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circle_geometry

circle_geometry

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Published by: api-19505025 on Nov 28, 2009
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03/18/2014

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GIKPKC7 94107
Circle Geometry
Page1
Parts of the Circle
4/5/98
Terms:
Semi-Circle
Half a circle
Concentric
Circles that have the same centre
Tangent
Touches the circumference at one point
Concyclic
Points that set on the circumference
Luke Cole
Page1
Tangent
Minor Segment
Centre
Sector
Arc
Major Segment
Radius
Diameter
GIKPKC7 94107
Circle Geometry
Page2
Properties

4/5/98
A perpendicular line drawn to a chord from the centre of a circle
bisects the chord, and the perpendicular bisector of a chord passes
through the centre.\ue000 AD = DB
(OD bisects AB)

Proof:
\ue001ADO = \ue001BDO = 90\ue002(Given)
OA = OB
(Equal radii)
OD is common
\ue000\ue003OAD \ue004\ue003OBD
(RHS)
\ue000AD = BD
(Corresponding sides in congruent\ue003\u2019s)
So, OD bisects AB

The line from the centre of a circle to the midpoint of a chord
meets the chord at right angles.
(OD\ue005 AB)

Proof:
\ue001ADO = \ue001BDO = 90\ue002(Given)
OA = OB
(Equal radii)
OD is common
\ue000\ue003OAD \ue004\ue003OBD
(RHS)
\ue000AD = BD
(Corresponding sides in congruent\ue003\u2019s)
So, OD bisects AB
Equal chords of a circle are the same distance from the centre and
subtend equal angles at the centre.
\ue001AOB = \ue001COD
EO = FO
(Chords equal when equidistant from the centre)
Proof:
Let, CD = AB
\ue001OEB = \ue001OFD = 90\ue002
(Given)
OB = OD
(Equal radii)
AB = CD
(Given)
BE = \u00bd.AB
(OE bisects AB)
DF = \u00bd.CD
(OF bisects CD)
\ue000 BE = DF
\ue000\ue003OEB \ue004\ue003OFD
(RHS)
\ue000OE = OF
(Corresponding sides in congruent\ue003\u2019s)
Luke Cole
Page2
GIKPKC7 94107
Circle Geometry
Page3

The angle subtended by an arc (or chord) at the centre of a circle
is double the angle subtended by the arc (or chord) at the
circumference.\ue001BOC = 2\ue006\ue001BAC
(\ue001 at centre is twice the\ue001 at the circumference)

Proof:
Join AO and produce to D
Let, \ue001BAO = x and \ue001CAO = y
\ue000\ue001BAC = x + y
OA = OB
(Equal radii)
\ue000\ue001OBA = x
(Base\ue001\u2019s of isosceles\ue003)
=\ue001BAO
OA = OC
\ue000\ue001OCA = y
(Base\ue001\u2019s of isosceles\ue003)
=\ue001CAO
\ue001BOD = x + x
(External\ue001 of\ue003OBA)
= 2.x
\ue001COD = y + y
(External\ue001 of\ue003OBA)
= 2.y
\ue001BOC = \ue001BOD + \ue001COD
= 2.x + 2.y
= 2(x + y)
= 2.\ue001BAC

Angles subtended at the circumference by the same or equal arcs
(or chords) are equal.\ue001ABD =\ue001ACD
(\ue001 in the same segment)

Proof:
Join A and D to centre O
\ue001AOD = 2.\ue001ABD
(\ue001 at centre is twice the\ue001 at the
\ue001.AOD = 2.\ue001ACD
circumference)
\ue000 \ue001ABD = \ue001ACD

Any angle (to the circumference of a circle) in a semi-circle is a
right angle. ACB = 90\u00b0
(\ue001 at centre is twice the\ue001 at the circumference)

Proof:
\ue001AOB = 180\ue002
(Straight\ue001 )
\ue001AOB = 2.\ue001ACB
(\ue001 at centre is twice the\ue001 at the
circumference)
\ue000\ue001ACB = 90\ue002
Luke Cole
Page3

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