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Plan Implementation

STEP 1:
Collecting, Organizing,
& Analyzing School Data
STEP 2:

SIP
Planning
Cycle

Identifying Core
Values, Crafting
the School’s
Vision, Mission
STEP 3:
Determining
School Goals &
Objectives

Planning should
be based on an
objective
analysis of the
current school
situation.
A wrong
assessment of
the situation
leads to wrong
interventions.

What do we need as a tool to help us
in the Situation Analysis process?
Several tool and approaches are made
available to us to consider, however, we
need a tool that enables us to facilitate
the:
• identification of problems;
• determination of the causal
relationship between problems;
and
• identification of goals and
objectives .

Problems are arranged into core areas of organizational operations called streams.SWOT A situation analysis approach that surfaces the various internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats that might affect an organization PROBLEM ANALYSIS A situation analysis approach that surfaces problems faced by an organization/project. . It produces a STREAMS DIAGNOSTIC CHART. facilitates the determination of the causal relationship of problems. It produces a PROBLEM TREE. STREAMS ANALYSIS An organizational development technique which facilitates the identification of problems and their determination of causal relationship.

hierarchical connections are made   Output is visually appealing   . Facilitates the identification of problems PROBLEM ANALYSIS STREAMS ANALYSIS    Facilitates the categorization of problems   Facilitates the determination of causal relationship among problems   Keen on ensuring logical.

Organizations. .Streams Analysis It is an organizational development technique which enables the school team to determine causal relationships of existing problems in the school. have core areas of operations that could be considered as streams. just like schools.

.Streams Analysis The headings in the Data Interpretation Template can be considered as core areas of school operations.

Provision of Access •Personnel •Learning Materials and Equipment •Physical and Ancillary Services •Others .

Quality & Relevance • Learner Performance • Curriculum Implementation/ Instructional Delivery • Staff Development • Others .

Management & Administration • Stakeholders’ Participation • Instructional Supervision • Environment • Management and Administration Performance Indicators • Others .

Let us deepen our analysis of our school’s current situation using the Streams .

Steps Steps in in Streams Streams Analysis Analysis Identify problems in each of the streams A problem is a situation which is dissatisfying and falls short of the expectations & objectives of a specific group of people. They should be formulated as existing negative situations and not as an absence of solutions. .

Data Inferences Positive Inferences Enrolment is increasing Negative Inferences  Student achievement is at 50 MPS and is below the national .

.In stating a Problem… Refrain from stating problems as “Lack of…” or “No…” or “Absence of …” or “Inadequate…” or “Insufficient…” Instead describe the situation which causes the lack of or the absence of something .

. The SRC should be used to identify problems.In stating a Problem… Refrain from making judgment statements as they are vague and evaluative in nature.

In stating a Problem… Refrain from making two or more problems co-exist in a single problem statement. High absenteeism rate due to heavy rainfall which causes the river to overflow High absenteeism rate Heavy rainfall River overflows .

Instead describe the situation why there is a need for such intervention. .In stating a Problem… Refrain from phrasing interventions as problems.

When unsure with the data The current pupil achievement is at 40 MPS which is below the national standard of 75 MPS by 30 MPS Place a border on the metacard .

Organize problems in streams Provision of Access A1 A2 A3 An Quality & Relevance A1 A2 A3 Management & Administration An A1 A2 A3 An Performance Indicators .

Write problems in metacards following these rules: • One idea. 2.Activity Point 1. identify problems experienced by the school. one card • Capital letters only • Take an outsider’s perspective . Based on the inferences made.

Simple Drop-out Rate is at 3.48% which is higher than the national standard of 0% .

Lax enforcement of ordinance regulating operation of video/computer shops within __ kms from the school.Simple Drop-out Rate is at 3.48% which is higher than the national standard of 0% __% of learners are absent during harvest season to help as extra farm hands. Teachers’ teaching strategies are not learnerdifferentiated. ___ percentage of learner absenteeism PLACE METACARDS APPROPRIATELY IN THE STREAMS DIAGNOSTIC CHART .

or remove problems initially identified by the group. Ask group members to present their outputs. . add.Steps Steps in in Streams Streams Analysis Analysis Validate problems in each of the streams. Other SPT members may clarify.

. Pair-wise is simple prioritizing method that puts premium on group consensus and the collective understanding of the members of the team about the problems they face.Steps Steps in in Streams Streams Analysis Analysis Prioritize problems per stream using the Pair-wise method.

.Step 1: Place identified problems per stream in the Pairwise Matrix.

Problems 1. Dilapidated classrooms 3.Insufficient classrooms to accommodate enrollees 2. Problem n 1 Insufficient classrooms to accommodate enrollees 2 Dilapidated classrooms 3 Problem n .

Step 2: Pair-off intersecting problems. .

Insufficient classrooms to accommodate enrollees 2. Dilapidated classrooms 3. Problem n 2 Dilapidated classrooms 3 Problem n 1 1 1 1 3 3 .Problems 1 Insufficient classrooms to accommodate enrollees 1.

Step 3: Count frequency and rank each problem. .

Insufficient classrooms to accommodate enrollees 04 1 2. Dilapidated classrooms 00 3 3.Problems Frequency Rank 1. . Problem 02 2 Arrange problems in each stream following the prioritization.

. 2.Arrange problems in each stream according to priority.Activity Point 1.Prioritize problems identified per streams using the Pair-wise approach.

Determine which problem drives another problem.Steps Steps in in Streams Streams Analysis Analysis Identify cause-and-effect relationship of problems. . An arrow “directed outward” outward is drawn from the problem that has caused the other problem.

Provision of Access A1 A2 A3 An Quality & Relevance A1 A2 A3 Management & Administration An A1 A2 A3 An Performance Indicators .

Let’s have a demonstrati on example. .

.Activity Point • Determine the causal relationship of problems identified “within” and “across” streams.

STREAMS ANALYSIS TREE CHECKLIST Questions YES NO Are statements negatively stated?   Are problems identified real i.e. are these problems backed by data?   Are problems placed in the appropriate streams?   Do problems describe a real situation?   Are the directions of the arrows correct?    Yes  No Comments .