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Made Date Sheet

MKI 04 April 2019


Check Date Rev.
MKI 05 April 2019 0
PROJECT TITLE: COMMERCIAL CENTRE
LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF SAW TOOTH/SLABLESS STAIR
Geometrical Properties Material Properties
Span = le = 5.5 m Weight of reinforced concrete "γrc" 24 kN/m3
Riser "R" = 150 mm Strength of concrete "fc" 18 N/mm2
Tread "T" = 300 mm Strength of steel "fy" 420 N/mm2
End cond'n:Simple(1),cont(2) 2 m
Long term defln coeff " k " 0.85 m Clear cover to concrete 20 mm
Moment coeff 0.1 m Flexure strength reduction factor 0.9
Width of Stair or landing "b" 1400 mm Shear strength reduction factor 0.75
Tentative thickness of steps l/28 196.4286 mm
Thickness of riser or Tread "t" 220 mm Modulus of Elasticity of steel "Es" 2E+05 N/mm2
Eff. Depth "d" 193 Modulus of Elasticity of concrete "Ec" 19940 N/mm2
Loading
Self Weight of steps 7.92 kN/m2 Modular Ratio "n = Es/Ec" 10.03
Floor Finish 0.35 kN/m2 Provided Stirrup Reinforcement /m
Distribution steel 6 Φ 10 mm
Total dead Load "Udl" 8.27 kN/m2 Main steel as Stirrup N 10 Φ 14 mm
Reqd Provided
Live load 5 kN/m 2
Distribution steel 396 471.3 mm2
Total service Load "tsl" 13.27 kN/m2 Area of Main steel"As_b" 811 1540 mm2
Total Ultimate Load "wu" 17.924 kN/m2

Calculations
Shear Vu = wu*le/2 = 49.291 kNm
Moment Mu = cx*wu*le2 54.22 kNm
drequired = sqrt(Mu/(0.205fcb) = 121.22 mm < d provided O.K
assuming"a" = d/6 = 32.17 mm
Depth of comp. block "a"= As_b*fy/(0.85*f'c*b)
Required As= Mu/(фbfy(d-a/2))
AS = 810.77 mm2 / m width
Required No of dia 14 mm stirrups = 5.27 @ spacing = 190 mm c/c
Provide No of dia 14 mm stirrups = 10 @ spacing = 100 mm c/c
Check for Section capacity
Depth of comp. block "a"= As_b*fy/(0.85*f'c*b) 42.26 mm
Section capacity ΦMn = Φ*As_b*fy*(d-a/2) 100 kNm OK > Mu 54.22 kNm
Shear requirements
Made Date Sheet
MKI 04 April 2019
Check Date Rev.
MKI 05 April 2019 0
PROJECT TITLE: COMMERCIAL CENTRE
LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF SAW TOOTH/SLABLESS STAIR
Shear capacity ΦVc = Φ*0.17*√f'c*b*d 104 kN OK > Vu 49.291 kN

Distribution Steel = 0.0018*b*t = 396 mm2


Provide distribution reinforcement of dia 10 mm is 6 Nos for each step i-e 3 on each end
Serviceability requirements
d' = c+db/2 25 mm
B = b/(n*As_b) 0.064759257
r = (n-1)*As_t/(n*As_b) 0.275601411
kd = (√(2*d*B(1+r*d'/d)+(1+r)2)-(1+r))/B 61.3 mm
Icr = bkd3/3+n*As_b*(d-kd)2+(n-1)*As_t*(kd-d')2 3.502E+08 mm4

Calculate Gross moment of inertia


Area of slab A = t*b 220000 mm2
Depth of neutral axis "y" 110 mm
Distance of top fiber from N.A "yt" 110 mm
Gross moment of inertia "Ig" 887333333 mm4
Allowable stress fr = 0.62√f'c 2.63 N/mm2
Crqacking moment Mcr = fr*Ig/yt 21.22 kNm

Service moments
Moment due to dead load "Mdl" 25.02 kNm
Moment due to live load "Mll" 15.13 kNm

Total Moment Ms = Mdl+Mll 40.14 kNm


Deflection due to dead + live loads
R(dl+ll) = Mcr/Ms 0.529
Ie(dl+ll) = R3*Ig+(1-R3)*Icr 4.296E+08 mm4
δ = K*5/48*Ms*le2/(Ec*Ie) 12.55 mm

Deflection due to dead load


R(dl) = Mcr/Md 0.848
Ie(dl) = R3*Ig+(1-R3)*Icr 6.780E+08 mm4 <= Ig
δ = K*5/48*Md*le2/(Ec*Ie) 4.96 mm

Deflection due to live load


Live load deflection = dl+ll deflection - dl deflection
7.60 mm
Allowable immediate deflection due to Live load =
per ACI 318 Tab 9.5b le/360 15.28 mm > 7.60 mm OK

Long term deflection


% of liveload sustained "SL" 30 %
Made Date Sheet
MKI 04 April 2019
Check Date Rev.
MKI 05 April 2019 0
PROJECT TITLE: COMMERCIAL CENTRE
LOCATION: DAMMAM
DESIGN OF SAW TOOTH/SLABLESS STAIR
Msus = Mdl+SL*Mll 29.55 kNm
R(sus) = Mcr/Msus 0.718
Ie(sus) = R3*Ig+(1-R3)*Icr 5.490E+08 <=Ig
δ = K*5/48*Msus*le2/(Ec*Ie) 7.23 mm

Magnification factor for creep and shrinkage


λΔ = ξ / (1+50*ρ')
Where:-
ξ= 2 for 5 years 1.840 cl.9.5.2.5 ACI 318
ξ= 1 for 3 months 0.920 cl.9.5.2.5 ACI 318
ρ' = As_t/(b*d) 0.00174

Toatl deflection = λΔ*sus deflection + ll deflection 20.897 mm for 5 years


Toatl deflection = λΔ*sus deflection + ll deflection 14.246 mm for 3 months

Allowable deflection = le/240 22.9 mm > 20.9 mm O.K

Allowable deflection = le/240 22.9 mm > 14.2 mm O.K