;om MunhfMuygawmh/ .. cifjidrf;wihfrSm pdwfrxao;ojzihf apmufzkwfxJu t&nfawG
r&Trf;ao;acs/ .. ajcmufaoGUvQufyif &Sdao;onf/ t&nfr&TJao;aom tzkwfxJodkU pHcsdefvGef
vD;MuD; wcsufwnf;xdk;0ifvmrIonf cifjidrf;wihfudk tonf;cdkufatmif emoGm;apavonf/
tzkwfwckvHk; ylxlrD;yGifhjyD; uGJxGufoGm;yvm;yif xifvdkuf&awmh\/ ..
] tm; .......... trav;av;/ ... emvdkufwm OD;&JU/ tm; tm; .... aojyD aojyD/ uRefrtzkwf
av;awmh uGJxGufoGm;jyDxifw,f ... tm; vm;vm; }
cifjidrf;wihf\emusifpGmatmfvdkufoHonf udkodef;pdk;twGufawmh trsdK;rsdK;aom pdwfvIyf&Sm;rI
rsm;udk jzpfxGef;apavonf/ &rufawGvJ ydkMuGvmonf/ jyD;awmh a'gouvnf; axmif;ueJ
xGufoGm;onf/
] aumifru ihgusawmh atmfw,f/ .. vifi,feJUusawmh cHvdkufwm aumhysHMuGvdkU? [if; .. }
udkodef;pdk; pdwfxJ xdkodkU awG;rdonf/
&rufESihf a'go aygif;xm;aom udkodef;pdk;onf Murf;MuKwfumrkef,dkaeaom qifMuD;tvm;
jzpfvmavawmh\/
tqHk;0ifxm;aomvD;MuD;udk jyefqGJxkwfvdkufjyD; tm;rmeftjynhf Murf;wrf;pGm aqmihfí
aqmihfívdk;avawmhonf/

] zkef; ... bGyf ... tm; .. aoygjyD OD;&JU/ t&rf;emw,f .. awmfjyD awmfjyD ... tdk; tm; }
cifjidrf;wihftzdkU cH&csuf wu,fudkroufomyg/ .. xGefUxGefUudk vl;ae&avawmhonf/
,cifuqdkvQif udkodef;pdk;onf olUZeD;av;udk tvGefyifMuifemonf? .. b,fawmhrS Murf;
Murf;wrf;wrf; rvkyf/ cifjidrf;wihfu eJeJavmuf emonfqdkvdkufvQif olu avQmhcsjyD;aejyD/
tckawmhjzihf xdkodkU r[kwfygjyD/ ...
cifjidrf;wihfemvdkU atmfav .. olu ydkMurf;Murf;aqmihfavawmh\/ rSwfyvm; .. rSwfyvm;
[kvnf; pdwfxJu a&&Gwfaerdao;onf/
emusifpGm aqmihfvdk;cHae&&if;rSyif cifjidrf;wihf\ &rufpdwfawGvJ x vm&avonf/
pdwfxvmawmh tzkwfxJwGifvnf; apmuf&nfMunfawGwvMurf;xGufvmum ckeuvdkrsdK;
ajcmufraeawmhyg/ pdk&TJívmavjyD/ .. vD;t0iftxGufu apmapmuvdk Muyfawmufraeawmh
yJ acsmacsmarGUarGU jzpfvmonf/ emusifrIu ododomom avsmhyg;vmonf/ emusifrI avsmh
vmjcif;ESihftwl aumif;onhft&omu w&Sdef&Sdefwufvmonf/ cifjidrf;wihfonf emusifí
rcHr&yfedkifatmf[pfaeonhftjzpfrS umrt&Sdefjzihf nOf;wGm;jrnfwrf;&onfhtjzpfodkU wpwp
ajymif;vJvmav\/
vifr,m;ESpfa,muf ckrS txmusoGm;MuavjyD/ ...
] bGyf bGyf bGyf .... tihf [ihf [ihf ... OD;&,f ... tif; [if; .. }
] eihfzifMuD; aumhay;prf; wihfwihf .. }
] [kwf .. [kwf .. bGyf bGyf .... tm; .. aqmifhyg OD;&JU ... aumif;vdkufwm ... tm; tm; }
] bGyf bGyf .... jAGwf jAGwf }
vdk;oH atmfoH nOf;oHawGu waomaom nHaeavjyD/
cifjidrf;wihfonf t&ifvdkr[kwfawmhyJ atmufay; aumif;aumif;ay;wwfaejyD jzpf&m
udkodef;pdk;tzdkU azmfrjyedkifavmufatmif t&omxl;awG cHpm;ae&\/ cifjidrf;wihfrSmvnf;yJ
cgwdkif;vdk ceeSihfrsm; jyefusoGm;rvm;[k olUvifawmfarmif\ vD;MuD;udk pdwfylaerdao;onf/
odkUayr,hf tMumMuD; Mumatmifyif jyefrusyJ qufwdkuf aqmfwmcHae&ojzihf pdwfxJ t&rf;
auseyfum zDvifawG tjywfwufae&avawmh\/
wzufcef;rS tdyfraysmfao;aom cifjidrf;qihfonf olUtpfr urÇmysufrwwf atmfaeoHrsm;ESihf
vdk;aqmihfoHrsm;udk twdkif;om;yif Mum;ae&avonf/ opfom;tdrfqdkawmh toHu vHkrS rvHk
avonfyJ/ tpfrjzpfol 'DrQ ememusifusifatmfwm wcgrS rMum;cJhzl;? .. cJtdkawmfMuD;
'Davmuf taqmihfMurf;wmvJ wcgrS rMuHKcJhzl;/ .. ckawmh wtdrfvHk;udk oGufoGufcgaejyD/
oGm;acsmif;&vQif aumif;rvm;pOf;pm;ao;onf/ odkUayr,hf olwdkUvifr,m;xHk;pHtwdkif; rD;u
rSdwfxm;jyD; 'Dnuvnf;yJ v romaomn jzpfaeavaomaMumihf aumif;aumif;rjrif&rnhf
twlwl oGm;acsmif;raeawmhyJ toHawGudkom tm&HktjynhfjzihfcHpm;&if; pdwful;yHkazmfaeav
awmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf vdk;aumif;aumif;ESihf tom;ukefvTwfusHK;vdkuf&m em&D0ufomom MumrSyif
okwf&nfawGzGD;ueJyef;xGufoGm;av\/ cifjidrf;wihfrSmawmh udkodef;pdk;\ pHcsdefvGefvD;MuD;ESihf
tm;aumif;armif;oef aqmihfcsufrsm;aMumihf xdktawmtwGif; ig;csDqufwdkufyif ] jyD; } oGm;
&avawmhonf/ ajym&vQif atmifrif;ESihf pyf,Sufonfyif atmifrif;wcsDqdkvQif cifjidrf;wihf
] jyD; } vS oHk;csDavmufomjzpf\/ .. ckawmh udkodef;pdk;\pGrf;&nfukd cifjidrf;wihf t&rf;MuD;udk
tHhMocsD;rGrf;rdaeavjyD/ b,fuae b,fvdk umrtm;awG &vmavonfudkyif em;rvnfawmh?
ig;csDqufwdkuf ] jyD; } vdkuf&ojzihf vluvJ EHk;csdacGEGrf;oGm;jyDjzpf&m &Snf&Snfa0;a0; vnf;

rpOf;pm;Edkif&Smawmhyg/ .. udkodef;pdk; tay:rSvSdrfhqif;oGm;onfeSihfyif cifjidrf;wihf wcsdK;wnf;
tdyfaysmf oGm;&&Smavawmh\/
toHawGyJ Mum;ae&aom cifjidrf;qihfrSmawmh tawmhfudk tae&txdkif& cufae&Smavonf/
cJtdkawmfMuD; em&D0ufausmfausmfMumatmif rem;wrf;vSdrfhvdk;oGm;onhftwGuf olrvnf;yJ
t&rf;udk pOf;pm;& Muyfaerd\/ .. wefawmh aq;aumif;0g;aumif;awG awGUvmcJhjyDxifonf/
olronf tpfrjzpfolESihftwl atmifrif;ESihf aysmfyg;aeMujzpf&m ckvdk tpfrwa,mufwnf;u
t&omcH&jyD; rdrdus vGwfae&onhftwGuf wrsdK;MuD;jzpfae&av\/ cJtdk ukdodef;pdk;\ vD;
rnfrQMuD;onfudk acsmif;MunhfcJhrIrsm;t& olr odjyD;jzpfonf/ ckvdk em&D0ufausmfatmifyif
rem;wrf;vSdrfhjzdKEdkifonfqdkuwnf;u vD;t&rf;udk awmifjyD; rmaMumaeavmufjyD qdkwmudk
vnf;yJ olr rSef;qEdkifonf/ xdkrQMuD;aomvD;MuD; wif;jynhfusyfjynhf rmawmifaeonfESihf
tvdk;cH&vQif b,favmufawmifaqGrsdK;arhoGm;rnfqdkonfudk awG;,if; cifjidrf;qihf &ruf
aZmawG xefaerd\/ tdyfcef;xJajy;0ifum cJtdkMuD;a&SU udk,fwHk;vHk;cRwfjyD; jyvdkufcsifpdwf
wzGm;zGm;ay:vmonf/ onfvdkom oGm;jyvdkufvdkUuawmh cJtdkMuD;vnf; bmom;ESihfxkxm;
wmrdkUvJ ... olrudk tjywfyifzdkufayvdrfhrnf/
'gayr,hf 'Davmuftxdawmh cifjidrf;qihf twihfr&J0Hhao;yg/
udkodef;pdk;onf tcsdeftenf;i,f tarmajzjyD;onfESihf aeUvnfu atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wihf
vdk;aeyHkrsm;udk jyefpOf;pm;jrifa,mifjyD; vD;MuD;jyefawmifvmjyefonf/ tdyfaysmfaejyDjzpfaom
cifjidrf;wihfudk twif;EdI;um wufvdk;jyefavonf/ .. tdyfcsifrl;wl;jzpfae&if;uyif
cifjidrf;wihfvnf; vifawmfarmifhtvdk;udk aumhaeatmifcH&jyefav\/ onfwcsDvnf;yJ
udkodef;pdk; em&D0ufomomMumonf/ cifjidrf;wihfcrsmrSmawmh t&kyfMudK;jywfudkjzpfoGm;&Sm
av\/ udkodef;pdk;vD;u ceESihf jyefawmifvmjyefonf/ arm[dkufaejyDjzpfaom ZeD;onfudk
eJeJoufnSmvdkufonhftaejzihf udkodef;pdk;onf 'Dwcgawmh ay;tdyfvdkufawmh\/ oludk,fwdkif
vnf;yJ vD;tawmifom;MuD;ESihfyif tdyfypfvdkufonf/ odkUaomf oef;acgifausmfavmufwGifrl
udkodef;pdk;onf aeUvnfutjzpfudk tdyfrufjyefruf&if; vefUedk;vmav&m ratmihfekdifawmhyJ
ajcypfvufypftdyfarmusaeaom cifjidrf;wihfudk ZGwfEdI;um vdk;jyefavawmh\/ ... aemufwcg
rdk;vif;umeD; udkodef;pdk;Edk;vmcsdefwGifvnf; vD;u awmifvGef;aejyefaomaMumihf
cifjidrf;wihfudk EdI; vdk;jyefonf/ ...
cifjidrf;wihfonf nOD;ydkif;wGifESpfcsD? oef;acgif,HwGif wcsD? rdk;vif;cgeD;wGif wcsD .. pkpkaygif;
av;csDav;vm; tom;ukeftvdk;cHvdkuf&ojzihf arsmharsmhom usefawmhonf/
nOD;ydkif;vdk;aomESpfcsDwGif ig;MudrfpD ] jyD; } cJh&jyD; oef;acgif,Htvdk;cH&rIwGif oHk;Mudrf ] jyD; }
um rdk;vif;ydkif; vif;qGJwGifawmh ajcmufMudrfxdyif ] jyD; } cJh&avawmh\/ rdk;vif;cgeD;cH&rIu
] jyD; } onhftMudrf trsm;qHk;jzpfum wnvHk;aumif;aumif;vnf; rtdyfvdkuf&ojzihf
xdktMudrftjyD;wGifawmh cifjidrf;wihf vIyfudkrvIyfEdkif&Smawmhygacs/ .....
________________________________________

cgwdkif;qdkvQif eHeuf ig;em&DcGJavmufqdk tdyf,mxaeus cifjidrf;wihfonf ,aeUawmhjzihf
ckepfem&Dxdk;vkcsdefusrS tm;wif;um renf;x,l&avonf/

udkodef;pdk;uawmh olUyHkrSeftwdkif; ckepfem&DomomwGif tdyf,mrS Edk;vmonf/ nwkef;u
&uf&ufa&ma&m vdk;cJhMuaomaMumihf vifr,m;ESpfa,mufvHk; EGrf;vsyifyef;aeMuav\/
tdyf,mx aemufusaom cifjidrf;wihfonf cgwdkif;vdkyif ukdodef;pdk;udk reuftapmpm pm;zdkU
trSD vkyfray;Edkifawmh/
cifjidrf;wihfvdkyif ukdodef;pdk;vnf; trSefawmh tdyf,mrS rxcsif/ .. odkUayr,hf olUxHwGif
tMuHwcku &SdaeavaomaMumihf cyfapmapmyif tdrfrSxGufvmcJhavonf/ ZeD;onfu eHeuf
pm vkyfray;vdkufEdkifaomaMumihf vrf;wGifawGUaom qdkifrSyif xrif;aMumfwyGJudk MuufO2vHk;
ESihf ususeeaMumfcdkif;um pm;aomufjyD;rS tvkyfodkUoGm;avonf/ tvkyfrS reufydkif;aeU0uf
cGihf,lonf/ jyD;awmhzvifwvdyf0,fjyD; uifr&mwGifxnhfonf/ .. olUwGif olUudk,fydkif uifr
&mwvHk;tjyif tvkyfrSay;xm;aom taumif;pm; uifr&mwvHk;vnf;&Sdao;\/ ,aeUawmh
tvkyfrSay;xm;aom taumif;pm; uifr&mudk toHk;jyK&efpdwful;xm;onf/ tm;vHk;jyD;awmh
tdrfudk tomjyefvmcJhavonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihfudk atmifrif;vkyfovdk 0wfvpfpvpfcRwfjyD; enf;vrf;rsdK;pHkjzihf
vkyfcsifaeavjyD/ .. odkUayr,hf olUZeD;acsmu vifi,fusawmhom oabmaumif;jyD; olUus
jiif;csifjiif;aerSm pdk;&\/ xdkUaMumihf atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wihfwdkU jzpfysufaeyHkrsm;udk "mwfyHk
ususee &dkuf,lxm;vdkufEdkifvQif xdkyHkrsm;udkjyvQuf cifjidrf;wihfb,fvdkrS rjiif;omatmif
olcdkif;orQ vkyfay;atmif apcdkif;&efrSm udkodef;pdk; tMuHyifjzpfygonf/
jyD;awmh udkodef;pdk;wGif vQdKU0Sufcsufwcku &Sdaeao;\/ wnfwnfwefUwefU .. tdajE´MuD;
wcJGom;ESihf aewwfaom a,mufsm;MuD;rsm;wcsdKUwGif ,kwfrmnpfnrf;aom umrpdwfrsm;
twGif;Mudwf&SdaewwfMujyD; tcGifhomvQif rdrdtdajE´odu©mawGudk ab;csdwfum xMuGaomif;
usef;wwfMuonfhenf;wl udkodef;pdk;wGifvnf; tHkUykef;&rufqE´rsm; &Sdavonf/ .. xdktxJrS
wckonfum; olUc,fr i,fi,facsmacsmav; cifjidrf;qihfudk t&csdKifvdkaom qE´yifjzpfyg\
vlMuD;vlaumif;qefqef aeae&ojzihfom b,fvkdrS rMuHom jzpfaecJh&jcif;jzpfygonf/
tckawmh atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wihf jzpfcsifovdkjzpfysufaeyHkawGudk "mwfyHk&dkuf,ljyD;
tMuyfudkifcsifonhftxJwGif cifjidrf;qihfav;udk olcsdKifEdkifatmif olUrdef;r cifjidrf;wihfudk
yg0ifulnD avSmfay;cdkif;apbdkU &nf&G,fcsufonfvnf;yJ wck tygt0ifjzpfyg\/
atmifrif;ESifh cifjidrf;wihf y,fy,fe,fe,fvdk;aecJhyHkudk rsufjrifawGU&jyD;aemufwGif udkodef;pdk;
pdwfxJwGif ikyfvQdK;aecJhaom twGif;Mudwf umrpdwfrsm;u rdk;OD;uswGif ay:vmaom rdIyGihfMuD;
rsm;tvm; tjydKif;t&dkif; ay:aygufxif&Sm;vmMuavjyD/ .. udkodef;pdk;taejzihf xdkqE´awGudk
jynhf0&avatmif jzpfonhfenf;ESihf MudK;pm; tm;xkwf&awmhrnf/ .. r[kwfvQif ol &l;yif&l;
oGm;Edkifavmuf ygay\/
________________________________________

udkodef;pdk;xGufoGm;jyD;onfESihf cifjidrf;wihfonf tdyf,mxJjyef0ifum acGtdyfaerdavonf/
nu toHawGem;axmif&if; tacsmiftdyfa&;ysufcJh&ol cifjidrf;qihfrSmvnf; &Spfem&Dxdk;rSyif
Edk;av\/
arsmharsmhomusefonhf tpfr tajctaeudk em;vnfaom cifjidrf;qihfonf rdrdzmom xGufjyD;
rkefU[if;cg;oHk;yGJxGuf0,fonf/ .. tdrfa&mufawmh raeUuusefaomxrif;at;ESihfa&mjyD; rdrd

wyGJpm;vdkufonf/ .. usefESpfyGJudk [if;&nfoyfoyf rkefUoyfoyf z,fxm;ay;onf/
(9)em&Dxdk;umeD;avmufa&mufawmh pm;aeus aMumifzm; atmifrif; a&mufvmavonf/
cifjidrf;wihfvnf; tdyf,mrS xum atmifrif;ESihftwl rkefU[if;cg; pm;onf/ pm;jyD;onfESihf
acgif;udkufaeonf[k taMumif;jyjyD; cifjidrf;qihftcef;xJrS ckwifawG oGm;jyefacGaevdkufav
onf/ olr wu,fyif em;csifaeygao;onf/ cgwdkif;vdk atmifrif;a&mufvmwmESihf xMuG
vmaom pdwfawG 'DaeUawmh r&Sdao;/ raeUu waeUvHk; atmifrif;ESihf waeukefeD;yg; vdk;cJh
jyD; nbufusawmh vifawmfarmifudkodef;pdk;\ tvkd;udk wnvHk; 0uf0ufuGJrQ cHcJh&av&m
] a'gif; } ae&SmavjyD/ tem;,lbdkU vdktyfaeao;onf/
cifjidrf;qihfrSmrl ,refaeUuvnf; cifjidrf;wihfESihfatmifrif; vkd;wmyJ acsmif;MunhfcJh&jyD; wcg
nusjyefawmh cJtdkawmfeSihftpfrwdkU cgwdkif;ESihfrwl xl;xl;uJuJ Murf;Murf;&rf;&rf; vdk;MuoH
rsm;udk em;axmifaecJh&onfjzpf&m pdwfawG txl;yifEdk;MuGaeonf/ xdkUaMumihf atmifrif;
pm;jyD;onfESihfyif cifjidrf;wihfwdkUvifr,m;tdyfcef;xJodkU atmifrif;udk OD;aqmif 0ifcJhav\/
atmifrif;tzdkUvnf; raeUu cifjidrf;wihfudk tjywforxm;onfjzpf&m onfaeUawmh cifjidrf;
qihfudk wvSnhfjzKwfcsifaeonfrdkU cifjidrf;wihf em;vdkrIudk bmrS apm'u rwufawmhyg/
qE´awGjyif;jyaeaom cifjidrf;qihfonf atmifrif;udk vufqGJum tdyfcef;xJodkU OD;aqmif
0ifvmcJh\/ txJa&mufonfESihf cifjidrf;qihfu atmifrif;udkzufum EIwfcrf;csif;zduyf erf;
pkyfavawmhonf/ tmom irf;irf;udk erf;jcif;jzpfyg\/
olwdkUESpfa,mufrSm wu,fuawmh atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;wifh rjidcifuwnf;u jidaecJh&onhf
] azmufonf } rsm;jzpf&m &Suf&GHaemufwGefUaep&m rvkd/ yGihfvif;&Jwif;pGm vkyfvdk&m vkyfEdkif
avonf/ &rufaZmawG xefaeaom cifjidrf;qihfonf cyfMurf;Murf;udk erf;av\/ olr\
vQmav;udk xdk;xkwfonf/ atmifrif;u tvdkufodpGm yg;pyfudk [ay;xm;\/ cifjidrf;qihfu
atmifrif; yg;pyfxJ olrvQmav;udk xkd;oGif;uvdonf/ atmifrif;u rdrdyg;pyfxJa&mufvm
aom cifjidrf;qihf vQmav;udk tompkyfae\/ wu,fawmh 'Dvdk vQmjcif;xdk;uvd erf;pkyfrI
udk atmifrif;uyif 'Daumifrav;udk oifay;xm;cJhjcif;yg/ ...
vQmjcif;xdk;uvd erf;pkyf&if;rSyif cifjidrf;qihfonf atmifrif;\ tuFsDMu,foD;rsm;udk vuf
ESpfzufjzihf jzKwfonf/ Mu,foD;rsm;jyKwfjyD; &SyftuFsDyGihfxGufoGm;aomtcg atmifrif;&ifbwf
udk vuf0g;EkEkav;rsm;jzihf yGwfoyfonf/ atmifrif;onf twGif;cHpGyfus,fawG atmufcH
abmif;bDawG b,fawmhrSr0wfwwfolrdkU &SyftuFsD [oGm;onfESihf &ifbwfu [if;vif; yif
ay:vmav\/
cifjidrf;qifhonf atmifrif;ykqdk;udkvnf; qGJcRwfjypfvdkufonf/
ykqdk;uGif;vHk;yHkus oGm;onfESihf Avmusif;oGm;aom atmifrif;\atmufydkif;rS zifrnf;rnf;
MuD;rsm;udk vufjzihfudkifwG,fjzpfnSpfonf/ atmifrif;udk,fvHk;u MuGufom;awGESihf uspfuspf
vspfvspfjzpf&m zifMuD;rsm;uvnf; uspfuspfvspfvspfeSihf udkifvdkUaumif;onf/
atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;qihf OD;aqmifac:&m tvdkufoihfvdkufyg&if; tomZdrfcHaeav\/
cifjidrf;wihfESihf jidjyD;aemufydkif;wGif olUpdwfawGu cifjidrf;wihftay: ydkom,maerdcJhonf/
[dkt&if cifjidrf;qihfeSihfpdwfwdkif;us a&SUa&maemufyg vdk;aecsdefuwnf;u &ifxGm;xGm;
zifum;um; cifjidrf;wihfudk b,fvdkrsm; &atmifvdk;&ygh[k tMuHxkwfaecJh&onf r[kwfvm;/

'Dawmhvnf; uHtcGihfoihfjyD; cifjidrf;wihfudkyg tyDtjyifvdk;EdkifcGihf MuHKvmavaomtcg
olUpdwfawGu aemufrS&aom r,m;topfuav;vdk cifjidrf;wihfudk ydkrdk pdwfygaerdjcif;yJ
jzpfygonf/
odkUayr,hf cifjidrf;qifhu i,f&G,fonf/ wPSmpdwf ydkjyif;xefonf/ ckyifMunhfav ..
cifjidrf;wihfudk b,favmufyJ vdkif;oGif;xm;jyD;jyD ajymajym tck cifjidrf;qihfvkyfaeovdkrsdK;
olruyJ OD;aqmifac:iif EdI;qGwmrsdK;usawmh cifjidrf;wihfrSm r&Sd/ olu prS wufwufMuGMuG
wkefUjyefwmyJ &Sdonf/ ckvdk rdef;uav;u pwif EdI;qGjyD; OD;aqmifac:oGm;wmudk cH&wmuvJ
t&om wrsdK;&Sdonfyif/ ... 'gaMumihf atmifrif;rSm cifjidrf;qihfudkvnf; rypfy,fEdkif/ ..
atmifrif; tawG;aumif;aumif;eSihf Zdrf,laepOfrSmyif cifjidrf;qihfu yg;pyfcsif;cGmvdkufum
atmifrif;udk ckwifapmif;wGif xdkifrdonftxd tomwGef;ydkUonf/ atmifrif;u ckwifapmif;
wGif xdkif&if; Mu,foD;jyKwfaeaom &SyftuFsDudk cRwfypfvdkufonf/ Avmusif;ESifhjyD;jzpfaom
atmufydkif;rS vD;MuD;uawmh axmif;ueJ axmifwufvmav\/
cifjidrf;qihfonf atmifrif;udk nKwkwkav; Munhf&if; olrudk,fay:rS t0wftpm;rsm;udk
pwifcRwfcGmavawmhonf/
________________________________________

udkodef;pdk; (9)em&DausmfausmfavmufwGif tdrfjyefa&mufvmonf/
teD;ygwf0ef;usifudk tomvSnfhygwf tuJcyfonf/ tdrfwHcg;rsm;ydwfum wdwfqdwfae\/
tjyifuMunhfvQif qdwfjidrfaeoavmuf tdrfxJwGifawmh umrrkefwdkif;MuD; wdkufcwfaerSmudk
udkodef;pdk; odjyD;jzpfonf/
udkodef;pdk; tdrfay:odkU tomwufvmcJhonf/ wHcg;u raeUuvdkyif aph,Hkom aphxm;onf/
&Hk;ydwf&ufr[kwfom aeUrsm;wGif '*HkjrdKUopfajrmufydkif;xHk;pHtwdkif; vlae&yfuGuftwGif;
vl0ifvlxGuf r&Sdoavmufjzpfum wdwfqdwfaeay&m cifjidrf;wihfwdkUtaejzihf wjcm;bmrS
taeSmihft,Sufr&SdEdkif[k pdwfcs,HkMunfvQuf wHcg;udk aph,Hkom aphxm;wwfwm tusifhyg
aeavjyD/ [dkt&ifuawmh ydwfydwfxm;wwfyg\/ atmifrif;u olwdkUnDtpfr wOD;udkvdk;
onhftcg aemufwOD;u aps;tjyeftqifoihf acsmif;Edkifatmif wHcg;aph,Hkaphxm;cdkif;avh&SdcJh
&mrS tusifhygoGm;jcif;yJ jzpfygonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf aphxm;aom wHcg;udk toHrjrnfatmif tomwGef;zGihfum tdrfxJodkU ajcazmh
0ifvmonf/ olUwdkufyHku vufqGJtdwfxJ acgufodrf;xm;jyD;om;/ .. {nhfcef;xJwGif rnfol
rQ r&Sd/ .. udkodef;pdk;u olUvufqGJtdwfudk pm;yGJay:tomcsonf? zviftqifoifh xnfhxm;
aom uifr&mudk xkwf,lonf/ xdkUaemufawmh uifr&mudkifvQuf {nhfcef;rS tdyfcef;bufodkU
cRwfeif;oHESihf csOf;uyfoGm;avonf/
udkodef;pdk; &ifawG vIyf&Sm;ae\/ tdyfcef;xJwGif atmifrif;wa,muf rdrdr,m;acsmav; udk
tyDaqmfaeavjyDvm;/ 'grSr[kwf rpyf,SufrSD tpysdK;onhftaejzihf ayGUzuferf;&Iyf EI;ESyf
aeMuavjyDvm;/ .. raeUwkef;uvdkyif cifjidrf;wihfudk &ifckefp&m 0wfvpfpvpfudk,fvHk;MuD;
jzihf awGU&avrnfvm; ... ponfjzifh trsdK;rsdK;awG;vmavonf/

em;yg;aom udkodef;pdk;onf tdyfcef;xJrS vlESpfa,muftouf&IoHrsm;udk p Mum;&onf/
odkUaomf touf&IoHrSvGJjyD; wjcm;bmoHrSrMum;&ao;/ vdk;oHaqmfoHawGvJ rMum;&?
erf;oHpkyfoHawGvJ rMum;&/ bmawGvkyfaeMuoenf; ... / t&rf;udkodcsifvmonf/
tdyfcef;wHcg;0em;odkU udkodef;pdk; a&mufavjyD/
tdyfcef; wHcg;u ydwfrxm;? cef;qD;awmh csxm;onf/ cef;pnf;u aoaooyfoyf r&Sd/
txl;wvnftm;rxkwf&ygyJeSihf tdyfcef;xJ tvG,fyifacsmif;MunhfvdkU &onf/
ESpfa,muftdyfckwifMuD;\ apmif;wae&mwGif atmifrif;xdkifae\/ atmifrif;udk,fay:wGif
t0wftpm;r&Sd/ .. vD;MuD;uvJ rwfaxmifvQuf/
ckwifa&SU Murf;jyifay:wGif rwfwyf&yfaeolum; .. udkodef;pdk;xifxm;ovdk olUrdef;r cifjidrf;
wihf r[kwfyJ c,fracsmav; cifjidrf;qihf ygwum; ..... /
udkodef;pdk; tawmfyif thHMooGm;&onf/ rsufvHk;udkjzJum aoaocsmcsm pl;pdkufMunhfonf/ ..
rrSm;yg .. cifjidrf;qihfrS cifjidrf;qihf tppf/ nDtrESpfa,mufpvHk;udk tydkifudkifxm;edkifaom
atmifrif;udk tm;usovdkvdk remvdk ovdkvkdjzpfoGm;&awmhonf/ olUc,fracsmudk olrS rMuH
&ao;cif olaumihfom;u OD;aejyefjyDaum ... /
odkUayr,hf aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;vdkufawmh 'gonf cifjidrf;qihfudk rdrdvnf; pdwfMudKuf
vdk;EdkifaqmfedkifbdkU tcGihftvrf;MuD; yGihfaejcif;yifjzpfaMumif; em;vnfoabmaygufoGm;onhf
tcgwGifawmh udkodef;pdk; atmifrif;udkyif aus;Zl;wifrdovdkvdk/ ..
udkodef;pdk;acsmif;MunhfcsdefwGif cifjidrf;qihfu olrudk,fay:rS t0wfawGudk cRwfcGmcsaecsdefjzpf
onf/ udkodef;pdk;taejzihf c,fracsm t0wfcRwfyHkudk tprS pwifMunhfjrifEdkifcJhavonf/
cifjidrf;qihfonf tm*sDEdkrdkwdk pmwrf;yg wD&SyftjzLa&mifESihf wufx&GefxrDeufjyma&mifwdkUudk
0wfqifxm;avonf/ yxrqHk; wD&Syfudk atmufEIwfcrf;pudkudkifjyD; acgif;ay:odkU qGJr wif
cRwfonf/ atmifrif;r&dk;r&G jzpfap&ef cifjidrf;qifhu wwfedkiforQ cyfajz;ajz;av; qGJcRwf
jcif; jzpf\/ wD&Syf tay:odkUMuGwufoGm;rIESihftwl twGif;cH0wfxm;aom cifjidrf;qihf\
tay:ydkif;av;u wajz;ajz;ay:vmonf/ a&SUrSxdkifMunhfaeaom atmifrif;om ru acsmif;
Munhfaeaom udkodef;pdk;yg pdwfvIyf&Sm;p&mjzpfvdkUae&\/ cifjidrf;qifh 0wfxm;onfu
twGif;cHZmabmfvD/ .. cg;wdkyHkqef; abmfvDav;jzpf&m xrDxufqifESihf abmfvDatmufem;p
tMum;wGif cg;om;av;u vufoHk;vHk;omomavmuf ay:ae\/ ay:aeaom cg;om;av;
rsm;u 0if;tdaeMuonf/ cifjidrf;qihfonf cRwfjyD;aomwD&Syfudk atmifrif;rsufeSmqD
ypfaygufxnhfvdkuf\/ atmifrif;u &DjyD; qD;zrf;um olUab;em; ckwifay: ypfcsvdkufonf/
cifjidrf;qihfonf ZmabmfvDudk qufcRwf\/ aemufausmcsdwfwyf trsdK;tpm;jzpfav&m
olr\vufESpfzufudk aemufypfum aemufausmcsdwfrsm;udk jzKwfonf/ ..
cifjidrf;qihfonf &dk;&dk;jzKwfaejcif;r[kwf? .. jyHK;a,mifa,mifrsufeSmay;av;ESihf nKwkwk
rsufpav;csDum wjznf;jznf;csif;jzKwfaejcif;jzpfonf/ rsufESmcsif;qdkifxdkifaeaom
atmifrif;u cifjidrf;qifh\ nKwkwk trlt,mav;rsm;udk tukefjrif&onf/ aemufzufrS
acsmif;Munhfaeaom udkodef;pdk;rSmrl jrifEdkifpGrf;r&Sd/ odkUayr,hf ZmabmfvDaemufausmcsdwfrsm;
jzKwfaeyHkudkawmh taotcsmjrif&onf/ wjznf;jznf;csif;jzKwfaejcif;jzpfonhftwGuf
csdwfwckjyKwfoGm;avwkdif; udkodef;pdk;&ifxJ wcg 'def;ueJ jzpfjzpfoGm;&avonf/ em;xJwGif
abmfvDcsdwfjyKwfoGm;oH axmufueJ axmufueJudkyif yDyDoo Mum;ae&ovdk cHpm;&av\
csdwfwckjyKwfoGm;av .. abmfvDu ydkavsmh&J&Jjzpfvmav .. cifjidrf;qihf\ jynhfwif;vSyaom
tom;pdkifwdkUu ydkjyD; ay:vmavav jzpfaeavawmhonf/
c,frav;udk t&csdKifvkdaeaom udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;qihf\ ZmabmfvDcsdwfjzKwfaeyHkudk

aoaocsmcsmyif Munhfaerdonf/ olUvD;MuD;uvnf; ykqdk;atmufrS xdk;xdk;axmifaxmif
jzpfvmaejyD/
ZmabmfvDaemufausmcsdwfrsm; tukefjyKwfoGm;avjyD/ ..
cifjidrf;qifhonf ZmabmfvDudk tomqGJcGmum cyfvSrf;vSrf;odkU vSrf;ypfyvkdufonf/
onfawmh udk,fudk vSnhfjyvdkufovdkjzpfum vSy0if;tdaomEdkUtHkav;rsm;udk udkodef;pdk;yg
aoaocsmcsm jrifvdkuf&\/
cifjidrf;qihfu xrDav;udkd qufcRwfonf/
ZmabmfvDwkef;u ajz;ajz;av; tcsdef,lum cRwfcJhaom cifjidrf;qihfonf xrDusawmh cRwf
csvdkufonfrSm jrefrSjref/ .. jzKwfqdk uGif;vHk;cRwfcsvdkufjcif;jzpfyg\/ cRwfjyD;oGm;onfESihf
apGUueJqdk ckwifay:vSrf;wufoGm;ygavawmhonf/ olronf udk,fvHk;wD;awmh rjzpfao;yg/
yifwDabmif;bDjzLav;awmh olrcg;wGif &Sdaeygao;onf/
atmifrif;u 0wfvpfpvpfjzpfvkeD;yg; cifjiddrf;qihfudk,fvHk;av;udk tm;&yg;&yif qD;MudK ayGU
zufvdkuf\/ ESpfa,mufom; xyfvsuf ckwifay: vJusoGm;Muavonf/
cifjidrf;qihft0wfcRwfwmudk Munhfaumif;aumif;ESihf &yfMunhfaerdaom udkodef;pdk;onf olU
vufxJudkifxm;aom uifr&mudkyif arhavsmhaerdcJh\/ tckrS owd&oGm;um ckwifay:vJus
aeaom atmifrif;ESihfcifjidrf;qifhudk taotcsmvSrf;csdefonf/ &dkufuGif;aumif;oGm;onfESihf
&dkuf,l&ef toihfjyifonf/ uifr&mu taumif;pm;jzpfojzihf tweftoihftvif;a&mifav;
&SdaevQifyif zvuf&SfrD; roHk;yJ yHkaumif;aumif;ay:atmif &dkuf,lEdkifyg\/
atmifrif;u ckwifay:wGif cifjidrf;qifhudk yufvufav;jzpfoGm;atmif vkyfvdkufonf/
xdktcg udkodef;pkd;onf cifjidrf;qihf\EdkUtHk&ifom;rsm;udk aoaocsmcsmESihfMumMum jrifcGihf &
oGm;av\/ vufxJrS uifr&mudk ZGef;rf qGJum cifjidrf;qihf&ifom;rsm;udk qJG,lcsdefvdkuf&m
yDyDjyifjyif teD;uyfMunhfaeonhfyrm jrif&avjyD/ .. cifjidrf;qihfonf olUtpfr cifjidrf;wihf
avmufawmh &ifom;xGm;xGm;MudKif;MudKif;MuD; r[kwfvS/ odkUayr,hf olUt&G,fESihfol MunhfvdkU
aumif;pGm rdkUrdkU0ef;0ef;&Sdavonf/ EdkUoD;acgif; eDeDav;ESpfck aigufawmufaxmifaeyHku jzihf
jrifol tonf;,m;apavmufyg\/ atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;qihfEdkUtHkESpfckudk b,fnm pHkudkif
um cyfwif;wif;nSpfonf/ vufacsmif;rsm;Mum;rS EdkUtHkom;av;awGyif jyLxGufvm&atmifudk
cyfwif;wif;nSpfjcif;jzpfyg\/ udkodef;pdk; &ifawGwkefvmonf/ xdkodkU tyDtjyifEdkUnSpfaeyHkudk
wyHk&atmif &dkuf,lxm;vdkuf\/
atmifrif;u b,fbufEdkUoD;acgif;av;udk tomukef;jyD; vQmESihf&ufay;onf/ cifjidrf;qihf
w[ifh[ihfjzpfvm\/ e*dkcRefaomEdkUoD;acgif;av;rsm;u wif;rmum axmifwufvmavonf/
atmifrif;onf av;ig;q,fcsufcefUvsufay;jyD;aemufwGifawmh axmifwufcRefaumhaeaom
EdkUoD;av;udkd yg;pyfjzihfukef;[yfum tm;&yg;&pdkUav\/ cifjidrf;qihf &ifav; aumhwuf vm
onf? .. atmifrif;qHyifawGudk vufjzihf xdk;udkifyGwfqGJonf/ ..
] tm;yg;yg; ... udkudk&JU / .. pdkUprf;yg&Sihf .. tm;&yg;&pdkUprf;yg/ tm .. [m [m ... pdkU pdkU ..
ESpfzufvHk;udkpdkUyg udkudk&JU/ .. nSpfvJnSpfay;OD;av .. ckewkef;uvdk ... tif; [if; [if; }
yg;pyfrSvnf; tmomirf;irf; &rufjyif;jyif; zGifh[ajymqdkrdavjyD/
EdkUtHkESpfckudk wvSnhfpDajymif;pdkUvdkuf usefwzufrS EdkUoD;acgif;xdyfav;udk vufnSdK;vufr ESihf
yGwfajcvdkufvkyfay;ae&if;u yif cifjidrf;qihfyifwDav;udk atmifrif; vSrf;qGJcRwfvdkufjyef\/
cifjidrf;qihfuvnf; tvdkufoihfyif zifqHkMuD;tomaumhay;avawmh vG,fvG,fulul ESihfyif
uRwfoGm;avonf/ tckawmh cifjidrf;qihf 0wfvpfpvpf udk,fwD;vHk; jzpfoGm;ayjyD/

atmifrif;u yifwDcRwfay;jyD;onfESihf acgif;udkatmufpdkufum cifjidrf;qihfapmufywfav;udk
vSrf;&ufawmh\/ atmifrif;acgif;u aygifMum;xJwdk;0ifoGm;onfrdkU udkodef;pdk;rSm c,fr av;
apmufywfudk MumMumrjrifvdkuf&yg/ jzwfueJjrifvdkuf&onfav;uyif rdkUrdkUazmif;azmif; ESihf
tawmf&ifckefapyg\/
atmifrif;u csufjcif;wef; r&ufao;/ .. EIwfcrf;om;ESpfckudk tomjzJum avcyfjyif;jyif;
wcsufESpfcsuf rIwfoGif;vdkufao;onf/ cifjidrf;wihf zifqHkMuD; MuGwufjyD; wkefoGm;\/ av
awGu om;tdrfxJxdawmif a&mufoGm;ovm;rSwf&atmifudk atmifrif;rIwftm;u aumif;vS
ayonf/ jyD;awmhrS apmufywf&ufjcif;vkyfief;pavawmh\/ yxrqHk; ywfvnfwGif ayguf
aeaomtarT;Ekav;rsm;udk zd&ufay;\/ xdkUaemufrS EIwfcrf;om;ESpfckudk qGJjzJum jyL;xGuf
avmavaom apmufacgif;xJodkU vQmudk aZmif;wdkufoGif;um &ufay;onf/ tzkwfay:wGif
vQmudk jym;vdkufuyfjyD;awmhvJ tm;&yg;& &ufwifay;ao;\/ wysyfysyf toHawG qlnHae
awmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;taejzihfawmh &ufaerIudk aoaocsmcsm rjrif&yg/ odkUayr,hf cifjidrf;qihf\ aygif
Mum;wGif atmifrif;rsufESmMuD; uyfvQuf acgif;wvIyfvIyfjzpfaeyHk? .. cifjidrf;qihf zswfzswf
vl;aeyHk ESihf wysyfysyftoHawGudkawmh aumif;aumif;jrif&? Mum;&onf/ udkodef;pdk;onf ckxd
wcgrS tzkwfrvsufzl;ao;ay/ 'DnDtpfr ESpfa,mufudk tzkwfvJ &ufay;&OD;rnf[k pdwfxJ
aw;xm;vdkufav\/
cifjidrf;qihftzkwfMuD;uawmh atmifrif;tyDtjyif&ufay;aerIaMumihf azmif;oxufazmif;um
apmuf&nfMunfav;awGvJ ,dkusvmavjyD/ atmifrif;u ,dkusvmaom apmuf&nfMunfrsm;
udk tirf;t&yif vQmjzihfodrf;um pkyf,laomufrsdKcsae\/ apmuf&nfMunfeHUarT;arT;av;rsm;
u atmifrif;udk umrtm;ydkwdk;vmaponf/ pkyfwm&ufwm ydk toufygvmapavonf/
apmufywf&ufay;jcif;onf rdef;rrsm;udk xGefUxGefUvl;atmifyif &rufaZmxefvmapaom
taumif;qHk;enf;wckjzpfonfudk atmifrif;aumif;aumif;od\/ xdkUaMumihfvnf;yJ olESihf
] jzpf ] aom rdef;rrSeforQ apmufywfudk tyD&ufay;aeMujzpfonf/ ,ckvnf; cifjidrf;qihf
rSm atmifrif;\ &uf&ufa&ma&m &ufay;aerIaMumihf umrqdyfawG i,fxdyfxd wufae&
avjyD/ olrzifqHkMuD;onf arGU,mxuf wawmifavmufyif ajrmufMuGwufvmaeav\/
acgif;av;uawmh b,fnm,rf;cgaeonf/ apmufaphav;uawmh jyL;xGufvmaeonfom
ru wqwfqwfyif wkefaeao;\/ atmifrif;u xdkapmufaphav;udk vQmzsm;ESihf zdum
0dkufum &ufay;jyefonf/ olonf wufrvdk;ao;cif apmufywf&ufay;jcif;jzihfyif cifjidrf;
qihfudk wcsD ] jyD; } atmif vkyfrnf[k pdwfydkif;jzwfxm;\/ xdkUaMumihf t"du taMumqHk
jzpfaom apmufaphudk tyDtjyifyif &ufavonf/ cifjidrf;qihf b,fvdkrS raeEdkifawmh .. /
bavmifqla0vmaom &rufaZmwdkUudk xdef;csKyfvdkU r&awmh .. /
] tm; ... [ihf[ihf / &ufyg udkudk&JU ... pkyfvJpkyfprf;yg ... atmifr,fav;av;av;aemf ...
uRefr jyD; awmhr,f&Sihf .... pkyf pkyf ... taphudk emempkyfprf;yg&Sif ..... [D; .. &SD; ... }
aemufqHk;awmh cifjidrf;qihfwpfa,muf wudk,fvHk; wqwfqwfwkefum wGefUvdefaumhysHjyD;
] jyD; } oGm;&avawmhonf/ apmufywfxJrS apmuf&nfMunfawG 'va[m xGufusvm&m
atmifrif;u rvGwfwrf; zrf;,laomufrsdKjypfvkdufonf/
atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;qihf apmufywfav;udk tomcyfjznf;jznf; qufjyD; &ufay;ae\/
wkefwcdkufcdkuf jzpfaeom cifjidrf;qihf jidrfoufoGm;rSyif aygifcGMum;rS rsufESmcGmawmhonf/
xdkUaemuf tdyf,may:vSJcsonf/ ol\ iyJacsmif;MuD;u rdk;arQmfvQuf ... /
] uJ ... tck qihfqihf pkyfay;&r,fh tvSnhf a&mufjyD ... }
atmifrif;u cyfjyHK;jyHK;ajymvdkuf\/

cifjidrf;qihf vSJae&mrS tm;,l ukef;xonf/ atmifrif; cg;ab;em;wGif 'l;axmufum tom
xdkifcsonf/ atmifrif;vD;wHMuD; t&if;udk nmvufjzihf tomqkyfudkifonf/ b,fvufu
a*G;Orsm;udk tomyGwfoyfay;onf/ olrrsufvHk;av;rsm;u arS;pif;vQuf vD;acsmif;MuD;udk
rufarmrI tjynhfjzifhMunhfaeav\/
udkodef;pdk;onf uifr&mudk tomcsdef&if; jrifuGif;taumif;udk apmihfaeonf/
cifjidrf;qihfacgif;av;u atmufodkU pdkufusvm\/ odkUayr,hf udkodef;pdk;xifaeovdk r[kwfyJ
atmifrif;vD;wHMuD;udk rpkyfao;? .. a*G;OwvHk;udk zrf;[yfvdkufum jyGwfueJjrnfatmifpkyfay;
vdkufjcif;omjzpfygonf/ yg;pyfxJ0ifvmaom a*G;Oudk vQmjzifhvnf; tomywfum &ufay;
aeao;onf/ vD;wHt&if;wGif qkyfudkifxm;aom vufuawmh *Gif;wdkufovdk tomvIyf&Sm;
ay;aeav\/ tawmfMumawmh yg;pyfxJrS a*G;OudkxkwfypfjyD; aemufwvHk;udk tvm;wl pkyf
ay;jyefonf/ onfwcgawmh a*G;Oudk oGm;jzihfyg remrusif wZwfZwf udkufay;aeao;\/
a*G;OESpfvHk;udk wzufpDajymif;um tawmfMum pkyfay; &ufay; udkufay;aejyD; aemufwGifrl
cifjidrf;qihf yg;pyfu vD;wHtacsmif;MuD;buf a&mufvmjyefavonf/ t&if;bufrS pwifum
vQmav;ESihfxdjyD; &ufvmay;onf/ vQmonf vD;wHxdyfodkU wjznf;jznf; a&mufvmav\/
atmifrif; tHwMudwfMudwfjzpfae&ovdk udkodef;pdk;vnf; &ifawG w'def;'def; ckefaeavonf/
"mwfyHkawGvnf; ususee &dkuf,lonf/ a*G;OawG pkyfaewkef;u wyHk ... tck vD;wHvHk;ygwf
udk &ufay;aeyHku wyHk .. /
wjznf;jznf;ESihf cifjidrf;qihfu tay:bufodkU wufvmonf/ eD&JjyJvefaeaom vD;'pfMuD;udk
vQmjzifhywfum &ufay;aejyefonf/ vD;wef'pfxdyfrS okwf&nfxGuf&m [ww taygufav;
udkawmh vQmzsm;av;jzihf ususee zdxdk;xnhfonf/ .. rMumrD atmifrif; vD;wHMuD;aum
a*G;OawGyg wHawG;awGjzihf &TJ&TJpdkvmawmhonf/
&kwfw&ufqdkovdkyif cifjidrf;qihfonf atmifrif; vD;wHMuD;udk yg;pyfxJ tukef0ifoGm;onf
txd qwfueJ zrf;um [yfxnhfvdkufjyD; tm;&yg;& tmacgifjcpfum pkyfxnhfay;vkduf\/
] tm; ....... w,faumif;uGm ... pkyfpkyf .. tm;&yg;& qufpkyfprf; qihfqihf .. }
t&omtjywfawGUoGm;aom atmifrif;u cifjidrf;qihf qHyifawGudk cyfememvSrf;qGJum ajym
vdkuf\/ olUcg;ESihf ajcaxmufawG taMumqGJum wGefUvdrfoGm;Muonf/
udkodef;pdk;uvnf; cifjidrf;qihf vD;wHMuD;wckvHk;0ifatmif tyDtjyif pkyfay;aeyHkrsm;udk
wyHkjyD;wyHk qufwdkuf&dkuf,lae\/
vD;wHwacsmif;vHk; yg;pyfxJa&mufatmifpkyfonhftcg 'pfxdyfMuD;u cifjidrf;qihftmacgifudk
xdrdaxmufrdavonf/ wcsufwcsuf tefrvdkyif ysdKUysdKUwufoGm;&\/ xdktcgrsdK;wGif
yg;apmifxJrSm xdk;wufvmaom zdtm;u vD;wHMuD;udk zdnSpfavojzihf atmifrif; xGefUxGefU
vl;&jyefavonf/ xdkUaMumihf xdkcHpm;rIrsdK; rMumrMum&atmif olUvD;wHMuD;udk cifjidrf;qihf
tmacgifxdk;rdonftxd aumhaumhaqmihfwifay;\/ cifjidrf;qihfacgif;av;uawmh wcgcg
jzpfae&avawmhonf/
ig;rdepfcefUrQ tm;&yg;& vD;pkyfcHjyD;aemuf atmifrif;u cifjidrf;qihf acgif;av;udk tomqGJ
z,fvdkuf\/ pkyfay;aeaom vD;acsmif;MuD;u wHawG;awG t&TJom;jzihf yg;pyfxJrS xGufvm
avonf/
] vkd;awmh rvdkUvm; udkudk ... }
cifjidrf;qihfu rsufpav;csDjyD; ar;jyefonf/
] at; ... csawmhrvdkU .. }
] b,ftaygufudk t&ifcsrSmvJ .. ]

cifjidrf;qihftar;pum;udk udkodef;pdk; &kwfw&uf em;rvnf? aMumiftrf;trf;jzpfoGm;rdonf/
rdef;rawGrSm csp&m b,fESpfaygufrsm; ygvdkUvJ ... /
] qihfqihfuaum b,ftayguf t&iftvdk;cHcsifvJ .. ajymav }
] 'gqdk zift&ifcHcsifw,f udkudk &m .... / zifcsay;aemf .. }
] jzpfw,fav ... ukef;vdkufprf; av;buf .. }
udkodef;pdk; rsufvHk;jyL;&avjyD/ zifudkvdk;r,f qdkyghvm; ... /
tpwkef;u rdef;rawGwGif apmufywfwckom vdk;vdkU&onf[k udkodef;pdk; od&Sdem;vnfxm;cJh\
cifjidrf;wihfESihfatmifrif; jzpfaeMuonfudk acsmif;MunhfrdawmhrS atmifrif;vD;udk cifjidrf;wihf
yg;pyfESihf pkyfay;wm jrifcJh&onf/ xdktcg vD;udk rdef;r yg;pyfxJxnhfjyD; xdk;oGif;um vdk;vdkU
&aMumif; todwckwdk;cJh&\/ a[m ... tck aemufxyf wrsdK; txl;tqef; Mum;&jyefavjyD/
zifudk vJ vdk;vdkU &owJh .. tHha&m tHha&m /
'Dvdkqdkawmh rdrd ZeD;acsmav; cifjidrf;wihf zifudka&m atmifrif; vdk;aeavovm;[k awG;rd
jyefonf/ ... 'Dvl aerSmr[kwfygbl;/ cifjidrf;wihfudkvJ zifcsjyD;om; aerSmygyJ/ ...
udkodef;pdk; pdwfraumif;ovdkvdk jzpfrdonf/ &rufaZmawGvJ xefvmrdonf/ .. awGUMuOD;rSm
aygh wifhwihf &,f .... / awmuf ...
cifjidrf;qihfuawmh zifvdk;cH&ef toihfjyifavjyD/
ckwifay: av;bufaxmufum ukef;ay;vdkufav\/ zifvdk;rnhf ieJom; vD;MuD; w0ihf0ihfESihf
c,frav;em; wdk;uyfoGm;onfudk cJtdkjzpfoludkodef;pdk;wa,muf tonf;wat;at;jzihf om
Munhfaerdawmhonf/ rdrdvnf; cifjidrf;wihfudk y,fy,fe,fe,f zifvdk;ypf&OD;rnf[k pdwfxJu
aw;um tHMudwfaerdavonf/
] qD rygbl;vm; udkudk &JU ... }
zifvdk;cH&ef toifhav;bufukef;xm;ay;&mrS cifjidrf;qihfu acgif;av;iJhum ar;vdkufonf/
] ukefaewm xyfr0,f&ao;bl; qihfqihf&JU ... jrdKUxJu aq;qdkifMuD;awGrSmrS &wm/ ...
taMumif;r[kwfygbl; ... wHawG;&Sdom;yJ ... wHawG;qGwfrSmaygh }
] tif; ... jyD;a&m .. 'gqdkvJ wHawG;qGwfjyD; cs .. }
] pdwfcsyg qihfqihf &m .... 'Dtwdkif;MuD;awmh rcsygbl; pdwfcs ... [J[J }
atmifrif;u oabmuspGm &,fvdkuf&if; cifjidrf;qihf zifESpfjcrf;udk ususee qGJjzJvdkufonf/
plplav; ay:vmaom zif0 ca&yGifhav;ay:odkU wHawG;awG jypfueJaxG;csvdkuf\/ wHawG;rsm;
onf tjrIyfwpDpDESihf zif0wGif cewifaeMuao;onf/ jyD;rS atmifrif;u zifudk ydkqGJjzJvdkufrS
zifacgif;aygufxJ tomavQm0ifoGm;Mu\/
xdkUaemufwGifawmh atmifrif;onf cifjidrf;qihf zif0odkU olUvD;MuD;udk awhavjyD/
awhawhoGif;oGif; qdkovdkyif zdxdk;csvdkuf&m wHawG;awG&TJaeaom zif0av;xJodkU vD;'pfMuD;
jrKyf0ifoGm;onf/ ckeu cifjidrf;qihf tyDpkyfay;xm;ojzihf vD;wHMuD;uvnf; wHawG;rsm; &TJ
aeav&m zifa&mvD;yg acsmrTwfaeonfrdkU t0ifu odyfawmh rcufcJyg/ odkUayr,hf zifayguf
yDyD apmufywfvdkr[kwfyJ usOf;vSojzihf vD;wkd;0ifvmaomtcg zifvdk;cHolwdkUxHk;pHtwdkif;yif
cifjidrf;qihf emMuifrIa0'emudk MudwfrSdwfcHpm;&avonf/
] tmh ... uRwfuRwf .. emw,f udkudk& / jznf;jznf; .... jznf;jznf; .... [ifh[ihf }
yg;pyfrS nOf;oHav;xGuf&if; cifjidrf;qihf acgif;av; armhwufoGm;&onf/
atmifrif;uawmh ] acgif;0ifvQif udk,fqefUonf } qdkaom pum;vdkyif 'pfMuD;jrKyfoGm;jyD;jyD
jzpfaom olUvD;MuD;udk wacsmif;vHk;0ifatmif qufumqufum zdxdk;oGif;aeavonf/ tvdk;
cHbl;aeuszifaygufjzpfojzihf Muyfonfqdkonfhwdkif zdxdk;oGif;vdkufwdkif; vD;MuD;u wxpfjyD;

wxpf wdk;í 0ifoGm;avonf/
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awmhownf; / ......
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tnmom;atmifrif;onf ] aygif } e,fol cifjiddrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihf nDtpfrESpfazmfeSihf
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vufcv,fudkaum qGJEIwfum taetxm; wrsdK;ajymif;Mu&ef pDrHjyefav\/
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] tmh tm; .... udkudk&JU/ emw,f&Sihf ... trav;av;aemf .... tihf tD; ....... }
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aumif;vSaomfvnf; ,ck cifjidrf;wihfudk zifaqmfaeyHkudkvnf; trdt& &dkuf,lxm;csifojzihf

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aom uGufuGufuGif;uGif; "mwfyHkawG zvif 4vdyfpmawmif &&SdcJh,HkrQru t&ifu rjrifbl;?
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ynmawG wdk;cJh&avawmhonf/
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aeUvnfbufudk pOf;pm;Munhfjyefawmhvnf; ol tdrfrSm aeUvnf&SdEdkifrnfu pae?we*FaEG
2&ufom/ .. '*HkjrdKUopf 0efxrf;&yfuGufxHk;pHtwdkif; xdkaeUrsm;wGif tdrfudk {nhfonfawGu
wzGJzGJ vmwwfonf/ vkyfvdkUudkifvdkU t&Sdefwufaewkef;rSm {nhfonfawGvmygu tm;vHk;
&Iyfukefvdrfhrnf/ .. rjzpfao; / Mum;&ufrsm;qdkyguvnf; tvkyfrS cGihf,l&OD;rnf ... jyD;awmh
Mum;&ufawGwGif vmvm pm;aeus atmifrif;uvnf; a&mufvmayOD;rnf/
'Dtaumihfudk bmrSaMumufp&m rvdkonhfwdkif taESmifht,Sufwckck ay;vmygu ZdrfysufoGm;
&ayrnf/ atmifrif;ESihf Zmwfudk olUtMuHatmifjyD;onfhaemufwGifrS 'D"mwfyHktaxmuftxm;
awGjzihf aumif;aumif;MuD; ajz&Sif;&ef udkodef;pdk; MuH&G,fxm;onf/ avmavmq,fawmh ce
xdyfwdkufrawGUcsifao;/ .. xdkUaMumifh olUtdrfr[kwfyJ at;at;aq;aq; vGwfvGwfvyfvyf
pdwfMudKufaysmfyg;Edkifrnhf ae&maumif;wck vdktyfaejcif;jzpfavonf/
onfae&mwGifvnf; udkodef;pdk; twGuf uHw&m;u rsufESmom ay;vmjyefonf/
udkodef;pdk;wdkU ukrÜPDwGif taxGaxGrefae*smtjzpf vma&mufvkyfudkifrnhf EdkifiHjcm;om; t&m
&Sd wOD;twGuf aetdrfwckiSm;&rf;xm;wm &Sdonf/ abmufaxmfbufwGif jzpf\/ vdktyfonf
rsm;vJ tm;vHk;eD;yg;jyifqifxm;ay;jyD;jyD/ .. odkUayr,hf xdk EdkifiHjcm;om;u taMumif;wckESihf
a&mufvmjcif;r&Sdao;onhftwGuf xdktdrfudkaomhcwfodrf;xm;&onf/ .. xdk tdrfaomhu
udkodef;pdk;vufxJrSmjzpf\/ pdwfcs&onfh vl,Hkvl&if;rdkU refae*smu udkodef;pdk;udk vTJtyfxm;
jcif; jzpfonf/ xdktdrfwGif aeUcif;bufwGifawmh tdrfvmapmihfay;onhf tdrfapmihfwa,muf
iSm;xm;wm &Sd\/ xdktdrfapmihfudk yxkwfEdkifvQif tm;vHk; tdkau ayjyD/ ... xdkudpöuvnf;
olUtvdkvdk ajyvnfoGm;jyefonf/ tdrfapmihf\ aqGrsdK;om;jcif;wa,muf ema&;jzpfojzihf
olU&GmodkU wygwfcefUjyefcsifaMumif; tdrfapmihfu udkodef;pdk;udk cGihfawmif;vmonf/ 'Dta&;
udkapmihfaeaom udkodef;pdk;uvnf; at;at;aq;aq;om jyefbdkU cGihfay;vdkuf\/ ulaiGrsm;
yif xkwfay;vdkufao;onf/ tdrfapmihfu udkodef;pkd;udk aus;Zl;awGwifoGm;\/ odkUayr,hf
udkodef;pdk;uvnf; olUudk tjywf aus;Zl;awG wifusefaecJhaMumif;awmh olodroGm;&Smyg/
aMomf ..... r,m;acsmav; tydkifpD;cH&jyD; MuHpOfaewkef;&Sdao;onhfc,fracsmav;u vnf;yJ
olrMuH&ao;cif olrsm;vuf tyDtjyifygoGm;wm cHvdkuf&onhf udkodef;pdk;udk odMum;rif;MuD;
raeEdkifawmhojzihf tqifajyatmifrsm; zefwD;ay;aeovm;yif rajymwwfawmhyg/ ...
þodkUjzihf ukdodef;pdk;wa,muf tcuftcJrsm;udk ajz&Sif;jyD;avjyDrdkU usefwmav;awG jyifqif
&efom &Sdawmhonf/ t&m&mudk pepfwusvkyfaqmifwwfolrdkU þrQta&;MuD;aom udpöMuD;
wGif bmrS [muGufr&Sd&avatmif txl;yif MudK;pm;pDrHavonf/
tdrfav;u abmufaxmfausmufukef; bufwGif&SdjyD; jcHav;0if;av;ESihf wxyfwdkufuav;
jzpf\/ twGif;wGif a&ul;uefi,fav;yif ygvdkufao;onf/ tdrfxJwGif tdyfcef; 2cef;yg&Sd
onf/ tdrf&Sif\ tdyfcef;us,fMuD;ESihf {nhfonftwGuf taeawmf tdyfcef;i,fwckwdkU jzpf\
udkodef;pdk;onf r[kwfw&kwfMuHpnfaecsdefwGifaomfrS pnf;apmihfoljzpf&m tdrf&Sihftdyfcef;us,f
MuD;udkawmh rsufapmif;rxdk;yg/ tdyfcef;i,fudkom rdrdaysmfyg;&ef blrdeufoefae&mtjzpf
a&G;cs,fvdkufonf/ tdyfcef;us,fMuD;twGif;ü udk,fvHk;ay:rSefMuD; 2csyf tqifoihf&Sdaeav&m
xdkrSefMuD;awGudkawmh tdyfcef;i,fxJ a&TU&onf/ ckwifab; wzufwcsufwGif csxm;vdkuf&m
ol vdkcsifonhftwdkif; taeawmfyifjzpfaeavawmh\/ rD;zdkcef;xJ&Sd a&cJaowåmxJwGifawmh
pm;aomufzG,f&meSihfbD,mAl;rsm; jznhfwif;xm;vdkufonf/ ( udkodef;pdk;onf t&ufraomuf

wwfaomfvnf; bD,mawmh aomufwwfoljzpf\) {nhfcef;xJrS AD'D,dkjypufESihf &kyfjrif
oHMum;udkvnf; tdyfcef;i,fxJodkU a&TUvdkufao;onf/ tjymAD'D,dkacG oHk;acGvnf; iSm;&rf;
xm;vdkufao;\/ ul;,lxm;aom "mwfyHkrsm;udk t,fvfbrfESihf ususeexnhfum ckwifab;
pm;yGJav;ay:wGif toihfwifxm;vdkufonf/ av;ig;yHkavmufudkawmh pmtdwfwckESihf aoao
csmcsmxnhfxm;vdkufav\/ vdktyfrnf xiforQt&mtm;vHk; udkodef;pdk; pDpOfavonf/
þodkU vdktyfwmawG tm;vHk;pDpOfaerIonf aomMumaeUra&mufcifyif jyD;jynhfpHkoGm;av\
cifjidrf;wihfudka&m c,fracsmudkyg trJzsuf&ef ajcmufvSefUrI[k ac:&rnfvm; .. pnf;&Hk;rI[kyJ
ac:&rnfvm; ... ,if; udkawmh aomMumaeUnaewGif udkodef;pdk; pwifavawmhonf/
________________________________________

aomMumaeU nae tdrfjyefvmonfESihf udkodef;pdk;onf ajymp&m&Sdonfqdkum cifjidrf;wihfudk
tdyfcef;xJ ac:aqmifoGm;av\/ xdktcsdefonf cifjidrf;wihf npmrsm; csufjyKwfaecsdefjzpf&m
cifjidrf;qihfudk vkyfvufptvkyfrsm; vTJcJhjyD; qufvuf csufjyKwfap&avonf/
] ig tvkyfoGm;aewJhtcsdefawGrSm rif;bmawG vkyfvkyfaeovJ .. wihfwihf }
tdyfcef;xJa&mufonfESihf udkodef;pdk;u avoHrmrmESihf wef;ar;vdkufonf/ tdrfaxmifouf
3ESpftwGif; 'DvkdavoHrsdK;ESihf udkodef;pdk; wcgrS pum;rajymzl;ojzihf cifjidrf;wihf tawmfyif
tHhMooGm;rdonf/ bmrS jyefrajymEdkifyJ ai;aMumifaMumifESihf udkodef;pdk;udk jyefMunhfaerd\/
] eifeJU atmifrif; jzpfaeMuw,fr[kwfvm; ... }
udkodef;pdk;u 'Jhwdk;yif ar;csvdkufonf/
cifjidrf;wihf rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;&avjyD/ tawmfvnf; vefUoGm;rdonf/
odkUayr,hf [efudk,hfbdkUvkyfum ajAmifjiif;rS jzpfrnf[k em;vnfvdkufonhftwGuf ...
] tdk ... r[kwfwm OD;&,f ... / rMuHtyfrpnf&m .... }
cifjidrf;wihf bl;uG,f&efZmwfvrf;paepOfrSmyif udkodef;pdk;u wdkufyHktwGif;tdwfxJrS pmtdwf
wckxkwf,lvdkufjyD; twGif;rS "mwfyHkwyHkudkxkwfum ckwifay: jypfcsvdkuf\/
] tdk ...... }
cifjidrf;wihf qHGUtoGm;ovdk jzpfoGm;&avjyD/ bmnmuGduGawGESihf udkodef;pdk;udk tyDcRJum
tm&Hkajymif;jypfrS jzpfrnf[k pdwful;aeaom pdwful;av;rsm;vnf; vGihfysufoGm;&avjyD/ ....
tat;qHk;a&cJa&jzihf i,fxdyfrS avmif;csvdkufovdkvdk ... rD;yHkxJyJ usoGm;&ovdkvdk jzpfae&
avjyD/ rsufESmvnf; b,fvdk xm;&rnfrSef;yif rodawmh/
MunhfygOD; ... /
"mwfyHku atmifrif;\ vD;acsmif;MuD;udk cifjidrf;wihf tm;&yg;& yg;pyfESihfiHkum pkyfaeyHkMuD;
jzpfaeawmh\/ atmifrif;a&m cifjidrf;wihfyg t0wftpm;awG ryg? udk,fvHk;wD;MuD;awGESihf/ ..
vD;pkyfaeyHkuvJ yDjyifvSonf/ "mwfyHkuvJ aq;om;aumif;um MunfvifvS\/ onfawmh
vD;MuD;ay:rS tjydKif;jydKif;xaeaom taMumawGaum .. cifjidrf;wihfyg;av;ESpfzuf cGuf0ifí
aeyHka&m .. vD;wHMuD;ay: wHawG;rsm;pdkum ajymifvufaeyHka&m tukefxifxif&Sm;&Sm; jrifae&
onf/ ykHu cifjidrf;wihf udk,fwydkif;txd ygonfjzpf&m EdkUtHkMuD;ay:rS EdkUoD;acgif;av;awG
axmifxaewmudkyif jrifae&ao;\/

] bl;cHjyD; ajAmifvdrfaer,fawmh pdwful;raeeJUawmh wihfwihf/ .. ighqDrSm 'Dvdk"mwfyHkawG
zvif 4vdyfpmawmif &Sdw,f/ 'gawG eihftrsdK;awGqD ydkUvdkufvdkUuawmh eifapmuf&SufvHk;vHk;
uGJjyDom rSwfayawmh .. oabmayguf .. }
cifjidrf;wihf rsuf&nfawG jzdKifjzdKifusvmavjyD/
b,fvdkrS jiif;r&awmhrnfh twlwl rsuf&nfudkyJ tazmfjyK&ayawmhrnfaygh/ ...
bmvkyfvdkU bmvkyf&rnfrSef;vnf; rodawmh/ vifi,faeonhfudpö vifMuD; odoGm;jyDrdkU
udkodef;pdk;rsufESmudkyif aphaphrMunhf&Jawmhyg/ acgif;udkom wGifwGif iHkUxm;rdawmhonf/
olajymovdk wu,fyJ 'D"mwfyHkawG olrtrsdK;awGqDjzefUvdkufvdkUuawmh ... tr,fav; .....
cifjidrf;wihf qufyifrawG;&Jawmhyg/
] at; ..... 'gayr,hf igu 'Davmufxd r&ufpufcsifygbl;/ rif;bufu vdkufvdkufavsmavsm
&Sdr,fqdk&if tm;vHk;tqifajyoGm;rSmyg/ .. [dkaumifeJU jzpfcJhwmawGudkvJ ig aAGr,lawmhbl;?
aemufrS 'DaumifeJUig oyfoyf&Sif;r,f ... b,fvdkvJ }
udkodef;pdk;u avoHenf;enf; trmavQmhvdkufjyD; ajymonf/
cifjidrf;wihf acgif;av; r&Jw&JESihf armhvm\/ aMumufaMumuf&GHU&GHUESihf ar;&Smonf/
] [dk [dk .... OD;u wihfwihfudk bmvkyfapcsifvdkUvJ &Sif .. }
udkodef;pdk;u atmifEdkifoltjyHK;jzihf tm;&yg;& jyHK;vdkufavonf/ olxGifcJhonfh tuGufawmh
ususee 0ifavjyD/ ...
] vkyfay;&rSmawGuawmh trsm;MuD;yJ wihfwihf/ ... yxrqHk;uawmh ... ighvD;MuD;udk tckyJ
pkyfay;ayawmh ... vm .. }
] &Sif ........ }
wnfwnfwefUwefUaeum olrtay:wGifvnf; t&rf;MuifemcJhaom olrvnf; &dkaoav;pm;
cJhaom a,mufsm;jzpfolxHrS 'Dvdk wpfwpfcGcGpum; xGufvmonfhtwGuf cifjidrf;wifhrSm tHhMo
oGm;&avonf/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh ajymjyD;onfESihf ckwifapmif;wGif 0ifxdkifonf/ ..
wdkufyHktuFsDudkcRwfvdkufjyD; ckwifacgif;&if;ay: vTifhypfwifvdkufonf/ .. wrifyif cyf&ihf&ihf
vkyfjyvdkufjcif;jzpfygonf/
cifjidrf;wihfrSm umrqdyfawGwufaecsdefrSvGJvQif vD;udkyg;pyfjzihfpkyfay;&onhftvkyfudk
vkyfcsifol r[kwfyg/ &rufaZmawG w[kef;[kef;xum todpdwfaysmufaecsdefrsm;wGifrSom
vkyfay;rdjcif;jzpfygonf/ ,cktcsdefwGifawmh &rufjyif;xefaejcif; r&Sdonfomru aMumuf
pdwfawGu vTrf;rdk;aecsdefjzpfonf/ jyD;awmh udkodef;pdk;udk e*dkuwnf;u av;pm;&if;pGJuvnf;
&Sdxm;av&m b,fvdkrSudk tm&HkoGif;vdkU r&/ ... udkodef;pdk;em;odkU roGm;&JyJ ililMuD;om &yfae
rdavonf/
] igajymwm rMum;bl;vm; .... wihfwihf }
udkodef;pdk;avoHu jyefrmvmjyD/
] Mum; ... Mum;ygw,f OD;&,f ... }
cifjidrf;wihf idkoHygav;ESihf jyefajz&Smonf/
] Mum;&if vmav ... vD;pkyfav/ .. bmidkifaewmvJ }
] [dk [dk .... rpkyf .. rpkyf ... [ihf[ifh }
cifjidrf;wihf idkvJ udkodef;pdk;uawmh csrf;omay;awmhrnfr[kwfyg/
] atmifrm ... vifi,hfvD;usawmh tirf;r&pkyfay;aevdkufwm/ .. bmtckrS rpkyfcsifbl;vJ/ ..

vmcJhprf; ... igpdwfxGufvm&if eifapmuf&SufvHk;vHk;uGJoGm;r,faemf ... }
udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;wihf qHyifawGudk cyfMurf;Murf;yif aqmihfqGJjyD; jcdrf;ajcmufavonf/
cifjidrf;wihf rwwfomawmhyg/ .. rdrdu tjypfvkyfrdjyDyJ/ ..
cifjidrf;wihfonf rsufESmav;atmufcsxm;vQufESihfyif udkodef;pdk;em; r&GHUw&GHU csOf;uyfoGm;&
av\/ cifjidrf;wihf rsufESmav;u &J&JwGwfum wudk,fvHk;vJ yl&Sdef;aeavjyD/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh aMumufaMumuf&GHU&GHUESihf tem;uyfvmaom cifjidrf;wihfudk MunhfjyD; pdwfxJ
auseyftm;&um &rufawGvJ xvm&av\/ azmufjyefcJhaom rdef;rudk ysyf0yfusdK;EHGapvsuf
rdrdoabmus cdkif;apEdkifawmhrnfrdkU tauseyfMuD; auseyfaerdavonf/
cifjidrf;wihfuav; udkodef;pdk;em;a&muf&avjyD/
vD;pkyfcHrnfqdkonhf udkodef;pdk;u ckwifapmif;wGif ajccsxdkifaeavawmh pkyfay;&rnhf olru
ckwifab;Murf;jyifwGif 'l;av;wkyfjyD; xdkifvdkuf&onfaygh/ ..
udkodef;pdk;onf ykqdk;udk0wfxm;qJjzpf&m cifjidrf;wihfonf vufav;ESpfbufqefUwef;jyD;
ykqdk;udkcRwfay;&avonf/ olr\vufav;rsm;u wqwfqwfwkefaeMu\/ tdrfaxmifouf
3ESpfausmfvmcJhjyDqdkayr,hf udk,hftdajE´odu©mESihfudk,f aevmcJhMuolrsm;jzpf&m olwdkUvifr,m;
tMum;wGif ] t&Sufukef } onhftqifh ra&mufao;yg/ xdkUaMumihf ckvdkMuD; ykqdk;cRwfay;ae&
rIu cifjidrf;wihfudk aMumufvefU pdwfvIyf&Sm;aponf/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh MudKwifjyifqifonhftaejzihf 'Dnae atmufcHabmif;bDyif 0wfrvmcJh/
MudKwifcRwfxm;ypfcJhonf/ ykqdk;wxyfwnf;om0wfxm;onfjzpf&m cifjidrf;wihf\ wGefUqkwf
qkwf trlt,mav;udkMunhf&if; ykqdk;atmufrS olUvD;MuD;u rwfaxmifxvmaeavjyD/
ykqdk;cRwfay;aeonhf cifjidrf;wihf vufuav;rsm;u xdkvD;wHMuD;ukd rxdwxdyGwfwdkufay;ae
ovdkjzpfae&av\/
cg;wGifpnf;xm;aom ykqdk;udk ajzcsjyD;onfESihf tvdkufoihfav;z,fcsvdkuf&m atmufrS
udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;u rm;rm;pGihfpGihfaxmifwufvmonf/ ajrGa[mufMuD;waumif yg;ysOf;axmif
xvmonhftvm; ... /
udkodef;pdk;\vD;MuD;rSm q,fvufrausmf&Snfum bD,moHAl;eD;yg;rQwkwfav&m rmeftjynfhESihf
rwfaxmifvmaomtcg ydkíyif MuD;vmovdkjzpfae&onf/ cifjidrf;wihfrSm vifawmfarmif\
vD;MuD;udk teD;uyfMunhf&if; &ifawG w'def;'def; ckefae&avawmh\/
vifESihfr,m;rdkU cifjidrf;wihfonf xdkvD;MuD;ESihfvdk;wmudk aumif;aumif;cHbl;jyD;wmawmh [kwf
ygonf/ .. odkUayr,hf nbuftdyf,m0if arSmifxJwGifom vkd;aecJhMuonfrdkU cifjidrf;wihftzdkU
'DvD;MuD;udk ryD0dk;w0g;rSty vif;vif;csif;csif;wGif teD;uyf rjrifbl;ao;yg/
tckrS yxrqHk;jrif&wmjzpfaeonhftjyif vD;MuD;uvnf; tpGrf;ukefrwfaxmifaeonf jzpf&m
vD;t&omudk pGJrufaejyDjzpfaom cifjidrf;wihfrSm tmawGajcmufum &ifawGzdkaeavjyD/
aoG;om;uvnf; qljzdK;oljzpf&onfhtxJ atmifrif;uvnf; ususee usHK;oGif;xm;jyD; jzpf
aomaMumihf cifjidrf;wihf &rufaZmawGu tm;aumif;armif;oefjzpfaeonfjzpf&m tjypfvkyfrd
xm;í aMumufaerdaompdwf .. aqGrsdK;awGMum; t&SufuGJrSjzihf[kawG;um pdwfnpfae&onhf
pdwfwdkUudk ausmfvGefvQuf &rufaZmxefaompdwfawGu &kef;xvmavjyD/ ...
cifjidrf;wihfonf nmvufacsmiff;av;rsm;ESihf vD;MuD;\t&if;ydkif;udk tomqkyfudkif vdkuf\/
vD;MuD;u qD;MudKvifhonhftvm; aighueJ jzpfoGm;onf/ cifjidrf;wihf &ifawG 'def;ueJ ckefjyef
av\/ udkodef;pdk;\ touf&IoHuvnf; jyif;vmonf/

udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;rSm vrJMuD;r[kwf/ .. ajym&vQif atmifrif;vD;xuf trsm;MuD;Munhfaumif;
onf/ vD;MuD;tjywfrmawmifaecsdefrdkU xdyfta&jym;av;u 'pfMuD;udk rzHk;Edkif? .. t0qD wGif
eDeD&J&Jav;ESihf w0ufausmfausmf ay:ae&onf/ jrif&onfhrdef;r tonf;,m;p&m vD;MuD;[kyJ
ajymMuygpdkU ... / cifjidrf;wihfonf Munhfae&if; Munhfae&if;rSyif vuf&Sdtaetxm;udkyif
cearhoGm;um rSifwufrdovdk a&SUodkUacgif;av;idkufusoGm;jyD; vD;MuD;udk jyGwfueJ jrnfatmif
pkyfypfvdkufrdavawmhonf/
] jyGwf }
] tm;yg;yg; ..... w,faumif;uGm ... }
udkodef;pdk; tHwif;wif;Mudwfa&&Gwf,if; zifMuD;yif aumhueJ xdk;wifvdkufrd&onf/
olpdwful;,Ofum wrf;waecJh&aom r,m;acsmav;\ tyDtjyifvD;pkyfay;rIudk trSefwu,f
cHpm;&avjyDrdkU tvGefudk auseyfum t&omawGUoGm;&av\/
aumhxdk;wifvdkufrdaom zifMuD;aMumihf vD;MuD;u cifjidrf;wihf yg;pyfxJ xdk;0ifvmonf/
vD;MuD;u &Snfoavmuf MuD;vJMuD;vSay&m cifjidrf;wihfyg;pyfwckvHk; tjynhftodyfjzpfoGm;\
tmacgifav;udkyif oGm;axmufrdaeavjyD/
cifjidrf;wihf pkyfay;aeusjzpfaom atmifrif;vD;onf udkodef;pdk;vD;avmuf rMuD;yg/ tckawmh
ydkvnf;&Snf ydkvnf;wkwfaom vD;MuD;rSm cifjidrf;wihfyg;pyfxJ rqefUrjyJyif jzpfumae&avjyD?
xdyfzsm;u tmacgifudkaxmufrdaewmawmifrS vD;acsmif;u tukefr0ifao;/ .. w0ufausmfrQ
om 0ifao;onf/ yg;pyfxJwGifvnf; yg;apmifESpfzuf ae&mvGwfrusefavmufonftxdudk
jynhfusyfaeav&m cifjidrf;wihfrSm touf&Iyif rSm;ae&av\/
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihfacgif;udk rnSmrwmyif qkyfudkifum tay:qGJwifvdkuf atmufjyef
wGef;csvdkuf vkyfaeavonf/ cifjidrf;wihfacgif;av;u udkodef;pdk; aygifMum; MuGwufvdkuf
edrfhqif;oGm;vdkufjzpfae&av\/ xdktcg vD;MuD;u cifjidrf;wihfyg;pyfxJ 0ifvdkufxGufvdkuf
jzpfae&avawmhonf/ cifjidrf;wihfonf vD;pkyfwm tom;usjyD;aeoljzpfojzihf tvdkvdkyif
EIwfcrf;yg;av;rsm;ESihf tmacgifMuGufom;wdkUudk tvdkufoihfvIyf&Sm;um vD;wHMuD;udk zdnSpf
vdkuf .. pkyf,lvdkuf vkyfay;aerdavawmh\/ udkodef;pdk; t"r _ tedkifusifh cdkif;aprIaMumihf
pkyfay;ae&onfESihfyif rwlawmh/ .. tm;&yg;& jzpfvmonf/
ceMumawmh udkodef;pdk;u wqihfwufvmjyefonf/
cifjidrf;wifhacgif;udk cyfjrifhjrihfqGJwifvdkufav&m yg;pyfxJrS vD;MuD;uRwfxGufoGm;\/
] uJ ... igh a*G;OawGudk &ufay;prf; ... pkyfprf; }
vD;pkyfay;cH&wm auseyfoGm;jyDtxifESihf oufrcsrdawmhrnhfqJqJ cifjidrf;wihfrSm aemufwcg
rsufESmawG &JueJJjzpfoGm;&jyefonf/ &rufpdwfawGu odyft&Sdeft[kefrjyif;ao;onhftwGuf
cifjidrf;wihfrSm aMumufpdwfESihf&Sufpdwfu &SdaeqJjzpfyg\/ odkUayr,hf jiif;qefvdkUvnf; &rSm
r[kwfawmhonfhtwGuf wGefUwGefUqkwfqkwfESihfyif udkodef;pdk;qGJcs,l&maemufodkU olr \
acgif;av;u vdkufygvm&avonf/ rsuf0ef;xJwGifawmh rsuf&nfpwdkU &pf0dkif;ae&av\/
cifjidrf;wihf\ idkrJhrJhrsufESmav;u udkodef;pdk;aygifMum;atmuf odkU a&mufoGm;avonf/
ra&mufao;cif vrf;wavQmuf rwfaxmifaeaom vD;MuD;u olr ezl;awGyg;awGudk wGef;xdk;
xdwkduf oGm;ao;\/ vD;'pfMuD;xdyfrSpdrfh,dkuspjyKaeaom v&nfMunfav;rsm;u cifjidrf;wihf
rsufESmay: ayusHukefonf/
wGJvGJusaeaom a*G;OawGtem;ta&mufwGif cifjidrf;wihf tm;wif;u yg;pyfav;[ vdkufjyD;
vQmxkwfvQuf udkodef;pdk;\ a*G;OESpfvHk;udk wvHk;pD vQmav;jzihf yifhí yifhí &ufay;vdkuf\/
umrrIwGif aumif;aumif;,Ofyg;aejyDjzpfonhf cifjidrf;wihf\&ufay;csufrsm;u ajymifajrmuf
vSonf/ udkodef;pdk;rSm t&omawGUum qwfueJyif ckefxrdrwwf jzpfoGm;&avonf/

udkodef;pdk;onf tawmfMumxdatmifyif ZeD;acsmav; a*G;O&ufay;wmudk jidrfjyD;cHaeav\/
] txJudkiHkay;OD;av .... }
udkodef;pdk;toHxGufvmawmh cijfidrf;wihfvnf; nmbufrS a*G;Oav;udk olryg;pyfxJ oGif;um
iHkpkyfay;vdkuf&onf/ jyD;awmh jyefxkwfvdkufjyD; b,fbufrS Oav;udk wcgiHkvdkufjyef\/
tusihfygaeaom oGm;wdkUu r&nf&G,fygyJESihf a*G;Oudk cyfzdzdav; remhwem ZwfZwf ZwfZwf
udkufay;rdonf/
] tm; ..... [m;[m; ........ tif; .... }
udkodef;pdk; nOf;oH&SnfMuD; xGufoGm;rd&\/ .. a*G;Ot&ufcHwm 'DavmufcHvdkUaumif;rnf[k
olrxifcJhrdyg/ txl;tqef;tjzpfom &ufckdif;rdjcif;jzpfonf/ .. wu,fcHvdkuf&awmhrS xif
wmxufudk tjywftowfaumif;aeygonfaum ... / 0rf;bkdufxJrSudk vSdrfhvdSrfhwufum
wudk,fvHk; xGefUxGefUvl;oGm;&onf/
tawmfMumatmif a*G;Ot&ufcHjyD;onfwGifawmh udkodef;pdk; r,m;acsmudkdwrsdK;cdkif;bdkU pdwful;
&jyefav\/
] awmfjyD .... rwfwyfxawmh ... }
cifjidrf;wihf cyfjznf;jznf; x&yfonf/ EIwfcrf;a'gihfrS pD;usaeaom wHawG;rsm;udk olrvufcHk
av;jzifh tomodrf;um okwf\/
] uJ .... udk,fwHk;vHk; cRwfprf; .. }
cifjidrf;wihf rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;&jyefavjyD/
] bm ... bmvkyfrvdkUvJ OD;&,f ... }
] bmvkyf&rvJ .. eihfudk udk,fwHk;vHk;cRwfjyD; tyDvdk;rvdkUaygh }
cifjidrf;wihfrsufeSm &JwGwfoGm;onf/
] [dk .. [dk .. qihfqihf&Sdaew,fav .. OD;&,f }
&vdk&jim; nDrudkvSnhf taMumif;jyrd\/
] tr,fav; ... vkyfraeeJU/ .. eifwdkU nDtpfrESpfa,mufvHk; atmifrif;udk twlwl b,fvdk
ukef;Muw,fqdkwm igodjyD;om; ... jrifjyD;om; .. vmvkyfraeeJU }
] [if ......... }
cifjidrf;wihf t&rf;udkxdwfvefUoGm;rdonf/ .. tajctaeu olrxifxm;wmxufudk ydkqdk;ae
ygjyDvm;/ .. udkodef;pdk; b,favmuftxdudk odaeygvdrfhaemf .. / rdrdwdkUnDtpfrESpfa,mufvHk;
t&SuftaMumufuif;uif;ESihf atmifrif;ESihfaysmfyg;cJhMuwm b,ftajctaetxd&Sdonfudk
rdrdwdkU todqHk;rdkU acgif;eyrf;udk MuD;oGm;&avonf/
] 'Dawmh bmrS vmjyD; yJrsm;raeeJUawmh ... igcdkif;ovdkom udk,fwHk;vHk;cRwf/ .. cRwfav
cRwfjyD;&if eihfudk tyDvdk;r,f .. }
udkodef;pdk;u wjym;om;rS ravQmh/ olajymovdkrvkyfvQif &ufpufrnhf toGifu txif;om;/
cifjidrf;wihf rwwfomygjyD/ wwkefwkefwcdkufcdkufESihfyif olr t0wftpm;rsm;udkcRwf&avjyD/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh 'l;csdwfxdkifum tyDudkxdkifMunhfaeav\/
yxrqHk; tay:rS bavmufpftuFsDav;udk aemufausmZpfjzKwfjyD; cRwfcsvdkuf&onf/
ZpfqGJvdkufoH &SD;ueJu udkodef;pdk;udk &rufydkrdk xefvmap\/
twGif;wGif ZmabmfvD &Sdaeonf/ .. tdrfae&if;0wfxm;onfrdkU ZmabmfvDu cyfEGrf;EGrf;av;/
odkUayr,hf wif;wif;&if;&if;awmh &Sdao;onf/ EdkUtHkMuD;awGudk aumif;aumif;xkyfodrf; yihfr
xm;ay;Edkifao;onf/ &ifbwftxufydkif; tom;qdkifrsm;uawmh 0g0g0if;0if;ESihf MuGm;0HhaeMu
avjyD/ MuD;rm;zGHUxGm;aom a&T&ifESpfrTmudk xkyfodrf;ay;xm;&ojzihf abmfvD&iftHkMuD;rsm;u
wif;jynhf tdum; aeMu\/ nSpfcsifudkifcsif p&m ... /

cifjidrf;wihfonf ZmabmfvDaemufausmcsdwfrsm;udk qufjzKwfavonf/
csdwfrsm;jyKwfoGm;aomtcg abmfvDudk odkif;MudK;rsm;avQmcsjyD; tomz,f&Sm; cGmcRwfonf/ ..
atmifrif;ESihfvdk;wdkif; atmifrif; tyDtjyif orxm;ojzihf cifjidrf;wihfEdkUtHkMuD;awGu ydkvdkUyif
zGHUxGm;aeMu&av\/ .. odkUayr,hf wGJusaejcif;rsdK; r&Sdao;/ jynhfjynfhwif;wif;ESihf
pGJrufzG,ftwd jzpfaevQufyif&Sdao;onf/ jrif&ol touf&IrSm;avmufayonf/ ..
udkodef;pdk;onf olUr,m;acsmav; t0wfawG wqihfcsif;cRwfaeyHkudk tm;&yg;& rsufpdt&om
cHjyD; xdkifMunhfaeavonf/ ...
cifjidrf;wihfrSm vifawmfarmifa&SUwGif t0wftpm; ajyajyavQmavQmESihfyif raecJhbl;av&m
tckvdkwudk,fvHk; cRwfjy&rnhfta&;rSm tawmfMuD;udk tm;wif;pGefUpm;&rIyif jzpfaeavonf/
rdrdt&SufwuGJ jzpfaprnhf"mwfyHkrsm;ESihf tMuyfudkif&if; ckvdk tcdkif;cHae&wmvnf; odyfawmh
rauseyf/ .. xdkodkU rausreyfESifhyif tm;wif;pGefUpm;ae&rIonf cifjidrf;wihfudk wenf;wzHk
&m*pdwfawG xMuGvmapavonf/
tdrfae&if;jzpfapumrl cifjidrf;wihfonf atmufcHqyfpydkif'gudk 0wfxm;ao;\/ xdkUaMumihf
tay:ydkif; Avmusif;oGm;&jyD;aemufwGif xrDudk&ifvQm;vdkufjyD;aemuf xrDatmufrSvufvQdK
oGif;um cg;av;nTwfvQuf qyfpydkif'gudk qufcRwfavonf/ tckawmh cifjidrf;wihfwudk,f
vHk;wGif &ifvQm;xm;aom xrDrSvGJí t0wftpm;qdkvdkU bmrS r&Sdawmh/ ..
cifjidrf;wihfonf &ifvQm;udkawmh rajzcRwfao;/ .. xrD&ifvQm;twdkif;ESihfyif acgif;av;iHkUum
&yfaeavonf/
udkodef;pdk;u ckwifapmif;wGifxdkifae&mrS tomxonf/
cifjidrf;wihf vD;pkyfay;aepOfu ykqdk;uajyavsmhaejyD;jzpf&m ckvdkx&yfvdkufawmh avQmusjyD;
udkodef;pdk;vnf; atmufydkif; Avmusif;oGm;\/ aygifMum;rS pHcsdefvGef vD;MuD;uawmh rwf
axmifum a&SUodkU udk;q,f'D*&D xdk;xGufaeavonf/ udkodef;pdk;onf rdrdudk &Suf&GHUpGmjzihf
xrD&ifvQm;av;ESihf tom&yfaeaom ZeD;onfxHodkU wkd;uyfoGm;avonf/ cifjidrf;wihfvJ
olUtem; udkodef;pdk; wdk;uyfvmjyDqdkwm odaeonf/ .. rdrdudk,fay: aemufqHk;usefaeom
xrD&ifvQm;av;udk qGJcRwfypfvdkufrSmvm;? .. rdrdudk cyfMurf;Murf;rsm; qGJayGU erf;ypfav
rnfvm;? .. ckwifay:rsm; wcgwnf;wGef;vSJjypfvdkufawmhrSmvm;? ... pojzihf ] vm; } awG
rsm;pGmjzihf odkUavm odkUavm &ifckefaerd&av\/
cifjidrf;wihfem;a&mufvmaom udkodef;pdk;u vuftomqefUxkwfum xrD&ifvQm;av;udk
jzKwfavonf/ at;at;aq;aq;udk jzKwfjcif;jzpfyg\/ &ifvQm;xrD ajyuRwfoGm;awmhrS
atmufodkU tomvTwfcsay;vdkufonf/ cifjidrf;wihfonf avQmusoGm;onfh olUxrDav;udk
qkyfudkifxdef;xm;vdkufOD;rnf MuHao;onf/ .. odkUayr,hf udkifxm;awmhaum bmxl;rSmwJhvJ/
udkodef;pdk;u rdrdudk 0wfvpfpvpfjzpfonftxd vkyfudkvkyfawmhrSmqdkwm awG;rdoGm;jyefawmh
vufudk tomyJ jidrfjidrfav; xm;vdkuf&awmhonf/ xrDav; *Gif;vHk;yHkusoGm;onfwGif
cifjidrf;wihf\ vHk;MuD;aygufvS udk,fvHk;zGHUzGHUMuD;u Avmusif;um azG;ueJ ay:vmavawmh
onf/
udkodef;pdk;u tjyL;om;xGufay:vmaom cifjidrf;wihfEdkUtHkMuD;rsm;qD tmomirf;irf;yif vuf
vSrf;vdkufavonf/ vuf0g;ESihftkyfudkifvdkUyif rqefUaom EdkUMuD;awGudk EdkUtHkwavQmuf vdkuf
jyD;yGwfoyfay;vdkuf\/ udkifumpwGif cyfnifnifomomav; yGwfvdkufjcif;jzpfaomfvnf;
El;nhHtdaxG;aom EdkUtHkMuD;awGESihfvufESihf xdawGUvdkufrdonfESihf [kef;ueJ&kef;MuGwufvmaom

&rufaZmu wGef;ydkUvdkufav&m udkodef;pdk;vufawGu jyKwfwlMuD;rsm;yrm EdkUtHkMuD;rsm;udk
tm;&yg;& rufarmMurf;wrf;pGm qkyfe,fjzpfnSpfavawmh\/ EdkUoD;av;awGudkvnf;yJ yGwfí
yGwfíajconf/ .. atmifrif;vkyfavhvkyfxr&Sdonhf EdkUtHkom;EkEkav;awGudk qGJumqGJum
qdwfwmudkvnf; vkyfao;onf/ emvnf;em t&omvnf;&SdESihf cifjidrf;wihfrSm wGefUvdef
wGefUvdefav; jzpfae&avawmhonf/
EdkUtHkMuD;awGudk udkifnSpf&mrS udkodef;pdk;vufawGu atmufzufudke,fcsJUvmjyefonf/
wifyg;tdtdMuD;awGudk yGwfonf/ EdIufonf/ ... qGJvdrfonf/ zifMum;xJrS vufvQdKum a&SU
buf tzkwft0udkprf;onf/ zdyGwfay;onf/ aygifwHazG;azG;MuD;awGudkvnf;yJ avQmwdkufyGwf
oyfvdkuf? jzpfnSpfvdkuf vkyfonf/ ... emusnf;csufESihf &rufaZm aygif;xm;aom udkodef;pdk;
vIyf&Sm;csufawGu tvGefyif tm;ygonf/ [dkwkef;u olUZeD;av;udk MuifMuifememqufqHcJh
ol [k ,HkEdkifp&myifr&Sd/ .. cifjidrf;wihfrSm roufromcHae&&if; umrqdyfawG wufrSef;rod
wufae&jyD/ ..
] tm; ... aumif;ouGm/ .. eihfudk 'Dvdkudk,fwHk;vHk;cRwfjyD; tyD udkifcsifEdIufcsifaewmMumjyD/
uJuJ ... ckwifem;oGm;ayawmh/ ckwifapmif;udkvufaxmufjyD; tomukef;xm;prf; ... }
jzpf&nSpf&wm tm;&oGm;awmhrS udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;wihfudk ckwifbufwGef;vTwfonf/
olvdk;csifaom taetxm;yHkpHudk ajymjyonf/
avSMuD;xdk; &dk;&dk;jzifhom tdrfaxmifoufwavQmufvHk;pyf,SufvmcJhaom cifjidrf;wihfrSm tck
udkodef;pdk;u yHkqef;xGifum vdk;rnfqdkawmh olrESihfatmifrif; pyf,SufMuwmawGudk jrifjyD;
vdkuftwkcdk;wmjzpfEdkifonf[k awG;rdav\/ xdktawG;u olrudk &Suftm;ydkaponf/ "mwfyHk
awG ususee&dkuf,lxm;EdkifonfqdkrSawmh rdrdwdkUtjzpfawGudk a&ukefa&crf;avmufyif
awGUjrifxm;cJhrSm aocsmonf/ b,fESpf&ufavmufrsm; vmvmacsmif;MunhfoGm;cJhonf rod/
awG;Munhfavav &Sufp&maumif;avavygvm;aemf ... /
b,favmufyJ&Sufaeae udkodef;pdk;cdkif;aom taetxm;udk cifjidrf;wihf aeay;&ayawmhrnf/
udkodef;pdk;onf ckwif&Sd&modkU ravQmufcsifavQmufcsif avQmufvSrf;oGm;aeaom cifjidrf;wihf
aemufrS tomuyfvdkufygvmcJh\/ wrifvIyfavQmufwmr[kwfonhfwdkif zifqHkxGm;tdvSaom
cifjidrf;wihf zifMuD;awGu wvIyfvIyfESihf udkodef;pdk;udk rsufpypf ac:aeMuonf/ wcgwcg
udkodef;pdk;\ udk;q,f'D*&Daxmifrwfaeaom vD;xdyfMuD;u zifqHkom;EkEkMuD;rsm;udk rxdwxd
axmufrdao;\/
ckwifab;em;a&mufawmh cifjidrf;wihfonf Murf;jyifwGifajcaxmufvQufrS cg;av;udkukef;um
ckwifapmif;ay: vufaxmufvdkuf&avonf/ ajcqefU&yfvQufom;rS tay:ydkif;udk auG;nTwf
um ukef;ay;&onhf taetxm;yif/ ..
zifaxmifav;bufukef;ay;xm;oavmuf xifxif&Sm;&Sm;MuD; r[kwfonhfwdkif cifjidrf;wihf\
apmufzkwfMuD;u aemufodkUjyL;jyL;MuD;xGufay:aeavonf/
cifjidrf;wihf usdK;EGHpGm ukef;ay;aeaom taetxm;u udkodef;pdk;udk auseyfapavonf/
olrwudk,fvHk; udkodef;pdk; vdk&m oHk;EdkifayjyD/ ..
vufxyfcJhjyD;onhfaemuf umvwavQmufvHk; wcgrQ 'Dvdk ydkifEdkifpGm rvdk;zl;cJhao;/ xdkUtjyif
atmifrif;ESihfazmufjyefcJhaom cifjidrf;wihftay: olUtaeESihf cgwdkif;uvdk MuifemjrwfEdk;pdwf
awG odyfr&SdawmhyJ cifjidrf;wihf\ &iftHkxGm;xGm; zifqHkum;um; tquftaygufMuD;rsm;
tay:wGifom wyfrufonhfwPSmpdwfawGom jyif;xefaejyDjzpf&m ,ciftcgrsm;uESihf rwlyJ
ajzmihfajzmihfMuD; qefUusifpGm umr&rufawG Edk;MuGaerdawmhonf/

] awmuf ... wihfwihf&m ... eihfqHkMuD;awGu wu,fudk um;jyD; wif;&if;aewmyJ .. [if; }
udkodef;pdk;onf ukef;ay;xm;&&Smaom cifjidrf;wihf\ tdpufwif;um;aeaom zifqHkxGm;xGm;
MuD;rsm;udk vufjzihf yGwfoyfvdkuf qkyfe,fjzpfnSpfvdkuf vkyfaeonf/ cifjidrf;wihfcrsmrSmawmh
tHMudwfum cHae&&Sm\/
] tif; ... EdkUMuD;awGuvJ tMuD;MuD;awG/ .. vHk;tdaewm ygyJaum ... }
udk,ftay:ydkif; ukef;xm;ay;&ojzihf bl;pifrSbl;oD;MuD;rsm;yrm vHk;vHk;tdtd wGJusaeaom
cifjidrf;wihf\ EdkUtHkMuD;ESpfckudkvnf; csdKif;atmufrSvufESpfzufvQdKum pHkudkifnSpfqGJaejyefonf
tomt,mr[kwf? ... wPSmjyif;jyif;jzihf tm;&yg;&yif qGJnSpfajcrIef;aejcif;rsdK;jzpf\/
cifjidrf;wihfrSm roufom/ emusifrIeSihf umrqdyfawGwufvmrI a&maxG;cHpm;ae&onf/
EdkUtHkMuD;rsm;udk vSrf;udkifqGJnSpfavawmh udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;wihfaemufwGif uyfvQuf&yfae&
onfjzpf&m udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;u cifjidrf;wihfzifqHkom;EkEkMuD;rsm;udk tdueJtdueJ xdxdae&\
wcgwcg aygifMum;odkUwdk;0ifvmjyD; [dkaxmufonfaxmuf axmufrdaeao;onf/
txdtawGUu ESpfOD;pvHk;udk ydkaoG;qlvmaponf/ ..
] tzkwfMuD;uvJ azmif;tdaewmygvm;aemf ... }
udkodef;pdk;u EdkUvSrf;EdIufae&mrS udk,fudkjyefrwfum aygifcGMum;rS cifjidrf;wihfapmufzkwfMuD;udk
tom prf;jyefonf/ [kwfygonf ... t&nfawG&TJpjyKaejyDjzpfaom apmufzkwfMuD;u t&rf;udk
azmif;MuGvdkUaeygjyD/
] udkif; ... tyDvdk;jyDa[h .. }
ajymajymqdkqkd udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;wihf\ apmufzkwfEIwfcrf;om;ESpfckudk vufjzihf tyDqGJjzJ
vdkufjyD; olUiyJacsmif;MuD;jzihf awhvdkuf\/
cifjidrf;wihfuawmh rsufpdudkom pHkrSdwfxm;onf/ udk,hfvifvdk;wmcHbdkU qdkaomfjim;vnf;yJ
udkodef;pdk;\ tajymtqdk tjyKtrlrsm;u t&ifvdkr[kwfawmhyJ Muifemjrwfedk;rIawG uif;um
wPSm&rufaZmawGom zHk;vTrf;aejyDrdkU olrpdwfxJwGif udkodef;pdk;udk rdrdav;pm;cJhonfh vif
awmfarmiftjzpf rjrifawmhyJ umrbDvl;pD;aeonhf wpdrf;a,mufsm;wa,mufvdkom cHpm;
ae&awmhonf/ xdkcHpm;rIonf cifjidrf;wihfudk &SufaMumufpdwfawGjzpfay:aponf/ 0rf;vnf;
enf;vmrd&onf/
xdktcdkufrSmyif udkodef;pdk;u olUvD;acsmif;MuD;udk cifjidrf;wihftzkwfxJ xdk;oGif;vdkuf\/
wPSmaZmu jyif;xefaeonhfjyif cifjidrf;wihftay:jyefvnfEdkifpm;&jcif;udk txl;auseyfaerd
onfhtwGuf udkodef;pdk;onf vHk;0nSmwmjcif;r&Sd/ .. vD;udkwtm;yif zdaqmihfypfxnhfvdkuf
avonf/ taetxm;uvnf; udk,fudkudkif;umukef;ay;xm;onhf taetxm;rdkU vD;MuD;u
apmufacgif;av;xJ wcsufwnf;jzihfyif tqHk;xd xdk;0ifoGm;awmhonf/
] 'kwf .. }
] tm; ....... aojyD aojyD ... tr,fav; .. emw,f emw,f OD;&JU .. tm; .. }
udkodef;pkd;vD;u wu,hfudkpHcsdefvGefvD;MuD;/ ..
onfvD;MuD;ESihftvdk;cHaeusjzpfaomfvnf; ,ciftcgawGu 'DvdkrmaMumaejcif;r&Sdonhftjyif
taetxm;uvnf; vD;t0ifodyfrMurf;onhf avSMuD;xdk;&dk;&dk;jzihfom cHbl;aeusjzpfav&m
ckvdk oHacsmif;wrQrmaMumaecsdef ukef;ay;xm;&onhftaetxm;jzihf tqHk;xdwcsufwnf;
aqmihfvdk;cHvdkuf&aomtcg cifjidrf;wihf xGefUxGefUvl;oGm;&awmhonf/
emMuifvSonfh a0'emaMumihf cifjidrf;wihfrSm b,fvdkrS atmifhtnf;xdef;odrf;rxm;edkifawmhyJ
pl;&SpGm atmfvdkufrdawmhonf/ xdkodkU atmfjyD;umrSyif naecif;MuD; rdrdatmfoHudk olrsm;awG
txl;ojzifh rD;zdkxJrS nDrjzpfol cifjidrf;qihf Mum;oGm;rSmpdk;jyD; &SufoGm;&av\/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh vHk;0qdk vHk;0 Muifemjcif;r&Sdawmh/
cifjidrf;wihf\ ememMuifMuifatmf[pfoHudkyif em;0ifyD,Hjzpfum txl;auseyfoGm;onf/

xdkUaMumihf tqHk;0ifxm;aomvD;MuD;udk jyefqGJEIwfvdkuf tqkH;jyefaqmihfoGif;vdkufjzihf tm;&
yg;&udk aqmihfvdk;aeawmh\/
aqmihfcsufrsm;u Murf;wrf;vSonf/ cifjidrf;wihfwudk,fvHk; odrfhodrfhudk wkefae&awmh\/
emwmuvnf; t&rf;ygyJ/ .. aemufqHk;awmh cifjidrf;wihfonf EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphvQuf
arGU,may:odkU rsufeSmtyfcsum yg;pyfwckvHk;udk arGU,mESihfzdydwfxm;vdkuf&awmhonf/
aqmihfcsufawGu Murf;vSjyD; tonf;cdkufatmif atmifhatmihfoGm;&ojzihf b,favmufMuD;yJ
wif;xm;wif;xm; ratmfyJraeEdkifawmhonfjzpf&m atmfoHawGodyfus,fus,frxGufap&efrSm
onfvdk arGU,mESihfzduyfydwfxm;rSom jzpfawmhrnf r[kwfygvm;/ .. 'gawmifrS wtktk ESihf
yvHk;yaxG;atmfjrnfoHav;awGu tdyfcef;xJrSm vdIif;xaeawmhonf/
udkodef;pkd;uawmh tyDtjyifudkaqmihfvdk;aeonf/ .. aqmihfvdkufwdkif; cifjidrf;wihf\ zifqHkMuD;
rsm; wodrfhodrfhwkefcgoGm;yHk? cg;av;auG;nTwfoGm;yHk? EdkUtHkxGm;xGm;MuD;rsm; wkefwkefoGm;yHkrsm;
udkvnf; ususee jrifae&av&m ol\pdwfu ydkydk xvm&onf/ ol\vD;MuD;rSm cgwdkif;vdk
ceESifh jyefaysmhusroGm;awmhyJ tjywfudk rmawmifaejyDjzpf&m vkd;&wm odyfudk t&omawGUae
rd&avonf/ ,cifu oHk;ESpfvHk;vHk; aumif;aumif;rvdk;EdkifcJhrIudk twkd;ESihf jyefvdk;aeovm;
rSwf&awmhonf/
vD;MuD;u rmawmifvQuf aqmifhcsufawGuvnf; tm;ygjyif;xefvSonfomru taetxm;
uvnf;yJ vD;t0ifeufonhf ukef;ay;xm;aomtaetxm;jzihf tvdk;cHae&onfjzpf&m cifjidrf;
wihfrSm eihfueJ eihfueJaeatmifyif cHpm;ae&onf/ aoG;om;obm0twdkif; wjznf;jznf;eSihf
cifjidrf;wihfwudk,fvHk;rS tm&HkawG Edk;MuGvmonf/ .. &SufaMumuf0rf;enf;aeonhf Mum;xJrSudk
umr&rufawGu olUtvdkvdk avmifjrdKufvmMuonf/ onfawmh apmufzkwfMuD;u ydkjyD;azmif;
vmum t&nfawG&Trf;vm&awmhonf/ cifjidrf;wihfapmufzkwfonf atmifrif;\cyfMurf;Murf;
aqmihfvdk;rIrsm;udk txmusaejyD;om;jzpf\/ txl;ojzihf atmifrif;vD;wHMuD; rmaMumawmihf
wif;rIudk txl;wyfrufcJhonf/ tck udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;u atmifrif;vD;avmufudkyif rmaMum
awmihfwif;aeum t&Snfaum vHk;ygwfyg ydkMuD;?ydkwkwfonhftwGuf cifjidrf;wihf aoG;om;rsm;
txl;yifauseyfESpfodrfhum bmrSrMumao;cif wcsD ] jyD; } oGm;&avonf/
] jyD; } oGm;ojzihf xGufcsvmaom apmuf&nfrsm;u apmufacgif;udk ydkrdkpdkpGwfaponf/ ..
vD;MuD; t0iftxGufu ydkrdk acsmrTwfvmonf/ .. emusifrIawG aysmufoGm;onf/ xdkaomtcg
umrt&omu ydk&Sdvmonf/ .. rdepfydkif;av;twGif;yif cifjidrf;wihf aemufwcg quf ] jyD; }
&jyefavonf/
'kwd,tcsD ]jyD;} oGm;csdefusrSyif cifjidrf;wihfrSm olrcHpm;ae&aom umrt&omudk olrzmom
jyefowdxm;rdavawmh\/ umrt&om\ qGJaqmifrIuvnf; MuD;rm;vSonfjzpf&m xdkodkU
owdxm;vdkufrdonfESihf wudk,fvHk; jzdK;jzdK;zsif;zsif; jzpfoGm;&onf/ ckeu jzpfay:aecJh&aom
&SufaMumuf0rf;enf;pdwfawGvnf; MuufaysmufiSufaysmuf aysmufukefMujyD/ .. wPSmawGom
xefvmonf/ .. xdkaomtcg cifjidrf;wihfu olrzifqHkMuD;udk axmifaumhay;vdkuf? aemufodkU
jyefjyefaqmihfwGef;ay;vdkuf vkyfay;vmonf/ udkodef;pdk;\ wvMurf;aqmihfcsufawGudk tedkif
rcH t&HI;ray; wkefUjyefvmrdonf/ tzkwftwGif;om;awGuvnf;yJ arQmhrsm;aoG;pkyfonhfyrm
udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;udk wzsif;zsif;&pfygwfnSpfpkyf,lvmavonf/ vifr,m;ESpfa,muf
tay;t,lrQrQESihf umrt&omudk aumif;aumif;MuD; cHpm;aerd&avawmhonf/ ...
________________________________________

rD;zdkcef;xJrS cifjidrf;qihfonf cifjidrf;wihf\ pl;pl;&S&SatmfoHudk Mum;vdkuf&\/
tpuwnf;u olronf cJtdkMuD; olUtrudk bmjzpfvdkUrsm; &Hk;ujyefa&mufa&mufcsif; tdyfcef;
xJ wef;ac:oGm;wmygvdrfh .. [k rdef;uav;wdkUxHk;pHtwdkif; pyfpyfpkpk odcsifaerdonf/
'gaMumihfvnf; rD;zdkxJwGif qufjyD;csufjyKwfay;ae&if;u tomem;pGihfxm;rd\/ cyftkyftkyf
pum;oHrsm;udkawmh Mum;aecJh&onf? .. 'gayr,hf pum;vHk;u roJuGJ/
oGm;jyD;acsmif;em;axmifrvm; pdwful;rdao;onf/ odkUayr,hf olrsm;vifr,m; twGif;a&;awG
ajymaewmudk cdk;em;axmifjcif;awmh rvkyfvdkojzihf tomapmihfMunhfaecJhrd\/
xdkUaemuf rsm;rMumrD trjzpfolcifjidrf;wihf i,foHygatmif atmfvdkufoHudkMum;vdkuf &jcif;
jzpfonf/ atmfoHu tawmhfudkus,fonf .. / bmawGjzpfukefMuavjyDenf; .. /
cifjidrf;qihf b,fvdkrS atmifhtD;raeedkifawmh/ rD;zdkcef;xJrS cyfoGufoGufxGufvmum tdyfcef;
xJodkU acsmif;Munhfrdawmhonf/
jrifvdkuf&aom jrifuGif;aMumihf cifjidrf;qihf rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;rd\/
MunhfygOD; ... naeapmif;MuD; aerSr0ifao;rSD cJtdkMuD;ESihf olUtr tjywfudk aqmfaeMuavjyD/
jyD;awmh aqmfaeMuyHkuvnf; xl;jcm;onf/ .. cifjidrf;wihfu 0wfvpfpvpfMuD;eSihfckwifapmif;
wGif Murf;ay:ajcaxmufum txufydkif;u arGU,may:jym;uyfaeatmif ukef;ay;xm;onf/
cJtdkMuD;uawmh atmufydkif;AvmESihf aemufrSuyf&yfvQuf tyDudk usHK;aeav\/ vdk;aeyHkuvJ
tjywfudkMurf;onf/ pHcsdefruswrf; wtm;udkaqmihfvdk;aejcif;jzpf&m bmawGajymif;vJukefjyD
enf;[k cifjidrf;qihf awG;&cufaerd&awmh\/ rdrdcJtdkMuD; vD;MuD;oavmuf txaeS; tusjref
wmudk cifjidrf;qihf aumif;aumif;odxm;onf/ ckawmh cgwdkif;vdkr[kwfawmhjyD .. / cJtdkMuD;
tm;aumif;armif;oefESihf tpfrjzpfoludk tyDajcrIef;aeyHkudk jrifvdkuf&awmh e*dkuwnf;u
wPSmtm;oefolav;yDyD rsufpdudkrcGmedkifawmhyJ &ifoyf&Iarm qufMunhfaerdavawmhonf/
________________________________________
udkodef;pdk;onf wem&DausmfrQMumatmifyif cifjidrf;wihfudk tm;&yg;& pHcsdefruswrf;
qufwdkufvdk;ypfvdkuf\/
wem&DausmfavmufMumoGm;awmhrSyJ okwf&nfawG 'va[m xkwfvTwfay;vdkufavonf/
cgwdkif;vdk rpdkUrydkUr[kwf/ .. vufzuf&nf yk*H wvHk;pmrQyifru/ t&SdefESihfudk yef;xGufoGm;
vdkufonf/ atmifrif;okwf&nfawG vl;aecJhonhf cifjidrf;wihf apmufacgif;ESihfom;tdrfudk
jyefvnf aq;aMumjypfvdkufonhftvm; .... /
cifjidrf;wihfrSmawmh ig;csDqufwdkufyif ] jyD; } oGm;cJh&um tawmfudk arm[dkufyef;vs oGm;&
avawmh\/
udkodef;pdk;jyD;oGm;onhfwdkif cifjidrf;wihfrSm t0wfawGrSjyefr0wfEdkiftm;yJ ckwifay:ajcjypfvuf
ypf yHkusvQufom;jzihf toufrSefatmif reJ&Iae&awmhonf/ udkodef;pdk;uawmh olUudk,fay:
usefaeao;aom &SyftuFsDudkcRwfum pGyfus,fESihfykqdk;a[mif;wxnfaumuf0wfjyD; cyfrwf
rwf yif &Sdaeonf/ xdkUaemuf ckwifab;rS yufvufukvm;xdkifwGif tusxdkifjyD; olvdk;vdkuf
ojzihf arsmhaeaom ZeD;onfcifjidrf;wihfudk rsufpdt&omcHum Munhfaeav\/
twefMumrS cifjidrf;wihf touf&IjyefrSefvmonf/ .. tomxjyD; t0wftpm;awG jyef0wf
vdkufonf/ cifjidrf;wihf t0wfawGwckcsif;jyef0wfaeonfudk udkodef;pdk;u t&omcHum xdkif
Munhfaevdkufao;\/ acsmif;Munhfaeaom cifjidrf;qihfuawmh udkodef;pdk; vD;udkqJGjzKwfvdkuf
uwnf;u rD;zdkcef;xJ jyefajy;avjyD/

] reufjzefus eifwdkUnDtpfrESpfa,mufvHk; igeJU vdkufcJh&r,f .. }
cifjidrf;wihf t0wfawGjyef0wfjyD;onfESihf udkodef;pdk;u ajymvdkuf\
] b,f ... b,fudk oGm;rvdkUvJ[if }
] b,foGm;oGm;aygh ... a&mh eihfnDrudkyg "mwfyHkawGjyvdkuf/ .. 'gqdk olvJ oabmaygufoGm;
rSmyg .. }
udkodef;pdk; bmqdkvdkonf qdkonfudk cifjidrf;wihf oabmaygufavjyD/ ..
] OD;&,f ... nDrav;udkawmh csrf;omay;yg&Sif .. / udk,hf c,frav;[mudk ... }
awmif;yefpum; qdkMunhf&m udkodef;pdk;u tp rcH/
] bmrS vQm&SnfraeeJU/ .. igcdkif;ovdkomvkyf/ r[kwf&if eSpfa,mufvHk; apmuf&SufuGJ
r,frSwf .. / ... aMomf 'geJU eifwdkUnDtpfrrSm yHkqef;b&mpD,mawG yifwDtwdkav;awG r&Sd
Mubl; r[kwfvm; .. }
] r&Sdygbl;&Sif ... }
wu,fawmh atmifrif;0,fay;xm;aom b&mpD,mESihf yifwDawG &Sdygonf/ odkUayr,hf 0efcH
raecsifawmhojzihf r&Sd[kom cifjidrf;wihf ajzvdkufrdyg\/
] eufjzef igeJUvdkufcJhwJhtcg eifwdkUnDtpfr tJ'gawG0wf&r,f/ r&Sd&if ig0,fay;r,f .. /
eif abmfvDb,fqdkuf'f 0wfovJ ... }
cifjidrf;wihf olrabmfvDtuFsDqdkuf'f udk ajymvdkuf&onf/
] eihf nDra&m .... eifhxufawmh ao;r,fxifw,f }
] tJ'gawmh uRefr rodygbl;&Sif .. }
] rod&if tckoGm;ar;jyD; ighjyefvmajym ... / uJ .. oGm;awmh .. }
cifjidrf;wihf rD;zdkxJodkU cyfukwfukwf xGufvmcJh&awmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;taeeSihf reufjzef olUrdef;rESihf c,frav;udk ac:xkwfonhftcg acwfay:twGif;cH
awG 0wfcdkif;jyD; t&omcHMunhfbdkU pdwful;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ b,frSm 0,f&rnf .. b,fvdk
trsdK;tpm;awG 0,f&rnfrSef;vJ pHkprf;xm;jyD;jzpfavonf/
] rrwdkUuvJ naecif;MuD; tjywfudkzdkufaeMuygvm;/ .. b,fvdkjzpfMuwmvJ/ .. jyD;awmh
rrvlMuD;uvJ t&ifvdkr[kwfawmhyJ tm;aumif;armif;oefaevdkufwm/ .. rruaum
bmpdwful;aygufjyD; udk,fwHk;vHk;MuD; ukef;ay;xm;&wmvJ .. }
rD;zdkacsmifxJ cifjidrf;wihf 0ifvmonfeSihf cifjidrf;qihfu ar;cGef;awG w&pyf ar;av\/
cifjidrf;wihf oufjyif;om csvdkufrdonf/
] ol bmaMumihf 'DavmufoefvmovJawmh igvJrajymwwfzl; qihfqihf&,f .. / jzpfedkifwm
uawmh igwdkU jzpfaeMuwmawGMunhfjyD; olUpdwfawG xefvmwmyJjzpfr,f ... }
] bm .... b,fvdk/ .. uRefrwdkU jzpfaeMuwm [kwfvm; ... }
] [kwfy .. jrif,Hkwifr[kwfzl;? "mwfyHkawGawmif &Sdaeao;/ .. 'DrSm Munhf .. a&mh .. }
cifjidrf;wihfu "mwfyHkawG xkwfjyvdkuf&m cifjidrf;qihf rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;&avawmhonf/
] [m .... jyoemyJ }
] jyoemyJ vkyfraeeJU/ .. reufjzefus&if eifeJUighudk oluac:xkwfoGm;OD;rvdkUwJh .. }
] &Sif ... b,fudkvJ/ bmvkyfzdkUvJ .. }
] b,fvJawmh igvJrodbl;[,f / .. bmvkyfrvdkUvJqdkwmawmh eihfzmom rSef;Munhfaygh/
tJ'g oleJUvdkufwJhtcg b&mpD,mawG yifwDawG 0wfcJh&rwJh/ .. igu r&Sdbl;ajymvdkufawmh
ol0,fay;r,fqdkjyD; eihfqdkuf'f yg ar;cdkif;vdkufw,f ... }
] cufawmhwmygyJ .. rr&,f }
] cufraeeJUawmh/ .. olUqDrSm "mwfyHkawG trsm;MuD;&Sdao;owJh/ igwdkUtrsdK;awGudk vdkufjyjyD;

t&SufcJGrcH&atmif igwdkU olUpdwfwdkif;usom vdkufvkyfay;rS jzpfawmhr,f .. }
cifjidrf;qihf tajctaeudk em;vnfavjyD/ ...
olronf oufjyif;wcsufudkom av;av;wGJUwGJUcsvdkufjyD; rdrd0wfonhfabmfvDqdkuf'f udkom
ajymjyvdkuf&avawmh\/
xdkaeUnaeydkif;wckvHk; cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtpfrrSm tawmfhudk tae&cufae&avonf/
udkodef;pdk;uawmh eufjzefqdk olpm;& 0g;&awmhrnfh c,fracsmudk tyDyif pl;pl;&J&J MunhfMunhf
aeav&m cifjidrf;qihfrSm udkodef;pdk;a&SUyifrae&Jawmhatmif jzpfae&av\/ rdrdwdkU &ufa&mpGm
vdk;aecJhMuyHkrsm;udk udkodef;pdk; aumif;aumif;jrifawGUxm;jyD;jzpfonfudk oabmaygufrdjyD; jzpf
av&m xddktcsufudkawG;rdwdkif; rsufESmawGyl &ifawGzdkae&&Smavonf/ reufjzefqdk b,fudk
ac:oGm;rnf rodaomfvnf; bmvkyfrnfudkawmh rSef;vdkU&aejyDjzpf&m cifjidrf;qihf rsufeSmudk
b,fvdkxm;&rnfrSef;yif rodawmh/ ...
cifjidrf;qihfu a&Smifaeaomfvnf; udkodef;pdk;uawmh olUtem;wGif cifjidrf;qihf &Sdaeap&ef
[dk[m,lcdkif;vdkuf? 'D[m,lcdkif;vdkufESihf vkyfaeav\/ cifjidrf;qihfrSm rjiif;om .. udkodef;pdk;
cdkif;wmawG ,l,lay;&if; udkodef;pdk;a&SU tvdkvdka&mufa&mufae&onf/ a&mufwdkif;vnf;yJ
ac:awm waxmiftm;ESihf pl;pl;&J&J Munhfwm cH&um pdwfawGvIyf&Sm;ae&avawmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;u xdkntzdkU cifjidrf;wihfudk xyfrvdk;awmhay/ ..
ESpfESpfjcdKufjcdKuf tem;,l tdyfpufavonf/ reufjzef rdrdwdkUudk vdk;yGJ twdk;ESihfETJ&eftwGuf
tm;arG;aejcif;jzpfaMumif; cifjidrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihf em;vnfrdMuyg\/
________________________________________

aemufwaeUeHeufapmapmwGif udkodef;pdk;wa,mufwnf; t&ifxGufonf/
tdrfav;qDoGm;jyD; tjyD;owfvdktyfwmawG jyifqifjznhfwif;onf/ .. nDtpfrESpfa,muf
twGuf b&mpD,mESihf yifwDav;awG 0,fonf/ jyD;awmhrS tiSm;um;ESihf tdrfjyefvmum
r,m;ESihfc,fracsmudk 0,fvmaom twGif;cHawG t0wfcdkif;onf/ .. jyD;awmhrS tiSm;um;
jzifhyif nDtpfrESpfazmfudk abmufaxmfausmufukef; tdrfav;&Sd&m ac:vmcJhvdkufavonf/
tdrfav;odkUa&mufonfESihf udkodef;pdk;onf nDtpfrESpfa,mufvHk;udk oljyifqifxm;aom
tdyfcef;av;xJodkU wcgwnf; wef;ac:oGm;av\/
rdrdwdkU pyg,f&S,ftvdk;cHMu&awmhrnfudk odaeaom cifjidrf;wihfESihf cifjidrf;qihfwdkUrSmvnf;
&ifawG w'def;'def;ckefum pdwfawGvIyf&Sm;ae&avawmhonf/ olwdkUESpfa,mufrSm atmifrif;
ESihf umrtMudrfMudrfpyf,SufjyD;cJhMujyDjzpfaomfvnf; ,ck udkodef;pdk; ac:xkwfvmonhftjzpf
uawmh wrsdK;wzHkxl;jcm;aeojzihf tysdK&dkif;av;rsm;yrm jzpfaeMu&avawmh\/ tEdkiftxuf
vkyfum tac:cHvm&onhfoabmrsdK;jzpfaejcif;uvnf;yJ pdwftm&Hkudk wrlxl;jcm;aom cHpm;
rIawG ay;pGrf;aeavonf/ yrmqdk&aomf rk'def;usihfcH&awmhrnhf tysdKav;rsm; yrmyif cHpm;ae
rdMu&av\/ ...
nDtpfrESpfa,mufonf pum;wcGef;rS rqdkrdMu/.. udkodef;pdk;ac:aqmifoGm;&m tdyfcef;i,fxJ
odkUom wa,mufvufwa,mufqkyfudkif tm;ay;&if; vdkufygoGm;Mu&avonf/
] eifwdkUESpfa,mufudk bmvkyfzdkUac:vmw,fqdkwm odMuw,fr[kwfvm; ... }

tdyfcef;xJa&mufonfESihf udkodef;pdk;u ckwifapmif;wGif [efygygxdkif&if; ar;vdkufavonf/
tdrfav;\ crf;em;aomtaetxm;? tdyfcef;xJwGif jyKvkyfxm;aomtjyiftqif (txl;ojzihf
udk,fvHk;ay:rSefMuD;rsm; &Sdaejcif;) wdkUaMumihf pdwfydkvIyf&Sm;aerdMuavaom nDtpfrESpfOD;onf
jydKifwlvdkyif acgif;av;awG ndwfjyvdkufrdMuavonf/
] yg;pyfuae ajymprf; qihfqihf ... }
rdrd\ ydkifpdk;rIudk jyoonhftaejzihf udkodef;pdk;u t&pf&Snfvdkufonf/
nDtpfrESpfa,mufvHk; rsufeSmawG &JueJjzpfoGm;&av\/ olwdkUonf atmifrif;vD;wacsmif;
xJukd eSpfa,muftwlcHbl;aom tawGUtMuHK&SdESihfjyD; jzpfayr,hf tck udkodef;pdk;ESihfusawmh
&SufaMumufaeMu&onf/ .. txl;ojzihf ukdodef;pdk;cswm wcgrS rcHbl;ao;aom cifjidrf;qihf
u ydk&Sufonf/ 'gudkodaom udkodef;pdk;u wrifyif c,frav;udk ar;vdkufjcif;jzpfygonf/
,cifuqdkvQif udkodef;pdk;onf c,frav;ESihf cyfwef;wef;om aeonf/ pum;yif odyfrajym/
cifjidrf;qihftaejzihfvJ cJtdkMuD;udk cspfaMumuf&dkaorI tcH&Sdonf/ omrmefu pum;yifodyfjyD;
rajymjzpfcJhaom cJtdkMuD;udk ckawmh umrrIESihfygwfoufaom pum;awG wpfwpfcGcGajym&rnhf
ta&;rSm cifjidrf;qihftzdkU wu,hfudk pGefUpm;cef;MuD; jzpfae&awmhonf/
] ar;aew,fav qihfqihf .. / eifwdkUukd bmtwGuf ac:vmw,fqdkwm .. }
udkodef;pdk;u cyfqwfqwfar;vdkuf&m cifjidrf;qihfrSm raeomawmh/ .. a&SUrsufESm aemufxm;
jyD;awmhom ryGihfwyGihfav; jyefajz&awmhonf/
] [dk .. [dk ..... vkyf .. vkyf rvdkUyg }
] atmifrav; ... tckrS vm,Ofaus;aevdkufwm .. ajymprf;yg eifwdkUvif atmifrif;eJUwkef;u
ajymovdkrsdK;av .. aoaocsmcsmajymprf; .. bmvkyfzdkUvJ }
cifjidrf;qihfcrsm wudk,fvHk;yif wkefwufoGm;&&Smavonf/
cifjidrf;wihfvJ ausmxJpdrfhoGm;&av\/ atmifrif;eSihfqufqHpOfu t&Sufuif;pGm olwdkUajymcJh
Muonfrsm;udk udkodef;pdk;rnfrQawmif Mum;xm;cJhavjyDvJrod/ .. rdrdwdkU &rufaZmxefxefESihf
b,fvdkrS rxdef;edkifrodrf;edkifajymcJhMuonfrsm;udk rdrdwdkUzmom jyefMum;a,mif&if; tckrS &Suf
aerdMu&awmhonf/
] [dk'if; .... tJ tJ ... cs rvdkUyg }
cifjidrf;qihfu tm;wif;um xyfajzonf/ udkodef;pdk;u rauseyfao;/ ..
] xyfajymprf; ... 'DhxufydkjyD; wpfwpfcGcG }
] aqmf ... aqmf rvdkUyg .. }
] aemufwrsdK;ajymOD; .. }
] jzKwf zdkUyg ... }
] eifu awmfawmfodaeom;yJ/ .. ajymOD; .. aemufwrsdK; .. }
] [dk .. tJtJ .... vdk; bdkUyg&Sif/ .. uRefrwdkUudk vkd;rvdkU ac:vmwmyg ...... }
vdk; .. [laom pum;xGufrvmrcsif; udkodef;pdk; xyfar;aeOD;rnfqdkwm &dyfrdavaomaMumihf
cifjidrf;qihfonf MudwfrSdwfum ajymcsvdkuf&avawmh\/ rdef;rwdkUobm0 t& npfnrf;aom
pum;awG xkwfajymcsdefwGif &rufaZmu ydkxefvmwwfonfjzpf&m ajymr,hfajymawmhvnf;yJ
tyDudk ajymcsvdkufrdavawmhonf/ apmapmydkif; ] cs } ] vkyf ] ] aqmf } ] jzKwf } ponfjzihf
a&Smifz,fajzaepOfuwnf;u &ruft&Sdefu wpwp wufvmaejyDjzpf&m ] vdk; } [laom
pum;udk wpfwpfcGcGxkwfajymvdkufrdonfwGifawmh &m*t&Sdefu wu,fhtjrifhqHk; a&mufoGm;
&avawmhonf/
cifjidrf;wifhrSmvnf; udk,fwdkifxkwfrajym&apumrl nDrvufudkqkyfudkiftm;ay;&if;rS olryg
tvdkvkd &ifzdkrIudk qufpyfcHpm;ae&av\/

] [kwfjyD ... igu vdk;bdkUqdkawmh eifwdkUu bmtwGufvdkufvmMuwmvJ .. }
udkodef;pdk;u tyDudk xyfar;jyefonf/
] cHbdkU vdkufvmMuwmyg&Sif .... cHbdkUyg .. }
cifjidrf;qihfEIwfu t&Sdef&oGm;avjyD/
] igvdk;&if eifwdkUu ukef;r,faygh ... 'Dvdkvm; }
] [kwf ... [kwfygw,f&Sihf ../ OD;u vdk;&if uRefrwdkUu ukef;yghr,f .. }
udkodef;pdk; auseyfoGm;onf/
] at; ... [kwfjyD/ .. uJ tck eifwdkUESpfa,mufxJu b,folUudk t&ifvdk;&rvJ a&G;r,f/ ..
eJeJavmuf udk,f[efjyjyD; vrf;av;bmav; avQmufvdkufMuprf; .. }
wu,fuawmh udkodef;pdk;onf c,frav;cifjidrf;qihfudk yxrqHk; tyDvdk;ypf&ef &nfoefxm;
jyD;om; jzpfygonf/ vlqdkonfu topftqef;udk ydkoabmusjrJ r[kwfygvm;/ ..
atmifrif;wkef;uusawmh cifjidrf;qihfudk tyDvdk;aecJhjyD;rS aemufrS uHtcGihfoihfojzihf t&Suf
taMumufMuD;vSol cifjidrf;wihfudkyg tyDvdk;cGihfMuHKavaomtcg olUpdwfawGu cifjidrf;wihfudk
ydk zD;vfvmcJhonf/ .. a[m tck udkodef;pdk;usawmh cifjidrf;wihfqdkonfu w&m;0if r,m;rdkU
tcsdefra&G; vdk;cGihfvdkifpif &jyD;om;/ .. c,fracsm cifjidrf;qihfusawmh rodpdwfuom jypfrSm;
aecJh&ayr,hf tjyifrSm vufawmifrudkifzl;ao;/ .. ckrS tcGihfomvdkU vdk; &awmhrnf qdkawmh
udkodef;pdk; pdwfxJ cifjidrf;qihfudkom vdk;csifpdwfawG ydkrdk xufoefaerd&avonf/
cifjidrf;wihfwdkUnDtpfrudk udk,f[efjyum vrf;avQmufcdkif;jcif;rSmvnf; wu,fwrf;uawmh
pdwfydkxvmatmif wrifvkyfcdkif;jcif;omjzpfygonf/
trsdK;orD;ESpfa,mufvnf; udkodef;pdk;cdkif;ovdk udk,f[efjyum tdyfcef;av;xJ vrf;avQmufjy
Mu&avawmh\/ um,tvSr,fawGvdkawmh wifaumh&ifcsdwfum trdkUt0ef; tum;tpGihfawG
ay:atmif xkwfrjywwfMuyg/ onftwdkif;yJ cyfajz;ajz; vrf;avQmufjyaeMujcif;jzpfygonf
ESpfa,mufvHk; udk,fae[efxm;u ajyjypfqljzdK;Muonhftjyif yHkqef; b&mpD,mESihf yifwDawG
0wfxm;Mu&avonfrdkU &dk;&dk;vrf;avQmufjyae&onfuyif wifyg;qHkMuD;awG tedrfhtjrihf
vIyf&Sm;aeyHkESihf &ifawGcsDaeMuyHkrsm; ay:vGifaeav&m udkodef;pdk;vnf; tm;remwrf;yif tyD
Munhfum cHpm;avonf/ csufjcif;x pm;awmh 0g;awmhravmuf pl;pl;&J&JMunhfaejcif;jzpf&m
rdef;uav;ESpfOD;rSm ajcvSrf;awGyif wcsufwcsuf rSm;rSm;oGm;&&Smav\/
] tif; ..... qihfqihfudk t&ifpjyD; vdk;r,f/ .. uJ ... t0wfawGcRwfprf; }
ZeD;ESihfc,frwdkU vrf;avQmufudk,f[efjyaeonfudk tawmfMumatmif rsufpdt&omcHMunhfjyD;
aemuf udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;qihfudk pvdk;rnhftaMumif; ajymvdkufavonf/ ESpfa,mufom;
,SOfjydKifcdkif;jyD; wa,mufudka&G;cs,fvdkufonhfoabmrsdK;jzpf&m rdef;uav;wdkUobm0twdkif;
cifjidrf;wihfrSm nDrjzpfoludk remvdkovdkvdk jzpfoGm;&av\/ .. cifjidrf;qihfrSmawmh usdwfjyD;
auseyfoGm;ovdkvdk jzpfoGm;&avonf/
udkodef;pdk; apcdkif;onhftwdkif; cifjidrf;qihfwa,muf t0wftpm;rsm; cRwf&avjyD/
yxr tay:tuFsDav;udk aemufausmZpfqGJzGihfjyD; tomcRwfonf/ xdkUaemuf xrDav;udk
r&GUHr&JESifhyif qufcRwf&jyefonf/ tuFsDESihfxrDuRwfoGm;jyD;aemuf twGif;cHrsm;csnf;om
usef&SdonfeSihf udkodef;pdk;onf jidrfjidrfxdkifraeEdkifawmh .. / c,frav;tem; tmomirf;irf;
avQmufvSrf;oGm;um b&mpD,mudk udk,fwdkifcsdwfjzKwfum cGm,lavawmhonf/ xdkUaemufrS
yifwDav;udkyg oG,fvsaomaygifwHav;rsm;wavQmuf atmufodkUqGJum cRwfcsjyefav\/

cifjidrf;qihfrSm cJtdkMuD;u rdrdtwGif;cHrsm; udk,fwdkifcRwfay;aerIudk rsufESmylyl &ifwzdkzdkESihfyif
cHae&avonf/
t0wfawG tukefuRwfoGm;onfESihf udkodef;pdk;onf c,fracsmav;\ 0wfvpfpvpf tvSudk
ajcqHk;acgif;qHk; tm;&yg;& Munhfav\/ a&SUrSvnf;Munhfonf .. aemufodkUoGm;jyD;awmhvJ
Munhfjyefonf/ cifjidrf;qihfrSm udkodef;pdk;MunhfbdkU jidrfjidrfav; &yfay;ae&avawmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;u rsufpdESihfMunhf,HkrQESihf tm;r&awmh/ .. vufyg ygvmonf/ wifyg;qHkom;
tdtdnufnufrsm;udk vuf0g;ESihfuyfum yGwfMunhfonf/ jzpfnSpfMunhfonf/ .. EdkUtHkom;
El;El;nHhnHhav;rsm;udkvnf; qkyfudkifonf/ tm;&yg;& e,fonf/ .. EdkUoD;acgif;av;awGudk
ukdifnSpfonf/ .. aygifwHjzLjzLvGvG av;rsm;udk avQmwdkufyGwfay;onf/ cifjidrf;qihfrSm
toJwat;at; jzpfae&avonf/
] oGm; ... ckwifay:wuf .. }
udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;qihfudk ckwifay:wufcdkif;vdkufjyD; olUt0wftpm;awGudk cyfjrefjrefyif
cRwfvdkufonf/ cifjidrf;qihfvnf; crf;em;pGm jyifxm;aom ckwifMuD;ay: vSrf;wufum tom
vSJtdyfae&&Smavawmh\/ cifjidrf;wihfuawmh ab;em;wGifyif ililMuD; &yfaerdonf/ rdrd\
vifawmfarmifu rdrdnDri,fudk vdk;awmhrnfhtem;wGif &yfvJraecsif .. / 'gayr,hf tjyifodkU
xGufjyD; wa,mufxJvJ raevdk .. / atmifrif;ESihfvkyfcJhonhftawGUtMuHKrsm;uvnf; &Sdae&m
rdrdyg twlygcsifovdkvdk jzpfaeonf/ bmvkyf&rnfudk ,wdjywf rqHk;jzwfedkif/ .. xdkUaMumihf
ililMuD;yif &yfaerdav\/
t0wftpm; cyfoGufoGufcRwfjyD;onfESihf udkodef;pdk;onf ckwifay:vSrf;wufvmavonf/
olUvD;MuD;uvnf; cifjidrf;qihf\ tvSw&m;awGudk jrifawGUum rmefzDaxmifx aeavjyD/
cifjidrf;wihfa&m cifjidrf;qihfyg udkodef;pkd;vD;MuD;udk rodromav; MunhfrdMuav\/
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;qihfab;wGif tom0ifvSJtdyfonf/ .. 0wfvpfpvpfjzpfaeaom c,fr
av;\ ab;wGif udk,fwHk;vHk;0iftdyf&onfrSm tawmfudk auseyfp&maumif;vSayonf/
cifjidrf;qihfvnf; cJtdkMuD;ESihf twl,SOfum t0wfryg udk,fAvm tdyfae&ojzihf tvdkvdkyif
&ifawG zdkvm&av\/
udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;qifh\ nmbufEdkUtHkudk b,fvufjzihf tomqkyfe,fay;onf/
cifjidrf;qifh EdkUtHkawGu tpfrjzpfol cifjidrf;wihfEdkUtHkawGavmuf rMuD;aomfvnf; olUt&G,f
ESihfol MuGMuG&G&G qGJaqmifrI&SdvSonf/ .. jyD;awmh udkodef;pdk;vufxJwGifrawmh ZeD;jzpfol\
t&G,fvGef EdkUtHkMuD;awGxufudk ydkjyD; udkifvdkUnSpfvdkU aumif;ae&av\/ pD;ykdifvdkU aeonf/
b,fvufu EdkUudkifEdIufae&if;rSyif udkodef;pdk; nmvufu cifjidrf;qihf\ apmufzkwfav;udk
yGwfoyfay;jyefonf/ .. cifjidrf;qihf tzkwf azmif;MuGwufvm\/ EdkUoD;acgif;av;awGvnf;
cRefaumh plwufvmonf/
] qihfqihf ... ighvD;udk eifhvufeJUudkifjyD; aqmhay;prf; .. }
cifjidrf;qihfonf nmvufav;udkqefUxkwfum udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;udk qkyfudkifvdkufavonf/
xdktcg vD;MuD;u ivsifvIyfovdk qwfueJwkefcgoGm;um ydkjyD; rmawmif wufvmav\/
MuD;rm;wkwfcdkifaom vD;MuD;\ txdtawGUu cifjidrf;qihfudk MuufoD;jzef;jzef; xoGm;ap
avonf/ atmifrif;vD;xufydkMuD;jyD; rmaMumaeyHku twlwlavmufudk jzpfaejyDjzpfav&m
'gMuD;ESihf vdk;vQif ydkt&om&SdvdrfhrnfrSef;vnf; awG;rdonf/ cJtdkESihf c,fr pyf,SufMu&rSm
oifhawmfygrnfvm;[k awG;awm &Suf&GHUaerI &Sdaeao;vihfupm; udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;ESihf tyD
tvdk;cHcsifpdwfuawmh ydkí ydkí tm;jyif;vmavawmhonf/

] eifeJUig ajcmufq,hfudk; yHkpHeJU t&if pkyfMu&atmif ... [kwfvm; }
udkodef;pdk;u atmifrif;qDrS twkjriftwwfoifxm;onfrsm;udk vufawGUvkyfMunhf&ef pum;
pavonf/
a,mufsm;eSihfrdef;r zifjyefacgif;jyefxyfvQuftdyfum wa,muf\vdift*Fgudk wa,mufu
tjyeftvSef &ufay;pkyfay;rIudk ] 69 } yHkpH[k ac:onf/ xdkodkUvkyf&onfudk cifjidrf;qihf u
tvGefESpfoufonf/ xdkUaMumihf ajcmufq,hfudk; [laompum;udk Mum;vdkuf&onfESifhyif
cifjidrf;qihf &rufaZmwdkU wqwdk; jyif;xefxMuGvmMuonf/ cJtdkESihf c,fr rarSmufrSm;oihf
qdkonfh tawG;av;u ta0;udk xGufajy;avjyD/ ..
] eifeJU atmifrif; vkyfcJhMuovdkrsdK;aygh .. 'DvdkrsdK;av/ .. eifwdkUtJvdkvkyfwmMunhfjyD;uwJu
igvJ tJvdk vkyfcsifaewm .. odvm; .. }
udkodef;pdk;u t,fvfbrfpmtkyfudk qGJ,ljyD; atmifrif;ESihf cifjidrf;qihf ajcmufq,hfudk; yHkpHjzihf
tjyeftvSef &ufaepkyfaeMuyHkudk xkwfjyum ajymonf/
udkodef;pdk;\ wpfwpfcGcG pum;rsm;u cifjidrf;qihfudk ydkrdk pdwfvIyf&Sm;vmap\/
ckwifab;wGif &yfaeaom cifjidrf;wihfrSmawmh rsufeSmav; &JueJ jzpfoGm;&onf/
cifjidrf;qihfuawmh "mwfyHkudk jrifvdkuf&onfwGif &Suf&rnhftpm; &rufawGom ydkrdkwufMuG
vmavawmh\/
yufvufav;tdyfaeaom cifjidrf;qihfay:odkU udkodef;pdk;u ajc&if;acgif;&if; ajymif;jyef wufcG
avjyD/ pdwfawGt&rf;xaejyDjzpfaom cifjidrf;qihfonf rsufESmem;0Jusvmaom udkodef;pkd;\
pHcsdefvGef vD;MuD;udk vufESihfvSrf;udkifqGJum yg;pyfxJqGJoGif;vdkufavawmh\/ xdkUaemufawmh
iHkxm;&if; tm;&yg;&yif pkyfav;aevdkufonf/ ukdodef;pdk;uvnf; cifjidrf;qihf\ apmufygwf
av;udk wcsufukef;&ufvdkuf&m aumifrav; zifMuD;MuGwufoGm;&\/ udkodef;pdk;onf c,fr
av;\ apmufywfudk av;ig;csufrQ wysyfysyf tm;&yg;& &ufay;vdkufjyD;aemufwGif tom
acgif;axmifxum ckwifab; udk,fvHk;ay:rSefMuD;udk Munhfvdkufao;onf/ olESihf cifjidrf;qihf
tjyeftvSef &ufaepkyfaeMuykHrsm;u udk,fvHk;ay:rSefMuD;rsm;xJwGif txif;om; ay:aeav\
cifjidrf;qihfonf olUvD;acsmif;MuD;udk tm;&yg;&pkyfay;aerIaMumihf yg;av;rsm;yif azmif;vdkuf
csdKihfvdkuf jzpfaeyHkudk rSefxJrSm ususeejrifae&onf/ cifjidrf;qihfonf yg;pyfuvnf; pkyfay;
ae,if; udkodef;pdk;a*G;Orsm;udkvnf; olrvufav;rsm;jzihf tomt,m qkyfudkifyGwfoyfay;ae
ao;\/ olracgif;av;u tay:MuGvdkuf atmufedrfhvdkufjzpfaerIESihftwl rdrd\ iyJMuD;u
yg;pyfav;xJ 0ifoGm;vdkuf jyefxGufvdkufjzpfaeyHkudk udkodef;pdk; jrifedkifavonf/ vD;ay:wGif
cHpm;ae&aom t&omrQomru rSefxJwGif rsufpdjzihfjrifae&aom t&omudkyg aygif;um
udkodef;pdk; tMuD;tus,f auseyfcHpm; aerdavonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;qihfaygifMum;wGif rsufESmtyfum apmufywfudk tm;&yg;&yif &ufay;
aevdkuf\/ olUtzdkU yxrqHk; apmufywf&ufay;bl;onhf tawGUtMuHKyifjzpfonf/ tpu
&GHovdkvdk xifcJhrdaomfvnf; wu,fwrf; &ufay;aomtcg tvGefudk aumif;vSaMumif;
vufawGU od&avjyD/ 'gaMumihf cyfMurf;Murf;yif &ufay;aevdkuf\/ cifjidrf;qihf\ ptdk
aygufav;udkvnf; vufESihfvSrf;xdk;qGuvday;vdkufao;onf/ atmifrif;eSihf cifjidrf;qihfwdkU
zifaqmfcJhyHkudk owd&oGm;um olUvufnSdK;udk cifjidrf;qihfzifaygufav;xJ xdk;xnhfay;vdkuf&m
cifjidrf;qihfrSm vD;MuD;yg;pyfxJwyfvQufwef;vef;ESihfyif ] td } ueJ toHav;xGufvm&\/
cg;av;wGefU zifMuD;,rf;xGufoGm;onf/ tvdk;cHbl;aeus zifaygufjzpfojzihf wdk;0ifvmaom
vufnSdK;udk tusteyif qD;jyD;nSpfxm;rdav\/
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;qihfyg;pyfxJrS olUvD;MuD;udk tomqGJxkwfvdkufav\/
ol raeEdkifawmh .. cg;av;wGefUumwGefUum jzpfaeom c,fracsmav;udk wufvkd;csifvSayjyD/

xdkUaemuf yufvufuav;&SdaeqJjzpfaom c,frav;\ ausmh&Sif;onhfudk,fvkH;av;ay:odkU
tmomirf;irf; wufcGvdkufonf/ cifjidrf;qihfuvnf; tvdkufodpGmyif 'l;ESpfacsmif;axmifjyD;
aygifvHk;MuD;rsm;udk tom um;ay;xm;vdkuf\/
] eihfapmufzkwf0rSm ighvD;MuD;udk awhay;prf; qihfqihf ... }
cifjidrf;qihfonf cJtdkMuD;udk rsufapmif;vSvSav; wcsufypfxdk;vdkufjyD; EIwfcrf;av;rplUwpl
vkyfum vD;MuD;udk olrvufacsmif;av;rsm;ESihf tomqkyfudkifvdkuf\/ xdkUaemufawmh wcsuf
ESpfcsufrQyGwfay;vdkufjyD;rS olrapmufzkwft0wGif qGJ,lawhay;vdkufonf/ zifudkvnf; tom
MuGum aumhyifhay;xm;vdkufonf/ .. xdktcg vD;'pfMuD;u apmufacgif;0wGif tqifoihfyif
wpfaeavawmhonf/ tcktcg cifjidrf;qihfrSm &rufaZmawG t&rf;jyif;xefaevmjyDjzpf&m
&SufwmaMumufwmawG r&SdawmhyJ jzwfvwf &Jwif; aeavjyD/
c,frav;\ apmufzkwftxdtawGUudk cHpm;vdkuf&aom udkodef;pdk;rSmvnf; MuufoD;jzef;jzef;
xrQ t&omawGUoGm;um vD;MuD;udk qwfueJyif zdxdk;aqmihfcsypfvdkufrdavawmh\/
vD;wHMuD;u tdueJ w0ufausmfausmfrQ jrKyf0ifoGm;onf/ ...
] tm; .... tGwf ... OD;&,f ... [ihf[ifh ... }
cifjidrf;qihfuvnf; olrtpfrac:ovdkyif udkodef;pdk;udk OD; [k ac:oljzpfonf/
pHcsdefvGefvD;MuD; wkd;0ifvmrIaMumihf cifjidrf;qihfapmufzkwf0av;onf wif;ueJ jyJtmoGm;\/
apmufacgif;xJwGifvnf; jynhfodyfMuyfnyfaeonf/ atmifhjyD; emvSaomfvnf; t&omuvJ
aumif;vSay&m cifjidrf;qihfrSm rsufeSmav;&IHUrJhoGm;jyD; zifMuD;udkydkí aumhwifay;vdkufrd\/
wudk,fvHk;vJ ylxl zdef;&Sdef;wufoGm;avonf/
ckwifab;rSm &yfaeqJjzpfaom cifjidrf;wihfvnf; MuufoD;awGxum vufoD;av;ESpfzufudk
cyfwif;wif; qkyfxm;rdav\/
] emoGm;vm; qihfqihf ... }
azmufjyefavaom ZeD;usawmh oem;&aumif;rSef;rodawmhaom udkodef;pdk;onf c,fracsm
av;udkawmh emoGm;rSm pdk;&drf&Smonf/
] atmifhawmh atmifhw,f OD;&,f ... / OD;[mMuD;u tMuD;MuD;yJ[m/ .. 'gayr,hf &ygw,f
xyfzdoGif;OD;av .. tqHk;r0ifao;bl; r[kwfvm; .. }
&ruf&Sdefjzihf cifjidrf;qihfrSm ajym&Jqdk&J jzpfaeavjyD/
] uJ .. 'gqdk eihfEdkUMuD;awGudkifjyD; xdk;oGif;r,faemf .. }
] udkifav OD;&JU .... a&mh .. tihf .. }
cifjidrf;qihfu udkodef;pdk;vufESpfzufudk qGJ,lum olrEdkUtHkawGay: wifay;vdkuf\/
udkodef;pdk;u pD;tdaom EdkUtHkav;rsm;udk pHkudkifqGJnSpfum tm;,ljyD; vD;MuD;udk xyfxdk;xnhf
vdkufavonf/
] tm; ............ emw,f OD;a&U/ ... ckrS wu,femwm .... tm; ... tm; ... }
cifjidrf;qihf cHbl;aeus atmifrif;vD;u &SpfvufrcefUom &Snfonf/
xdkUaMumihf cifjidrf;qihfapmufacgif;onf twGif;buf &Spfvufravmuftxdom vD;0ifcHbl;
ojzihf vD;0ifvrf;aMumif;ajzmihfonf/ useftydkif;uawmh vD;ESihfxdawGUbl;jcif; r&Sdao;/ ...
xdkUaMumihf udkodef;pdk;\ q,fvufravmuf&Snfum bD,mAl;eD;yg;wkwfaom vD;MuD; tqHk;xd
wdk;0ifvmaomtcg cifjidrf;qihfapmufacgif;twGif;buf eSpfvufravmufae&mav;rsm;onf
tckrS vD;ESihfeufeuf&dIif;&dIif; xdawGUbl;jcif;jzpf&um; tysdKav; yxrqHk;wuftvdk;cH&ovdk
xGefUxGefUvl;oGm;& avawmhonf/

&rufaZmawG xefum t&nfawG&TJaecsdefrdkUom awmfawmhonf/ EdkUr[kwfvQif cifjidrf;qihf
owdawGbmawGyif arhoGm;rnfvm;rod/ ..
cifjidrf;qihfonf atmf[pfjiD;wGm;&if;uyif tay:rStkyfrdk;um wufvdk;aeaom udkodef;pkd;\
&ifbwfMuD;udk vufESpfzufjzihf qD;um wGef;xm;rdonf/ udkodef;pdk;url olUvD;t0ifcHaeus
r[kwfaom apmufacgif;usOf;av;\ txdtawGUt&omxl;udk tyDtjyif cHpm;&if; qufum
qufum aqmihfvdk;avawmh\/ c,frav; emrSm pdk;&drfpdwfawGvnf; r&Sdawmh/ ..
wcsufwcsuf taqmihfcHvdkuf&wdkif; cifjidrf;qihfrSm eihfueJaeatmifyif rsufjzLvefrwwfudk
cHpm;ae&avonf/ t&omuvnf; &Sdygbdjcif; ..... /
] aumif;vdkufwm OD;&JU ... aqmifhyg .. aqmifhprf;yg/ .. tm; .. tm; ... uRefrudk tyDvdk;prf;
yg&Sihf ... tr,fav; xdw,f .. xdw,f .. / OD;vD;MuD;u txJrSm eihfaewmyJ ... tdk; }
rMumygacs/ .. cifjidrf;qihfyg;pyfrS wPSmaZmjyif;jyif; a&&Gwfjrnfwrf;oHav;awG wef;pDjyD;
xGufay:vmavawmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;uvnf; oltvGefvdk;csifaecJhaom c,fracsmav;udk vdk;&jyDrdkU EGm;odk;MudK;jywf yif
wtm;udk usHK;jyD; vdk;aeavawmh\/ jyif;xefxdrdvSaom vdk;csufrsm;aMumihf cifjidrf;qihfrSm
odyfrMumcifrSmyif wcsD ] jyD; } &avjyD/ udkodef;pkd;uawmh rmefvHk;0 rusao;/ .. tyDtjyif
aqmihfvdk;aumif;aeqJ .. /
] eifwcsD jyD;oGm;jyD r[kwfvm; ... qihfqihf }
c,frav;\ t&dyftajcudkMunhf&if; udkodef;pdk; ar;vdkufonf/ rdef;rrsm; ] jyD; } onfqdkwm
b,fvdkaerSef; umrrIudk twkjriftwwfoifaeaom udkodef;pdk;u &dyfrdaeavjyD/
] [kwfw,f OD;&,f ... wcg jyD; oGm;jyD .. }
cifjidrf;qihfu armoHav;ESihf jyefajzonf/
] [kwfjyD ... 'gqdk eihfudk zifajymif;jyD; vdk;&r,f ... }
ajymajymqdkqdk udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;qihfapmufywfav;xJrS olUvD;MuD;udk qGJEIwfvdkuf\/
cifjidrf;qihf rsufvHk;jyL;&&SmavjyD/ ...
] [m .... jzpfyghrvm; OD;&,f/ zifawmh rcsygeJU&Sif .. apmufywfudkyJ pdwfMudKufvdk;ygvm; }
] r&bl; .. zifvJ csrSmyJ/ .. bmvJ eifu [dktaumif atmifrif; zifvdk;wmawmh cHjyD;awmh
ighusrS **sD*a*smif vkyfwmvm; ... }
udkodef;pdk; a'guefavjyD/
] r[kwf&ygbl; OD;&,f .. / olU[mu OD;avmuf rMuD;bl;&Sihf/ .. OD;[mMuD;eJU zifvdk;&if
uRefr zifuGJjyD;aq;&Hka&mufvdrfhr,f ... rr&,f vkyfygOD; .. uRefrudku,fygOD; .. }
cJtdk\ zifvdk;&efMuHpnfaerIudk aMumufvefUpGmawmif;yef&if; cifjidrf;qihfcrsm tpfrjzpfoludk
tultnD awmif;&&SmavjyD/ vifawmfarmifu olUudk t&ifra&G;yJ cifjidrf;qihfudk t&ifa&G;
vdkufojzihf nDrjzpfoltay: pdwfwdkrdovdkvdk jzpfaeaom cifjidrf;wihfrSm raeomawmh/ ..
0ifawmif;yef&awmhonf/
] olajymwm [kwfygw,f OD;&,f .. / OD;[mMuD;eJUqdk olb,fcHedkifyghrvJ .. tJ'gudkawmh
csrf;omay;vdkufyg&Sif ... }
] wihfwihf ... eifbmrS 0ifajymraeeJU/ .. oljyD;&if eihfudkvJ zifvdk;OD;rSmyJ/ uJ uJ .. eifwdkU
ydkjyD; pdwfygvmatmif eifvnf; vm0ifvdkufawmh/ .. wHk;vHk;cRwfjyD; ckwifay:wufawmh ..
vm .. vm .. }

cifjidrf;qihfawmh tm;udk;&m rJhavjyD/ idkrJhrJhav;ESihf aemufqHk; toem;cHMunhfav\/
] uRefrudk roem;awmhbl;vm; .. OD;&,f .. [ifh[ihf }
] eihfudk vdk;bdkUac:vmwm/ .. oem;zdkUr[kwfzl;? .. taygufpHkatmif tjywfvdk;ypfr,f/ ..
wihfwihf .. eifvJ cRwfav jrefjref? .. wufvmcJh/ .. a[m'DyHkxJuvdk vdk;ypfr,f .. }
cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtpfr wa,muftzkwfwa,muf&ufay;aevQuf atmifrif;u cifjidrf;qihf
zifxJ vkd;oGif;aeaom "mwfyHkudk xkwfjyjyD; ukdodef;pdk;u avmaqmfaeawmhonf/
cifjidrf;wihfwdkU nDtpfrrSm rjiif;omawmh/ udkodef;pdk; tvkdvdkuf tMudKufaqmif,Hkom&Sdawmh
onf/ .. olwdkUnDtpfrrSm zifvdk;cHaeMujzpfojzihf zifvdk;cH&onhft&omudkvnf; odaeonf/
ESpfvnf;ESpfjcdKufMuonf/ .. odkUayr,hf udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;u tqrwef MuD;vSavonfrdkU
'gMuD;ESifh zifvdk;cH&rSmudkawmh aoravmuf aMumufaeMu&avonf/ zifvdk;rcH&ao;rDudkyif
zifaygufawG tvdkvdk usdef;pyfaeovdk jzpfae&onf/
cifjidrf;wihfonf olr0wfvmaom bavmufpftuFsDav;ESihf bDbJvf xrDav;udk cRwfvdkuf&
onf/ .. xdkUaemuf atmufrS yHkqef; b&mpD,mav;ESihf yifwDwdkeefUeefUav;udkvnf; qufjyD;
cRwf&jyefonf/ udkodef;pdk;u cifjidrf;qihfudk ce tem;ay;xm;&if; olUrdef;r t0wfawGcRwfae
wmudk rsufpdt&omcH xdkifMunhfaejyef\/
0wfvpfpvpfjzpfoGm;aom cifjidrf;wihfonf ckwifay:vSrf;wufvmonf/
cifjidrf;qihfu atmufrS cifjidrf;wihfu tay:rS zifjyefacgif;jyef xyfvdkufMuonf/ wa,muf
aygifMum; wa,mufu rsufESmtyfrdMu\/
udkodef;pdk;u c,frav;zifaygufxJ olUvD;MuD;xkd;oGif;&ef cifjidrf;qihfatmufydkif;bufwdk;uyf
vmonf/
] olUzif0rSm wHawG;av; qGwfay;OD;av OD;&JU .../ 'Dtwdkif;MuD;qdk olb,fcHedkifyghrvJ .. }
cifjidrf;qihf tzkwfay:rsufESmtyfxm;aom cifjidrf;wihfu acgif;av;armhjyD; vifawmfarmifudk
vSrf;owday;vdkufonf/
] at; .. [kwfom;yJ .. uJuJ .. eihfnDrzif eifyJ wHawG;qGwfay;ayawmh wihfwihfa& .. jyD;&if
zif0vJ jzJxm;ay;OD; .. }
cifjidrf;wihfvnf; nDr\zifayguf0av;udk wHawG;vSrf;qGwfay;vdkuf&av\/
cifjidrf;qihfonf olray:wufzdxm;aom tpfrjzpfol\ apmufywfudk r&ufay;Edkifao;/ ..
olrzifxJodkU cJtdkawmf\ vD;MuD;wkd;0ifvmrnhfta&;udk awG;um pdk;xdwfpGmapmihfaerdonf/
t&rf;emvdrhfrnfqdkwmvnf; MudKodae&onf/
wHawG;qGwfay;jyD;aemuf cifjidrf;wihfu olUnDrzifudk ususee jzJay;xm;vdkuf\/ jzJay;edkifrS
nDrjzpfol temoufomrnfr[kwfygvm; .. / udk,fwdkifvnf; zifvdk;cHaeMurdkU zifvdk;cHbdkU
zifaygufjzJay;&wmvnf; cifjidrf;wihf uRrf;onf/
rdrdZeD;onfudk,fwdkifjzJay;xm;aom c,frav;\ zifaygufxJodkU udkodef;pdk;onf ol\ pHcsdef
vGef vD;MuD;udk ususee awhaxmufvdkuf\/ udkodef;pdk;onf wcgrS zifvdk;bl;ol r[kwfyg/
vdk;r,hf vdk;&awmh olMuHpnfaecJhaom c,frav;\ zifaygufudkvdk;&wmjzpfaeojzihf t&rf;
auseyfaerd&av\/
zdoGif;vdkufonfwGif zif0wGifqGwfxm;aom wHawG;rsm;a&m apmapmu cifjidrf;qihftzkwfudk
vdk;xm;pOfu vD;wHMuD;ay:ayusHaeonhf apmuf&nfMunfrsm;a&m acsmqDxdk;xm;rIaMumihf
zifacgif;xJodkU vD;wHMuD;u avQmueJ0ifavonf/ zifaygufav;\ usOf;MuyfaomnSpftm;
aMumihf udkodef;pdk; vD;MuD;yif ylueJ jzpfoGm;onf/ cifjiddrf;qihf crsmrSmawmh xGefUxGefUudk vl;
oGm;avawmhonf/

] atmifr,fav;av; ... emvdkufwm emvdkufwm ... uGJjyD .. uGJjyD .. uRefrzifawmh uGJygjyD
rr&JU .... tm; .... tm; ... tm; }
atmf[pfnOf;nL&if; zifMuD;udk cgxkwfvdkuf&m 0ifvufp vD;MuD;u jyefuRwfxGufoGm;&\
udkodef;pdk;url zifvdk;&onhft&omudk cHpm;&wm pdwfu t&rf;xaeav&m vD;udkcsufjcif;yif
jyefqGJawhonf/ ..
t&rf;udk yGJMurf;awmhrnfudk &dyfrdaom cifjidrf;wihfrSm vifawmfarmif\ vD;MuD;udk vSrf;udkif
qGJzrf;um xdef;vdkuf&av\/
] uRefrawhay;yghr,f OD;&,f ... t&rf;MuD;awmh zdroGif;ygeJUaemf/ .. OD;av;[mMuD;u odyfudk
MuD;wm .. qihfqihf b,fcHEdkifyghrvJ .. jznf;jznf;csif; zdoGif;aemf ... [kwfjyDvm; }
zifrvkd;bl;aom vifawmfarmifawmh c,fracsmudk zifvdk;csifaZmESihf t&rf;MuD; vkyfaerSmpdk;&
avonfrdkU ajyvnf&m ajyvnfaMumif; cifjidrf;wihf 0ifxdef;um vrf;jyay;vdkuf&awmhonf/
rvdk;ygESihf[k awmif;yefaeawmhvnf; &rSmr[kwfonhftwlwl tm;vHk;tqifajybdkU 'Dwenf;
yJ &Sdawmhonf r[kwfygvm; .. /
] [kwfygw,f OD;&,f .. / uRefrcHyghr,f&Sif ... / wtm;MuD;om aqmihfrvdk;ygeJUaemf ... }
cifjidrf;qihfuvnf; vSrf;ajymonf/
] aumif;jyDav .. jznf;jznf;oGif;r,f ... uJ .. wifhwifhu udkifjyD;xdef;xm;ay; }
udkodef;pdk;u vdkufavQm oabmwlvdkufonf/
cifjidrf;wihfu nDrzifudk qGJjzJay;xm;jyD; vufwzufu udkodef;pdk;vD;MuD;udkyg tomzrf;udkif
xdef;xm;ay;vdkufonf/ udkodef;pdk;u jznf;jznf;csif; zdoGif;onf/ vD;MuD;u zifaygufxJodkU
wxpfcsif; wdk;0ifonf/
b,favmufyJ jznf;jznf;oGif;oGif; emwmuawmh emvSonfrdkU cifjidrf;qihfrSm atmfjyD;&if;u
atmfae&avawmh\/
xdkodkU c,fracsmav;\ ememusifusifatmfaeoHrsm;u udkodef;pdk;udkt&omwrsdK;wdk;aponf/
cifjidrf;wihfonf vifawmfarmif\vD;udk udkifum xdef;xm;ay;&if;rS nDr\apmufywfudkvJyJ
ukef;um &uf&ufay;\/ 'DawmhrS cifjidrf;qihf zDvifwufvmum zifaygufxJ vD;MuD;wdk;0if
aewm cHEdkifvmrnf r[kwfygvm;/ ..
jznf;jznf;csif; xdk;oGif;&if;rSyif vD;MuD;u aemufqHk;awmh zifaygufav;xJ tqHk;xd 0ifoGm;
avawmh\/ ptdk0av;u vD;wHt&if;udk om;a&nSdKUjzihf cyfwif;wif;ywfxm;ovdk nSpfxm;
onhf t&omudk cHpm;vdkuf&jyD;onfwGifawmh udkodef;pdk;rSm b,fvdkrS pdwfrxdef;xm;Edkifawmh/
c,frav;\ zifudk wtm;yif aqmihfvdk;avawmhonf/ .. cifjidrf;wihfu nDrjzpfol\apmuf
ywfudk cyfMurf;Murf;zdum &ufay;\/ cifjidrf;qihfvnf; emusifrIa&mjyGrf;aom zifvdk;cH&rI
t&omudk jyif;jypGm cHpm;ae&&if;rS olrrsufeSmay:0Jaeaom tpfrjzpfol\ apmufywfudk
jyefvnf &ufay;aevdkufawmhonf/
udkodef;pdk;onf c,frav;zifudk tom;ukefaqmihfvdk;ae&if;rS EdkUtHkMuD;awGudk vSrf;vSrf;udkif
vdkufao;onf/ xdkrQru tay:rS&ufay;aeaom ZeD;jzpfol cifjidrf;wihf\ EdkUtHkxGm;xGm;MuD;
rsm;udkvnf;yJ vSrf;qkyfe,fonf/ .. xdkUaemufawmh vufwzufu ZeD;\EdkU usefwzufu
c,frav;\ EdkUudk wjydKifeufvSrf;udkif ajcrIef;jyefonf/
] wihfwihf ... eihfnDrab;rSm av;bufukef;vdkufprf; .. }

c,frzifudk tawmfMumMumaqmihfvdk;ay;jyD;aemuf udkodef;pdk;u yHkpHwrsdK;ajymif;&efpDpOfjyef\
cifjidrf;wihfonf nDray:arSmufcGxm;&mrS tomxum cifjidrf;qihfab;wGif av;bufav;
ukef;ay;&jyef\/
udkodef;pdk;u c,frzifxJrS vD;MuD;udk ZwfueJqGJEIwfum av;bufukef;ay;aom ZeD;jzpfol\
apmufywfxJ ZGdueJaeatmif xdk;oGif;vdkufjyefonf/
] t ... }
cifjidrf;wihfxHrS ryGifhwyGifhnOf;oHav; xGufvm&jyef\/ vD;MuD;u tqHk;wdkif avQmueJ0if
oGm;onf/ cke zifaygufxJvdk;pOfu wif;usyfaomtm;udk wkefUjyef&kef;uef aqmihfae&ojzihf
udkodef;pdk; aqmihftm;awGu t&rf;udk b&dwfvGwfaeav&m xdktm;twdkif; ZeD;apmufywfxJ
xdk;oGif;vdkufawmh cifjidrf;wihfrSm roufrom cHvdkuf&jyefonfaygh .. /
] vm qihfqihf ... eifvJ eihftpfrab; vmjyD; ukef; .. }
cifjidrf;qihfyg cifjidrf;wihfab; vmjyD; ukef;&jyefav\/ ckawmh ckwifay:wGif nDtpfrESpfOD;
ziftjydKifaxmifvQufom; ... /
udkodef;pdk;onf cifjidrf;wihfapmufywfxJrS vD;udkjzKwfum cifjidrf;qihftzkwfxJ ajymif;xnhfjyD;
vdk;onf/ .. xdkUaemuf tzkwfxJrS xkwfum zifaygufxJxnhf vkd;onf/ .. ceaejyefawmh
cifjidrf;wihfbuf ul;jyefonf/
'DvdkESihf av;bufukef;ay;xm;aom nDtpfrESpfa,mufudk apmufywfwvSnhf zifwvSnhf
ajymif;ajymif;um tyDudk vkd;aevdkufavawmhonf/
________________________________________
xdktdrfav;wGif pae?we*FaEG ESpf&ufvHk;aeum udkodef;pdk;onf ZeD;ESihf c,frav;udk
enf;rsdK;pHkjzihf tom;ukefvdk;ypfvdkufavonf/ ..
&dkufxm;aom "mwfyHkrsm;udk Munhfíwenf; .. iSm;xm;aom tjymAD'D,dkrsm;udk MunhfumwzHk
urf;ukefatmifyif aysmfyg;ypfvdkuf\/ em;csdefrsm;wGif nDtpfrESpfa,muf jyifqifcsufjyKwf
ay;aom pm;aomufzG,f&mrsm;udk bD,mESihf aumif;aumif;ESdyfonf/ .. ESpf&ufvHk;vHk; tdyfyif
rtdyfyJ avmupnf;pdrfudk aumif;aumif;MuD; cHpm;aevdkufMuavawmhownf; ....... /

( jyD;ygjyD )

tm;ay;Muol tm;vHk;udk aus;Zl;wifvQuf ...