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Enercon Finals Assignment 5

Enercon Finals Assignment 5

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Published by: Ezekiel Brizuela on Mar 11, 2012

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Ezekiel M. Brizuela
TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINESCubao, Quezon CityELECTROMECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSIONAssignment No. 5(FINALS)
SINGLE-PHASE TRANSFORMER
Submitted by: Ezekiel M. BrizuelaEC41FA1Engr. Jurieve BagayInstructorFebruary 6, 2012Date

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Ezekiel M. Brizuela
1. What is meant by transformer action? Under what conditions will it take place?Under what conditions will it not take place?
Transformer action is when two coils of wire are inductively coupled; the flux thatpasses through one of them also passes entirely or in part through the other.This fact implies that the coils have a magnetic circuit that is common to both.2. Explain why transformer action can take place in a d-c circuit?
If the flux will created by a varying current through one coil changes, the mutualflux will change; under this condition, there will be created an induced voltage inthe second coil. The secondary induced voltage results because the flux changesthrough the coil, although this flux change is occasioned in the first place by thecurrent change in the first or primary coil.3. If alternating current is impressed on one coil, what will be the frequency of theinduced voltage in another coil with which it is coupled?
The frequency of the induced voltage in the second coil is exactly the same asthe frequency of the induced voltage of the primary.4. Define a static transformer?
Static transformer is a device that most commonly utilizes the principle of thetransformer section.5. Why are transformers more efficient than rotating electric machines?
Transformers are more efficient than the rotating electric machines because thelosses in transformers are low, consisting only of copper and iron losses, theefficiency is extremely high compared with the rotating electrical machines.6. Distinguish between core-type and shell-type transformers.
Core type is the coils surrounded a considerable part of the magnetic part. Theprimary and secondary coils are wrapped around the core sides, with low-voltagecoil leads at the top and the high voltage leads at the bottom.
Shell type is the magnetic circuit surrounds a considerable portion of thewindings. All the primary and secondary coils are assembled, after which theentire coil assembly is dipped in an insulating varnish and baked. The properly

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Ezekiel M. Brizuela
cut laminations are then pushed through the coil opening and are buttoned topieces surrounding the entire coil.7. To what circuit is the primary of a transformer connected? The secondaryconnected?
The primary transformer connected in a a-c system circuit while the secondarytransformer connected to a d-c system circuit.8. Describe how the core and windings of a transformer are assembled.
Rigid bracing is important in transformer assemblies. The laminations and coilswill vibrate with the current changes and thus cause objectionable noise
–
ahumming sound
–
and even insulation failure.9. What advantages are claimed for the transformer that is constructed by windingsteel strips spirally through the openings and around the coils?
The advantages claimed are: a more rigid core; smaller size for a given kilovolt-ampere rating; reduction in strains in the iron, normally set up by clamps; loweriron losses at higher flux densities and reduction in the cost of manufacture.10. Why are transformer windings divided into several coils?
A transformer generally consists of one or more coils (winding) of conductingwire, wound on a former (bobbin) that surrounds the centre limb (sometimes alllimbs) of a circuit of magnetic material (core). The winding wires are insulatedand the core is made from thin sheet steel plates known as laminations (thisreduces 'eddy current' losses). The assembly is held together by metal cheeksknown as clamps, these clamps are held in place by long screws that areinsulated from the rest of the structure (again to limit eddy currents). The windingwires are either made off to terminals mounted on the clamps or the wire mayleave the coil by 'flying leads'.11. What is meant by leakage flux?
Any flux that does not do in the transformer action where it exists when flux
–
mutual flux
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couples both primary and secondary.

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