Form 4

CHAPTER 3 FORCES AND PRESSURE

Pressure
• Pressure is defined as the force per unit area. Pressure, P = F / A • Pressure in liquids, P = h ρg A = area of base h = depth of base g = gravitational field strength ρ = density of liquid

Pascal’s principle
• Pascal’s Principle states that in a confined fluid, an externally applied pressure is transmitted uniformly in all directions.

Archimedes’ Principle
• Archimedes’ Principle states that an object, whether completely or partially immersed in a fluid, is acted on by a buoyant force, which is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid.

Bernoulli’s Principle
• Bernoulli's Principle states that in a steady flow of fluid, the pressure decreases when the velocity of the fluid increases and the converse is also true.

1 B 2A 3C 4. i. B iiB iii C ivD

5B 6B 7A 8D 9C

14B 15C 16B 17D

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