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# Instructional Sequence Beginning of Class (2 minutes) o Greet Students as they walk in the door o As students settle into their

r seats, they will begin the warm-up projected on the screen. While students do the warm-up, I will take attendance. Go Over Agenda (2-5 minutes) o Students will be paused in their warm-up work. As a class we will go over Announcements, the Warm-up question, and the Agenda for today. Students will be notified of any homework for the evening (completing their GeoTerms) and also what the next day of class will be covering (Reading Notes/Physical Processes). o By going over the agenda, this will establish the purpose of the lesson. Students will know what is expected and what information will be discussed. o Students will then have time to complete the warm-up. Discuss Warm-Up (5 minutes) o The warm-up is a way to either activate prior knowledge or to introduce a new topic. The warm-up is usually determined depending on what was covered the previous day. As this is a new unit, I will try to have a question that will introduce the material for the day. For this lesson, I plan to have the warm-up be: Name two natural forces that change the Earths surface. Provide two examples of landforms created. o Does the Earth look the same as it looked in the past? o What would make it change? Introduction o We often use terms about the earth to show how sturdy and stable things can be: "Steady as a rock" , "Between a rock and a hard place," "Heart of stone," "Solid as a rock," o But the truth is that the earth is constantly changing. Sometimes the changes are very slow. Sometimes the changes are fast and violent. Through this chapter, you will study the physical processes that change the earth in Russia. Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics (10-15 minutes) o First were going to look at one specific example of a natural force that changes the Earths surface Volcanoes! o What is tectonic movement? It is the movement that occurs below the earth's crust that results in changes on the surface. It builds mountains. o Do you think that volcanoes can change the way the Earth looks. (Yes.) Based on what they already know about volcanoes, what might cause the changes? (Lava, ash, explosions.) Explain that when the hot lava stops flowing and cools, it can create rocks or new land that looks very different from the original landscape, and that volcanic activity is responsible for shaping much of how the earth looks today. o Show Video http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kids/forces-of-naturekids/volcanoes-101-kids/ o Explain that more than half of the worlds active volcanoes are in this ring that circles the Pacific Ocean. (Ring of Fire) Explain that this has to do with the boundaries, or spaces, between continental plates. o Can you name some of the countries that contain volcanoes in the Ring of Fire. (Answers can include: U.S., Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Russia, New Zealand, Chile, Mariana Islands, Tonga.)