olUxufuJ

------------------------------------------------------------------olUxufuJ
(1)
,aeY paeaeYjzpfojzifh aeYvnf(12)em&DwGifyif &kH;qif;um xkH;pHtwkdif;
aomufaz:aomufzufrsm;ESifh pwnf;csaeus t&ufqkdifokdY oGm;&ef OD;wnfí vmcJhrd\/
odrfMuD;aps;okdY ta&mufwGif 0rf;xJrS cyf[m[m jzpfaeojzifh acgufqGJjyKwfwpfcGufaomufNyD;
qufvufxGufcGmvmcJh\/
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atmf[pfajymvkdufjcif;yif jzpfygonf/
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uRefawmfu ajymajymqkdqkdyif ae&m,l&if; 0ifí xkdifcsvkdufav\/ uRefawmfwkdY
aomufaom t&ufqkdifrSm trdefY& vkdifpif& t&ufqkdifr[kwf/ uRefawmfwkdY
aomufaom t&ufrSmvnf; tpkd;&csufxm;aom jynfawmfom csuft&ufvnf;r[kwf/
&efukefNrdKU\ wpfckaom &yfuGufMuD; twGif;0,f tjrnf; pm;p&m pkHvifpGmjzifh rD;acsmif;rsm;
xdefxdefvif;atmif xGefndSvsuf qkdifvkdifpif,l&ef rvkdyJ
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avmuf t&ufykvif;aygif;rsm;pGm rsdKcsEkdifaom ukdarmifeDu uRefawmfh zufokdY vSnfhvkduf\/
]]uJ pma&;q&m ukd'ku©? cifAsm;twGuf uRefawmf pmtkyfiSm;vmw,f a&mh . . . . }}
ukdarmifeDu ajymajymqkdqkd jr0wD r*¾Zif;cefY&dS tzkH;eDeDESifh pmtkyfwpftkyfukd qGJxkwfvkdufojzifh
uRefawmfu tvefYwMum; uRefawmf\ vG,ftdwfukd aumuf,lNyD; ESKdufMunfhrd\/
tb,faMumifhqkdaomf uRefawmf ,aeY 0,fvmaom &Ir0pmtkyfukd &kH;rS zkdifzkH;teDwpfckjzifh csKyfí
vmcJhojzifh ol xkwf,lvkdufaom pmtkyf\ t&G,ftpm;ESifh wax&mwnf; w&G,fwnf; jzpfae
aomaMumifh jzpfygonf/ okdYaomf uRefawmf\ &Ir0pmtkyfrSm uRefawmfh\ vG,ftdwfxJwGifyif
&Sdygonf/
xkdYaMumifh uRefawmfonf olay;aom pmtkyfukd vSrf;,lum Munfhvkduf\/ tzkH;ay:wGif
yef;csDpmvkH;jzifh ]]avmuaMu;rkH}} [k a&;xm;onfukdawGU&\/ tjcm;vlrsm;rSm pmtkyfukd
pdwfr0ifpm;Muacs/ t&ufukdom zdirf;aeMuygonf/
uRefawmfonf pmtkyf\ yxr pmrsufESmukd pí vSefvkdufpOfrSmyif rsufvkH;jyL; oGm;&av
awmh\/ xkdpmrsufESmwGifawmh (4) vufr (6) vufrt&G,f taemufwkdif; vSysdKjzLwpfOD;\
0wfvpfpvpf tvSukd az:jyaom "gwfykHukd uyfxm;\/ aemufxyf pmrsufESmrsm;wGifawmh
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rdef;rwefqmrsm;ukd teD;uyf &kdufxm;aom ykHrsm;vnf; yg0if\/
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Zmwfvrf;ozG,f wqifhjyD; wqifh &kdufxm;aom "gwfykHrsm;ukd uyfxm;NyD; xkdokdY
zkdrqufqHpOfwGif jzpfay:aeonfh a,mufsm;ESifh rdef;rwkdY\ wefqmykHrsm;ukd teD;uyf
&kdufxm;aom "gwfykHrsm;yif jzpfawmh\/ pmtkyfwpftkyfvkH;wGif "gwfykHaygif;(300)avmuf
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uRefawmfh\ pdwfxJwGif wpfrsdK;cHpm;ae&\/ nusrS ZeD;jzpfol trGefESifh twlMunfhawmhrnf[k
pOf;pm;í uRefawmfonf pmtkyfukdydwfum ab;bDokdY vSnfhí MunfhvkdufNyD; usefvlrsm;ukd
rawGUrDrSmyif xkdpmtkyfukd uRefawmfhvG,ftdwfxJokdY xkd;xnfhí xm;vkdufawmh\/ NyD;awmh

a&SUwGif a&mufaeNyDjzpfaom t&ufcGufukd aumuf,lum armhcsvkdufavawmh\/
hpum;rajymrdbJ t&ufukdom ZdrfcHum aomufaerdaom uRefawmfonf apmapmu pmtkyfxJrS
awGUvdkufaom Zmwfvrf;qefqef "gwfykHjyuGufav;rsm;ukd awG;aerd\/
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opfyifatmufwGif 2 quf*g0efwkd wpfckukd 0wfqifum xkdifaeaomykHjzpf\/ 'kwd,ykHrSm
xkdopfyifem;okdY armfawmfum; wpfpD;qkdufvmum touf(20)cefY&Sdaom ,kd;',m;
trsdK;om;wpfOD; qif;vmojzifh aumifrav;u tajy;tvTm; oGm;MudKaeaomykHjzpf\/
wwd,ykHrSm wpfOD;ukd wpfOD; wif;MuyfpGm ayGUzuf&if; ESKwfcrf;csif; tirf;r& pkyfaeMuykHjzpf\/
aemuf trsdK;orD;av;u um;ay: okdY ygoGm;\/
xkdYaemuf [kdw,fwpfck\ tcef;wpfckwGif;0,f t&ufrsm; pm;p&mrsm; rSmí pm;aomufaeMu\/
xkdYaemufwGifum; wpfykHNyD; wpfykH aomif;usef;í vmMuawmh\/ aumifuav;u
aumifrav;qD ckeful;oGm;í aumifrav;\ tusÐrsm;ukd wpfckNyD; wpfck jzKwfypfojzifh
ukd,ftxufykdif; [mvm[if;vif; jzpfoGm;um jynfhNzdK;vSyaom paeESpfrTm twkdif;om;
ay:vmawmh\/ xkdYaemufwGifum; ukda&Tarmif,kd;',m;onf "gwfykH tpOD;rsm;rSmuJhokdY
tdajEéESifh r[kwfyJ aomifMurf;ívmawmh\/ vufwpfzufu aumifrav;\ cg;av;ukd
wtm;zufítjcm;wpfzufuykckH;av;ukdukdifumEkdUuav;wpfvkH;tm;wtm;ukefukef;pkyfawmh\/
ol o&rf;orQukd aumifrav;u NyHK;NyHK;av; onf;cH&Sm\/ aemuf tirf;r& jzpfvmum
aumifrav;ukd ayGUí pmyGJckHab;&Sd ukwifay: okdY wifvkduf&m olr\ukd,fav;rSm
ukwifay:0,f a&mufaeNyD;vQif aygifwHESifh ajcovkH;wkdYrSm avxJwGif ,ufuef,ufuef
jzpfaeonfukd awGU&\/ aemuf aumifuav;u olYabmif;bDukd cRwfí MuD;rm;vSaom
ol\ vdifwefMuD;ukd aumifrav;\ ckH;xaeaom apmufywfMuD;twGif;okdY xkd;xnfhum
tm;yg;w& pdwf&Sdvuf&Sd vkyfaeykHrsm;yifjzpf\/ aumifav;\ vD;wefMuD;ESifh aumifrav;\
apmufywfMuD;wkdY wyfvQufom; t&nfrsm;jzifh ajymifvufaeaom teD;uyf &kdufxm;onfh
"gwfykHrSmvnf; toufygvSonf/
]]pma&;q&m usKyfwkdY av;a'gifhuef &xm;eJY oGm;NyD; qufaomuf&&if raumif;bl;vm;}}
]][m 'DtpDtpOf aumif;w,f ukdvSatmif uJ x pma&;q&m oGm;r,f}}
ukdvSatmif\ tMuHOmPftm; udkarmifeDu 0ifí axmufcHum uRefawmfwkdY okH;a,mufom;
av;a'gifhuefokdY oGm;&ef qkdufum;(2)pD;jzifh rvTukef;blwmqDokdY vmMu&m0,f
vrf;MuHKojzifh uRefawmfu tdrfjyefaemufusrnf jzpfaMumif;ajym&ef tdrfa&SUwGif
qkdufum; acwÅ&yfum 0ifajym\/ tdrfay:rS jyefqif;umeD;wGif c,frjzpfol wifwifu
olrSmvkdufaom &Ir0 pmtkyfawmif;ojzifh uRefawmfu xkwfay;cJh\/ ava'gifhuef&Sd
aomufaz: aomufzufwpfOD;jzpfol ukdaomif;jrifhu uRefawmfwkdYukd zdwfxm;onfrSm
MumcJhNyD/ uRefawmfwkdY(3)a,muf av;a'gifhuefokdY a&mufoGm;awmh ukdaomif;jrifh\
tdrfwGifyif uRefawmfwkdYukd {nfhcH\/ uRefawmfvnf; tkdufpyfpyf&Sdonfjzpfí
a&mufa&mufcsif;yif ukdaomif;jrifhom; tMuD;aumifqDu a&vJykqkd;awmif;í
a&w0csdK;ypfvdkuf\/ a&csdK;NyD;awmh wpfaeYvkH; NiD;pDpD jzpfaewmESifh apmapmu
t&ufqdkifwGifaomufxm;aomcyftkHtkHjzpfaeaomcHpm;csufwkdYuvGifhaysmufoGm;avawmhonf/
xkdpOfrSmyif uRefawmfonf wpfpkHwpfckukd oGm;í owd&vkdufrdNyD; tdrfay:okdYwufum
t0wftpm;rsm; tjrefvJí uRefawmf\ vG,ftdwfukd,lum txJrS tzkH;eDjzifh pmtkyfukd
xkwfMunfhvkduf&m uRefawmfawGUvkduf&onfuawmh &Ir0pmtkyfyif jzpfawmh\/
]][kduf oGm;NyD}}
uRefawmfonf acgif;ebrf;MuD;oGm;&awmh\/ apmapmu tdrfwGif uRefawmf wifwifukd
xkwfay;cJhaom pmtkyfrSm "gwfykHrsm;ygaom ]] avmuDaMu;rkH}} pmtkyfyif jzpfawmhavonf/
ukdaomif;jrifhu bJom;csufí t&uftvQHty,fjzifh {nfhcHaomfvnf; uRefawmfrSm tmrawGU
awmhay? aemufqHwif;ae\/ 'geJY apmapmbJ vlpkcGJum jyefvmcJhawmhonf/
uRefawmf tdrfjyefa&mufawmh rkd;csKyfumpbJ &Sdao;\/ cgwkdif;vkd atmufajcvGwfatmif rl;raeyg/

]]rGefa& . . trGefa& . . . vmygOD;uG}}
uRefawmf atmfac:vkdufaomfvnf; uRefawmf\ rdef;ru xGufí rvmay/ cgwkdif;
uRefawmf jyefvmvQif avScg;&if;rS qD;MudKí atmfMuD;[pfus,f rvkyf&ef acsmharmhí
tdyf&mwGif;okdY ykdYay;jcif;ukd 0wÅ&m;rysuf vkyfwwfaom uRefawmf\ZeD; rcifrGefrSm
xGufí rvmygacs/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;rSm aq;vdyfzGmí rsufvkH;a'gufaxmufMunfhaeaom
uRefawmf\ a,mufcr tzGm;MuD;vnf; &Sdraeay/tdrfa&SUcef;wGifb,folrSvnf; &Sdíraeay/
uRefawmf\ rdef;ruvnf; xGufí rvmojzifh uRefawmfonf vG,fxm;aom vG,ftdwfukd
tdrfa&SU&Sd ckHay: okdY wifvkdufNyD; tdyfcef;xJokdY awmufavsmuf 0ifoGm;awmh\/
tdyfcef;xJ&Sd uRefawmfwkdY\ ukwifMuD;ay:wGifawmh ZmjcifaxmifrSm csxm;NyD; txJwGif
trGefrSm uRefawmf&Sd&mzufokdU ausmay;um wapmifav; tdyfaeonfukd cyfa&;a&;av;
awGUae&\/ tdyfcef;xJwGifvnf; rD;vkH;xGef;rxm;yJ ukwifacgif;&if;zuf tay:zufwGif
ig;wkdiftm; rD;vkH;tpdrf;a&mifav;om xGef;xm;\/ uRefawmfonf ukwifem; wdk;uyfoGm;NyD;
csxm;aom Zmjcifaxmifukd tomrum txJodkY Munfhvkduf\/ trGef\ cg;rS 0wfxm;aom
xrDav;onf ajyavsmhum wifyg;apmif;ay: okdY usaeNyD; jzL0if;aom wifyg;om;rSm ay: xGufae
\/
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'l;acgif; tay:em;av;xd vdyfwufum olr\ ajcovkH;om;av;rsm;ESifh aygifzsm;av;wkdYrSm
0if;ypGm awGU&\/ uRefawmf\ a&SUem;rS trGef\ wifom;MuD;rSmvnf; cgwkdif;xufyif ykdí
vkH;wpfum;pGifhaeoa,mif xifae&av\/uRefawmfonf aeYcif;u MunfhcJhaom pmtkyfyg
"gwfykHrsm;\ aphaqmfrItcHuvnf;&Sd aomufxm;aom t&ufuvnf; atmufajcvGwf&kH
a&csdefukdufatmif aomufxm;ojzifh aoG;rsm;x ]]trGef&,f . . . xygOD; rdef;r&m}}
ajymajymqkdqkdyif uRefawmfu olr\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd zufum olr\ yg;jyifESpfzufukd
erf;vkduf\/ NyD;awmh uRefawmfh\ vufrsm;u yufvufvefoGm;NyDjzpaom olr\ ukd,fay:rS
avsmh&J&J xrDav;ukd ajczsm;qDokdY qGJcRwfypfvkduf\/ NyD;awmh uRefawmf\ vufu olr\
apmufzkwfav;ukd prf;um zGzGav; yGwfay;aerd\/ xkdokdY yGwfay;vkdufvQifyif uRefawmfh
vufatmufrS olr\ apmufzkwfav;rSm cyfrmrmav; jzpfaeonfukd awGU&onfhtjyif
,cifu cyfxlxlav; jzpfaeaom olr\ apmufarT;av;rsm;rSmvnf; r&Sdawmhay/
t&ifuRefawmf &dwfckdif;wkef;u r&dyf ? ckawmh olYzmom &dwfay;xm;onf/
uRefawmf\ vufu olr\ apmufzkwfav;ukd cyfzGzGav; cPwmrQom
yGwfay;ae&ao;onf/ olr\ apmufywf tuGJaMumif; wavsmufwGif t&nfav;rsm;
pdrfhpkdí xGufvmMuonfukd owdxm;rdvkdufonf/ trGefuawmh rsufvkH;uav;rsm;ukd
rSdwfxm;um pum;wpfcGef;rQ rajymay/ olr\ apmufywfukd cyfzGzGav; yGwfay;aeaom
uRefawmfh vufonf zGzGav;yGwf&mrS cyfzdzdav; yGwfvkdufawmh&m olr\ aygifav;ESpfvkH;rSm
tenf;i,f um;í oGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfuvnf; olr\tusÐukd pdwf&Snfvuf&Snfxm;í
cRwfay;NyD;onfESifh uRefawmf\ vufu olr\ EkdYoD;acgif;av;rsm;ukd acsrGí ay;aerdonf/
jzLjzLrkdYrkdYav; jzpfaeaom olr\ yg;jyifav;ukdvnf; wpfcsuf wpfcsuf ikHYí erf;vkdufao;onf/
rMumcifrSmwif olr\ aygifwHjzLjzLav;rsm;rSm ajrmufvkduf
]]jApf . . tifh . . td . . tif; . . jApf . . jApf . . uRwf . . uRwf . . uRwf . .}}
tawmfav; usyfusyfwnf;wnf;av; jzpfaeaom olrapmufywfav;\ tawGUaMumifh
t&omawGUoGm;aom uRefawmfu vD;wefMuD;ukd olr\ apmufywfxJwGif wqkH;xd
oGif;xm;NyD; olr\ukd,fay:okdY arSmufcsum EkdYav;wpfvkH;ukd ikHum pkdYvkdufavawmh\/
uRefawmf ikHvkdufrdaom olr\ EkdYoD;acgif;av;rSm ao;NyD; csyf0ifaeoa,mifjzpfum
qlqlNzdK;NzdK; trGef\ EkdYtkHrsm;rSmvnf; ,cktcg vkH;vkH;uspfuspfav; jzpfaeonfukd
owdxm;vkdufrdawmh&m tenf;i,frQ pdwfxJwGif wrsdK;jzpfoGm;&aom uRefawmfonf
trGef\ rsufESmukd aocsmpGmMunfvkdufrd\/jcifaxmifay: acgif;&if;eH&HwGif xGef;xm;aom
ig;wkdiftm; rD;a&mifu jcifaxmiftrkd;cHaeí cyfrSdefrdSef cyfjyjyav;om&Sdaom
tvif;a&mifatmufrS rsufvkH;av;rsm;rdSwfum ESKwfcrf;av;rsm; wif;wif;aphí

rmefwif;xm;ykHav;rSm pGJrufp&m awGUjrifvkduf&\/ pifxm;aom cyfxlxl
rsufawmifaumhMuD;rsm;rSmvnf; uRefawmf\ b0ifukd csKyfukdifvkdufMuonf/
uRefawmf aocsmpGm Munfhí teD;uyf awGUjrifvkuf&aom rsufESmav;rSm uRefawmf\
rdef;r trGef\ rsufESmav; r[kwfyg/ c,fracsmav; wifwif\ rsufESmav;om jzpfawmh\/
uRefawmfonf acgif;eyef;MuD;oGm;&ayr,fh tajctaet& olruvnf;
vkdvdkcsifcsif&Sdíaeavonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; tpu uRefawmf\ ZeD; trGef[k xifum
tpysdK;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ olu rjiif;? tckvnf; uRefawmf\ aoG;om;rsm;rSm tqkH;pGefqkH; xí
ae&acsNyD/ uRefawmfonf a&SUokdYquf&efom &Sdawmh\/
uRefawmfh\ vD;wefMuD;ukd wifwif\ apmufywfxJrS avsmueJ qGJí txkwfvkdufwGifawmh
olr\ wif;wif;aphxm;aom ESKwfcrf;av;ESpfvTmonf yGifhí oGm;um olr\ yg;pyfav;onf
[í oGm;&awmh\/ tm;jzifh aqmifhí vkd;&ef &nf&G,fcsuf&Sdxm;cJhaom uRefawmfonf trGef
r[kwfyJ wifwifqkdwm odvkduf&onfESifh uRefawmf\ vD;wefMuD;ukd ajz;ajz;yif jyefí
oGif;um nifnifomomyif vkd;ay;awmh\/olr\ EkdYav;rsm;ukdvnf; pkdYíay;&if;
EkdYwpfvkH;ukd pkdYay;aepOf wjcm;EkdYwpfvkH;ukdvnf; vufjzifh qkyfe,facsrG ay;ae\/
rMumrDrSmyif wifwif\ EkdYoD;acgif;av;rsm;onf axmifí vmMuawmhonfhtjyif
uRefawmf\ vD;wefMuD; toGif;vkdufwGifvnf; wifwif\ zifom;jzLjzLMuD;rsm;rSm wufvm&awmh
\/
apmufywftopfuav;\ aumif;rGefvSaom tawGUaMumifh e*kdxJurS &rufaZm
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uRefawmf\ aqmifhtm;ESifhtwl wifwif\ ukd,fvkH;wD; jzLjzLav;rSm a&SUwkd; aemufiifjzifh
vIyfcgae&if; olronf &ifbwfav; ajrmufvmvdkuf zifav;aumhvmvkduf jzpfaeawmhonf/
xkdYjyif wifwif\ vufESpfzufonfvnf; uRefawmf\ ausmjyifus,fMuD;ukd zufwG,fívmjyD;
wpfcsuf wpfcsuf armhí wufoGm;&aom olr\ rsufESmav;wGifawmh ESKwfcrf;zl;av;rsm;rSm
wqwfqwf wkefíom aeawmh\/
aqmifhí vkd;&if; vkd;&if;jzifh wifwif\ ukd,fvkH;av;onfvnf; ajrmufí
twefMumatmif Nidrfí aeum tarmajyí aeMuNyD;vQif uRefawmfonf acgif;axmifí
xvkduf\/ NyD;awmh olr\ apmufywfxJrS vD;wefMuD;ukd wpfacsmif;vkH; qGJí rcRwfao;yJ
wpf0ufrQom xkwfí ajz;ajz;av; jyefoGif;um tnifomqkH;ESKef;jzifh vkd;í ay;aevkduf\/
,cktcsdefxd uRefawmfonf wifwiftm; rodovkdyif b,fvkdrS rac: bJ tomaecJhonf/
uRefawmf\ vD;wefMuD;rSmvnf; wpfcsDNyD;oGm;aomfvnf; tysdKpifapmufywfav;\ tawGU
aMumifh rmefwufum vkH;0 aysmhacGroGm;yJ &Sd&mrS ,ckwzef vD;wefMuD; wpf0ufrQjzifh oGif;csD
xkwfcsD vkd;ay;aejyefawmh wcPtwGif;rSmyif uRefawmf\ vD;wefMuD;rSm pHcsdefrSDatmifyif
jyefvnfí MuD;xGm;vmawmh\/ aoG;om; qlNzdK;vGef;vSaom wifwifonfvnf; jyefí
pdwfygvufygav; jzpfvm&onfukd awGU&ojzifh uRefawmfonf vD;wefMuD;ukd wifwif\
apmufywfxJokdY tukefoGif; tukefxkwfum cyfzdzdav; aqmifhí vkd;ay;aeygawmhonf/
tcsuf(20)rQ vkd;ay;NyD;aom tcgwGifawmh uRefawmfonf tm;&yg;& aqmifhum (2)Budrf
(3)Budrfavmuf aqmifhí xnfhvkduf\/
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NyD;onfESifh uRefawmfonf vD;wefBuD;ukd olr\ apmufywfxJrS tukefqGJcRwf
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vSrf;í qGJum olr\ apmufywfESifh vD;wefBuD;ukd okwfay;vkdufawmh\/
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cPMumawmh uRefawmfonf wifwif\ ESKwfcrf;rsm;qDrS uRefawmf\ ESKwfcrf;rsm;ukd
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'DtcGifhta&;av;wpfckawmh olYukday;oifhonf[k cifrGefu xif\/
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xkdYaMumifhyif cifrGefonf ausmfOD; csdef;onfukd vufcHum ,ck
&S,fvDrsdK;oGifwkdY tdrfokdY xGufvmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
wifwif\ tvkdtwdkif;vkdufum pDpOfaqmif&Guf&ef ajymNyD;onfhaemufwGifawmh
wifwifonf qef;jrifh\ vufzsm;ukd olr\ vufz0g;av;jzifh qkyfum
&kyf&SifMunfhae\/ xkdYenf;wl qef;jrifhonfvnf; &kyf&Sifum;qDokdY Munfhae\/
okdY&mwGif olwkdYESpfa,muf\ pdwfwGifawmh tawG;ukd,fpD &SdaeMu\/
qef;jrifhESifh trGefwkdYESpfOD; tdrfaxmifuscJhonfrSm ESpfESpfeD;yg; &SdcJhNyDjzpf\/
om;orD;vnf; rxGef;um;ao;ojzifh cspfí aysmfíyif r0ao;yg/
trGefESifh wifwifwkdYonf rdcifrkqkd;rBuD;ESifhtwl BudK;BudK;ukwfukwf
&kd;&kd;om;om; aeMuolrsm;omjzpf\/ trGefrSm cyfukwfukwfESifh
&Sufwwfaomfvnf; wifwifuawmh &kd;&kd;ESifh yGifhyGifhvif;vif; &SdcJh\/
cifrGef(trGef)ESifh qef;jrifhwkdY rnm;rDuyif wifwifrSm qef;jrifhtm; tpfukd
tpfukdjzifh tvGefyif cifrif&Smonf/ awmif;p&m&Sdvnf; yGifhyGifhvif;vif;
awmif;,lí ay;p&m&Sd&ifvnf; &kd&kd;om;om;yif vmí ay;wwfonf/
xkdYaMumifhyifvQif trGeftm; qef;jrifhonf wHcsLwkdwkdjzifh csLpOfuyif
wifwifukdyif reJacsmharmh uyf&yfum zl;pma&;ewf vkyfckdif;cJh&ygonf/
trGef\ tarBuD;um; taygif;tazmfrsm;ESifh aomufpm;í wpfcgwpf&H
atmufajcvGwfwwfaom qef;jrifhukd xkdpOfuyifvQif atmhESvkH;emykH&\/
okdYaomf orD;ESifh nm;NyD;aomtcgwGifum; rac: csif&if&aomfvnf;
rawmfcsifí r&aom cspfom;rufukd plwpfcg aqmifhwpfvSnfhjzifh pcef;oGm;vsuf&Sdonf/
wifwifonf trGefESifh qef;jrifh nm;NyD;rS qef;jrifhtm; ykdí cspfcif&Smygonf/
qef;jrifh t&ufrl;vmonftcg tem;okdY ruyfaomfvnf; t&ufrrl;onfh
tcgwGifawmh tem;okdYuyfí tpfukd&if;wrQ tvkd&SdorQ ylqmjcif;?
nOfheufoef;acgif qef;jrifh pma&;NyDqkdvQif yufvufukvm;xkdif wpfvkH;ESifhxkdifum
pmzwfaewwfNyD; qef;jrifh vkdtyforQ ulnD;ay;aewwfonf/
wifwifESifh trGefwkdYrSm t&yftarmif; twdrf;r,drf;jzifh ESpfa,mufpvkH;
tom;NzLMuaomfvnf; tBuD;jzpfol trGefu ESmwefay: ay:
rsufvkH;aumif;aumif;jzifh rsufESmaygufwGif wifwifxuf
xifxif&Sm;&Sm; ododomom acsmarmajyjypfonf/
wifwifrSm ESmwHay: aomfvnf; rsufvkH;ESifh yg;pyfrSm olYtpfr trGefukd rrDacs/
okdYaomf wifwif\ ukd,fvkH;uawmh trGef\ ukd,fvkH;xuf ydkí awmifhajzmifhum vS\/
NyD;awmh nDtpfrESpfa,mufvkH;ukd xdawGzl;NyDjzpfaom qef;jrifhonf wifwif\ txdtawGU
onf ykdí rdef;armzG,fjzpfonfukd wyfrufarmrdaeawmh\/
]]a[m trGefawmif a&mufvmNyD . . vm vm}}
tdrfa&SUwGifyif &Sdaeaom &S,fvDrsdK;oGifu cifrGefukd xGufí ac: onf/
]]ukdausmfOD;a&m a&mufNyDvm;}}
]]apmapmxJu a&mufaewm? uJ r,frif;BuD;r tay: xyfukdom wufoGm;awmh?
atmufxyfrSmqkd&if {nfhonfawG t0iftxGufeJY at;at;aq;aq; pum;ajym&rSm
r[kwfvkdY igpDpOfxm;wm tay: xyf{nfhcef;rSm ausmfOD; apmifhaew,f}}
&S,fvDrsdK;oGifwkdYrSm csrf;omolrsm;jzpfNyD; tdrfrSmvnf; ESpfxyfwkdufBuD; jzpf\/
cifrGefvnf; tayyfokdY avScg;rS wufcJhawmh&m tay: xyf{nfhcef;xJ&Sd
qkdzmxkdifcHkBuD;ay: wGif xkdifaeaom ausmfOD;u cifrGefukd vSnfhMunfhum

cifrGef&Sd&mokdY avQmufí vm\/
]]ukd,fu vmrSvmyghrvm;vkdY pdwfylaewm}}
cifrGefu ausmfOD;ukd bmrS jyefrajymrd? NyHK;íom jyvkduf\/
]]cifrGefu t&ifuxufawmif vSvmao;w,f}}
ajym&if;u ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ vufav;wpfzufukd qGJum apmapmu olxkdifcJhaom
qkdzmxkdifcHkBuD;qDokdY ac: íoGm;\/ cifrGefuvJ bmrQrajymbJ olr acgif;av;ikHYum
vkdufygoGm;\/ olr\ vufuav;rSm ausmfOD;\ vufxJwGif r&kef;om?
tukdifcHxm;&í cifrGef &ifxJwGif [kdwkef;uvkdyif aEG;aeonf/
ESpfa,mufom; qkdzmBuD;ay: okdY xkdifrdMuvQif cifrGefuyif pum;pí qkdvm\/
]]uJ ajymygOD; trGefukd bmawGajymcsifvkdY ckvkd ac: awGU&wmvJ}}
]][kdwkef;u cifrGeftay: rSm ukd,f &ufpufovkd jzpfoGm;cJh&wmawGukd cifrGef
em;vnfatmif &Sif;jycsifvkdYyg}}
]]awmfygawmh tukd&,f ckcsdefrSm 'gawGajymaevkdY bmxl;awmhrSmrkdYvkdYvJ? tukdvJ
tdrfaxmifeJY trGefvJ tdrfaxmifawG usaeMuNyDyJ[m}}
]]tdrfaxmifuswmawmh [kwfygw,f cifrGef&m ukd,fhpdwfu ckxd cifrGefqDrSmyJ &Sdaewm?
ukd,favcifrGefukd wpfaeYrS arhvkdY r&cJhygbl; cifrGef&,f}}
apmapmxJu ukdifxm;aom cifrGef\ vufav;ukd nSpfonfhtjyif usefvufwpfzufuvnf;
cifrGef\ vufz0g;av;ukd yGwfay;ae\/ NyD;awmh olwkdYESpfa,mufonf aygifvkH;jcif;xdumvnf;
xkdifrd&ufom; jzpfae\/ cifrGef\ pdwfxJwGif wrsdK;wrnf cHpm;ae&avonf/
]]cifrGefa&m ukd,fhukd owd&raebl;vm;[if}}
]]tif; &wJhtcgawmh &ygw,f . . . }}
aumif;atmifajymvkduf&ayrJhvnf; trSefwGif i,futcspf tESpfwpf&m qkdwmrsdK;vkd
cifrGefonf ausmfOD;ukd arhí r&EkdifcJhyg/ xm0pOfvnf; wrf;wae&/
]]trGef . . . }}
]]&Sif}}
]]ukd,fav trGefukd ckxd cspfaewkef;yJ odvm; . . }}
ajymajymqkdqkd vufjrefajcjrefjzifh ausmfOD;u cifrGef\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd zufvkdufum
olr\ yg;jyifav;ESpfzufukd &TwfueJ &TwfueJ erf;vkdufavawmh\/
]]tkd . . tukd . . rawmf . . . . }}.
cifrGef\ pum;onfyif rqkH;vkduf&acs/ ausmfOD; ESKwfcrf;tpkHu cifrGef\
ESKwfcrf;av;rsm;ay: okdY zduyfcg pkyferf;vkdufawmh&m &ifav;aumhí
ajrmufwufoGm;&if; cifrGef wifyg;wpfzufonfvnf; qkdzgay: rS
MuGwufoGm;&awmh&m ausmfOD;\ vufonf qkdzgay: rS MuGí wufoGm;&aom
cifrGef\ zifom;BuD;ukd ukdifvsufom;jzpfum qkyfe,fzspfnSpfay;aeawmh\/
wpfukd,fvkH; zdef&Sdef;í wufvm&aom cifrGefonfvnf; olr\ vufav;ESpfzufjzifh
ausmfOD;\ vufarmif;ESpfzufukd qkyfukdifum olruvJ tm;usrcH qkdovkdyif olr\
ESKwfcrf;av;rsm;ESifh ausmfOD; ESKwfcrf;rsm;ukd jyefvSefum pkyferf;ay;aerdawmhonf/
tp&Sd aemufaemif qkdwmrsdK;vkd cspfoloufwrf; okH;ESpfMumjrifhcJhMupOfu olwkdY
ESpfOD;onf xdawGUcJhMu vGefMuL;cJhMujcif; &SdcJhívnf; ,cktcgwGif
ESpfa,mufom;rSm wpfOD;ukd wpfOD; pdrf;raeMuawmhyJ ,Ofyg;vsufom
&SdMu&awmh\/ ESKwfcrf;jcif; *a[qufum pkyferf;&if; cifrGef\
zifom;BuD;wpfzufatmufzufwGif a&mufum olr\ zifom;BuD;rsm;ukd qkyfe,fzspfnSpfay;
vQuf&Sdaom ausmfOD;\ vufzsm;av;rsm;onf vIyfvIyf&G&Gjzifh cifrGef\
apmufywfESKwfcrf;om;av;rsm;ukd xrDay: rSyif xdawGUvQuf&Sd&m cifrGefcrsm r&kd;r&Gjzpfí
vmcJhNyD; olr\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd ukdausmfOD;zufokdY ,kdifum olr zifom;BuD;rsm;rSm ykdíyif
qkdzmay: rS MuGíwufvm&awmh\/
wajz;ajz; &ruf&Sdefrsm; wufvm&NyDjzpfaom ausmfOD;uvnf; cifrGef\ zifom;BuD;ukd

qkyfe,fay;aeaom ol\ vufwpfzufukd ajymifususyif cifrGef\ aygifESpfvkH;Mum;xJ
xkd;xnfhum cifrGef\ apmufzkwfukd olr 0wfxm;aom xrDav;ay: rSyif qkyfvkduf
e,fvkduf yGwfvkduf oyfvkdufjzifh vkyfay;aeawmh&m cifrGef zifom;BuD;rSmvnf;
qkdzmaykdY jyefí usoGm;NyD; olr aygifESpfvkH;rSm um;[í vm&awmh/ umvMumatmif
a0;uGmcJh&aom cspfol ESpfOD; terf;uawmh &SnfMumvGef;vSawmh\/
twefMumoGm;aomtcgwGifawmh ESpfa,mufpvkH; touf&IoHrsm;rSm jyif;xefvmcJh&NyD;
wpfOD;ukd wpfOD; zufíxm;aom olwkdY vufrsm;onfvnf; wif;MuyfpGm
qkyfukdifzufwG,frdvmMuawmh\/
xkdtcgwGifawmh ausmfOD;onf olUESKwfcrf;rsm;ukd cifrGef\ ESKwfcrf;rsm;qDrS cGmum
&kwfw&uf qkdzmay: rS xvkdufNyD; cifrGef ukd,fvkH;av;ukd ayGUum qufwDpm;yGJay: okdY
yufvufvSefum wifvkduf\/ NyD;awmh ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ xrDav;ukd qGJí olr\
cg;qDokdY vSefwifvkdufNyD; olY ykqkd;ukdvnf; cRwfcsvkdufavawmh/
xkdtcsdefwGifawmh pm;yGJav;ay: rSm yufvufav;jzpfaeaom cifrGefu xGufay: ívmaom
axmifrwfí oHacsmif;ozG,f ausmfOD;\ ndKndKrJrJ vD;wefBuD;ukd tmomirf;irf;jzifh Munfaerd\/
wcsdefu cifrGef\ tysdK&nfukd xkd;azmufcJhonfrSmonfvD;wefBuD;yifjzpfawmhonfukd cifrGef
owd&vkdufrd\/
ausmfOD;uvnf; ykqkd;uRwfoGm;NyD;onfESifh cifrGef&Sd&mokdY wkd;uyfí vmum pm;yGJpGef;rS
wGJavmif;usaeaom olr\ ajcaxmufav;rsm;ukd vufESpfzufjzifhrum ol\
ykckH;wpfzufwpfcsufqDokdY wifvkduf\/
ausmfOD;tvkyf&IyfaepOfrSmyif cifrGefu olr\ tuÐs&ifbwfav;ukd zGifhí abmvD
tuÐsukdyg cRwfay;xm;vkdufawmh/ cifrGefY ajcaxmufESpfacsmif;ukd ykckH;wpfzuf
wpfcsufqDokdY wifNyD;onfESifh ausmfOD;onf pkdpkdpGwfpGwfav; jzpfaeNyDjzpfaom
cifrGef\ apmufywf0okdY vD;wefBuD;ukd
awhum zdoGif;vkdufawmh&m cifrGefuvnf; aumhay;vkdufojzifh vD;wefBuD;rSm
apmufywfBuD;xJokdY wqkH;yif avsmueJ 0ifoGm;awmh\/
olUxufuJ-Zmwfodrf;
------------------------------------------------------------------xkdtckdufrSmyif ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ EkdYESpfvkH;ukd vSrf;í qGJukdifvkdufNyD; ol\ vD;wefBuD; ukd
cifrGef\ apmufywfBuD;xJrS qGJí rxkwfao;bJ zdoGif;xm;um cifrGef\EkdYtkHY av;rsm;ukd ESpfcsuf
oHk;csufavmuf zspfnSpfvkdufNyD;rS olr\ EkdYoD;acgif;av;rsm;udk vufndK; vufrwkdYjzifh
nSyfum yGwfay;vkdufNyD; cg;ukdtm;jyKum cifrGef\ apmufywfxJokdY wqkH;0ifaeaom ol\
vD;wefBuD;ukd
Zaum0dkif;0kdif;um vSnfhay;vkdufav\ / csufcsif; qdkovkdyif cifrGef\ apmufywfxJrS
apmuf&nfrsm;
&TJueJ &TJueJ jzpfvmNyD; olr\ zifom; jzLjzLBuD;rsm;onfvnf; vIyfvIyf&G&G jzpfvmavawmhonf/
]]tkd ; . . tukd . . [ifh . . tif; [if;}}
Zaum0dkif; vSnfhum vIyfay;aeaom ausmfOD;\ vD;wefBuD;u cifrGef\ apmufywf0 tay: em;&Sd
apmufpdav;ukdyg yGwfí xdaeavawmh&m cifrGefonf toJxJxdatmif ckdufí oGm;&awmh\/
]] [if ; . . tukd . . us . . us . . r raewwfawmhbl; . . [ifh . . tif; }}
cifrGefu olr\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd xGefYxGefYvl;um rcsdwifuJ jzpfvm&aom tcsdefwGifawmh
ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ apmufywfxJrS ol\ vD;wefBuD;ukd avQmueJ qGJxkwfum vkd;awmhonf
ausmfOD;u wpftm;aumif;aumif;jzifh aqmifhum vkd;aeNyD; cifrGef\ apmufywfxJwGifvnf;

apmuf&nfrsm;ESifh jynfhvQHaeaom 0ifv;DxGufoHrsm;rSm qlnHí aeawmhonf/
ukwifapmif;ykHpH vkd;jzpfaeaomaMumifhvnf; ausmfOD;\ vD;wefBuD;rSm cifrGef\
apmufywfBuD;xJokdY
tukeftpif0ifí ae&um tm;&yg;&aqmifhí vkd;vkdufwkdif; azmif;um;aeaom ausmfOD;\
vD;wefxdyfBuD;onf cifrGef\ om;tdrf0okdY ajz;ajz; wkdufae&mu cifrGef\ yg;pyfav;rSm
yGifhí yGifhí oGm;cJh&NyD; wtifhtifhjzifh jzpfumae&\/
cPtMumwGifawmh ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ ukd,fvkH;av;ay: okdY arSmufí csum olr\
ukd,fvkH;av;ukd zufvkdufNyD; cifrGef\ EkdYav;rsm;ukd b,fjyefnmjyef pkdYvkdufNyD; ol\
aqmifhtm;ukdvnf; ravsmhapyJ cyfjyif;jyif; aqmifhumvkd;ae\/ xkdYaMumifh cifrGefonf
olrapmufywf\ xJrS ausmfOD;\ vD;'PfESifh EkYdpkdYay;aeaom ausmfOD;\ yg;pyf'PfwkdYukdyg
cHae&onfjzpfí cifrGefcrsm tdrfaxmifonfjzpfayr,fh tomav;rsm;yif
wqwfqwf wkefatmif aumif;ae&awmh\/
]]zGwf . . jyGwf . . tifh . . [if; . . tif; . . jyGwf . . zGwf . .
trav; . . tukd&,f . . [if;[if; . . }}
rMumrDrSmyif cifrGefESifh ausmfOD;wkdY\ wukd,fvkH;onf t&omrsm; tDpdrfhí
vm&um ausmfOD;\ pdwfxJwGif tm;rvkd tm;r&jzifh jzpfum vm&ouJhokdY
cifrGef\ ukd,fvkH;av;onfvnf; vl;um ysHum wufvm&awmh\ /
xkdtcgwGifawmh ausmfOD;onf cifrGef\ ukd,fvkH;av;ay: wGif arSmufíxm;aom
ol\ ukd,fvkH;MuD;ukd MuGum ausmfOD;\ vufESpfzufu olr\
cg;av;ukd qGJukdifí tm;ukefaqmifhum vkd;aeawmhonf/
]]trav; . . [if; aumif;vkdufwm tukd&,f}}
ausmfOD;\ jyifxefaom aqmifhvkd;csufrsm;ukd cifrGefuvnf; olr\
zifom;BuD;rsm;ukd vl;vl; vSdrfhvSdrfhjzifh wefjyefaumhay;&if; wcPav;twGif;rSmyif
olwkdYESpfa,mufvkH;onf wpfcsDNyD;oGm;&awmh\/ xkdtcgwGifawmh ausmfOD;u
jAKef;ueJ cifrGef\ ukd,fay: arSmufum olr\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd MuHK;í
zufvkdufovkd cifrGef\ zifom;BuD;rsm;uvnf; pm;yGJpGef;rS MuGum
yifhajrSufum aumhay;vkdufawmh\/aomufav aomufav iwfrajy qkdwmrsdK;vkd
ausmfOD;ESifh cifrGefwkdYuawmh tawGU\aemufukd vkdufygMuvdrfhOD;rnfom jzpfawmh\
___________
xkdaeYu bkdifpukyf&kHrSxGufí wd&dpmäef&kH? a&Twd*kHbk&m; ponfjzifh wifwifylqmaom
ae&mrsm;okdY vkdufykdYcJh&ao;\/ 'Dvkdqkdawmhvnf; taESmiftzGJUrSvGwfvkdufaom
orifysdKrav;\ toGifjzifh pumawG wwGwfwGwf ajymum
uRefawmf\ vufarmif;ukd[D;av;ckdvkdY vkdufygawmh\
]]rrukdvnf; wifwif tm;emw,f tukdYukdvnf; cspfw,f
'ku©ygyJ wifwif aoypfvkduf&ifat;r,f xifw,f}}
]]a[m ajym&if; qkd&if; rkdufvmNyD 'Du jyefMu&if tukd
rD;pifMunfhNyD;aeMur,f [kwfvm;}}
]]tukdvJ wifwifukd *&kpkdufygaemf wifwif tukdY&ifcGifxJrSmyJ
aecsifw,f tukdYukd wifwif odyfcspfwmyJ}}
]]at;yg pdwfraumif; rjzpfygeJYawmh cav;&,f jzpforQ taMumif;aygh
olYzl;pmygwhJ twkdif;aygh ? tukdvnf; wifwifukd odyfcspfw,f?
roifhawmfwJh udpörkdYom tukd pOf;pm;ae&wm}}
]]t[kwfvm; tukd wifwif 0rf;omvkdufwm tukdeJY tr xm;&mu
wifwif aeyghr,f wifwifhukd rpdrf;um;ygeJYaemf}}

wifwifrS uEGJUuvsESifh oempzG,f ajymojzifh uRefawmfh&ifrSm qkdYeifhí oGm;\/
nae ig;em&DavmufwGif tdrfokdYjyefvmMuaomtcg wifwifukdom tdrfokdY
jyefvGwfí uRefawmfu vrf;xdyf t&ufqkdifwGif0ifí usefcJh\/
t&ufqkdif 0ifxkdifNyD;í cPMumrS uRefawmf\ rdef;r trGefonf qkdufum;jzifh
tdrfzufokdY jyefoGm;onfukd trSwfrxif vSrf;í jrifvkduf&av\/
__________
jzpfysufcJhonfrSm ,ckqkdvQif wpfvyif ausmfcJhayjyD/ uRefawmf t&ufrl;ívmvQif
uRefawmfh\ ZeD; trGeftm; ]]a[h ig rdef;rwpfa,muf awGUaew,fuGm tJ'g
r,lvkdY rjzpfawmhbl; rif; twlwl ae&r,faemf}} tp&Sdojzifh ajymovkdvdkjzifh
aoG;wkd;prf;&m t&m&mwGif uRefawmfh tvkdukdom vkdufí tMudKufukd aqmifwwfaom
trGefonf csufcsif;yif toGiftjyif ajymif;oGm;um ]][if; bm&rvJ twlwl aezkdYrsm;awmh
a0;vkdufwm? trGefYukd rcspf&if uGmjyD; cspfwJholukd ,laygh }}
[k cg;cg;oD;oD;yif jiif;ojzifh olYukdyif renf; acsmharmh&jyefonf/
trGefa&m a,mufcrBuD;uyg uRefawmfESifh wifwifukd cRif;csufr&Sd pdwfcsae\/
uRefawmf\ ZeD; cifrGefuvnf; 'D&ufawGMum;wGif tdrfuyfonf[líyifr&Sd/
tjyifxGufwm rsm;ae\/ ,ck wpfvausmfumvtwGif; 4-5 BudrfrQ uRefawmfESifh
wifwifwkdY ESpfa,mufwnf; tdrfrSm xm;cJhojzifh xkdtcGifhta&;rsdK;ukd wrf;waeaom
wifwifonf vlvpfvQif vpfovkd uRefawmf\ &ifcGifwGif;okdY ajy;0ifum uEJGUu&
wGwfwD;wGwfwm oem;zG,f&m ikdwpfcg &DwpfvSnfh cspf#Dum zGJUawmh\/
&[Eåmvnf; r[kwf? EGm;vnf; r[kwfaom uRefawmfu wifwifESifh rSm;NyD;&if;
rSm;&if;jzpfum ESpfa,mufpvkH;onfvnf; wpfa,mufukd
wpfa,muf pGJvef;pGmjzifh tcspfawG ykdumaecJh&awmh\
tysufysufESifh ESmacgif;aoG; xGufacsNyD/ wifwifum; b,fokdYrQ ajzmif;zsí &awmhrnfr[kwfay/
,cktcsdefrS uRefawmfu odyfwm;aejyef&ifvnf; odyfr[kwfawmhacs/
uRefawmf rSm;,Gif;ay;cJhrdaom "gwfykHpmtkyfBuD;ukd touf 18 ESpfausmfrQom &Sdao;aom
wifwifu &Ia'gifh trsdK;rsdK;rS Munfhum udavomumr &m*pdwfawG xMuGaomif;usef;vmykH&\/
aemufwGif uRefawmfESifh ywfoufí pdwful;,OfvmykH&onf/ pdwful;,Of,Ofjzifh
vifpkHr,m;zuf tdyfpufaom uRefawmf\ tdyf,may: 0,f
uRefawmf jyeftvmukd rSef;umvmí tdyfaeawmhonf/
jyefa&mufvmaom uRefawmfuvnf; trl;orm;wkdY xkH;pHtwkdif; rdef;rukd uvdawmh\/
wifwifrSm aoG;om;awmifhwckdufjzpfí bmwpfckrQrajym ?
uRefawmf\ ZeD; toGif aqmifaevkdufao;\/
,ckrSmum ; wifwifonf zkdowå0g\ txdtawGU0,f epfajrm&if; t&l;trl;
jzpfae&Smacs\/ uRefawmfu olYtvkdukd vkdufí tMudKufaqmifEkdifatmif a&SUqufrnfokdY
pDpOf&rnfvJ . . . .
uRefawmfonf a&SUquf&rnfh c&D;twGuf pdwfav;um acgif;&Iyfwkdif;
t&ufukdomvQif zdaomufvQuf&Sd\/ uRefawmfhwGif xGufayguf wpfckawmh &Sd&ayrnf /
tenf;qkH; uRefawmfhtjzpfukd zGifh[wkdifyifí aqG;aEG;Ekdifonfh olwpfOD;awmh &Sd&efvkdtyfayonf/
uRefawmf\ q&m OD;tkH;cifukd owd&rd\/ oltvkyfrS yifpif ,loGm;onfrSm
ig;ESpfcefYrQ &SdNyDjzpf\/ uRefawmfonfyifvQif olESifh rawGUonfrSm 2 EspfausmfrQ&SdNyDjzpf\/
uRefawmfonf t&ifu a&mufcJhzl;aom q&m OD;tkH;cif\ tdrfokdY xGufvmcJhawmh\/
__________

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tESif; a,mufsm;eJY jzpfwJh rdef;uav;u rif;wkdY&yfuGufxJrSmyJ aewm vdyfpm twdtusawmh
rod&ao;bl;uG ? tJ'guGm qef;jrifh rif;u pkHprf;NyD; rdef;rcsif;awGUvkdY&atmif rif;yJ
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uRefawmf\ acgif;xJwGif rkdufueJyif wpfcsufjzpfoGm;&avawmhonf /

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