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8/5/2018 Classification of Folds Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

Engineering Geology Questions and Answers – Classification of Folds –

03

This set of Engineering Geology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Classification
of Folds – 03”.

1. How many types of folds are there with plunge as basis?

a) 4
b) 3
c) 2
d) 5
Explanation: Only two main types are recognized as the types of folds on the basis plunge.

2. What is a plunging fold?

a) Fold with fold axis horizontal
b) Fold with fold axis only vertical
c) Fold with fold axis not horizontal
d) This is not a type of fold
Explanation: Any fold in which fold axis is not horizontal, that is, it makes an angle with the horizontal, may be
described as a plunging fold.

3. A fold in which the folding continues in the direction of the axis of the fold is
a) Plunging fold
b) Non-plunging fold
c) Similar fold
d) Doesn’t exist
Explanation: Any fold in which the axis of the fold is essentially horizontal, that is, the plunging continues
indefinitely in the direction of the axis of the fold is specifically described as non-plunging fold.

4. A fold which is not based on profile of the folded strata is

a) Cheveron fold
b) Conjugate fold
c) Cuspate fold
d) Plunging fold
8/5/2018 Classification of Folds Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

Explanation: Cheveron fold, conjugate fold, cuspate fold are the types of fold based on profile of the fold surface
whereas, plunging fold is based on plunge of the fold.

5. Folds with two hinges and three planar limbs are called
a) Conjugate folds
b) Cheveron folds
c) Cuspate folds
d) Cylindrical folds
Explanation: Conjugate folds are composite folds characterised with two hinges and three planar limbs in which
the central limb is exceptionally flattened.

6. Folds characterized by well-defined, sharp hinge points are called

a) Conjugate folds
b) Cheveron folds
c) Cuspate folds
d) Cylindrical folds
Explanation: Cheveron folds are the folds characterised with well-defined, sharp hinge points and straight planar
limbs.

7. Pick the non-planar fold from the following.

a) Box fold
b) Cheveron fold
c) Conjugate fold
d) Cuspate fold
Explanation: The limbs of the cuspate fields are not planar, they are quite clearly curved becoming concave
upwards in the case of anticlines and concave downwards in the case of synclines.

8. Which of the following is not true about cylindrical folds?

a) They resemble sections of pipes
b) They have very well defined axes of folds
c) These well defined axes are repeated parallel to each other
d) These well defined axes are not repeated parallel to each other
Explanation: Folds in which repetition of axes parallel to themselves is not possible , are classified as non-
cylindrical. The first three statements are true about the cylindrical folds.
8/5/2018 Classification of Folds Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

9. Identify the type of fold shown below

a) Conjugate fold
b) Cheveron fold
c) Cuspate fold
d) Cylindrical fold
Explanation: As we can observe, there are two hinge points and three planar limbs. This is seen in conjugate fold.

10. The hinge joints in cuspate folds are not very sharp. State true or false.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: Cuspate folds are quite clearly curved becoming concave upwards in the case of anticlines and
concave downwards in the case of synclines. The hinge zones are, therefore, not very sharp.

11. Folds which mostly occur in groups are based on

a) Profile of the fold surface
b) Mode of occurrence
c) Plunge
d) Relative curvature
Explanation: Folds which are based on mode of occurrence, rarely occur singularly; more often they occur in
groups.

12. Which of the following about drag fold is not true?

a) The axes of the drag folds are parallel to those of the major folds
b) The drag folds plunge in the same manner as the major folds
c) The layers on the upper side of the drag folds slide away from the synclinal axis
d) The axes of the drag folds are not parallel to those of the major folds