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4c....Spreading

4c....Spreading

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Published by Abhinav Verma

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Published by: Abhinav Verma on May 28, 2013
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05/28/2013

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Knitwear Production Planning
Spreading
Spreading is a sophisticated method of material handling, it adds nothing to the garment being manufactured, yet in conventional cutting rooms it is the technological bottleneck.It is important to study ;-requirements of the spreading process-methods of spreading-nature of fabric packages.Requirements of the spreading processSpreading must achieve number of specific objectives;-Shade sorting of clothing piecesLays commonly required more than one roll of cloth to achieve enough pliesin total , those rolls may include several colours,-Correct ply direction and adequate lay stability ;These two fuctions must be considered together as the opportunities for achieving them are related. They depend on fabric types, pattern shape, andthe spreading equiplent that is available.-Alignment of plies ;Every ply should comprise at least the length and width of the marker plan, but should have minimum extra outside those margins.-Correct ply tensionIf the plies are spread with too slack a tension the will lie in ridges withirregular fullness. If plies are spread in a tension, after cutting the garmentcomponents may shrink.-Elimination of fabric faultsFabric faults (flaws, holes, stains, etc.) may be identified by the fabricsuppliers, and additional faults may e detected during examination of fabric before spreading the fabric .-Avoid distortion of spreadSpreading are required to lay up the fabric tension free, so that the garment pieces do not shrinks in unpredictable way during cutting.Methods of spreadingThe method of spreading the industry uses are as follows;2010 Spreading
 
Knitwear Production Planning-spreading by handIt is a time consuming method, usually require an operator at ach side of thetable-Spreading by a traveling machine .Spreading machine carry the piece of fabric from end o end of the spread,dispersing one ply at a time. Maximum fabric width can be handled normallyis 2meters, there are special m/c s which can handle 3meters are available.The advent of microprocessor control has enabled development of moreautomatic functions on spreading machines. Nature of fabric packages.-open fabric - rolled-Tubular fabric – rolled and plaited-Folded fabric – rolled and plaited-Velvet hangingOpen fabric - rolledMost fabrics are supplied in roll form , usually of 15 to 20 cm in diameter.Tubular fabric – rolled and plaitedThe fabric width is that required to fit the weavers body.Folded fabric – rolled and plaitedThis is traditional with woollen and woollen blend fabrics used in tailored garments andalso in the width-wise slit knitted fabricsVelvet - hangingVelvet / Velour are wound on special frames to prevent the piles becoming crushed.2010 Spreading

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