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np

clVtof/ b'kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u P]g, @)$*


k|df0fLs/0f / k|sfzg ldlt
@)$*.*.$.$

;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g


!=

clVtof/ b'kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u -klxnf] ;+zf]wg_ P]g,


@)$*

@=

#=


@)$(.@.@.^

clVtof/ b'kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ P]g,


@)%(

@)%(.$.#)

s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^#

@)^#.^.@*

$= u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g,


@)^^

@)^^.!).&
@)$* ;fnsf] P]g g+= ##

clVtof/ b'kof]
kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]usf] sfd, st{Jo, clwsf/ / sfo{ljlwsf]
k
;DaGwdf Joj:yf ug{ ag]sf] P]g
k|:tfjgf M clVtof/ b'kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]usf] sfd, st{Jo, clwsf/ / sfo{ljlw
;DaGwdf Joj:yf ug{ jf~5gLo ePsf]n],
>L % dxf/fhflw/fh jL/]Gb| jL/ ljqmd zfxb]jsf] zf;g sfnsf] aL;f}+ jif{df
;+;bn] of] P]g agfPsf] 5 .

kl/R5]b !
k|f/lDes
!=

;+lIfKt gfd, lj:tf/ / k|f/De M -!_ o; P]gsf] gfd clVtof/ b'kof]u


cg';Gwfg cfof]u P]g, @)$* /x]sf]5 .
-@_ of] P]g g]kfne/ nfu" x'g]5 / g]kfnaflx/ hxfF;'s} /x] a;]sf] eP klg
;a} g]kfnL gful/snfO{ nfu" x'g]5 .

of] P]g ;+jt\ @)^% ;fn h]7 !% ut]b]lv nfu" ePsf k|z:tL / clw/fHo zAb lemlsPsf] .

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

-#_ of] P]g t'Gt k|f/De x'g]5 .

@=

kl/efiff M ljifo jf k|;+un] csf{] cy{ gnfu]df o; P]gdf,


-s_ ;+ljwfg eGgfn] g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg, @)^# ;Dg' k5{ .

-v_

cfof]u eGgfn] ;+ljwfgsf]

wf/f !!( adf]lhd ul7t clVtof/

b'kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u ;Dg' k5{ .


-u_

cfo'Qm eGgfn] cfof]usf] k|d'v cfo'QmnfO{ ;d]t hgfpF5 .

-3_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm eGgfn] ;+ljwfg, cGo k|rlnt sfg'g
jf ;DalGwt lgsfo jf clwsf/Lsf] lg0f{o jf cfb]z adf]lhd s'g}
;fj{hlgs clVtof/L k|of]u ug{ kfpg] jf s'g} st{Jo kfng ug{' kg{] jf
bfloTj lgjf{x ug{' kg]{ kbdf axfn /x]sf] JolQm ;Dg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn]
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] s'g} kbdf axfn /x]sf] kbflwsf/L jf sd{rf/L
;d]tnfO{ hgfpF5 .

-_ ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf eGgfn] b]xfosf] ;+:yf ;Dg' k5{ M


-!_

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ jf cf+lzs :jfldTj jf lgoGq0f ePsf]


sDkgL, a}+s jf ;ldlt jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd g]kfn
;/sf/f/f :yflkt cfof]u, ;+:yfg, k|flws/0f, lgud,
k|lti7fg, af]8{, s]Gb|, kl/ifb\ / o:t} k|s[ltsf cGo ;+ul7t
;+:yf,

-@_

g]kfn ;/sf/f/f ;~rflnt jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k"0f{ jf


cf+lzs cg'bfg k|fKt ljZjljBfno, dxfljBfno, ljBfno,
cg';Gwfg s]Gb| / cGo To:t} k|fl1s jf z}lIfs ;+:yf,

-#_

:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g, @)%% adf]lhd ul7t :yfgLo


lgsfo,

-$_

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] C0f, cg'bfg jf hdfgtdf ;~rflnt


;+:yf,




u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f ;+zf]lwt .
u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

-%_

pkv08 -!_, -@_, -#_ jf -$_ df plNnlvt ;+:yfsf] k"0f{ jf


cf+lzs :jfldTj ePsf] jf lgoGq0f /x]sf] ;+:yf,
-^_

g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L

;fj{hlgs ;+:yf elg tf]s]sf] cGo s'g} ;+:yf .


-r_

cg';Gwfg clws[t eGgfn] clVtof/ b'kof]usf] cg';Gwfg / txlssft


ug{ o; P]g adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] JolQm ;Dg' k5{ .

-5_

cg'lrt sfo{ eGgfn] ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] bkmf # df


pNn]v ePadf]lhd u/]sf] s'g} sfo{ ;Dg' k5{ .

-h_ e|i6frf/ eGgfn] e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f ;DaGwL k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd


;hfo x'g] s;'/ ;Dg' k5{ .

-_

clVtof/ b'kof]u eGgfn] v08 -5_ jf -h_ adf]lhdsf] cg'lrt sfo{


jf e|i6frf/ ;Dg' k5{ .

-`_ cbfnt eGgfn] bkmf #$ sf] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cbfnt ;Dg'
k5{ .

-6_ clVtof/jfnf eGgfn] ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmsf] ;]jfsf zt{


;DaGwL k|rlnt sfg'g jf ;Df}tf jf To:t} s'g} lnvtdf Joj:yf
ePsf] clVtof/jfnf ;Dg' k5{ / ;f] zAbn] To:tf] JolQmnfO{ lgo'Qm
ug]{, cjsfz lbg] jf lghsf] sfd sf/afxLsf] ;'k/Lj]If0f ug]{ clwsf/
k|fKt clwsf/L ;d]tnfO{ hgfpF5 .

#=

cg'lrt sfo{ M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] hfgL hfgL jf nfk/jfxL ;fy
b]xfosf] s'g} sfo{ u/]df cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] dlgg]5 M
-s_

cfgf] clwsf/ leqsf] s'g} sfd ug{ OGsf/ u/]sf] jf cfgf] clwsf/
gePsf] s'g} sfd u/]sf],

-v_

s'g} lg0f{o jf cfb]z ubf{ jfWofTds kn] ckgfpg' kg{] sfo{ljlwsf]


kfng gu/]sf],

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

-u_

cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/ ;DalGwt sfg'g, lg0f{o jf cfb]z ljk/Lt cs{}


p2]Zo jf sfo{df k|of]u u/]sf],

-3_

cfgf] thlahL clwsf/ ablgot ;fy jf :j]R5frf/L kdf k|of]u


u/]sf],

-_

cGo sfof{no, clwsf/L jf sd{rf/Lsf] sfo{df cgflwsf/ afwf pTkGg


u/]sf] jf To:tf] sfof{no, clwsf/L jf sd{rf/LnfO{ bjfa lbO{ s'g}
cglws[t sfo{ u/fPsf],

-r_

cfkm"n] ug{' kg{] s'g} sfd gu/L cGo sfof{no jf cGo clwsf/L sxfF
k7fO cfgf] pQ/bfloTj kG5fPsf], ====

-5_

cfgf] kbsf] k|s[lt cg';f/ kfng ug{' kg{] s'g} kbLo st{Jo kfng
gu/]sf],

-h_ cfgf] dftxtdf /x]sf] sd{rf/L jf cfgf] k|efjdf /x]sf] JolQmnfO{


cg'lrt bafa lbO{ jf k|nf]egdf kf/L cfgf] cg's"nsf] sfd u/fPsf], jf

-_ cfkm"nfO{ kbLo x}l;otn] k|fKt pGd'lQm, ;'ljwf jf ;x'lnotsf] b'kof]u


u/]sf] .

kl/R5]b @
cfof]usf] clwsf/If]q ;DaGwL Joj:yfx

$= cfof]usf] clwsf/ If]q M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] s'g} JolQmn] clVtof/


b'kof]u u/]df cfof]un] o; P]g jf cGo k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd cg';Gwfg /
txlssft ug{], d'2f rnfpg] tyf tT;DaGwL cGo sf/afxL ug]{5 .
t/,
-s_

;+ljwfgsf]

wf/f !@) sf] pkwf/f -!_ sf] k|ltaGwfTds

jfSof+zdf n]lvPsf] s'/fdf ;f]xL adf]lhd x'g]5 .

bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]

;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f

lemlsPsf] .
yk .
yk .
;+zf]lwt .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

-v_

;+ljwfg ;ef jf ;ldltsf] a}7sdf ePsf] sfd sf/afxL

jf lg0f{o jf To:tf] a}7sdf s'g} ;b:on] af]n]sf] jf u/]sf]


s'g} sfd s'/fsf] ;DaGwdf jf dlGqkl/ifb\ jf To;sf] s'g}
;ldltn] ;fd'lxs kdf u/]sf] s'g} gLltut lg0f{o /
cbfntsf] Goflos sfd sf/afxLsf ;DaGwdf cfof]un] o;
P]g cGtu{t cg';Gwfg / txlssft tyf tT;DaGwL s'g}
sf/afxL ug]{ 5}g .

%=

^=

;fj{hlgs ;+:yfdf ePsf] cg'lrt sfo{sf] ;DaGwdf cfof]un] sf/jfO{ ug{]

========

af/] M =========s'g} ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfdf ePsf] cg'lrt sfo{sf] ;DaGwdf cfof]un]


cfkm" ;dIf k|ltj]bg k]z ug{' kg{] u/L cfof]udf k/]sf] ph'/Ldf sf/jfO{ ug{sf]
nflu cj:yf cg';f/ ;DalGwt ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf jf ;f] l;t ;DalGwt dflyNnf]
lgsfodf k7fpg ;Sg]5 / To; ;DaGwdf ePsf] sf/jfO{ / lg0f{osf] hfgsf/L
To:tf] lgsfon] cfof]u / ph"/jfnfnfO{ lbg' kg{]5 .
t/ cfof]un] cfjZos b]v]df To:tf] ph'/Lsf] ;DaGwdf k'gM 5fgljg u/fpg jf
cfkm}+n] sf/jfO{ ug{ ;Sg]5 .

&=

thljhL clwsf/sf] k|of]udf cfof]un] k|Zg p7fpg gkfpg]


gkfpg] M s'g}

=============== sfd sf/jfO{sf] ;DaGwdf s'g} clws[tn] cfgf] thljhL clwsf/sf]

k|of]u u/L u/]sf] sfd sf/jfO{ jf lg0f{onfO{ lnP/ cfof]un] o; P]g cGtu{t s'g}
sf/jfO{ rnfpg] 5}g .
t/ To:tf] thljhL clwsf/sf] k|of]u ubf{ ablgot;fy jf :j]R5frf/L
lsl;daf6 k|of]u ul/Psf] b]lvPdf To; ;DaGwdf sf/jfO{ rnfpg o; bkmfdf
n]lvPsf] s'g} s'/fn] cfof]unfO{ afwf k'ofpg] 5}g .




u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f ;+zf]lwt .
u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f lemlsPsf] .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f lemlsPsf] .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f lemlsPsf] .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

kl/R5]b #
cg'lrt sfo{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfx

*= cg'lrt sfo{ ;DaGwL ph'/L M -!_ ;fj{hlgs lxt jf ;/f]sf/sf] ljifodf


k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ u/L s;}n] cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf]df hf];'s}n] klg / ;f] afx]s
cGo ljifodf cg'lrt sfo{af6 k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ JolQmn] cfof]u ;dIf ph'/L
lbg ;Sg]5 .
t/, cg'lrt sfo{af6 k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ JolQmsf] d[To' e};s]sf] jf To:tf]
JolQm zf/Ll/s jf dfgl;s czQmtfn] ubf{ ph'/L lbg g;Sg] cj:yf ePdf
lghsf] xsjfnf jf ;+/Ifsn] klg To; ;DaGwdf ph'/L lbg ;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd s;}sf] ph'/L gk/] tfklg ;fj{hlgs lxt jf
;/f]sf/sf] ljifodf k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ u/L s;}n] cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] ;DaGwdf
cfof]unfO{ cGo s'g} ;|f]taf6 hfgsf/L k|fKt ePdf cfof]un] o; P]g adf]lhd
cg';Gwfg / txlssft tyf tT;DaGwL cGo sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ph'/L ubf{ ;fj{hlgs lxt jf ;/f]sf/sf] ljifodf
c;/ kg]{ u/L cg'lrt sfo{ eP u/]sf]df hlxn];'s} klg ph'/L ug{ ;lsg]5 / ;f]
afx]ssf cGo ljifodf To:tf] sfo{ eP u/]sf] yfxf kfPsf] ldltn] k}+tL; lbgleq
ph'/L ug{' kg]{5 .
-$_ ph'/jfnfn] ph'/ ubf{ ph'/Lsf] ;dy{gdf cfkm";Fu ePsf] jf cfkm"n]
k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] k|df0f ph'/L ;fy k]z ug{' kg]{5 .

(=

ph'/Lsf]
Lsf] ;gfvt
;gfvt M cg'lrt sfo{af6 k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ JolQmn] :jo+ cfof]udf
pkl:yt e} ph'/L lbPsf]df afx]s x'nfsaf6 jf cGo s'g} k|sf/n] cfof]udf
ph'/L k7fPsf]df To:tf] ph'/L k|fKt ePsf] ;ft lbgleq ;f] ph'/L ;gfvt ug{
cfof]un] cg'lrt sfo{af6 k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ JolQmnfO{ cfof]udf pkl:yt x'g]
;"rgf k7fpg' kg{]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

t/ ph'/Lsf] Joxf]/faf6} ;f] ph'/L tYodf cfwfl/t gePsf] jf c:ki6 jf


e|dk"0f{ b]lvPdf cfof]un] To; ;DaGwdf s'g} sf/jfO{ gug{] lg0f{o ug{ ;Sg]5 .
To:tf] lg0f{osf] ;"rgf cfof]un] oyfzL3| cg'lrt sfo{af6 k|lts"n c;/ kg]{
JolQmnfO{ lbg' kg{]5 .

!)=

;DalGwt ldl;n / k|df0fsf lnvtx lsfpg] M ph'/Lsf] Joxf]/f /


tT;DaGwdf ph"/jfnfn] s'g} k|df0f k]z u/]sf] eP ;f] k|df0faf6 ph'/Ldf pNn]v
eP adf]lhd ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] ;+g' kg{]
dgfl;j sf/0f ePdf cfof]un] tT;DaGwL ldl;n jf k|df0fsf lnvtx
;DalGwt sfof{no, kbflwsf/L jf JolQmaf6 bflvn u/fpg ;Sg] 5 / To;
;DaGwdf dxTjk"0f{ hfgsf/L lbg ;Sg] s'g} JolQm eP cfof]un] To:tf]
JolQml;t ;f]wk"5 ug{ ;Sg]5 .

!!= ljefuLo sf/afxL ;DaGwL sfo{ljlw M -!_ cfof]un] u/]sf] cg';Gwfgaf6


;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] b]lvPdf jf ljZjf;
ug{'kg]{ dgfl;a sf/0f ePdf cfof]un] To:tf] JolQmnfO{ lgh pk/ k/]sf]
ph'/Lsf] cg';Gwfgaf6 k|fKt ljj/0f pNn]v u/L ;f] ;DaGwdf :ki6Ls/0f k]z
ug{ dgfl;a Dofb tf]sL ;"rgf lbg' kg]{5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ;"rgf lb+bf ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm
pk/ k/]sf] ph'/L / ;f] ;DaGwdf ePsf] cg';Gwfgaf6 k|fKt ljj/0f / lgh
pk/sf] cf/f]k s'g s'g s'/f / sf/0fdf cfwfl/t 5 / ;f] cf/f]k 7xl/Pdf s] s:tf]
ljefuLo sf/afxL jf ;hfo x'g] xf] ;f] ;d]t v'nfpg' kg]{5 .

!@= ljefuLo sf/afxLsf nflu n]vL k7fpg]


k7fpg] M -!_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf]
JolQmn] bkmf !! sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] Dofbleq :ki6Ls/0f k]z gu/]df jf lghn]
k]z u/]sf] :ki6Ls/0f cfof]unfO{ ;Gtf]ifhgs gnfu]df cfof]un] lghnfO{ ;r]t
u/fpg jf s;'/sf] dfqf cg';f/ sf/0f / cfwf/ v'nfO{ ljefuLo ;hfo ug{
clVtof/jfnfnfO{ n]vL k7fpg ;Sg]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd n]vL cfPdf ;DalGwt clVtof/jfnfn] pko'Qm


;hfo k|:tfj u/L tLg dlxgfleq k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd ljefuLo sf/afxL u/L
;f]sf] hfgsf/L cfof]unfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . s;}sf] ph'/L k/L sf/afxL k|f/De ul/Psf]
/x]5 eg] ;f]sf] hfgsf/L ph'/jfnf ;d]tnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd n]vL k7fPsf] Dofbleq ;DalGwt clVtof/jfnfn]
dgfl;a sf/0f k/]df afx]s ljefuLo sf/afxL gu/]df lghn] o; P]g adf]lhdsf]
cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] dfgL cfof]un] sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 .

!@s=cGo
!@s=cGo cfjZos sf/afxLsf nflu n]vL k7fpg]
k7fpg] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf]
JolQmn] cg'lrt sfo{ u/L

=== === ===, g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{

xflg, gf]S;fgL k'ofPsf]df To:tf] xflg gf]S;fgL ;DalGwt JolQmaf6 el/e/fp


ug{ jf cfof]un] pko'Qm 7fg]sf] cGo cfjZos sf/jfxL ug{sf nflu ;DalGwt
lgsfo jf clwsf/LnfO{ n]vL k7fpg]5 .

!@v=b'
!@v=b'ikl/0ffd ;Rofpg cfb]z lbg] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] u/]sf]
cg'lrt sfo{af6 pTkGg b'ikl/0ffd k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd ;Rofpgsf nflu
cfof]un] ;DalGwt clwsf/L jf lgsfonfO{ n]vL k7fpg ;Sg]5 .
t/ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] u/]sf] lg0f{o pk/ k|rlnt
sfg'gadf]lhd k'g/fj]bg nfUg] /x]5 eg] cfof]un] To:tf] lg0f{o k|efljt x'g] u/L
n]vL k7fpg] 5}g .

!@u= cfof]unfO{ hfgsf/L lbg' kg]


kg]{ M bkmf !@s= jf !@v= adf]lhd n]vL cfPsf]df
;DalGwt lgsfo jf clwsf/Ln] To;/L n]vL cfPsf] ldltn] tLg dlxgfleq n]vL
cfP adf]lhd sf/afxL u/L ;f]sf] hfgsf/L cfof]unfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f lemlsPsf] .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

kl/R5]b $
e|i6frf/ ;DaGwL Joj:yfx
e|i6frf/ ;DaGwL ph'/L M -!_ e|i6frf/sf] ;DaGwdf s;}sf] ph'/L jf s'g}

!#=

;|f]taf6 cfof]unfO{ k|fKt ePsf] hfgsf/Lsf] cfwf/df cfof]un] o; P]g adf]lhd


cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ug{ jf cGo sf/jfO{ rnfpg ;Sg]5 .
-@_ bkmf @( df n]lvP b]lv afx]s e|i6frf/sf] ;DaGwdf ;f] sfo{ ePsf]
kfFr jif{leq cfof]un] sf/jfO{ grnfPdf ;f] cjlwkl5 To; ;DaGwdf o; P]g
cGtu{t s'g} sf/jfO{ rnfOg] 5}g .
t/ ;/sf/L jf ;fj{hlgs ;DklQ jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jfldTj ePsf]
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] ;DklQ lxgfldgf u/L e|i6frf/ u/]sf]df s'g} xbDofb nfUg]
5}g .
!$=

e|i6frf/ ;DaGwL k|f/lDes 5fglag M -!_ s'g} ph'/L jf k|ltj]bg k/L jf cGo
s'g} >f]taf6 cfof]unfO{ s'g} hfgsf/L k|fKt e} ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn]
e|i6frf/sf] ck/fw u/]sf] 5 eGg] ljZjf; ug{' kg{] dgfl;j sf/0f ePdf cfof]un]
To;sf] k|f/lDes 5fglag uf]Ko kdf ug{]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] ck/fwsf] k|f/lDes 5fglag ubf{
cfof]un] o; P]g cGtu{t cg';Gwfg / txsLsftsf] ;DaGwdf cfof]unfO{ k|fKt
clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg]5 .

!%=

hfgsf/L tYok"0f{ b]lvPdf ;DalGwt JolQm;u


JolQm;u :ki6Ls/0f dfUg] M bkmf !$
sf] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd e|i6frf/sf] s'g} ck/fwsf] k|f/lDes 5fglag ubf{
ph'/L k|ltj]bg jf cfof]unfO{ k|fKt hfgsf/L tYok"0f{ b]lvPdf cfof]un] cf/f]ksf]
;+lIfKt ljj/0f pNn]v u/L To:tf] ck/fw ug{] JolQm / ;f] ck/fwdf d'l5Psf
cGo JolQmx;Fu :ki6Ls/0f dfUg ;Sg]5 .

!^= cleo'QmnfO{ y'gfdf /fVg] M -!_ cfof]un] e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf sf/afxL rnfPsf]
s'g} JolQmn] s'g} k|df0f nf]k jf gfz ug{ ;Sg] jf cfof]usf] sf/afxLdf afwf
Jojwfg jf k|lts"n k|efj kfg{ ;Sg] kof{Kt sf/0f ljBdfg ePdf cfof]un]
lghnfO{ k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd y'g'jf k"hL{ lbO{ y'gfdf /fVg ;Sg]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

www.lawcommission.gov.np

www.lawcommission.gov.np

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd y'gfdf /flvPsf] JolQmsf] ;DaGwdf rf}aL;


306fleq txlssft k"/f gx'g] eO{ lghnfO{ y'gfdf /fvL txlssft hf/L /fVg' kg]{
b]lvPdf cfof]un] lghnfO{ cbfnt ;dIf pkl:yt u/fO{ cbfntaf6 cg'dlt
lnP/ dfq y'gfdf /fVg' kg]{5 . ;f] adf]lhd cbfnt;+u cg'dlt dfUbf y'gfdf
k/]sf] JolQm pk/sf] cleof]u, To;sf] cfwf/, lghnfO{ y'gfd} /fvL txlssft
ug{' kg]{ sf/0f / lghsf] aofg sfuh eO{;s]sf] eP aofg sfuhsf] a]xf]/f
:ki6 kdf pNn]v ug{' kg]{5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd y'gfdf /fVg] cg'dltsf] nflu cbfntdf pkl:yt
u/fOPsf] JolQmn] To;/L cbfntdf pkl:yt x'Fbf cfgf] zf/Ll/s hfFrsf] nflu
cbfnt ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .
-$_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd y'gfdf /fVg] cg'dlt dfu]df cbfntn] ;DalGwt
sfuhftx x]/L txlssft ;Gtf]ifhgs kdf eP jf gePsf] ljrf/ u/L
;Gtf]ifhgs kdf txlssft e}/x]sf] b]lvPdf Ps k6sdf Ps dlxgfdf ga9\g]
u/L a9Ldf 5 dlxgf;Dd y'gfdf /fVg] cg'dlt lbg ;Sg]5 .
-%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd y'gfdf /fVg] Dofb yk dfu ubf{ y'gfdf /x]sf]
JolQmn] rfx]df cfkm" y'gfdf /xg' gkg]{ sf/0f / cfwf/ vf]nL ;DalGwt cbfnt
;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .

!&= :jtM lgnDag x'g] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] s'g} JolQmnfO{ cfof]un] bkmf
!^ jf bkmf !( sf] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd y'gfdf /fv]sf]df To;/L y'gfdf /fv]sf]
cjlwe/ / bkmf !* adf]lhd d'2f rn]sf]df ;f] d'2fsf] lsgf/f geP;Ddsf]
cjlwe/ To:tf] JolQm cfgf] kbaf6 :jtM lgnDag ePsf] dflgg]5 . To;/L
lgnDagdf /x]sf] JolQmn] s'g} ;/sf/L sfof{no jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfdf jf g]kfn
;/sf/nfO{ s'g} lsl;dn] k|fKt C0f jf cg'bfg /sddf Jooef/ kg]{ kbdf s'g}
klg lsl;dn] lgo'Qm eO{ sfd ug{ kfpg] 5}g .

!*=

d'2f rnfpg] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm pk/ e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]ksf]


;DaGwdf o; P]g adf]lhd rn]sf] sf/jfO{ / To; ;DaGwdff ePsf] cg';Gwfg
/ txsLsftaf6 lghn] ;f] ck/fw u/]sf] xf] eGg] ljZjf; ug{' kg{] dgfl;j

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

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sf/0f ePdf cfof]un] To; ;DaGwdf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd

d'2f rnfpg

cg';Gwfg clws[t jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] s'g} clwsf/LnfO{ cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 .

kl/R5]b %
cg';Gwfg tyf txsLsft
!(=

cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ;DaGwL cfof]usf] clwsf/ M -!_ o; P]g adf]lhd


cfof]un] clVtof/ b'kof]usf] cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ubf{ b]xfosf clwsf/ k|of]u
ug{ ;Sg]5 M
-s_

s'g} sfof{no jf s'g} JolQmsf] ;fydf /x]sf] ;Da4 ldl;n


jf k|df0fsf] lnvt jf cGo s'g} s'/f cfof]udf k7fpg jf
lglZrt ;doleq cfof]udf k]z ug{ cfb]z lbg], jf

-v_

clVtof/ b'kof]usf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] JolQm jf ;Da4


tYoxsf] hfgsf/L ePsf] eGg] cfof]un] ;D]sf] JolQmnfO{
cfof]udf pkl:yt u/fO{ lghnfO{ ;f]wk"5 ug{] / lghsf]
aofg lng] jf cfjZostf cg';f/ lghsf] gfpFdf aGb
;jfn hf/L ug{] .

-u_

cfof]udf pkl:yt x'g] ;"rgf k|fKt u/]kl5 cfof]un] tf]s]sf]


Dofbleq cfof]udf pkl:yt gx'g] JolQm hxfF;'s} /x] a;]sf]
eP tfklg lghnfO{ kqmfp u/L cfof]udf pkl:yt u/fpg
k|x/LnfO{ cfb]z lbg] .

-@_ clVtof/ b'kof]usf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] JolQmnfO{ cfof]un] :ki6Ls/0f jf


aofg lnO;s]kl5 vf]h]sf] avt xflh/ x'g] sfuh u/fO{ 5f8\g jf tfl/vdf /fVg
;Sg]5 .
-#_ e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf sf/jfO{ rnfOPsf] JolQm kbdf axfn /lx/xFbf
cfgf] lj4sf] k|df0f nf]k jf gfz ug{ ;Sg] jf cg';Gwfg / txsLsftdf afwf
Jojwfg k'ofpg ;Sg] dgfl;j sf/0f ePdf To:tf] JolQmnfO{ kbaf6 lgnDag ug{

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

cfof]un] cj:yfg';f/ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;DalGwt ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{ n]vL


k7fpg ;Sg]5 .
-$_ e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf sf/jfO{ rnfOPsf] JolQm km/f/ e} a]kQf x'g
;Qm5 elg ;Dg' kg{] s'g} dgfl;j sf/0f ePdf jf lauf] xflg gf]S;fgL ePsf]
b]lvPdf cfof]un] lgh;u k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd w/f}6L jf h]yf hdfgt dfUg /
To:tf] w/f}6L jf hdfgt glbPdf lghnfO{ y'gfdf /fVg ;Sg]5 .
-%_ cfof]un] s'g} lnvt jf cGo s'g} j:t' k]z ug{ jf s'g} s'/fsf]
hfgsf/L lbg s'g} sfof{no jf s'g} JolQmnfO{ n]vL k7fPsf] jf s'g} JolQmnfO{
cfof]u ;dIf pkl:yt x'g cfb]z lbPsf]df,
-s_

;f] adf]lhd dgfl;a ;doleq ;f] sfof{non] To:tf] lnvt


jf j:t' k]z gu/]df jf hfgsf/L glbPdf cfof]un]
;DalGwt sfof{nosf k|d'v kbflwsf/L pk/ ljefuLo
sf/jfO{ rnfpg ;DalGwt dGqL jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{
lgb{]zg lbg ;Sg]5 .

-v_

;f] adf]lhd dgfl;a ;doleq To:tf] JolQmn] lnvt jf


j:t' k]z gu/]df jf hfgsf/L glbPdf jf To:tf] JolQm
cfof]udf pkl:yt gePdf lghnfO{ cfof]un] Ps xhf/
k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

-^_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd ljefuLo sf/jfO{ jf hl/jfgf ePkl5 klg s'g}
sfof{no jf JolQmn] cfof]usf] cfb]zsf] kfngf gu/]df ;f] sfof{nosf] k|d'v
kbflwsf/L jf To:tf] JolQmnfO{ kqmfp u/L pkl:yt u/fpg cfof]un] kqmfp k"hL{
hf/L u/L lghaf6 To:tf] lnvt jf j:t' k]z ug{ u/fpg jf cfjZos hfgsf/L
lng ;Sg]5 . To;/L kqmfp ePsf] kbflwsf/L jf JolQmn] To:tf] lnvt jf j:t'
k]z gu/]df jf hfgsf/L glbPdf lghnfO{ cfof]un] a9Ldf ;ft lbg;Dd y'gfdf
/fVg] cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 .
-&_ pkbkmf -%_ adf]lhd cfof]un] ljefuLo sf/jfO{ ug{ lgb{]zg lbPsf] jf
hl/jfgf ug{] lg0f{o u/]sf]df ;DalGwt sfof{nosf] k|d'v kbflwsf/L jf ;DalGwt
JolQmn] cfof]usf] cfb]z kfng ug{ g;s]sf] dgfl;a sf/0f pNn]v u/L To:tf]

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sf/jfO{ jf hl/jfgf x'g' gkg{] elg lgj]bg lbPdf sf/0f ;Gtf]ifhgs b]lvPdf
cfof]un] pQm lgb{]zg jf hl/jfgfsf] cfb]z /2 ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-*_ cfjZostfcg';f/ k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd s'g} 7fpFsf] tnf;L lng] jf
lng nufpg] / To;/L tnf;L lnFbf cfjZos b]lvPsf] s'g} j:t', sfuh jf ldl;n
cfgf] sAhfdf lng jf To:tf] sfuh jf ldl;nsf] k|ltlnlk ptfg{] cfof]unfO{
clwsf/ x'g]5 .
-(_ o; P]gadf]lhd sf/jfO{ rnfpg cfof]unfO{ clwsf/ gePsf]
cj:yfdf afx]s cfof]u ;dIf rn]sf] sf/jfO{df uf]Kotfsf] cfwf/df s'g} hfgsf/L
k|s6 ug{af6 ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] 5'6 kfpg] 5}g .
-!)_ clVtof/ b'kof]u ;DaGwL cg';Gwfgsf] sf/jfO{ ug{] s'g} klg
lgsfo jf kbflwsf/Ln] clVtof/ b'kof]usf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] JolQmn] u/] la/fPsf]
;fdfGo k|df0f ge} ;fj{hlgs k|rf/df cfpg] u/L v'nf sf/jfO{ gu/L uf]Ko /fVg'
kg{]5 .
-!!_ clVtof/ b'kof]u u/]sf] ;DaGwdf /fhg}lts lgo'lQm x'g] kbdf
axfn /x]sf] JolQm jf ;+;bsf] ;b:o pk/ s;}sf] ph'/L k/]df To:tf] ph'/Lsf]
;DaGwdf cfof]un] uf]Ko tl/sfaf6 5fglag ug{' kg{]5 . To;/L 5fglag ubf{
ph'/Ldf n]lvPsf s'/fx k|dfl0ft x'g] cfwf/ b]lvg cfPdf To:tf] ph'/Lsf]
;DaGwdf o; P]gadf]lhd sf/jfO{ rnfO{ cfof]un] /fhg}lts lgo'lQm x'g] kbdf
axfn /x]sf] JolQmsf] xsdf k|wfgdGqLnfO{ / ;+;bsf] ;b:osf] xsdf ;DalGwt
;efsf ;efd'v jf cWoIfnfO{ 5fglagsf] ljj/0f ;lxt ;"rgf ug{' kg{]5 .

-!@_ o; P]gadf]lhd cg';Gwfg / txlssft ub}{ hfFbf ;lnt k|df0fsf

cfwf/df cf/f]k k|dfl0ft x'g g;Sg] ePdf cfof]un] tT;DaGwL ph'/LnfO{ sf/0f
;lxtsf] krf{ v8f u/L tfd]nLdf /fVg ;Sg]5 .
t/ kl5 s'g} gofF k|df0f km]nf k/]df To:tf] ph'/Lsf ;DaGwdf k'gM
cg';Gwfg / txlssftsf] sf/afxL cufl8 a9fpg o; bkmfn] s'g} afwf k'ofPsf]
dflgg] 5}g .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

13

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

-!#_ pkbkmf -!@_ adf]lhd ph'/L tfd]nLdf /fVg] lg0f{o ePsf]df To;sf]

;"rgf ;DalGwt ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm / ph'/jfnfnfO{ lbg' kg]{5 .

-!$_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg e|i6frf/sf

;DaGwdf cg';Gwfg / txlssft ub}{ hfFbf cg'lrt sfo{ u/]sf] b]lvPdf cg'lrt
sfo{df / cg'lrt sfo{sf ;DaGwdf cg';Gwfg / txlssft ub}{ hfFbf e|i6frf/
u/]sf] b]lvPdf e|i6frf/df sf/afxL ul/g]5 .

-!%_ o; P]g adf]lhdsf] cg';Gwfgsf] sfd sf/afxLdf ;xof]u ug]{

cleo'QmnfO{ cfof]un] cfgf] ;fIfLsf] kdf k|:t't u/L lghnfO{ ;hfosf] dfu
bfaLdf k"0f{ jf cf+lzs 5'6 lbg ;Sg]5 .
t/ lghn] u/]sf] ;xof]u cGo ;a'b jf k|df0faf6 k|dfl0ft gePdf jf
lghn] ;DalGwt cbfnt ;dIf cfof]udf u/]sf] ;xof]u k|lts"n x'g] u/L aofg
lbPdf o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg lgh pk/ k'gM
d'2f bfo/ ug{ ;lsg]5 .

@)=

cg';Gwfg clws[t lgo'


lgo'Qm ug{
ug{] M -!_ o; P]g adf]lhd cg'lrt sfo{ jf
e|i6frf/sf] ck/fwsf] k|f/lDes 5fglag jf cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ug{ cfof]un]
cfjZostfg';f/ s'g} cfo'Qm jf cfof]usf] s'g} sd{rf/L jf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] jf
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{ cg';Gwfg clws[t lgo'Qm ug{ jf tf]Sg
;Sg]5 .
t/ cfof]un] s'g} ;/sf/L jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] sd{rf/LnfO{ cg';Gwfg
clws[t lgo'Qm ug{' kbf{ jf tf]Sg' kbf{ cj:yfg';f/ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;DalGwt
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf sfof{nosf] k|d'v kbflwsf/L;Fu k/fdz{ u/]/ lgo'Qm ug{'

bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]
bf];|f]

jf tf]Sg' kg{]5 .

;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f
;+zf]wgf/f

yk
yk
yk
yk
yk
yk

.
.
.
.
.
.

14

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd cfof]uaf6 lgo'Qm ePsf]

jf tf]lsPsf]

cg';Gwfg clws[tn] o; P]g adf]lhd cg';Gwfg / txsLsftsf] ;DaGwdf


cfof]unfO{ k|fKt clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg]5 .

kl/R5]b^
ljljw

@!= ;]jf lng ;Sg] M -!_ cfof]un] of] P]g / cGo k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd cg';Gwfg
/ txlssft tyf tT;DaGwL cGo sf/afxL ubf{ cfjZostf cg';f/ ;DalGwt
ljifosf] ljz]if1 jf ljlzi6Ls[t lgsfosf] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ cfof]un] ;DalGwt ljz]if1 jf
ljlzi6Ls[t lgsfonfO{ lgo'Qm ug]{5 / To;/L lgo'lQm ubf{ cfof]un] To:tf] ljz]if1
jf ljlzi6Ls[t lgsfon] ug{' kg]{ sfd, k|of]u ug{ kfpg] clwsf/, kfng ug{' kg]{
zt{, sfo{ljlw / To:tf] ljz]if1 jf ljlzi6Ls[t lgsfon] kfpg] kfl/>lds tyf
cGo ;'ljwf ;d]t pNn]v u/L ;Df}tf ug{'kg]{5 .
-#_ cfof]unfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ljlzi6Ls[t lgsfosf] sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf
cfjZos k/]df k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg cfof]uaf6 dfu
ePsf] ;dofjlw;Dd sfhdf v6fpg' kg]{5 .

@!s= sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yf


Joj:yf M cfof]usf] sfo{ ;+rfngsf nflu g]kfn ;/sf/n] :jLs[t
b/aGbL cg';f/sf] sd{rf/Lxsf] Joj:yf ug]{5 .

@@=
@@=

k|d'v cfo'Qmn] sfd tf]Sg]


g] M cfof]udf k|d'v cfo'Qmsf] cltl/Qm cGo
cfo'Qmx klg lgo'Qm ePsf]df sfdsf] afF8kmfF8 ug{] / k|To]s cfo'Qmn] ug{]
sfd tf]Sg] clwsf/ k|d'v cfo'QmnfO{ x'g]5 .

@#=

;"rgfsf] uf]Kotf
otf M -!_ o; P]gadf]lhd clVtof/sf] b'kof]usf] cg';Gwfg /
txsLsftsf] l;nl;nfdf cfof]unfO{ k|fKt ePsf] ;"rgf jf hfgsf/L / cfof]un]
a']sf] jf ;+sng u/]sf] k|df0fx hg;fwf/0f jf k|rf/ k|;f/sf dfWodnfO{ k|s6
ug{ x'b}g .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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t/ clVtof/sf] b'kof]usf] cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ug{ jf tT;DaGwL


k|ltj]bg k]z ug{ jf sf/jfO{ rnfpg cfjZos ePsf] ;"rgf jf ljj/0f k|sflzt
ug{ cfof]unfO{ afwf kg{] 5}g .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg cfof]un] pko'Qm
;D]sf] ;fj{hlgs dxTjsf] s'g} s'/fsf] 5fgljg, cg';Gwfg / txsLsft v'nf
kdf klg ug{ ;Sg]5 .

@#s=ljj/0f
Ssf /fVg ;lsg] M -!_ k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s}
@#s=ljj/0f lng jf sf/f]af/ /f]Ssf
s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg e|i6frf/sf] s;'/df cg';Gwfg ub}{ hfFbf s'g} JolQmsf]
:jb]z jf ljb]zdf /x]sf] s'g} a}+s jf ljQLo ;+:yfdf sf/f]af/ ePsf] jf vftf
;+rfngdf /x]sf] hfgsf/L s'g} ;|f]taf6 v'Ng cfPdf cfof]un] To:tf] sf/f]af/ jf
vftf /f]Ssf /fVg cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 . cfof]usf] cfb]zfg';f/ ;DalGwt a}+s ljQLo
;+:yfn] To:tf] sf/f]af/ jf vftf /f]Ssf /fVg' kg]{5 .
t/, ljb]zl:yt a}+s jf ljQLo ;+:yf;Fu To:tf] sf/f]af/ jf vftf /f]Ssf
/fVg k/]df cfof]un] s"6g}lts dfWod dfkm{t sf/f]af/ jf vftf ;+rfng /f]Ssf
/fVg nufpg ;Sg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sf/f]af/ jf vftf /f]Ssf g/fVg] g]kfnl:yt
;DalGwt a}+s jf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] k|d'vnfO{ cfof]un] krf; xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd
hl/jfgf ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ cfof]un] cg';Gwfgsf] qmddf cfjZos 7fg]df ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f
u/]sf] JolQmsf] ;DklQsf] ljj/0f dfu ug{ jf To:tf] ;DklQ /f]Ssf /fVg ;Sg]5 .

@#v= /fxbfgL hf/L gug{ jf /f]Ssf /fVg cfb]z lbg ;Sg]


;Sg] M k|rlnt sfg'gdf
h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg s;'/sf] ufDeLo{tf, cleo'Qmn] s;'/ u/]sf]
cj:yf, l:ylt / s;'/sf] dfqf / s;'/ 7x/]df x'g ;Sg] ;hfosf] cfwf/df
cfof]un] s'g} cleo'QmnfO{ /fxbfgL hf/L gug{ jf hf/L eO;s]sf] eP ;f]
/fxbfgL /f]Ssf /fVg ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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@#u= :yfg 5f]8g\ aGb]h ug{ ;Sg]


;Sg] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] s'g} JolQm pk/
o; P]g adf]lhd sf/afxL rnfPsf]df To:tf] JolQmn] u/]sf] s;'/sf] ufDeLo{tf,
s;'/ ubf{sf] kl/l:ylt jf cj:yf / s;'/ 7x/]df x'g] ;hfosf] dfqf x]/L s'g}
cleo'QmnfO{ cfof]usf] :jLs[lt lagf s'g} :yfg 5f]8\g gkfpg] u/L jf s'g}
:yfgdf hfg gkfpg] u/L cfof]un] cfb]z hf/L ug{ ;Sg]5 .

@$= afwf lj/f]w ug{]nfO{ ;hfo x'g] M o; P]g cGtu{tsf] cg';Gwfg / txsLsft
;DaGwL sfd sf/jfO{df s;}n] afwf lj/f]w u/]df lghnfO{ cfof]usf] k|ltj]bgsf]
cfwf/df ;DalGwt cbfntn] kfr xhf/ k}of;Dd h/Lafgf jf 5 dlxgf;Dd s}b
jf b'a} ;hfo ug{ ;Sg]5 .

@$s= Dofb tfd]n ;DaGwL


;DaGwL Joj:yf M-!_ k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP
tfklg o; P]g cGtu{tsf] s;'/df ljb]zL JolQmsf] gfddf Dofb tfd]n ug{' kbf{
To:tf] JolQmsf] g]kfnleq s'g} lsl;dsf] sfof{no jf k|ltlglw eP To:tf] sfof{no
jf k|ltlglwsf] gfddf Dofb tfd]n ul/g]5 / To;/L tfd]n ePsf] Dofb /Ltk"j{s
tfd]n ePsf] dflgg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sfof{no jf k|ltlglw gePdf To:tf] JolQmsf]
sf/f]af/ x'g] d'Vo :yfg jf lghn] :yfoL a;f]af; ug]{ 7]ufgf jf sf/f]af/ ubf{sf]
avt kqfrf/sf] nflu lghn] lbPsf] s'g} 7]ufgf /x]5 eg] To:tf] 7]ufgfdf 6]n]S;,
6]lnofS; jf clen]v x'g ;Sg] b"/;~rf/sf cGo dfWod dfkm{t jf /lhi6/L u/L
x'nfs dfkm{t Dofb tfd]n ul/g]5 / To;/L tfd]n ePsf] Dofb /Ltk"j{s tfd]n
ePsf] dflgg]5 .
-#_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ljb]zdf /x]
a;]sf] JolQmsf] gfddf Dofb tfd]n ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf g]kfn kIf ePsf] s'g}
;lGwdf 5'} Joj:yf ePsf] /x]5 eg] ;f]xL adf]lhd Dofb tfd]n ug{ o; bkmfn] afwf
k'ofPsf] dflgg] 5}g .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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@$v= ;"rgf k|sfzg ug]{ M o; P]g jf cGo k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd s'g} JolQmsf]
gfddf ;"rgf k7fpFbf jf Dofb tfd]n ubf{ To:tf] JolQmsf] 7]ufgf kQf gnfuL
jf cGo s'g} sf/0fn] To:tf] ;"rgf a'fpg g;lsPsf] jf Dofb tfd]n x'g
g;s]sf] s'/fsf] k|ltj]bg kg{ cfPdf k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
ePtfklg To:tf] JolQmnfO{ tL; lbg;Ddsf] Dofb lbO{ cfof]uaf6 cg';Gwfg
ePsf] jf cbfntdf d'2f bfo/ eO;s]sf] eP ;f] ljifosf] ;+lIfKt ljj/0f pNn]v
u/L pkl:yt x'g /fli6o :t/sf] ;dfrf/kqdf -ljb]zLsf] xsdf c+u|]hL b}lgsdf_
sDtLdf b'O{k6s ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf k|sfzg ul/g]5 / To;/L ;"rgf k|sfzg
ePsf]df o; P]g jf cGo k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
To:tf] JolQmnfO{ /Ltk"j{s ;"rgf lbOPsf] jf Dofb tfd]n ePsf] dflgg]5 .

@$u='
@$u='f ph'/ ug]{nfO{ ;hfo M s;}n] ph'/L lbg] dgfl;a sf/0f geO{ s;}nfO{
s'g} lsl;dsf] xflg gf]S;fgL k'ofpg] jf b'Mv lbg] lgotn] s'g} ;fj{hlgs kb
wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm jf s'g} /fi6;]js jf JolQm pk/ 'f ph'/ lbPsf] 7x/]df
lghnfO{ cfof]un] kfFr xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

@%=

cfof]u, cfo'Qm jf cfof]usf sd{rf/Lsf lj4 d'2f grNg]


grNg] M cfof]un] jf
cfof]usf] s'g} cfo'Qm jf sd{rf/Ln] jf cfof]uf/f v6fOPsf] jf clwsf/
k|Tofof]hg u/]sf] s'g} sd{rf/L jf sfof{non] o; P]g cGtu{t c;n lgotn]
u/]sf] s'g} sfd sf/jfO{sf] ;DaGwdf s'g} cbfntdf d'2f rnfOg] 5}g .

@^=

cfof]un] cGo sfof{no jf sd{rf/Lsf] ;xof]u lng ;Sg] M -!_ clVtof/


b'kof]usf] cg';Gwfg / txsLsftsf] lgldQ cfof]un] k|x/L k|wfg sfof{no,
/fli6o cg';Gwfg ljefu jf To; cGtu{tsf sfof{no nufot g]kfn ;/sf/sf]
s'g} ljefu, sfof{no jf s'g} ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] ;xof]u lng / To:tf] ljefu,
sfof{no jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] s'g} sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf pkof]u ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ cfof]un] cg';Gwfg / txsLsft ug{ nfu]sf] clVtof/sf] b'kof]usf]
k|s[ltaf6 s'g} ljefu, sfof{no jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfdf sfo{/t s'g} ljz]if1;Fu
k/fdz{ ug{' kg{] jf To:tf] ljz]if1nfO{ ;d]t cg';Gwfg / txsLsftdf ;+nUg
u/fpg' kg{] b]lvPdf cfof]un] lghnfO{ s]xL cjlwsf] nflu cfof]udf sfhdf

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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k7fO{ lbg ;DalGwt ljefu, sfof{no jf ;fj{hlgs ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf;u dfu


ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ cfof]un] pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd s'g} ljefu, sfof{no, ;fj{hlgs
;+:yf jf ToxfF sfo{/t s'g} sd{rf/Lsf] ;xof]u dfu]sf]df cfof]unfO{ ;xof]u lbg'
To:tf] ljefu, sfof{no, ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf jf sd{rf/Lsf] st{Jo x'g]5 .

@&=

======= ============ ========

@*= cfof]un] ;'fj lbg ;Sg] M -!_ cfof]un] cfgf] sfd sf/jfO{sf] l;nl;nfdf
hfgsf/Ldf cfPsf] tYoxsf] cfwf/df ;DalGwt sfof{no, kbflwsf/L jf
;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{ b]xfo adf]lhd s'g} ;'fj lbg ;Sg]5 M
-s_

s'g} sfg'g, lg0f{o, cfb]z jf sf/jfO{ cJojxfl/s,


cjf~5gLo jf c;+ut ePsf]n] To;df ;+zf]wg x'g' kb{5
eGg] cfof]unfO{ nfu]df sf/0f ;lxt ;+zf]wgsf] ;'fj lbg],

-v_

s'g} ljifodf cfof]un] g]kfn ;/sf/ jf s'g} ;fj{hlgs


;+:yfaf6 jf g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] s'g}
sfof{no jf kbflwsf/Laf6 ;ts{tf ckgfpg' kg{] jf s'g}
sbd p7fpg' kg]{ b]v]df s] s:tf ;ts{tf ckgfpg jf
sbd p7fpg pko'Qm x'G5 elg ;'fj lbg], jf

-u_

g]kfn ;/sf/ jf s'g} ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfsf] s'g} kl/kf6L jf


sfo{k|0ffnL q'l6k"0f{ 5 eGg] cfof]unfO{ nfu]df To;nfO{
;Rofpg / To;af6 pTkGg ;d:ofsf] lg/fs/0f ug{ sf/0f
/ cfwf/ ;lxtsf] ;'fj lbg] .

-@_ pkbkmf -!_ cGtu{t lbPsf] ;'fjsf] ljj/0f cfof]un]

=== === ===

jflif{s k|ltj]bgdf klg ;dfj]z ug{'k5{ .

@(= cjsfz k|fKt JolQm pk/ d'2f rnfpg ;lsg] M -!_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f
u/]sf] JolQmn] kbdf axfn /x]sf] cj:yfdf u/]sf] clVtof/ b'kof]usf ;DaGwdf

klxnf] ;+zf]wgf/f vf/]h .


u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f lemlsPsf] .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

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To:tf] JolQmn] cfgf] kbaf6 cjsfz k|fKt u/]kl5 klg lgh pk/ sf/jfxL ug{ jf
d'2f rnfpg o; P]gdf n]lvPsf] s'g} s'/fn] cfof]unfO{ afwf k'ofPsf] dflgg]
5}g .
-@_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f
u/]sf] s'g} kbflwsf/Ln] lgh To:tf] kbdf axfn /xFbfsf avt clVtof/ b'kof]u
u/]sf] /x]5 / ;f] ;DaGwdf o; P]gadf]lhd tTsfn sf/afxL x'g ;Sg] /x]g5 eg]
lghn] h'g;'s} Joxf]/faf6 To:tf] kbaf6 cjsfz k|fKt u/]kl5 lgh pk/ o;
P]gadf]lhd sf/afxL ug{ jf d'2f rnfpg afwf kg]{ 5}g .

@(s=d'
@(s=d'2fsf] sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug{ afwf gkg]{ M k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f
n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o; P]g cGtu{tsf] d'2f bfo/ x'g' cufj} jf bfo/ ePkl5
s'g} cleo'Qm jf k|ltjfbLsf] d[To' ePdf klg To:tf] cleo'Qm jf k|ltjfbL pk/
d'2fsf] sf/afxL / lsgf/f ug{ afwf kg]{ 5}g .

@(v=;DklQ
@(v=;DklQ hkmt x'g] M ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] of] P]g jf cGo k|rlnt
sfg'gadf]lhd e|i6frf/ u/L cfh{g u/]sf] ;DklQ / ;]faf6 a9] a9fPsf] cGo
;DklQ ;d]t cfgf] jf c? s;}sf] gfddf /fv]sf] k|dfl0ft ePdf To:tf] ;DklQ
hkmt x'g]5 .
t/, To:tf] ;DklQsf] xs c? s;}nfO{ x:tfGt/0f ul/;s]sf] / To;/L
x:tfGt/0f ubf{ y}nL sfod ePsf] /x]5 eg] ;f] /sd skfnL ;/x x'g]5 .

@(u= ljb]zL JolQmsf] ;DklQ /f]Ssf /fVg cfb]z lbg] M -!_ cfof]un] lbPsf] ;"rgf
jf bkmf @$s= adf]lhd tfd]n ePsf] Dofb adf]lhd cfof]udf pkl:yt gx'g]
s'g} ljb]zL JolQmsf] g]kfnleq s'g} ;DklQ, xs, lxt jf ;/f]sf/ /x]5 eg]
To:tf] JolQm cfof]udf pkl:yt geP;Dd To:tf] ;DklQ, xs, lxt jf ;/f]sf/
cfof]un] tf]s] adf]lhd oyfl:yltdf /fVg jf g]kfnaflx/ n}hfg gkfpg] u/L
cfof]un] cfb]z lbg ;Sg]5 / To:tf] cfb]zsf] kfngf ug{' ;DalGwt ;a}sf]
st{Jo x'g]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cfb]z kfng gug]{ JolQmnfO{ cfof]un] Ps


nfv ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf ug{ ;Sg]5 / To:tf] cfb]z kfng gu/]sf] sf/0faf6
g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{ s'g} lsl;dsf] xflg, gf]S;fgL ePsf] /x]5
eg] ;f] ;d]t lghaf6 e/fOg]5 .

#)= cGo JolQm pk/ klg sf/jfxL u/L d'2f rnfpg ;Sg] M -!_ k|rlnt
sfg'gadf]lhd /fi6;]js dflgg] JolQm jf cGo JolQmn] e|i6frf/sf] s;'/ u/]df
cfof]un] o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd cg';Gwfg / txlssft ug{, d'2f
rnfpg tyf tT;DaGwL cGo sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhdsf] cGo
/fi6;]jsn] e|i6frf/ u/]sf] s;'/df o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd
cg';Gwfg / txlssft ubf{ ;f] s;'/df ;+nUg b]lvPsf] cGo JolQm pk/ ;d]t
cfof]un] cg';Gwfg / txlssft ug{, d'2f rnfpg tyf tT;DaGwL cGo
sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 .

#!=

e|i6frf/sf] cleof]udf Pp6} lgsfoaf6 sf/jfO{ rnfOg]


rnfOg]M e|i6frf/sf]
cleof]usf] Pp6} d'2fdf s'g} cleo'Qmsf] ;DaGwdf cfof]udf / s'g} cleo'Qmsf]
;DaGwdf cGo s'g} lgsfodf sf/jfO{ rn]sf]df To:tf] cleof]usf] ;DaGwdf
Pp6} lgsfoaf6 sf/jfO{ rnfpgsf] nflu cfof]un] Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg]5 .

#!s=;DklQ
#!s=;DklQ ljj/0f ;DaGwL Joj:yfM -!_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmn] To:tf]
kb wf/0f u/]sf] ldltn] / of] bkmf k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt ;fj{hlgs kbdf axfn
/x]sf] JolQmn] of] bkmf k|f/De ePsf] ldltn] ;f7L lbgleq / To;kl5 x/]s
cfly{s jif{ ;dfKt ePsf] ldltn] ;f7L lbgleq cfgf] jf cfgf] kl/jf/sf]
gfddf /x]sf] ;DklQsf] ;|f]t jf lg:;f ;lxtsf] cBfjlws ljj/0f g]kfn
;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] lgsfo jf clwsf/L ;dIf
k]z ug{' kg]{5 .
-@ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ;f7L lbgleq ;DklQ ljj/0f k]z gug]{
;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQmnfO{ cfof]un] kfFr xhf/ ?k}ofF hl/jfgf ug]{5
/ csf]{ tL; lbgleq ;DklQ ljj/0f k]z ug{ nufpg]5 . ;f] Dofbleq klg

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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;DklQ ljj/0f ga'fpg] ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/sf] JolQm pk/ lghn] cfgf]
jf cfgf] kl/jf/sf] gfddf cj}w ;DklQ /fv]sf] cg'dfg u/L pkbkmf -!_
adf]lhdsf] lgsfo jf clwsf/Ln] 5fglag ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-#_ o; bkmf adf]lhd k]z x'g cfPsf] ;DklQ ljj/0f uf]Ko /flvg]5 .
t/ o; P]g cGtu{t cg';Gwfg / txlssftsf] l;nl;nfdf ;DklQ
ljj/0f dfu x'g cfPdf To:tf] ljj/0f ;DalGwt clwsf/LnfO{ pknAw u/fpg
;lsg]5 .

#!v= dfnj:t' lnnfd ug{ ;lsg] M -!_ o; P]g cGtu{t ;hfo x'g] s;'/sf
;DaGwdf sAhf ul/Psf] s'g} dfnj:t' nfdf] ;do;Dd sAhfdf /fVbf lvof
nfuL jf c? s'g} kl/aGbaf6 6'6km'6 jf gf]S;fg x'g ;Sg] b]lvPdf jf ;8L unL
hfg] ePdf jf k'/fgf] e} d"No 36\g hfg] ePdf jf a]jfl/;] ePdf jf :yfg
cefjsf] sf/0fn] ;Def/ ug{ g;Sg] jf /fVg g;lsg] ePdf k|rlnt
sfg'gadf]lhdsf] k|lqmof k"/f u/L To:tf] dfnj:t' lnnfd laqmL ug{ ;lsg]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd lnnfd laqmLaf6 k|fKt cfDbfgL w/f}6L vftfdf
hDdf ul/g]5 . To:tf] dfnj:t' ;DalGwt wgLnfO{ lkmtf{ lbg] 7x/ ePdf lnnfd
laqmLaf6 k|fKt /sd dfq lghn] lkmtf{ kfpg]5 .

#@=

cfof]un] sfo{ljlw Jojl:yt ug{ ;Sg] M cfof]un] cfgf] sfo{ljlw cfkm}+


Jojl:yt ug{ ;Sg]5 .

##=

=== === ===

#$= d'2f x]g{] clwsf/L M -!_ o; P]g cGtu{t bfo/ x'g] d'2f x]g]{ clwsf/ g]kfn
;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] cbfntnfO{ x'g]5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] cbfntn] o; P]g cGtu{tsf] d'2fsf]
sf/afxL / lsgf/f ubf{ ljz]if cbfnt ;DaGwL k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhdsf]
sfo{ljlw / clwsf/ k|of]u ug]{5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f lemlsPsf] .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .

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-#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] cbfntaf6 ePsf] lg0f{o pk/ ;jf]{Rr


cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg nfUg]5 .
-$_ e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf o; P]g cGtu{t rn]sf] d'2fdf g]kfn ;/sf/
jfbL x'g]5 .

#%= d'2f rnfpg] M -!_ ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolQm jf k|rlnt sfg'g
adf]lhdsf] /fi6;]js jf cGo JolQmn] o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd
e|i6frf/ dflgg] s;'/ u/]sf] b]lvg cfPdf cfof]un] To:tf] JolQm pk/ o; P]g
jf cGo k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd d'2f bfo/, k'g/fj]bg jf k'g/fjnf]sg / ;f]
;DaGwL cGo sf/afxL ug{' kbf{ cfof]usf] gfdaf6 cfof]u cfkm}+n] jf cfof]un]
clVtof/L lbPsf] clwsf/Ln] ug]{5 .
-@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd bfo/ ePsf] d'2fsf] ax;, k}/jL tyf k|lt/Iff
;/sf/L jsLn jf cfof]un] dxfGofoflwjQmfsf] sfof{no;+u ;dGjo u/L lgo'Qm
u/]sf] sfg'g Joj;foLaf6 x'g]5 .

#%s=k'
#%s=k'/:sf/ ;DaGwL Joj:yf M o; P]g cGtu{t ;hfo x'g] s;'/df tT;DaGwL
df}sf txlssft, cg';Gwfg jf cGo ;a'b k|df0f ;ngsf] sfddf cfof]unfO{
;xof]u k'ofpg] JolQmnfO{ cfof]un] plrt k'/:sf/ lbg ;Sg]5 .

#%v=cfof]
#%v=cfof]un] cGo sfd ug{ ;Sg] M -!_ cfof]un] e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f jf lgoGq0f
ug]{ p2]Zon] v8f ePsf /fli6o jf cGt/f{li6o ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf;+u cfjZos
;dGjo sfod ug{ jf To:tf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf;+u cfk;L ;DaGw / ;xof]u j[l4
ug{ ;Sg]5 .
-@_ e|i6frf/ jf cg'lrt sfo{ x'g glbgsf nflu lg/f]wfTds pkfoxsf]
vf]hL, cg';Gwfg / k|lqmof ljsf; tyf tT;DaGwdf hfgsf/L clej[l4 ug{
cfof]un] cfjZos 7fg]sf clVtof/ b'kof]u lgjf/0fsf] k|j4{gfTds sfo{x
ug{ ;Sg]5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f ;+zf]lwt .


bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .

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www.lawcommission.gov.np

#%u=k'
#%u=k'g/fj]bg ug{ ;lsg]
;lsg] M cfof]un] o; P]g cGtu{t sf/afxL u/L s;}nfO{
hl/jfgf jf s'g} /sd c;'npk/ ug{ lbPsf] cfb]z jf cGo s'g} cf]bz pk/
;DalGwt cbfntdf k'g/fj]bg ug{ ;lsg]5 .

#%3=k|
#%3=k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd x'g] M o; P]gdf n]lvPsf] s'/fdf o;} P]g adf]lhd /
cGo s'/fdf k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd x'g]5 .

#^=

#&=

lgod agfpg] M of] P]g sfof{Gjog ug{ cfof]un] lgod agfpg ;Sg]5 . To:tf]

=== === ===

lgod g]kfn /fhkqdf k|sflzt ePkl5 nfu" x'g]5 .

#*=

vf/]hL M clVtof/ b'kof]u lgjf/0f lgodfjnL, @)#$ vf/]h ul/Psf] 5 .

bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk .
bf];|f] ;+zf]wgf/f yk
u0ftGq ;'b[9Ls/0f tyf s]xL g]kfn sfg'g ;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g, @)^^ f/f lemlsPsf] .

b|i6Jo M

clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]u -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ P]g, @)%( f/f kfGtl/t zAbxM
d"n P]gdf 7fpF 7fpFdf k|of]u ePsf] ;+:yf eGg] zAbsf] ;f ;fj{hlgs ;+:yf eGg] zAbx / k'g/fj]bg cbfnt
eGg] zAbxsf] ;f ;DalGwt cbfnt eGg] zAbx /fvL kfGt/ ul/Psf] 5 .

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