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Electromagnetic Theory Questions and Answers

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Answers - Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Poisson and Laplace equation”.

V = x2 + y2 – z2. State True/False.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Grad (V) = 2xi + 2yj – 4zk. Div (Grad (V)) = Del2(V) = 2+2-4 = 0. It satisfies the

Laplacian equation. Thus the statement is true.

a) Maxwell equation

b) Ampere equation

c) Laplace equation

d) Steady state equation

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The Poisson equation is given by Del2(V) = -ρ/ε. In free space, the charges will be

zero. Thus the equation becomes, Del2(V) = 0, which is the Laplace equation.

3. If Laplace equation satisfies, then which of the following statements will be true?

a) Potential will be zero

b) Current will be infinite

c) Resistance will be infinite

d) Voltage will be same

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Laplace equation satisfying implies the potential is not necessarily zero due to

subsequent gradient and divergence operations following. Finally, if potential is assumed to be

zero, then resistance is zero and current will be infinite.

4. Suppose the potential function is a step function. The equation that gets satisfied is

a) Laplace equation

b) Poisson equation

c) Maxwell equation

d) Ampere equation

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Step is a constant function. The Laplace equation Div(Grad(step)) will become

zero. This is because gradient of a constant is zero and divergence of zero vector will be zero.

5. Calculate the charge density when a potential function x2 + y2 + z2 is in air(in 10-9 order)

a) 1/6π

b) 6/2π

c) 12/6π

d) 10/8π

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The Poisson equation is given by Del2(V) = -ρ/ε. To find ρ, put ε = 8.854 x 10-12 in

air and Laplacian of the function is 2 + 2 + 2 = 6. Ρ = 6 x 10-9/36π = 1/6π units.

6. The function V = exsin y + z does not satisfy Laplace equation. State True/False.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Grad (V) = exsin y i + ex cos y j + k. Div(Grad(V)) = exsin y – exsin y + 0= 0.Thus

Laplacian equation Div(Grad(V)) = 0 is true.

a) Point form of Gauss law

b) Integral form of Gauss law

c) Point form of Ampere law

d) Integral form of Ampere law

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The point of Gauss law is given by, Div (D)= ρv. On putting

D= ε E and E=- Grad (V) in Gauss law, we get Del2 (V)= -ρ/ε, which is the Poisson equation.

8. Find the charge density from the function of flux density given by 12x – 7z.

a) 19

b) -5

c) 5

d) -19

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: From point form of Gauss law, we get Div (D) = ρv

Div (D) = Div(12x – 7z) = 12-7 = 5, which the charge density ρv. Thus ρv = 5 units.

9. Find the electric field of a potential function given by 20 log x + y at the point (1,1,0).

a) -20 i – j

b) -i -20 j

c) i + j

d) (i + j)/20

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The electric field is given by E = -Grad(V). The gradient of the given function is

20i/x + j. At the point (1,1,0), we get 20i + j. The electric field E = -(20i + j) = -20i – j.

10. When a material has zero permittivity, the maximum potential that it can possess is

a) ∞

b) -∞

c) Unity

d) Zero

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: Permittivity is zero, implies that the ability of the material to store electric charges

is zero. Thus the electric field and potential of the material is also zero.

Theory Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Resistance and Capacitance”.

1. Find the resistivity of a material having resistance 20kohm, area 2 units and length of 12m.

a) 6666.6

b) 3333.3

c) 1200

d) 2000

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The resistance of a material is given by R = ρL/A. To get ρ, put R = 20 x 103, A = 2

and L = 12. We get ρ = 3333.3 units.

a) 37 kohm

b) 37 Mohm

c) 48 kohm

d) 48 Mohm

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Orange refers to number 3. Violet refers to number 7. The third colour code orange

refers to 103. Thus the resistor value will be 37 kilo ohm.

a) Closed path(short circuit)

b) Open path

c) Not defined

d) Ammeter with zero reading

View Answer

Answer:b

Explanation: When there exists infinite resistance in a path, the current flowing will ideally be

zero. This is possible only for an open path/circuit.

4. Find the time constant in a series R-L circuit when the resistance is 4 ohm and the inductance

is 2 H.

a) 0.25

b) 0.2

c) 2

d) 0.5

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The time constant for an R-L series circuit will be τ = L/R. Put R = 4 and L = 2. We

get τ = 2/4 = 0.5 second.

5. Find the time constant for a R-C circuit for resistance R = 24 kohm and C = 16 microfarad.

a) 1.5 millisecond

b) 0.6 nanosecond

c) 384 millisecond

d) 384 microsecond

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The time constant for R-C circuit is τ = RC. Put R = 24 kilo ohm and C = 16 micro

farad. We get τ = 24 x 103 x 16 x 10-6 = 0.384 = 384 millisecond.

a) 32.67

b) 16.67

c) 6.67

d) 12.33

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Capacitance is related to Q and V as C = Q/V. Put C = 20C and V = 1.2V, we get Q

= 20/1.2 = 16.67 farad.

7. Calculate the capacitance of two parallel plates of area 2 units separated by a distance of 0.2m

in air(in picofarad)

a) 8.84

b) 88.4

c) 884.1

d) 0.884

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Capacitance is given by, C = εo A/d. Put A = 2, d = 0.2, εo = 8.854 x 10-12, we get

C = 8.841 x 10-11 = 88. 41 pF.

8. Compute the capacitance between two concentric shells of inner radius 2m and the outer

radius is infinitely large.

a) 0.111 nF

b) 0.222 nF

c) 4.5 nF

d) 5.4 nF

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The concentric shell with infinite outer radius is considered to be an isolated

sphere. The capacitance C = 4πε/(1/a – 1/b). If b->∞, then C = 4πεa. Put a = 2m, we get C = 4π x

8.854 x 10-12 x 2 = 0.222 nF.

a) Ability of the material to store magnetic field

b) Ability of the material to store electromagnetic field

c) Ability of the material to store electric field

d) Potential between two charged plates

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The capacitance of a material is a measure of the ability of the material to store

electric field. It is the ratio of charge stored to the voltage across the parallel plates.

10. A cable of core radius 1.25cm and impregnated paper insulation of thickness 2.13cm and

relative permittivity 3.5. Compute the capacitance of the cable/km(in nF)

a) 195.7

b) 179.5

c) 157.9

d) 197.5

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Capacitance between coaxial cylinders of inner radius 1.25cm and outer radius 1.25

+ 2.13 = 3.38cm will be C = 2πεL/ ln(b/a). Put b = 3.38, a = 1.25 and L = 1000m, we get C =

1.957 x 10-7 = 195.7 nF.

by staff10

a) Easy approach

b) Boundaries are replaced by charges

c) Boundaries are replaced by images

d) Calculation using Poisson and Laplace equation

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Electrostatic boundary value problems are difficult if Poisson and Laplace equation

is solved directly. But method of images helps us to solve problems without the equations. This

is done by replacing boundary surfaces with appropriate image charges.

2. Calculate the electric field intensity of a line charge of length 2m and potential 24V.

a) 24

b) 12

c) 0.083

d) 12.67

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The electric field intensity is given by the ratio of potential to distance or length. E

= V/d = 24/2 = 12 V/m.

3. Calculate potential of a metal plate of charge 28C and capacitance 12 mF.

a) 3.33 kohm

b) 2.33 kohm

c) 3.33 Mohm

d) 2.33 Mohm

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Potential is given by V = Q/C. Put Q = 28C and C = 12 mF. We get V = 28/12 x 10-

3

= 2.333 x 103 ohm.

4. Find the dissipation factor when series resistance is 5 ohm and capacitive resistance is 10 unit.

a) 2

b) 0.5

c) 1

d) 0

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The dissipation factor is nothing but the tangent of loss angle of loss tangent. Tan δ

= Series resistance/Capacitive resistance = 5/10 = 0.5.

a) Zero conductance

b) Infinite conductance

c) Zero resistance

d) Infinite resistance

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: Since resistivity is directly proportional to the resistance, when the resistivity is

zero, resistance is also zero. Thus we get zero resistance. The option infinite conductance is also

possible ideally, but it is not possible practically. As there is always some loss in the form of

heat, thus infinite conductance is impossible, but a short circuit (zero resistance) is practically

possible.

6. Find the energy stored by the capacitor 3F having a potential of 12V across it.

a) 432

b) 108

c) 216

d) 54

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The energy stored in a capacitor is given by, E = 0.5 CV2.

E = 0.5 x 3 x 122 = 0.5 x 432 = 216 units.

7. By method of images, the problem can be easily calculated by replacing the boundary with

which polygon?

a) Rectangle

b) Trapezoid

c) Square

d) Triangle

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: When any field or potential needs to be calculated for either line charge or coaxial

cable or concentric cylinder, the method of images uses a triangle which converts the three

dimensional problem to one dimensional analysis. From this, the result can be calculated.

8. Calculate the electric field due to a surface charge of 20 units on a plate in air(in 1012 order)

a) 2.19

b) 1.12

c) 9.21

d) 2.91

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The electric field due to plate of charge will be E = ρs/2εo. Put ρs = 20, we get E =

20/(2 x 8.854 x 10-12) = 1.129 x 1012 units.

9. Find the electric field due to charge density of 1/18 and distance from a point P is 0.5 in air(in

109 order)

a) 0

b) 1

c) 2

d) 3

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The electric field for this case is given by, E = ρl/2πεd. Put ρl = 1/18 and d = 0.5.

We get E = 2 x 109 units.

10. Find the total capacitances when two capacitors 2F and 5F are in series.

a) 5/7

b) 12/7

c) 2/5

d) 10/7

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: Two capacitances in series gives C = C1C2/C1 + C2 = 2 x 5/2 + 5 = 10/7 farad.

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