PREFACE

Praise we pray toward the presence of the only God, the Almighty God who has given his blessing and guidance so that the preparation of papers Conjunction be resolved.

Now we are in the 21st century, a century full of competition, local competition, national competition, and global competition. Competition in all cases can not be avoided. Therefore, we must equip ourselves to face the competition. Provision of science and technology alone is not enough if not balanced with good language skills

Papers Conjunction is designed to give an explanation about the form, type and function of the adverb with the aim of completing the task of making a paper for English subject.

Finally, our gratitude goes to all those who have helped resolve this paper. In addition, we also like to thank the authors whose articles we have quoted as reference material. We hope this paper can assist students in learning English.

Jakarta, November 2010

The Types of Conjunctions………………………………………………………………… C. The Description of Conjunction…………………………………………………………. B.TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………… . i Table of content…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ii Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Discussion………………………………………………………………………………………………. The Exercises of Conjunctions…………………………………………………………… Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Ending……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2 A.

Moreover. so what constitutes a ”conjunction” should be defined for each language. modern usage in both Spanish and English is accepting of allowing conjunctions to be used at the beginning of a sentence to join it with a previous sentence. phrases or clauses together. as now. etc). The Conjunctions have another meaning : –noun (for Conjunction) .The Conjunctions Created by Zulkifli Paldana Akbar CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION In this era of globalization. a Conjunction is in invariable grammatical particle. as a student. This use of conjunction is called parallel structure. language proficiency is one of ability to be controlled because it is a start-up capital to compete in the world of office. provided by that. However. we are required to be proficient in English for one day to compete in all areas because English is the language most widely used in the world. In English there is an adverb that has many forms and uses. and it may or may not stand between the items it conjoins. The Purpose of this paper is to assist in understanding the adverb used in the English language. In general. sentences. This definition may overlap with that of other parts of speech. CHAPTER 2 DESCRIPTION In Grammar. a Conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words. In this paper we discuss about type of adverb. The definition can be also be extended to idiomatic phrases that behave as a unit with the same function as a single-word conjunction (as well as.

joining. Astronomy . Grammar . usually expressed by and or & or 6. in conjunction with the army. because. a compound proposition that is true if and only if all of its component propositions are true. or sentences. the relation among the components of such a proposition. 4. characterized by a unification of the planetary energies. clauses. but. Astrology . however. the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude. association: The police. as in any case. 5. a. b. 3. b.the coincidence of two or more heavenly bodies at the same celestial longitude. a. meeting.1. associating. 2. b. a. an astrological aspect. established order. adjective con·junc·tion·al·ly. Logic . the act of conjoining. adverb non·con·junc·tion. as and. any member of a small class of words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between words. a combination of events or circumstances. . noun —Synonyms 2. 7. union. —Related forms con·junc·tion·al. combination. any other word or expression of similar function. the state of two or more such coinciding heavenly bodies. phrases. the state of being conjoined.

parts of speech + parts of speech . Here are the meanings and some examples of Coordinators Conjunction :        And ex But ex Or ex Nor ex For ex Yet ex So ex : presents non-contrasting item(s) or idea : Zulkifli and Akbar are watching TV at my home : presents a contrast or exception : Rani is pretty but lazzy : presents an alternate item or idea : Zulkifli wants to watch TV or listen to some music : presents a non-contrasting negative idea : Neither my brother nor my parents are here : presents a reason : I was studying English for TOEFL examination tommorow : presents a contrast or exception : they were not study. phrases. Coordinating Conjunction Coordinating Conjunction also called coordinators. or sentences. and. In English mnemonic acronym FANBOYS can be used to remember the coordinators for. are conjunctions that introduce a dependent clause. yet and so. nor. but.The Types of Conjunction a. such as word. equal in rank. yet they passed the exam. Subordinating Conjunction Subordinating conjunctions. so I went to bed As you can see the above examples coordinating conjunction come between the individual words. : presents a consequence : I was tired. b. phrase + phrase .e. also called subordinators. clause + clause). are conjunctions that join two or more items of equal syntactic importance. Subordinating conjunctions join an independent . coordinating conjunctions often link similar grammaticalparts of a sentence together (i. The word coordinate (verb) means “of the same order or important. main clauses. or.” So. and independent clauses they are joining.

: We stayed there until we finished our work. I went to bed. . it began to rain. : When I arrived. Basically. it began to rain. she will get a job. she was talking on the phone. and a verb and can act as a complete sentence) and a dependent clause (also contains a subject.clause (contains both subject. subordinating conjunctions often shows a contrasting or unequal relationship. : Once it stops raining. he went to bed. they need to joined to an independent clause. we will leave. that dependent clauses can sometimes (not always) come before an independent clause. we will leave. Subordinating conjunctions always come at the beginning of a dependent clause. It’s important to note. : Because he was sleepy. : If it rains. but is not a complete sentence). : As soon as its stops raining. : I have not seen her since she left this morning. I went to University of Indonesia : While I was walking home. : The first time I went to Jakarta. we had already left. they went running. I say hello. and a verb. The most common subordinating conjunctions in the English language include the following and the examples :                    after although as because before as long as if once since as soon as now that even though that until till when whenever The first time while : After she graduates. Subordinating conjunctions do just that. : I will never speak to her again as long as I live. While coordinating conjunctions join parts of sentence that are similar. : I will leave before she comes. : We stayed there till we finished our work. : Although it was very hot. : Now that the semester is finished. : Whenever I see her. The word subordinate (Adjective) means something of lesser of unequal value. : As I was walking home. which also gives you a clue about is position in a sentence in relation to an independent clause. however. the streets get wet. : Even though I was not tired. : That she arrived . I am going to rest a few days. dependent clause cannot exist on their own.

correlative conjunctions joins similar grammatical parts of a sentence (parts of speech + parts of speech. Similar to coordinating conjunctions.c. clause + clause). : I’m going to go swimming tomorrow whether or not it is cold. Here are the meanings and some examples of Correlative Conjunction :      both / and not only / but also either / or neither / nor whether / or : Both my mother and my brother are here. phrase + phrase. Thus correlative conjunctions join similar concepts in a sentence together. Correlative Conjunction Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together to coordinate two items. . : Neither my brother nor my parents are here. The word correlative (adjective) means a similar relationship of some kind. : Not only my mother but also my brother is here. : I will take either chemistry or phyics next semester.

because it was raining. 1. 7. Everybody. she was shaking. 5. 9. We went fishing although the weather was awful. She could have got a good job in the City. a. a. a. She could have worked in the City. You can go to Ibiza. b. as she had never been to the palace before. or you can have a nice week in Dorset. 8. 3. a. She was shaking. c. b. You can have custard or ice-cream. or with the poor. c. although the weather was awful. I like fried chicken. but I really really like cous-cous. I brought the washibg in. and finish your grammar exercises. Go to your room. I cannot find the gold or the diamonds. I brought the washing in. Paul took a holiday in Dorset. b. we went fishing. a. c. As she had never been to the palace before. a. c. Although the weather was awful. b. but my parents insisted that we go to Ibiza. c. b.The Exercises of Conjunction In the following questions. and Mallorca this year. c. I wanted to go to Dorset. I brought it was raining. You can go to Ibiza or Dorset. a. and caught a lot of fish. you will be presented with different sentences. 6. We went fishing. or I shall be forced to cut off your ears. Fetch me a bucket. Find the bag of gold or I shall be forced to cut off your ears. I brought the washing in because it was raining. She was shaking as she had never been to the palace before. b. Choose the true answer. Paul's mum went to Ibiza. b. and his mum had a quiet week in Ibiza. He went to London and he found a good job with a leading bank. Find the bag of gold. c. or she could have gone to work with the poor in Africa. 4. Steve wanted to go camping in Cornwall and his brother wanted to come too. you think are correctly punctuated. c. and a large sponge. c. . a. a. b. She went to the shops but couldn’t find anything she liked. 1 0 1 2. b. but Tim was given a huge present.

But B. A. Though D. Since C. Or E. For E. The items are on sale in the local store _____ not online. ____ it rains on Sunday. But not C. If E. But B. The coordinating conjunction or must be used. I like chicken ____ not fish. The situation described here is one in which one thing or the other will happen. Either D. But C. Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed ___ __ if she would have to walk. Nor D. Or B. And B. And C. Where C. While D. A. But also 6. And D. If E. Luke was late to the party ______ his car broke down on the highway. If B. A. And C.The following seven questions are sample conjunction exercises. But D. A. And D. Although E. Or 2. I like both dogs ______ cats. A. I will not be able to drive. Nor E. Where . How 3. Also B. Either (D) Carrie didn’t know whether her bike would be fixed or if she would have to walk. And B. Or E. Neither my mother _____ my father will be able to attend the party on Sunday . Nor 5. Because C. The answers are below: 1. Until 4. 7. A. A.

especially the English language we must understand the basic concepts in English. To better understand in every language studied. Karena dengan memahami dan lebih mengenal many kinds of adverb and sentences in other kita dapat lebih cepat memahami dan mengerti dalam menggunakan bahasa inggris sebagai penghubung kita dalam memahami ilmu teknik sipil ini. Each form has their role respectively. It is therefore not enough just to memorize. I hope this paper can be used to another person to understanding conjunction. . In this case is an adjective. Each type also has a shape and its own characteristics. shapes and uses adjectives.CHAPTER 3 ENDING The Conjunction is a word to describe conjunction. There are so many kinds of conjunction. In English are so many types. but it must be practiced in everyday language. Then we should practice it in everyday life.

yourDictionary. www.com . http//:www. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara List of Conjunctions. 1993. www.com Conjunctions Exercice. Understanding and Using English Grammar.com Exercise about Conjunctions.com .wikipedia. Grammatical Conjunctions.yourDictionary.CHAPTER 4 BIBLIOGRAPHY Schramper.UniversityofBristol. www.Betty.