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Contemporary architecture is a broad classification of recent building designs that

has found frequent expression in both residential and commercial buildings.

Architects of contemporary structures are known for creating buildings free from
older historical styles, while also experimenting with some of the many new
materials that are now available to the construction industry. Contemporary
buildings tend to be highly functional and may push the limits of what can be
defined as contemporary architecture.
One area of contemporary architecture that can draw much attention is the roof. In
today's modern world, flat overhanging roofs are a common way to add eyecatching design elements, while providing additional shady regions adjacent to the
structure and still protect the overall structure from the elements. A few bold
architects have even gone so far as to add trees to the top of their buildings to
facilitate natural cooling and also to create a building that is more harmonious with
the natural surroundings.
Interior Space
One of the more important features of contemporary-designed homes is the use of
natural light to illuminate the interior of the building. This goal can be achieved
through the presence of skylights on a flat or low-pitched roof and the prevalence of
large glass areas along the exterior walls. To further distinguish the interior of the
building, large continual spaces may be achieved by the modification or elimination
of many interior walls. Exposed beams, sanded floors and large expanses of lightly
colored ceilings (and walls) are three more characteristics that often add to the airy
feeling of contemporary architecture.
Exterior Materials
In contemporary architecture, exterior walls have sometimes become experimental
canvases for the application of simple natural elements, as well as newly developed
state-of-the-art synthetic materials. In some of these creations, it is not unusual to
see the outside covered with large windows or plates of glass cut in irregular or
unusual shapes. In nearly all situations, decorative trim and molding has been kept
to a minimum and landscaping may be added as an external design element.
Outdoor Relationships
One area where contemporary designers have excelled is by thoroughly
incorporating their newly created buildings into the existing landscape. Not only can
a new house be accented by the use of local materials and colorful landscaping, but
also the earth can be excavated and moved to protect the building or create
intriguing variations in the terrain. Besides adding to the visual appearance, these
modifications can provide temperature moderation during particularly hot or cold

periods of weather. In particular, building berms, which are large mounds of earth
that rest against the exterior, can protect low-lying buildings against the extremes
of temperature.

Born at the turn of the century, National Artist in Architecture Pablo S. Antoniopioneered modern Philippine
architecture. His basic design is grounded on simplicity, no clutter. The lines are clean and smooth, and
where there are curves, these are made integral to the structure. Pablo Jr. points out, "For our father, every
line must have a meaning, a purpose. For him, function comes first before elegance or form". The other
thing that characterizes an Antonio structure is the maximum use of natural light and cross ventilation.
Antonio believes that buildings "should be planned with austerity in mind and its stability forever as the aim
of true architecture, that buildings must be progressive, simple in design but dignified, true to a purpose
without resorting to an applied set of aesthetics and should eternally recreate truth".

FEU Administration Building

The FEU Administration Building was also constructed by Pablo Antonio a decade after the Nicanor
Reyes Hall. It is located at the opposite end of the campus quadrangle that features a facade with
geometric architectural details, horizontal windows, and a balcony that extends into a viewing deck
at the second floor to observe the activities in the quadrangle.
The Art Deco-inspired FEU Theater can be found inside the Administration Building. It has an atrium
that has a rounded skylight on top with concentric rings of glass that overlaps which allow the
passage of air and at the same time prevents the rainwater from coming inside. The atrium floor is
made up of alternating light and dark narra hardwood that directs the people to a circular shaft that
allows the light to dive into the offices and classrooms in the lower floors.

Leandro V. Locsin
Architecture (1990)
Leandro V. Locsin, architect, has reshaped the urban landscape with a distinctive architecture reflective of
Philippine Art and Culture. He believes that the true Philippine Architecture is "the product of two great
streams of culture, the oriental and the occidental... to produce a new object of profound harmony." It is this
synthesis that underlies all his works, with his achievements in concrete reflecting his mastery of space and
scale. Every Locsin Building is an original, and identifiable as a Locsin with themes of floating volume, the
duality of light and heavy, buoyant and massive running in his major works. From 1955 to 1994, Locsin has
produced 75 residences and 88 buildings, including 11 churches and chapels, 23 public buildings, 48
commercial buildings, six major hotels, and an airport terminal building.

Philippine International Convention Center

The Philippine International Convention Center (Filipino: Sentrong Pangkumbensyong Pandaigdig ng

Pilipinas, or PICC) is a convention center located in the Cultural Center of the Philippines complex in Pasay,
Metro Manila, Philippines. This state-of-the-art facility has been the host of numerous local and foreign
conventions, meetings, fairs, and social events.

The PICC was also the home of the office of the Vice President of the Philippines until 2005. It also
previously housed the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office.
Cultural Center of the Philippines
The Cultural Center of the Philippines (Filipino: Sentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas, or CCP) is a government
owned and controlled corporation established to preserve, develop and promote arts and culture in the
Philippines.[1][2] The CCP was established through Executive Order No. 30 s. 1966 by President Ferdinand
Marcos. Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government, it receives an annual subsidy
and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination.[1]
[3] The CCP is headed by an 11-member Board of Trustees, currently headed by Chairperson Emily Abrera.
Its current president is Raul Sunico.
The CCP provides performance and exhibition venues for various local and international productions at its
eponymous 62-hectare (150-acre) complex located in the Cities of Pasay and Manila. Its artistic programs
include the production of performances, festivals, exhibitions, cultural research, outreach, preservation, and
publication of materials on Philippine art and culture. It holds its headquarters at the Tanghalang Pambansa
(English: National Theatre), a structure designed by National Artist for Architecture, Leandro V. Locsin.
Locsin would later design many of the other buildings in the CCP Complex.[4]
Juan F. Nakpil
Architecture (1973)
Juan F. Nakpil, architect, teacher and civic leader, is a pioneer and innovator in Philippine architecture. In
essence, Nakpil's greatest contribution is his belief that there is such a thing as Philippine Architecture,
espousing architecture reflective of Philippine traditions and culture. It is also largely due to his zealous
representation and efforts that private Filipino architects and engineers, by law, are now able to participate
in the design and execution of government projects. He has integrated strength, function, and beauty in the
buildings that are the country's heritage today. He designed the 1937 International Eucharistic Congress
altar and rebuilt and enlarged the Quiapo Church in 1930 adding a dome and a second belfry to the original

jos Mara V. Zaragoza

Architecture (2014)
Jos Mara V. Zaragoza's place in Philippine architecture history is defined by a significant body of modern
edifices that address spiritual and secular requirements. Zaragoza's name is synonymous to modern
ecclesiastical architecture. Notwithstanding his affinity to liturgical structures, he greatly excelled in secular
works: 36 office buildings, 4 hotels, 2, hospitals, 5 low-cost and middle-income housing projects; and more
than 270 residences - all demonstrating his typological versatility and his mastery of modernist architectural
Zaragoza graduated from the University of Santo Tomas in Manila in 1936, passing the licensure
examinations in 1938 to become the 82nd architect of the Philippines. With growing interest in specializing
in religious architecture, Zaragoza also studied at International Institute of Liturgical Art (IILA) in Rome in
the late 1950s, where he obtained a diploma in liturgical art and architecture. His training in Rome resulted
in innovative approaches, setting new standards for the design of mid-century Catholic churches in the
Philippines. His prolificacy in designing religious edifices was reflected in his body of work that was
predominated by about 45 churches and religious centers, including the Santo Domingo Church, Our Lady of
Rosary in Tala, Don Bosco Church, the Convent of the Pink Sisters, the San Beda Convent, Villa San Miguel,
Pius XII Center, the Union Church, and the controversial restoration of the Quiapo Church, among others.
Zaragoza is a pillar of modern architecture in Philippines buttressed by a half-century career that produced
ecclesiastical edifices and structures of modernity in the service of God and humanity.

Meralco Building
The Meralco Building , a.k.a. Lopez Building, is located at Ortigas Avenue in the City ofPasig, Metro Manila. It
is a fourteen-storey building designed by Architect Jose Maria Zaragoza and built by Engr. Eduardo A.
Santiago. The building houses the offices of major electric enterprise of the Lopez Clan, the Manila Electric
Company or Meralco. Located at the basement of the building is the Meralco Theater, that has a 1000 sitting
capacity. During the June 16, 1990 earthquake that registered 7.7 on the Richter scale that hit Metro Manila,
the building did not suffer any damage.

In the building, the architect used the the 1960 architectural medium of brise-soleil. A series of vertical concrete
elements were bordered by monolithic concrete towers. There was the phalanx of twenty-nine curved vertical
members which were installed as a concave curtain between solid rectangular masses. The sun baffles which
functions as a screen to the sunlight and deflect the torrential rain also creates brightness in the architecture of
the building. The two towers were designed like two people supporting each other with a bridge that connects
elevators in the service core of the structure, as their hands.