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UDC 621.316.

3
K 32

GB/T 14048.41993

Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear


Low-voltage electromechanical contactors and motor starters


1993-09-05
1994-04-01
GB/T 14048.41993

1 1
2 3
3 4
4 6
5 7
6 18
7 18
8 28
9 39
10 41
A 43
B 44

GB 14048.493

Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear


Low-voltage electromechanical contactors and motor starters

IEC 947-4-11990

1

1.1 50Hz1 140 V1 200 V 1 500


V1 650 V
1.1


1.2

1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.2.1 -
1.2.2.2
1.2.3
- 1 2

1993-09-05 1994-04-01

1
GB 14048.493

6 ID

IY
2

0
/
8

ID IY

TMD
1

TMY
TR
0
0 1
/

8

1 -
TMDTMY
TR

2
GB 14048.493

IL0.8
IR IT0.5 IL0.65
6

IT0.8
5

IT0.65
4

2 IL0.5

1

0
0.8 /

IR IT
IL
/

TMR

1
TMT0.65

TR

08 1 /

2
IRTMR
TMY

a.
b. -
c.
d.
e.
f. -
g.
h.
i.
2
GB/T 14048.1
GB 14048.5

GB 2900.18
GB 2423.4 Db

3
GB 14048.493
GB 5169.4
GB 14048.2
GB 13539.113539.4
GB/T 14048.1
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.2.1
3
3.1
GB 2900.18
3.1.1
3.1.1.1 position of rest (of a contactor)

3.1.2
3.1.2.1 two-direction starter

3.1.2.2 reduced voltage starter

3.1.2.3 rheostatic stator starter



3.1.2.4 combination starter

3


3.1.2.5 protected starter

3

3.1.2.6 starting time (of a rheostatic starter)

3.1.2.7 starting time (of an auto-transformer starter)

3.1.2.8 3.1.2.9

3.1.2.8 - open transition (with an auto-transformer


starter or star-delta starter)


3.1.2.9 - closed transition (with an auto-transformer
starter or star-delta starter)

4
GB 14048.493

9 5
1

I I I

2 2 2
4 4 4

3
3

6
8

7
2
4

2
4

3 3.1.2.4 3.1.2.5
12345
678
9
3.2
GB/T 14048.1 3.2
U
Ue
Ues
Uer
Uis
Uir
Ur

5
GB 14048.493
Us
I
Ie
Ic
Iths
Ithr
Ies
Ier
cos
L/R
TP
AC
DC
Db
SCPD
CTI
3.3
3.3.1 1
1

AC AC-1
AC-2
AC-3
AC-4
AC-5a
AC-5b
AC-6a
AC-6b
AC-7a
AC-7b
AC-8a
AC-8b
DC DC-1
DC-3
DC-5
DC-6
4
5.2
5

6
GB 14048.493
5.1

a. 5.2
b. 5.3
c. 5.4
d. 5.5
e. 5.6
f. 5.7
g. 5.8
h. 5.9
i. 5.10
j. 5.11
k. 5.12
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.1.1
5.2.1.2
a.
b. -
c.
d.
e.
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.5.1 -
5.2.5.2
a.
b.
c.
5.2.5.3
-
4 5

7
GB 14048.493

CL

M1 M

CCR

CRR





CL O C C C
CCR O O O C
CRR O O C C
OC
4

1
GB 14048.493

K2

K2 K2

K3 K3
ZB
ZB ZB K3

K1
K1 K1

M M
M

a b c

ZBMK1K2K3



K1 C O O 1 2 K1 C O O

K2 C C C K1 C O O O O K2 C O O

K3 O O C K2 C O C C O K3 O O C

K3 O O O C C

C K1 K2 K1 K2

5
5.2.5.4
5
5.3
5.35.45.8 5.9
5.3.1

5.3.1.1 Ue
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.1.1
5.3.1.1.1 Ues


5.3.1.1.2 Uer

9
GB 14048.493


100%

5.3.1.2 Ui
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.1.2
5.3.1.2.1 Uis


5.3.1.2.2 Uir

5.3.1.3 Uimp
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.1.3
5.3.1.4

80% 65% 80% 50%
5.3.2

-

5.3.2.1 Ith
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.2.1
5.3.2.2 Ithe
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.2.2
5.3.2.3 Iths
Iths5.3.2.1
Ithes5.3.2.2
8 h
5.3.4.1 8.2.3.3 7.2.2
5.3.2.4 Ithr
Ithr5.3.2.1
Ither5.3.2.2

8h 5.3.4.1 8.2.3.3
7.2.2

2
5.3.4oto i
dt 7.2.2

10
GB 14048.493
5.3.2.5 Ie
5.3.1.1
5.3.35.3.45.4


5.3.2.6 Ies

5.3.1.1.15.3.35.3.4
5.3.5.5

5.3.2.7 Ier
5.3.1.1.2
5.3.35.3.45.3.5.5

5.3.5.5
5.3.2.8 Iu
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.2.4
5.3.3
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.3
5.3.4
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4
5.3.4.1 8h
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4.1
-

8 h
5.3.4.2
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4.2
-
8 h
5.3.4.3
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4.3

11
GB 14048.493
a. 1312301203006001 200
b. 131230




5.3.4.4
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4.4
5.3.4.5
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.4.5
5.3.5
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.5
5.3.5.1
7.2.4.4
5.3.5.2
5.4 7.2.4.1 7.2.1.1 7.2.1.2

5.3.5.4
5.4 7.2.4.2
5.3.5.5 6

12
GB 14048.493

a

o
t

n
1
b
o
t

n

cd
o
t

e
o
t

f
o
t

6 5.3.5.5 abcdef /


a. AC-2 AC-3
b.
AC-2 AC-3
c. b
AC-3
d. AC-4
e.

AC-2
f.

AC-4
5.3.5.5.1

13
GB 14048.493


Uer
Ier
Zr
Z r U er /( 3I er )
I1
I2
I m 0.5 ( I I )
1 2

Te
ts 3.1.2.6
K Im/Ier
I1
I2 I1 I2

5.3.5.5.2
7
4

1.3


1.2

1.1

1.0

0.9

-10 0 10 20 30 40 50

7
7.2.1.5.1
7 AC-2

14


GB 14048.493
AC-3
5.3.5.5.3
5.3.4
15 s

15 s
5.3.6
GB/T 14048.1 5.3.6.4
5.4
GB/T 14048.1 5.4
5.4.1
GB/T 14048.1

7 10

AC-3AC-4AC-7bAC-8a
AC-8b
- AC-3
AC-2 5.3.5.5.2
5.4.2
a.
7 10

AC-4 AC-3 Ie
AC-4 Ie 1.2 Ith AC-3
b. DC-3 DC-5

Ie Ue J
Jc
DC-3 Jc 0.005 25UeIe
DC-5 Jc 0.031 5UeIe
0.005 25 0.031 5
Jc=0.5LI2

Jc=2.1L/RUeIe
L/R 7 2.510-3s DC-3 1510-3s DC-5
U=1.05UeI=4Ie

15
GB 14048.493
5.5
GB/T 14048.1 5.5
5.6
GB/T 14048.1 5.6
5.7

5.7.1

a. 5.7.2
b. 5.7.3
c. 5.7.4
d. -5.7.5
e. 5.7.6
5.7.2
5.7.2.1
5.7.2.2
5.7.2.3

a.
b.
c.
5.7.2.4
5.7.2.5
5.7.2.4 5.7.2.5
5.7.3
5.7.3.1
a.
b.
c.
5.7.3.2
a. 5.7.4
b.
c. -
d. 2 7.2.1.5.1 3 D 30 s
s
e.
f.
2
7.2.1.5.1 3 D Tps
10A 2Tp10
10 4Tp10
20 6Tp20
30 9Tp30

16
GB 14048.493
7.2.1.5


7.2.1.1.3


Tp
5.7.4

5.7.5 -
- 5.7.6
8
8.2.3.2.2c

GB/T 14048.1 5.8
5.7.6
-5.7.5
-+20+40
-5+40

5.8 SCPD
SCPD SCPD SCPD
7.2.5.1 7.2.5.2GB/T 14048.1
5.8
5.9
GB/T 14048.1 5.9
5.10
5.10.1
a. GB 14048.5 5.2.1c

b.
c.
5.10.2
5.10.2.1
a.
b.
5.10.2.2
a.

17
GB 14048.493
b.
5.10.2.3
511
5.3.5.5.3
a.
b.
c.
d.
e. 5.3.4
f.

5.12
5.3.5.5.1
a. Uir
b.
c.
d. 5.3.4
e.

GB/T 14048.1 6
6.1.3.2
3 GB/T 14048.1 6.1.3.2

7
7.1
7.1.1
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.1
7.1.2
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.2
7.1.3
GB/T
14048.1 7.1.3
A

CTI GB/T 14048.1 7.1.3.2
7.1.4
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.4

18
GB 14048.493

7.1.5
7.1.5.1
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.5.1
7.1.5.2
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.5.2
7.1.6
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.6
7.1.7
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.7
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.7.4 B
7.1.8
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.8
7.1.9
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.9
7.1.10
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.10

7.1.11
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.11
7.1.12
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.12
7.1.13
GB/T 14048.1 7.1.13
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.1.1
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.1.1
7.2.1.1.1
a.
8.2.3.1
b.
c.
d.
7.2.1.1.2
+20
8.2.3.1

7.2.1.1.3

19
GB 14048.493

7.2.1.1.4

7.2.1.1.5

7.2.1.2
Us 85%110%
85%Us 110%Us
Us 20%75% 10%75%
20%Us 10%Us75%Us
+40 100%Us
-5
- 85%
110% 75% 10%

7.2.1.3
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.1.3
7.2.1.4
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.1.4
7.2.1.5
7.2.1.5.1
3
a. 3 A
2 h 2 h

b. B 2 h
c. 10A C
2 min
d. 1020 30 C
48 12 min
e. D 2

/ 1.2%/K
1. 2%/K PVC
3 +20 7

20
GB 14048.493
3


A B C D
1.0 1.2 1.5 7.2 +40
1.05 1.2 1.5 7.2 +20

7.2.1.5.2
4
A 2 h
B
2 h

4


A B
3 1.0 2 1.321 0 +20
3 1.0 2 3.251 0 +40
2 1.01 0.9 2 1.151 0 +20

7.2.1.5.3
10%

7.2.1.5.4

1.5

7.2.2
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.2
8.2.3.3 5 GB/T 14048.1 7.2.2

21
GB 14048.493
5

K

A 85 60
E 100 60
B 110 60
F 135
H 160
5.3.4 5.3.5.5.3
15 K
+20+20

7.2.2.4
8.2.3.3.4
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.2.4 7.2.2.8
a. 8 h
b.
7.2.2.5
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.2.5
7.2.2.6
7.2.2.6.1 8 h
-
5
7.2.2.6.2
6
5
6
-
s s
1 1 3 600
3 3 1 200
12 12 300
30 30 120
120 30
300 12
600 6
1 200 3
7.2.2.6.3



7.2.2.7

22
GB 14048.493
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.2.7
7.2.3
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.3.1
8.2.3.4
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.3.2
8.2.3.4
7.2.4
7.2.4.1
8.2.3.5 7

7 8

7

Ic/Ie Ur/Ue cos L/R 2

ms s s
AC-1 1.5 1.05 0.8 0.05 6 50
AC-2 4.0 8
1.05 0.658
0.05 6 50
9
AC-3 8.0 1.05 1 0.05 6 50
AC-49 10.0 1.05 1 0.05 6 50
AC-5a 3.0 1.05 0.45 0.05 6 50
AC-5b 1.53 1.05 3 0.05 60 50
AC-6a 9 AC-3 AC-4
AC-6b 5
AC-7a 1.5 1.05 0.8 0.05 6 50
AC-7b 8.0 1.05 1 0.05 6 50
AC-8a 6.0 1.05 1 0.05 6 50
AC-8b 6.0 1.05 1 0.05 6 50
DC-1 1.5 1.05 1.0 0.05 6 504
DC-3 4.0 1.05 2.5 0.05 6 504
DC-5 4.0 1.05 15.0 0.05 6 504
DC-6 1.53 1.05 3 0.05 60 504
9
I/Ie U/Ue cos 2
AC-3 10 1.057
1 0.05 10 50
AC-4 12 1.057 1 0.05 10 50
1Ie100Acos=0.45
Ie100Acos=0.35
2 0.05 s 0.1 s

23
GB 14048.493
0.05 s
3
4 25 25
5 9

6 8
7 U/Ue20%
8 0.95
9 AC-3 AC-4
I/Ie IC/Ie25 Us
110% 25 Us 85% 8
8 Ic
IC
A s
Ic100 10
100Ic200 20
200Ic300 30
300Ic400 40
400Ic600 60
600Ic800 80
800Ic1 000 100
1 000Ic1 300 140
1 300Ic1 600 180
1 600Ic 240
9 AC-3 AC-6a AC6b
AC-3
Ie(AC-6a) 30 0.45IeAC-3

2
X
ik
X 1 2

Ie AC 3
IeAC-6b X 13 .3
ik
ik ik205IeAC-3
IeAC-6b
2U e 1 Xc / XL
I p max

3 XL Xc
Ue
XL
Xc

7.2.4.2
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.4.2
8.2.3.6 10

24
GB 14048.493

10

Ic/Ie Ur/Ue cos L/R 2

ms s s

AC-1 1.0 1.05 0.80 0.05 3 6 00013

AC-2 2.0 1.05 0.65 0.05 3 6 00013

AC-3 2.0 1.05 1 0.05 3 6 00013

AC-4 6.0 1.05 1 0.05 3 6 00013

AC-5a 2.0 1.05 0.45 0.05 3 6 00013

AC-5b 1.07 1.05 7 0.05 4 6 00013

AC-6 11 11 11 11 11 11

AC-7a 1.0 1.05 0.80 0.05 3 30 000

AC-7b 10 9 1 0.05 3 30 000

AC-8a 1.0 1.05 0.80 0.05 3 30 000

AC-8b12) 1 5 5 900
6.0 1.05 0.35
10 6 100

DC-1 1.0 1.05 1.0 0.05 3 6 0008

DC-3 2.5 1.05 2.0 0.05 3 6 0008

DC-5 2.5 1.05 7.5 0.05 3 6 0008

DC-6 1.07 1.05 7 0.05 4 6 0008

1Ie100Acos=0.45

Ie100Acos=0.35
2 0.05 s 0.1 s

0.05 s

3 8

4 60 s

5 9 s

6 90 s

9 U/Ue=1.0 Ur/Ue=0.17

10 I/Ie=6.0 Ic/Ie=1.0

11

12 AC-8b AC-8a

13 5/6 1/6

7.2.4.3

25
GB 14048.493

GB/T 14048.1 7.2.4.3


7.2.4.3.1
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.4.3.1

8.2.3.7.1e
90%

0.10.3131030100300600 1 000

8 000 h
7.2.4.3.2
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.4.3.2
11
8.2.3.7
AC-3 1/20

11


cos L/R cos L/R
A I/Ie U/Ue Ic/Ie Ur/Ue
ms ms

AC-1 1 1 0.95 1 1 0.95

AC-2 2.5 1 0.65 2.5 1 0.65

Ie17 6 1 0.65 1 0.17 0.65


AC-3
Ie17 6 1 0.35 1 0.17 0.35

Ie17 6 1 0.65 6 1 0.65


AC-4
Ie17 6 1 0.35 6 1 0.35

DC-1 1 1 1 1 1 1

DC-3 2.5 1 2 2.5 1 2

DC-5 2.5 1 7.5 2.5 1 7.5

7.2.4.4
AC-3 AC-4 DC-3DC-5 12
8.2.3.8

12


A s

26
GB 14048.493

630 8IemaxAC-3 10
AC
630 6IemaxAC-3 10

DC 7IemaxDC-3 10

7.2.5
SCPD SCPD
SCPD SCPD

SCPD / 8.2.4


a. 1

b. 2

SCPD SCPD

7.2.5.1

a. r 13
13 r
AC-3 r
A kA

Ie16 1

16Ie63 3

63Ie125 5

125Ie315 10

315Ie630 18

630Ie1 000 30

1 000Ie1 600 42

1 600Ie

b. q q q
r q
7.2.5.2 SCPD
p
0
j
a. 0.75I 5%
5%
j
0
b. 1.25I

27
GB 14048.493
Ij - SCPD -
7.2.6
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.6
7.2.7
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.4
GB/T 14048.1 6
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.7
7.2.8
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.8
7.2.9
GB/T 14048.1 7.2.9
7.2.10

7.2.11
GB 14048.1 7.2.27.2.37.2.47.2.57.2.6 7.2.9

8.1

8.1.1
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.1
8.1.2
GB/ 14048.1 8.1.2 Db
8.1.3
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.3
8.1.4
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.4
960
8.1.5
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.5
8.1.6 CTI
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.6
8.1.7
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.7
8.1.8
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.8
8.1.9
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.9
8.1.10
GB/T 14048.1 8.1.10
8.1.11

28
GB 14048.493
GB/ T 14048.1 8.1.11
8.2
8.2.1
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.1


8.2.1.1 1
a. 8.2.3.3
b. 8.2.3.1 8.2.3.2
c. 8.2.3.4
8.2.1.2 2
a. 8.2.3.5
b. 8.2.3.6
8.2.1.3 3
8.2.4
8.2.1.4 4
8.2.3.8
8.2.1.5 5
a. 8.1.8
b. 8.1.7
8.2.2
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.2
8.2.3
8.2.3.1
7.2.1.1.2
7.2.2
3

10%

29
GB 14048.493
8.2.3.2
8.2.3.2.1
7.2.1.2
8.2.3.2.2
a. 7.2.1.3 3
1 min
b. 7.2.1.4
70% 110%
c. GB/T 14048.1 21 22
23
10A 100%
1020 30 125% 30 s
5.7.3.2d
7.2.1.5.1
7.2.1.5.1 5+20+40
7.2.1.5.2

d.
7.2.1.5.3
e. 7.2.1.5.4
8.2.3.3
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3
8.2.3.3.1
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.1
8.2.3.3.2
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.2
8.2.3.3.3
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.3
8.2.3.3.4
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.4
7.2.2.4
5.6
5.7.4

a.
b.
c.
8.2.3.3.5
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.5
8.2.3.3.4
8.2.3.3.6
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.6
a. 8 h 7.2.2.6.1

30
GB 14048.493
Ith Ithe 8.2.3.3.4
b.
7.2.2.6.2
c. 7.2.2.6.3

8.2.3.3.7
GB/T 14048.1 8.2.3.3.7
8.2.3.3.4
8.2.3.3.8
5.3.4 5.3.5.5.1
GB/T 14048.1 11
5.3.4 5.3.5.5.1
Im



8.2.3.3.9
5.3.4 GB/T 14048.1 12
15K GB/T 14048.1 10 11
5.3.5.5.3
5.3.4 5.3.
5.5.3

0.8
U
e

5.3.4.3
5.3.4.3 7.2.2


10 s

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GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493

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33
GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493

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36
GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493
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39
GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493
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GB 14048.493
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60Ui250 3 5 5 6 3 4 5 8

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GB 14048.41993

GB 14048.493

16


*
880X1230 1/16 31/4 90
1994 4 1 1994 4 1
1-3 000

:XXXXXX.X-XXX X.XX

*
XXX-XX
*