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Assignment-2

(submit by 04-11-2014)
Induction Machine:
1. Draw and explain the equivalent circuit of 3-ph induction motor and hence establish the
relationship w/b air gap power, mechanical power and rotor loss.
2. Draw and explain the equivalent circuit of 3-ph induction generator.
3. Explain with circuit diagram and the working of 3-phase induction motor starter
4. What happens if the 3-phase IM speed equals to the stator speed?
5. A 3-phase, 460V, 100hp, 60Hz, 6-pole induction machine operates at 3% slip (+ve) at full load.
Determine: a) The speeds of motor and its direction relative to the rotating field; b) The rotor
frequency; c) The speed of the stator field; d) The speed of air gap field; e) The speed of rotor
field relative to i) rotor structure; ii) stator structure; iii) stator rotating field
6. Explain how the rotating magnetic field is produced in a 3-ph induction motor. Explain it
analytically and graphically.
7. Derive an expression of torque-slip characteristics of 3-ph induction motor. Draw the torque speed
characteristics of a 3-ph induction machine in all possible mode of operation.
8. Discuss that the maximum torque developed in IM is same for all combinations of the resistance
and leakage reactance.
9. Draw the torque slip (or speed) characteristics of a 3-ph IM in all three region of operation and
show the effect of rotor resistance on it.
10. Develop the equivalent circuit of a 3-ph IM and also derive the torque expression for the same.
11. Derive the condition for maximum torque developed in a 3-ph IM and hence prove to increase the
starting extra resistance must be added in the rotor circuit.
12. A 3-ph IM has a starting torque of 150% and a maximum torque of 250% of the full load torque.
Neglect stator resistance and assume constant rotor resistance. Compute i) the slip at maximum
torque; ii) full load slip.
13. Why short-circuited test on transformer and blocked rotor test on IM is carried out at reduced
voltage?
14. Why starters are used for starting a 3-ph IM?
15. Why rotor bars are skewed in SCIM?
16. Explain how the rotating magnetic field is produced in a 3-ph IM?
17. A 3-ph induction motor was newly installed in a system. It was found that its direction is reverse.
How its direction can be corrected [4].
18. What is the advantage of double cage IM over single cage IM?
19. A 3-ph IM runs at slip frequency of 2 Hz when supplied from a 3-phase 400V, 50Hz supply. For
the same developed torque, find the slip frequency at which it will run when supplied from 3phase 340V, 40Hz system. Sip at which the machine develops maximum torque using 50Hz
supply is 0.1. Neglect the stator impedance and assume linear torque-slip characteristics between
zero torque and maximum torque in the working region and rotor resistance in the expression of
torque.
20. A 6-pole, 50Hz, 3-ph IM running on full load develops a useful toque of 160 Nm when the rotor
emf makes 120 complete cycles per minute. Calculate the shaft power output. If the mechanical
torque lost in friction and that for core loss is 10 Nm, compute: i) the copper loss in the rotor
windings; ii) the input to the motor; iii) the efficiency.
The total stator loss is given to be 800W.
21. Write short notes on the followings:
(a) Star-Delta and autotransformer starter for 3-ph IM
(b) No load and Blocked rotor test of 3-ph IM
(c) Speed control of 3-ph IM

Synchronous Machine
1. What is the commercial application of synchronous motor in industry? Why and when it is called
synchronous condenser?
2. Classify synchronous machines, state their functions. Why these machines are called synchronous
machines?
3. Draw the V-curves of a 3-ph synchronous motor and using this explain how an over excited
synchronous motor can be used for improving the system power factor.
4. A 750 KW, 11 KW, 3-ph, star connected synchronous motor has a synchronous reactance of 35
ohm/phase and negligible resistance. Determine the excitation emf per phase when the motor is
operating on full load at 0.8 pf leading. Its efficiency under this condition is 93%.
5. Draw the phasor diagram of cylindrical rotor synchronous machine (either motor or alternator)
when working under lagging, unity and leading p.f.
6. Develop the emf method of determining the voltage regulation and hence show that synchronous
reactance consists of two components of reactance.
7. Why the short-circuit characteristics of a 3-ph synchronous generator are not affected by the
saturation.
8. Why the field winding is placed on the rotating member in a 3-ph synchronous machine?
9. A 2500 hp (Metric), 2300V, 20-pole, 50Hz, 3-ph synchronous motor has a synchronous reactance
of 1.85 ohm per phase. The motor is fed from a constant voltage source at 2300V. The field
excitation is so adjusted that the power factor is unity at rated load. Calculate the maximum torque
which the motor can develop.
10. What type of rotor be selected for alternator to be used in hydro-electric station and thermal power
station?
11. Develop the e.m.f equation of an alternator and thereby explain the term synchronous impedance.
Also explain the concept of synchronous condenser.
12. Write short notes on the followings:
(a) V-curve of a synchronous machine
Common of IM and Syncronous:
13. What are starter? Why these are required to start AC motors
14. Compare 3-phase induction motor with synchronous motor in industry?
15. A 12-pole synchronous generator is driven by an engine running at 500 rpm. The generator feeds
power to a 3-phase induction motor having a full load speed of 1425 rpm. Find the slip, number of
poles, rotor frequency and the speed of the magnetic field of rotor w.r.t. the stator of the induction
motor.
16. Give the application of the 3-ph synchronous generator and 3-ph induction motor.
Last Unit:
1. State and explain the double field revolving theory. State its application.
2. Why single phase IMs are not self starting type. Explain the working of capacitor start-run 1phase IM. Give brief description of any four different types of 1-ph induction motor
3. Explain why a 1-ph, single winding induction motor produces no starting torque? Draw and
explain the torque speed characteristics of a single phase induction motor.
4. Draw the equivalent circuit of 1-ph Induction motor and explain the parameters properly.
5. Draw and explain the torque-speed characteristics of a single phase induction motor and suggest a
suitable method of starting for loads requiring a high starting torque and a noise free operation.
6. Why does a universal motor perform better on DC than AC supply? How can the speed of this
motor be reversed? Give its application (minimum 3 applications).

7. When a ceiling fan is switched on it does not rotate, however when its blades are pushed in any
one direction it starts rotating in that direction. What is the fault in the fan?
8. Explain the working of a single phase induction motor based on double revolving field theory.
Also explain equivalent circuits under no load and short circuit conditions.
9. Write short notes on the followings:
(a) Servomotor
(b) Stepper motor
(c) AC series motor
(d) Brushless DC motor
(e) Reluctance motor
(f) Shaded pole 1-ph IM
(g) Split phase 1-ph Induction machines
(h) Principle of 1-ph induction regulator
(i) Hysteresis motor
(j) Any other small motor (i.e. motor used in chandrya yan payloads)
10. Give the application of the following machines:
i) 1-ph universal motor
ii) Shaded pole motor
iii) Capacitor start and capacitor run single phase induction motor