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Impact Requirements For Low Temperature Applications
The rules in ASME 8 Div 1 Section UCS 66 provide a good guide to reducing the risk of brittle fracture. Materials are divided into 4 groups: A) high risk to D) low risk:A) B) C) D) Materials with low toughness or materials that don’t fit into the other groups. Most materials fit into this group Low strength materials; such as an SA516 Grade 60, note: grade 70 goes in B Tough fine grain steels, all normalised grades of SA516.

If in doubt assume A As thickness is increases so does the risk of brittle fracture; therefore the temperature before impacts tests are required must get warmer. This is the basis of Fig UCS 66, which plots each material group between MDMT (Minimum Design Metal Temperature) and thickness. If the MDMT falls below the appropriate material curve (A to D), Impact testing is mandatory. However if the item is not highly stressed there is less risk of brittle fracture, Fig UCS66.1 permits the impact test temperature to be raised if the full material thickness is not required. If the resulting test temperature exceeds the values in UCS 66, impact testing is not required. Residual stresses are present in all welded structures and can be up to yield point in magnitude. Whilst these stresses will not cause failure by yielding, they could drive a brittle fracture. Therefore stress relief is mandatory on thick material that is prone to brittle fracture (UCS 56). Allowances for stress relief is built into the code rules, but stress relief of any item when its not required will permit an increase in the impact test exemption temperature (UCS68c). Welding defects can also cause brittle fracture; therefore when material thickness exceeds a certain limit, full radiography is required. (Table UCS 57). The toughness of weld metal must also be demonstrated by production test plates, which are mandatory if impact testing is required. As the strength of the material increases so does the risk of brittle fracture, particularly as thickness increases. Therefore higher absorbed energy is required from strong materials above a certain thickness. (Fig UG 84.1). The following two programs compute the impact requirements of Fig UCS 66 and Fig UCS 66.1. Fig UCS 66 Impact test exemption curves Enter thickness described in Fig UCS 66.3, which must be between 0.25 inch and 6 inch, and click the calculate button. If the MDMT is below the calculated values, impact tests are required, unless except by UCS66.1.

then its -155°F.02 0 C -29. The above reductions can’t be applied to an MDMT colder than -155°F.8 then E* = 0.24 0 D= 0 C 0 FIG UCS-66.1 Reduction in Min Design Metal Temp Without Impact Testing Enter either ratio defined below and click the calculate button.8. if the actual joint factor is less than 0.13 0 F F F F B= -19.35 or less. but excluding any thinning or corrosion allowance. the MDMT can be as low as -42°C (32°C below -10°C.26 Enter Thickness mm Impact test exemption temperature 20. Impact testing is required if the MDMT is below: -55°F. impact tests are not required.84 69. -104°C .24 0 C= -34.51 0 A= 0. The impact test temperature can be made warmer by the calculated temperature difference. E* is the joint factor.) Ratio = Required calculated thickness x E* Actual thickness less corrosion and any thinning allowances Ratio = Calculated Stress NOT including joint factor x E* Design Stress x E {Actual Joint Factor} Note: • • • • The required thickness is the minimum thickness calculated by code rules. including a joint factor.07 C 32. -104°C.5. If the new test temperature exceeds the figures calculated above. Example if impact tests are carried out at -10°C and the Ratio = 0. -48°C unless the above ratio is 0.02 0 C -2.

control. materials science. and mathematics. electronics. thermodynamics and heat transfer. and mathematics Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering that encompasses the generation and application of heat and mechanical power and the design. and use of machines and tools. materials science. fluid mechanics. Mechanical engineering involves application of the principles of dynamics. electronics. Total questions 33400 . as both sections contain many exceptions and exemptions. control. fluid mechanics. strength of materials. and use of machines and tools. production. Mechanical engineering involves application of the principles of dynamics. strength of materials. Bottom of Form • Home • Back To Previous Page Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering that encompasses the generation and application of heat and mechanical power and the design. thermodynamics and heat transfer. production.2:5 Enter Ratio Temperature Reduction 0 0 0 C 0 F UCS66 and UG84 MUST be read very carefully before any decision is made concerning impact testing.

There is a dial attached concentrically with the pendulum shaft. THEORY AND PRINCIPE Toughness depends fundamentally upon the strength and ductility. The scale is designed such that the Impact energy absorbed in breaking the specimen can be read directly in joules. . The pendulum shaft is fitted in anti friction bearings. Let W -be the weight of hammer (w=21. The property of the material relating to the work required to cause repute has been termed as toughness. The range with in which the pendulum is swinging is partially protected by the guard.025kg). A latch is provided for operating the latch and releasing the pendulum. In this experiment a specimen of definite dimensions are subjected to a hammer blow caused by a pendulum of known weight kept at a known height. The pendulum is clamped to the pendulum shaft. A separate striker for Izod test is provided. The pendulum consists of the pendulum pipe and the pendulum hammer of U shaped design.\ Get updates Supervisors Supervise this category! Recent Activity ID3250350361 added In steel member What is the difference between UPN and UPE to Mechanical Engineering 43 minutes ago ID2038833963 asked What is the role of static and current electricity producing in lightning and said it was the same as What are the roles of static and current electricity in producing lightning 18 Oct 2010 10:43 ID1993536672 added Is arc welding good for the evironment to Mechanical Engineering 18 Oct 2010 10:09 ID1384136279 asked When is unilorin's provisional list 20102011 out and said it was the same as Is unilorin's addmission list out 18 AIM To study the toughness property of the materials EQUIPMENT Impact testing machine: DESCRIPTION OF MACHINE The Pendulum impact Testing Machine consists of the robust frame. the specimen support and measuring dial. Into this the striker is mounted for conducting Charpy Impact test.

Energy loss. Knowing the values of w. Wait till the pendulum reverses its swing. But. Clamp the latching tube to the bearing housings at the side. Care is to be taken that the notch on the specimen should face the pendulum striker. Initial potential Energy of the pendulum at A. Adjust the pointer along with the pointer carrier on 168. 10mm x 10mm cross section and in the centre of length of flat. The test piece is gripped vertically with the root of the notch in the same plain. Land the energy loss can be calculated for various values of and calibration curve can be drawn by plotting energy loss on the Y. Carefully retard the swinging pendulum by operating the brake. PROCEDURE Fix the proper striker to the bottom of the hammer with the help of clamping device. Remove the broken specimen by loosening the clamping screw. Charpy test Specimen The Charpy U-notch impact test consists of test specimen notched in the middle and supported at each end.L -the length of the hammer (L=814. The specimen for Izod test is firmly clamped in the specimen support with the help of clamping screw and setting gauge. Now simply raise the pendulum manually and latch in. The test piece which is machined all over shall be 55mm long.1 reading on the dial when the pendulum is hanging free vertically. 10mm x 10mm cross section.44mm) – Angle measured from vertical up to the Initial position of the pendulum. A. Specimen The Izod Impact test consists of notched test piece 75mm long. Operate the lever so that the pendulum is released and the specimen is hit.axis. there will be . . Izod Test. Initial position of the pendulum. Note down the Impact energy. Final energy of pendulum at C.Angle measured from the vertical up to the position of pendulum after breaking the specimen.axis and on the x-axis and on the X.

the end stop is provided. Note down the impact energy. PROCEDURE Fix the Charpy striker firmly to the bottom of the hammer with the help of clamping device. For correct centering of the specimen. Fig: Specimen for the Charpy Test Did you like this? Share it: . Place the specimen should be placed in such a Way that the notch is opposite to the direction of impact of the pendulum.a U notch of 5mm deep with 1mm root radius. Firmly clamp the latching tube to the bearing housing on the inclined face. Wait till the pendulum is reversing its direction of motion and begins to swing slow. Thereafter. Operate the lever so that the pendulum is released and the specimen is hit. Raise the hammer manually and latch in. The plain of symmetry of notch shall be perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. bring the pendulum carefully to stand still position by applying the pendulum break.

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