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Instructional Sequence Beginning of Class (2 minutes) o Greet Students as they walk in the door o As students settle into their

r seats, they will begin the warm-up projected on the screen. While students do the warm-up, I will take attendance. Go Over Agenda (2-5 minutes) o Students will be paused in their warm-up work. As a class we will go over Announcements, the Warm-up question, and the Agenda for today. Students will be notified of any homework for the evening (completing their GeoTerms) and also what the next day of class will be covering (Reading Notes/Physical Processes). o By going over the agenda, this will establish the purpose of the lesson. Students will know what is expected and what information will be discussed. o Students will then have time to complete the warm-up. Discuss Warm-Up (5 minutes) o The warm-up is a way to either activate prior knowledge or to introduce a new topic. The warm-up is usually determined depending on what was covered the previous day. As this is a new unit, I will try to have a question that will introduce the material for the day. For this lesson, I plan to have the warm-up be: Name two natural forces that change the Earths surface. Provide two examples of landforms created. o Does the Earth look the same as it looked in the past? o What would make it change? Introduction o We often use terms about the earth to show how sturdy and stable things can be: "Steady as a rock" , "Between a rock and a hard place," "Heart of stone," "Solid as a rock," o But the truth is that the earth is constantly changing. Sometimes the changes are very slow. Sometimes the changes are fast and violent. Through this chapter, you will study the physical processes that change the earth in Russia. Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics (10-15 minutes) o First were going to look at one specific example of a natural force that changes the Earths surface Volcanoes! o What is tectonic movement? It is the movement that occurs below the earth's crust that results in changes on the surface. It builds mountains. o Do you think that volcanoes can change the way the Earth looks. (Yes.) Based on what they already know about volcanoes, what might cause the changes? (Lava, ash, explosions.) Explain that when the hot lava stops flowing and cools, it can create rocks or new land that looks very different from the original landscape, and that volcanic activity is responsible for shaping much of how the earth looks today. o Show Video o Explain that more than half of the worlds active volcanoes are in this ring that circles the Pacific Ocean. (Ring of Fire) Explain that this has to do with the boundaries, or spaces, between continental plates. o Can you name some of the countries that contain volcanoes in the Ring of Fire. (Answers can include: U.S., Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Russia, New Zealand, Chile, Mariana Islands, Tonga.)

Example of Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics (5 minutes) o Japans Earthquake o Show short article o How does an earthquake occur? When tectonic plate meet a lot of friction can lock them together for long period of time. Pressure builds up. When the pressure gets too great the plates come unstuck with great force. That energy is felt in the form of an earthquake. o Shifting plates and rising water The sudden movement of the Pacific tectonic plate under the North American plate caused a massive earthquake and a tsunami. Physical Processes (5 minutes) o Introduction activity have students crumple a piece of paper o What do you notice about the new shape? o Does everyones paper look the same? Why not? o Thinking about the surface of the Earth, what does your paper remind you of? o Thinking about Russia, what are some physical features that might be represented? Complete Preview 17 Worksheet (10 minutes) o Add physical features to the map of Russia provided Ural Mountains Read pg 251 Chp 17: Russias Varied Landscape introduction (5 minutes) o Look at picture on pg 250 What do you see in this photograph? What do the different colors and shades represent? What might this satellite image teach about the landscape of Russia? o What are physical processes? What do they do? They are natural forces that build up land into mountains and other breakdown the land into valleys and plains. Physical Processes: natural forces that change the landscape (can build the land up like mountains, or wear it down, like valleys and plains) Four types that we will be looking at o Tectonic movement o Erosion o Volcanic activity o Glaciations Complete the rest of Preview 17 worksheet (5 minutes) Work on GeoTerms read 252-253 o Students will have time to begin working on their GeoTerms, and hopefully complete them, so no homework! Wrap-Up (2 minutes) o I will remind students about what we will be doing the next day (GeoTerms and Reading notes)