PHYSICS 198-102B - Some formulae and constants

F = ma, F = mg, p = mv
v = vo + at x = vo t + at
1 2 2 2 + 2ax v 2 = vo

F = IAB sin θ F = qvB sin θ τ = NIAB Bstr . wire = µ o I (2π r ) Bsolenoid = µ o nI Bloop center = µ o I (2r ) F / A = µ o I1 I 2 (2π L) Φ = B⊥ A = BA cosθ

Prefixes 10 12 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10
6 3

tera (T ) giga (G ) mega ( M ) kilo ( k ) milli ( m ) micro ( µ ) nano ( n ) pico ( p ) femto ( f ) atto ( a )

ac = v 2 r , v = rω

ω = 2π f , T = 1 f
P = ∆W ∆t = Fv ∆W = F∆x cosθ KE = mv , PE = mgh
1 2 2

10 − 3
−6 −9

F = kQ1Q2 r

2

E = F q , ∆PE = Q∆V V = kQ r , E = kQ r 2 E = V d , Q = CV C = κε o A d Energy stored = 1 2 QV
1 =1 C 2 CV = 2 Q 2 2 2 Energy density = 1 2 κε o E

ε = N∆Φ ∆t ε = Blv ε = NBAω sin(ω t )
Vs V p = N s N p

10 −12
−15 −18

ε = − L∆I ∆t , N = nA
L = µ o N 2 A A, ( for solenoid ) I = I o (1 − e −t ( L R ) ) I = I o e −t ( L R ) Energy stored =
1 2 1 2

Constants k = 9 .0 × 10 9 N ⋅ m 2 C 2

LI 2
2

ε o = 8 .85 × 10 −12 C 2 N ⋅ m 2 µ o = 4π × 10 − 7 T ⋅ m A
e = 1 .60 × 10 −19 C c = 3 .00 × 10 8 m s m e = 9 .11 × 10 − 31 kg m p = 1 .67 × 10 − 27 kg 1 eV = 1 .6 × 10 −19 J

I = ∆Q ∆t, R = R1 + R2 + ... 1 R = 1 R1 + 1 R2 + ... V = IR, R = ρL A

Energy density = B / µ o X L = ω L, X c = 1 (ω C ) Z = R2 + ( X L − X C )2 Vrms = I rms Z , Vo = I o Z P = Vrms I rms cosφ tan φ = ( X L − X C ) R cosφ = R Z Current gain = I out I in Voltage gain = Vout Vin v = fλ , Energy = hf hf = KEmax + Wo

ρ T = ρ o (1 + α ∆T) RT = Ro (1 + α ∆T)
P = VI = I 2 R = V 2 R I = I o sin (ω t ) Vrms = Vo 2 , I rms = I o 2 Q = Qo( 1 − e −t RC ) Q = Qo e −t RC , τ = RC C = C1 + C 2 + ... 1 C = 1 C1 + 1 C 2 + ..

π = 3 .14159
e (exp) = 2 .71828 h = 6 .63 × 10 − 34 J ⋅ s g = 9 .8 m s 2 = 9 .8 N kg

λ = h p, E = mc 2
density = mass volume

1

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