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U.S. Missiles

U.S. Missiles



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Published by jb2ookworm
A Collection Of Weapons Systems Obtained From The Federation Of American Scientists'
Military Analysis Network
A Collection Of Weapons Systems Obtained From The Federation Of American Scientists'
Military Analysis Network

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Published by: jb2ookworm on Nov 07, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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FAS Military AnalysisNetworkU.S. Missiles
AIM-7 Sparrow
The AIM-7 Sparrow is a radar-guided, air-to-air missile with a high-explosive warhead.The versatile Sparrow has all-weather, all-altitude operational capability and can attack high-performance aircraft and missiles from any direction. The AIM/RIM-7 series is asemiactive, air-to-air, boost-glide missile, designed to be either rail or ejection launched.Semiactive, continuous wave, homing radar, and hydraulically-operated control surfacesdirect and stabilize the missile on a proportional navigational course to the target.Propulsion for the missile is provided by a solid propellant rocket motor.It is a widely deployed missile used by U.S. and NATO (North Atlantic TreatyOrganization) forces. In the Persian Gulf war, the radar-guided AIM-7 Sparrow proved tobe a potent air-to-air weapon used by Air Force fighter pilots. Twenty-two Iraqi fixed-wing aircraft and three Iraqi helicopters were downed by radar-guided AIM-7 Sparrowmissiles. The Sparrow is limitated by the requirement that the aircraft it is fired frommust continue to paint the target with radar, limiting that aircraft to straight and levelflight.The AIM-7M/P Sparrow Missile is employed during air-to-air combat missions by NavyF-14, Navy and Marine Corps F/A-18, and Air Force F-15 and F-16 aircraft. The AIM-7(series) is used primarily to neutralize the threat of high performance enemy aircraft. It isa supersonic, medium-range missile with Defensive Counter Countermeasurecapabilities, which includes Electronic Protection from Electronic Attack. It guides onradio frequency energy, processing radar signals received via its rear signal receiver fromthe launch platform’s radar system and reflected target energy received directly from thetarget. The AIM-7M/P is controlled in flight by four movable delta platform wings.Missile stability is provided by four fixed delta fins which are located in-line with theforward wings. Missile propulsion is provided by a dual-thrust, solid propellant rocketmotor. An active radio frequency fuze detonates the warhead when the missile is withinlethal range of the target.The missile has five major sections: radome, radar guidance system, warhead, flightcontrol (autopilot plus hydraulic control system), and solid-propellant rocket motor. It hasa cylindrical body with four wings at mid-body and four tail fins. Although externaldimensions of the Sparrow remained relatively unchanged from model to model, theinternal components of newer missiles represent major improvements with vastlyincreased capabilities. Sparrow is a supersonic, medium range, aerial-intercept missile,which guides on RF energy. The missile processes radar signals received directly fromthe launch platform’s radar via its rear signal receiver, and also processes RF energyreflected from the target received by its own internal radar receiver (front signal).Sparrow is controlled in flight by four movable delta platform wings. Missile stability isprovided by four fixed delta fins which are located in line with the forward wings.Missile propulsion is provided by a dual-thrust, solid propellant rocket motor. An activeRF fuze detonates the warhead when the missile is within lethal range of the target. Toincrease performance in either application, air-to-air or surface-to-air, Sparrow contains
switching circuits that automatically program missile operation for optimum performancein the appropriate environment. The Sparrow Weapon System consists of the radar-guided missile; the support equipment consisting of test, handling, and trainingequipment, tools and reusable containers; and the aircraft or ship’s equipment required tolaunch the missile.
Guidance and Control Section.
The GCS tracks a target, directs and stabilizes themissile on a lead-angle navigation course to the target, and starts warhead detonation byuse of an active radar proximity fuze or a backup contact fuze. The guidance system usesenergy reflected from the target and data received from the missile fire control system totrack the target. A comparison of these signals allows the guidance section to sensechanges in target position and create signals used by the control section to controlmovement of the wings and thus maintain course to target intercept. Missile-to-targetclosing speed is derived by a comparison of the signals (doppler shift) received by thefront antenna and the rear reference antenna.
Guidance Section.
The Guidance Section is a solid-state design. The Guidance Section isconstructed modularly and includes a radome, tunnel cable to the control section, forwardantenna, target and rear receivers, an embedded Missile Borne Computer (MBC), a radarfuze unit, and electric gimbaled motors.
Control Section.
The control section consists of an autopilot and a hydraulic controlgroup which provide wing control to guide the missile to the target and to stabilize themissile. An accumulator supplies the hydraulic power to move the wings in response toguidance command signals from the autopilot. In addition to circuits for processingguidance and stabilization signals, the control section also contains an AC/DC converterfor adapting external power for missile requirements before launch.
Warhead Assembly.
The Warhead Assembly includes a fuze booster, transfer lead(WAU-17 warhead only), Safe-Arm Device (SAD), and the main explosive charge. Thewarhead assembly is located between the guidance section and control section. It isconnected electrically to the guidance section by a SAD cable. At launch, a thrust-activated mechanism in the SAD starts the arming cycle. When the missile receives alaunch signal, voltage is applied to unlock the arming mechanism. As the missileaccelerates, the arming rotor turns, aligning the explosive train and removing the shortingcircuit. This completes the firing circuit. Detonation is triggered by a fuze pulse from theactive RF fuzing circuit in the guidance section at the nearest point of intercept or byanimpact switch located in the control section.
WAU-10/B and WAU-10A/B Warhead Assembly.
The WAU-10/B Warhead Assemblyincludes a MK-71 Mod 0 Warhead Section with a MK-33 Mod 0 SAD and MK-33 Mod1 fuze booster. The WAU-10A/B Warhead Assembly is similar to the WAU-10/B exceptit has a MK-38 Mod 2 fuze booster. Both warhead assemblies are of the insulatedcontinuous-rod type.
WAU-17B and WAU-17A/B Warhead Assembly.
The WAU-17B Warhead Assemblyincludes a WDU-27B Warhead Section with a MK-33 Mod 0 SAD, a MK-38 Mod 1 fuzebooster, and a MK-26 Mod 0 transfer lead. The WAU-17A/B Warhead Assembly issimilar to the WAU-17B except it has a MK-38 Mod 2 fuze booster. The transfer leadextends the explosive train from the SAD to the fuze booster. Both warhead assembliesare of the end-initiated blast fragmentation type.

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