‫‪www.Garmsarnews.

com‬‬

‫‪10‬‬

‫‪-٥‬ﺧﻂ ﻫﺎ‬
‫‪ :٥-١‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪:LINE‬‬
‫ﺳﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ line‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ LINE‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ‪DRAW‬‬
‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ LINE‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﻮﻱ ﻛﺮﻛﺮﻩﺍﻱ ‪DRAW‬‬
‫ﺗﺎﻳﭗ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ LINE‬ﻭﻳﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ L‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬
‫‪ :٥-٢‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪PLINE‬‬
‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻴﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬
‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻂ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻬﻨﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺸﻬﺎﻱ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ‪ PLINE‬ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻣﻨﻮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻋﻼﻥ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ >< ﻋﻼﻣﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﺽ ﺍﺳﺖ‬
‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ‪ PLINE‬ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫>‪Arc/Close/Halfwith/Length/Undo/Width/< Endpoint of line‬‬
‫‪ Arc‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ A‬ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ‪ pline‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Close‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ ‪ c‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻂ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ‬
‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﻳﻦ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Length‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ L‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ﭘﺎﺭﻩﺧﻂ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺎ ﻣﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺮ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺸﻴﻦ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬ﻃﻮﻝ ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Width‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ‪ W‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻱ ﺧﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬
‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻱ ﺧﻂ ﺭﺍ ‪ 0‬ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ ‪،‬ﺧﻂ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ‪ Line‬ﺭﺳﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Halfwidth‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ H‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬
‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻟﺒﻪ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻱ ﺧﻂ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻟﺒﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﭘﻬﻨﺎ‬
‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Undo‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ‪ u‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺎﻙ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ‪ Arc‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﻬﺎﻱ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺍﻳﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪:‬‬
‫‪ Line‬ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻂ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪www.Garmsarnews.com‬‬

‫‪11‬‬

‫‪ Angle‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯﻳﻦ ﻭﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎﻧﻬﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﻋﺘﮕﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ CEnter‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ‪ CE‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Close‬ﺑﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ‪ CL‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﻄﻲ ﺑﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Direction‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ d‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻣﻤﺎﺱ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Radius‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ R‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Second pt‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎ‪ S‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬

‫‪-٦‬ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﻫﺎ‬
‫‪ : ٦-١‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪:ELLIPSE‬‬
‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﻀﻲ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ‬
‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﻮﻱ ‪DRAW‬‬
‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺎﻳﭗ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ‪ ELLIPSE‬ﻭﻳﺎ ﺣﺮﻭﻑ‪ EL‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ‪ ELLIPSE‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ‪DRAW‬‬
‫ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪: ELLIPSE‬‬
‫‪ :Axis endpoint .١‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺭﺃ ﺱ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺮﻫﺎﻱ‬
‫ﺑﻴﻀﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬
‫ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻥ‪ Axis endpoint2‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺭﺃﺱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﻼﻥ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ‪ other axisdistant‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ‬
‫ﻓﺮﺽ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺼﻒ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺭﺍﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ‪،‬ﻭﻟﻲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪R‬‬
‫ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪،‬ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ‪Rotation‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﭼﺮﺧﺶ ﺑﻴﻀﻲ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﻱ ﺭﺍﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺗﻮﻛﺪ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

‫‪www.Garmsarnews.com‬‬

‫‪.٢‬‬

‫‪12‬‬

‫‪ :Center‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﻴﻀﻲ‬

‫ﺭﺍﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻋﻼﻥ ‪ Axise endpoint‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬
‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﺭﺃﺱ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻫﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺠﺪﺩﹰﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻥ ‪other‬‬
‫‪ axise distent‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪.٣‬‬

‫‪ ARC‬ﻣﻴﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ A‬ﻭﻓﺸﺮﺩﻥ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‬

‫‪ Enter‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﺪﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ‬
‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﺪﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬
‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻴﻀﻲ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻥ‬
‫>‪ parameter< start angie‬ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬
‫ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﺍﻋﻼﻥ‪ parameter/include‬ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬
‫ﻋﺪﺩﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻀﻮﻱ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﻛﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬
‫ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ I‬ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺣﺎﻣﻠﻜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻀﻲ ﺭﺍﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬
‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪:٦-٢‬ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪:CIRCEL‬‬
‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺗﺎﻳﭗ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ‪ CIRCEL‬ﻭﻳﺎ ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ C‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻮﻱ ‪DRAW‬‬
‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪ CIRCEL‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ‬
‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﺵ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻓﺮﺿﺘﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻭﻃﻮﻝ ﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺧﻂ ﻭ‪ ....‬ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ : Center point‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬
‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﻘﻄﻪﻫﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺭﺍﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺗﻮﻛﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Radiuse‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﺪﺩﻱ‬
‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬

‫‪www.Garmsarnews.com‬‬

‫‪13‬‬

‫‪ :Diameter‬ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﻤﻪ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬
‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ‪Diameter/Radius‬ﺣﺮﻑ ‪ D‬ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﭗ ﻛﻨﻴﺪﻭﻛﻠﻴﺪ ‪ Enter‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺷﻬﺎﻱ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻭﻳﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺱ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩ ﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪ :3p‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ 3p/2p/TTR‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺎﺕ ‪ ٣‬ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬
‫ﺑﺮﻳﻚ ﺧﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ :2p‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ :TTR‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻣﻤﺎﺱ‪ -‬ﻣﻤﺎﺱ‪ -‬ﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬
‫ﺑﺮﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻤﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful