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Cracking Moment Calculation

Rectangular Beam units


M= 25 kip-ft
f'c = 4000 psi
b= 12 in.
h= 18 in.
h gc = 145 pcf
l= 1.00
Ig = bh3/12 = 5832 in4
fr = 7.5 l SQRT(f'c) = 474 psi
flexural tensile stress under input moment = f = 463 psi
b Mcr = 307373 in-lb
Mcr = 25.6 kip-ft
T Beam
beff M= 120 kip-ft
f'c = 3000 psi
beff = 60 in.
bw = 12 in.
hf
d= 24 in.
h h= 32 in.
hf = 5 in.
gc = 145 pcf
l= 1.00
bw yt= 10.81 in.
Ig = bwh3/12 +bwh(yt-h/2)2+(b-bw)hf3/12+(b-bw)hf(hf/2-yt)2= 60185 in4
fr = 7.5 l SQRT(f'c) = 411 psi
Tension Stress in bottom under positive moment = 507 psi
-- psi
Mcr = frI/(h-yt) = 1166625
+
in-lb = 97.22 kip-ft
Mcr- = frI/yt = 2287582 in-lb = 190.63 kip-ft
Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam by ASD

b= 14 in.
d= 24.5 in.
n= 9
As = 3 in 2 d h
M= 120 kip-ft As
f'c = 3000 psi
gc = 145 pcf
Ec = 3,155,924 psi b
n= 9.19 Fs = 20000
nr = 0.079 Fc = 1350
x= 7.98 in. k= 0.326 kb = 0.378
Icr = 9740 in4 j= 0.891 jb = 0.874
fc = Mx/I = 1180 psi
fs = nM(d-x)/I = 21979 psi bd2bal = 6458.595

There are two ways to use this spreadsheet. If you fill in the
yellow colored cells, it will calculate the stress in the
concrete and in the reinforcing steel. Or, you can use
"goal seek" to set the concrete stress equal to an
allowable value (e.g. 0.45f'c) and vary the moment in
cell C12 to determine the moment that would cause the
concrete to reach its allowable stress. Similarly, you can
set the steel stress to an allowable value (e.g. 24,000)
and see what moment would have caused that.
T-Beam Analysis-ASD Input values in cells colored yellow - cells C3 through C9

f'c =
beff
4000 psi
fy = 60000 psi
beff = 38 in.
bw = 10 in. -
d= 16.5 in.
hf = 3 in.
As = 3.16 in2 clear
gc = 145 pcf span
allowable Fs = between
24000 psi
parallel T
allowable Fc = 1800 psi
bw beams bw
Ec =33w1.5sqrt(fc')= 3,644,147 psi
n= 7.958 8.00
r= 0.00504
nr = 0.0403

If x < hf

k=−nρ+ √ nρ2−2nρ=
0.25

x = kd = 4.07 in. x > hf so this analysis is not valid - it acts like a T-Beam
jd = 15.14 in.
Ms = AsFsjd = 1148541 in-lb = 95.71 ft-k <-- CONTROLS
Mc = Fcbd2kj/2 = 2106543 in-lb = 175.55 ft-k -
I=bx /3 + nAs(d-x) =
3 2
4760 in 4

If x > hf: x > hf so this analyse is valid - acts like a T-Beam

x=− +
bw bw √( )
nA s nA s 2 2nA s d b
+
bw
− −1) h2f =
bw
I = bx3/3-(b-bw)(x-hf)3/3+nAs(d-x)2=
( ) 4.17 in2

4747 in4
B= 10.928 C= -54.312

Ms = FsI/n(d-x)= 1155241 in-lb = 96.27 ft-k <-- CONTROLS


Mc = FcI/x= 2047434 in-lb = 170.62 ft-k -
s C3 through C9

hf
d

acts like a T-Beam

s like a T-Beam
Nominal Moment Strength Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam
Units
f'c = 3000 psi
b= 18 in.
d= 27 in.
As = 6 in 2
d h
fy = 60 ksi As
a= 7.84 in.
Mn = 8308.2 in.-k
692.4 kip-ft
b
f Mn = 623.1 kip-ft
ar Beam
Quadratric Solver
ax2 + bx + c = 0

x =( -b + (b2-4ac).5)/2a
2 solutions
a b c x x
7 78 -795 6.454055 -17.59691