Ezekiel M. Brizuela
1. What is meant by transformer action? Under what conditions will it take place?Under what conditions will it not take place?
Transformer action is when two coils of wire are inductively coupled; the flux thatpasses through one of them also passes entirely or in part through the other.This fact implies that the coils have a magnetic circuit that is common to both.2. Explain why transformer action can take place in a d-c circuit?
If the flux will created by a varying current through one coil changes, the mutualflux will change; under this condition, there will be created an induced voltage inthe second coil. The secondary induced voltage results because the flux changesthrough the coil, although this flux change is occasioned in the first place by thecurrent change in the first or primary coil.3. If alternating current is impressed on one coil, what will be the frequency of theinduced voltage in another coil with which it is coupled?
The frequency of the induced voltage in the second coil is exactly the same asthe frequency of the induced voltage of the primary.4. Define a static transformer?
Static transformer is a device that most commonly utilizes the principle of thetransformer section.5. Why are transformers more efficient than rotating electric machines?
Transformers are more efficient than the rotating electric machines because thelosses in transformers are low, consisting only of copper and iron losses, theefficiency is extremely high compared with the rotating electrical machines.6. Distinguish between core-type and shell-type transformers.
Core type is the coils surrounded a considerable part of the magnetic part. Theprimary and secondary coils are wrapped around the core sides, with low-voltagecoil leads at the top and the high voltage leads at the bottom.
Shell type is the magnetic circuit surrounds a considerable portion of thewindings. All the primary and secondary coils are assembled, after which theentire coil assembly is dipped in an insulating varnish and baked. The properly