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DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING MATERIAL

FOR GRADE 7 STRUGGLING READERS

MARIFE G. AQUINO
Researcher
Statement of the Problem
This study aims to find out the oral reading performance of Grade 7
students in Mapandan National High School, Mapandan, Pangasinan for the
school year 2017-2018.
Specifically, it answers the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the students in terms of
a. age;
b. sex;
c. grades in the first and second grading periods;
d. reading materials at home;
e. number of hours spent in reading;
f. type of media exposed to;
g. highest educational attainment of parents;
h. occupation of parents;
i. monthly family income?
2. What is the word recognition level of students along
a. omission;
b. substitution;
c. insertion;
d. repetition;
e. reversal, and
f. transposition?
3. What is the comprehension level of the students along
a. literal;
b. interpretative;
c. critical, and
d. application?
4. What learning material can be developed for struggling readers?
3. What reading materials can be developed for
struggling readers?
Null Hypothesis

Pag meron kau Null Hypothesis mam/sir, lagay nyo.sakin kc

naalis kc binago ung title q, etc.kya almost lahat ng content nito

nachange pero di q n naupdate changes nito during defense.

Para maguide lng kau s laman ng powerpoint presentation. Yong

questionnaire nilagay q n rin lng as addt’l bk need nila.


Paradigm of the Study
Profile of the Students Level of Oral Reading
•Age Performance
•Sex a. Independent
•Grades in the first and
second grading periods
b. Instructional
•Reading materials at c. Frustration
home
•Number of hours spent in
reading
•Type of media exposed to
•Highest educational
attainment of parents
•Occupation of parents
•Monthly family income

Figure 1. A schematic figure showing the profile and level of oral reading performance of Grade 7 students
Statistical Treatment of Data
The data that will be gathered from the respondents will be
carefully analyzed and appropriate descriptive statistical tools will be
utilized in order to achieve answers to each specific question stated in
Chapter 1.
To answer question number 1, the students’ profile will be described
by the researcher using the percentage and frequency distribution.
The formula for percentage is as follows:
P = fx 100
n
Where :
P = Percentage
f = frequency of respondents
n = number of cases
To answer question number 2, the researcher will utilize the percentage and frequency
distribution.
To determine the oral reading level, the scales below will be used:
Level Word Recognition (WR) Comprehension(C)
Independent 97-100 % 80-100%
Instructional 90-96% 59-79%
Frustration 89 below 58% - below
Word Recognition Reading Comprehension Oral Reading Level
Independent Independent Independent
Independent Instructional Instructional
Independent Frustration Frustration
Instructional Independent Independent
Instructional Instructional Instructional
Instructional Frustration Frustration
Frustration Independent Frustration
Frustration Instructional Frustration
Frustration Frustration Frustration
To answer question number 3 on the relationship

between the profile and the level of reading performance,

the researcher will use Spearman-rho correlation.


APPENDIX C
SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE

Direction: Please check the appropriate answer or fill in the blanks with the correct
responses.
Name: __________________________ (optional)
1. Age:_____
2. Sex:_____ Male _____ Female
3. Grades in English in the
_____ First Quarter
_____ Second Quarter
4. Reading materials at home:
_____ Books _____ Dictionary
_____ Magazines _____ Pocket books (English)
_____ Encyclopedia _____ Thesaurus
_____ Newspaper _____ Others (Please specify)
5. Type of Media exposed to
_____Televisions _____ Music
_____ Personal Computers/Laptops _____ Video games
_____Cell phones _____ Internet
_____Movies _____ Others (Please specify)
6. Number of hours spent in reading per day
_____0-1 hr _____2-3 hours
_____4-5 hours _____ more than 6 hours
7. Highest educational attainment of parents:
_____ Doctorate degree _____ Doctoral Units
_____ Masters Degree _____ Masters Units
_____ Bachelor’s Degree _____ Undergraduate (College)
_____ High School Graduate _____ Undergraduate (High School)
_____ Elementary Graduate _____ Undergraduate (Elementary)
8. Occupation of Father
_____ Managers
_____ Professionals
_____ Technicians and associate professionals
_____ Clerical support workers
_____ Service and sales workers
_____ Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
_____ Craft and related trades workers
_____ Plant and machine operators and assemblers
_____ Elementary occupations
_____ Armed forces occupations
_____ None
_____ Others (Please specify)
9. Occupation of Father
_____ Managers
_____ Professionals
_____ Technicians and associate professionals
_____ Clerical support workers
_____ Service and sales workers
_____ Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
_____ Craft and related trades workers
_____ Plant and machine operators and assemblers
_____ Elementary occupations
_____ Armed forces occupations
_____ None
_____ Others (Please specify)
10. Monthly family income
_____ 11,000 and above
_____ 8,000 to 10,000
_____ 7,000 and below
APPENDIX D
ORAL READING PASSAGE
Directions: Read the following passage orally and answer the reading comprehension test that follows.

A Woman of Wealth
In the nineteenth century, there lived in Manila a very wealthy woman
named Doἡa Margarita Roxas de Ayala. With her wealth, she could have lived
a peaceful life at home where everything she wished was obeyed by her family.
But she felt sorry for the low position of womanhood in her country. Women
lacked education, so she urged the authorities to establish a school for girls.
She would donate the land, the school building and help maintain the school
financially.
Finally, sisters of a religious order arrived in Manila and accepted Doἡa
Margarita’s offer. The Colegio dela Concordia was thus established in 1868.
Since then, women have taken up teaching and other courses.
Number of Words: 114
APPENDIX E

READING COMPREHENSION TEST

Direction: Encircle the letter of the correct answer.


1. This story happened in the
a. 17th century c. 19th century
b. 18th century d. 20th century
2. Margarita Roxas de Ayala is a ______________ class woman.
a. poor c. medium
b. wealthy d. upper
3. She could _______________ a wealthy life.
a. not afford c. hardly afford
b. well afford d. do not afford
4. At home, she was _____________.
a. happy c. obeyed by her family
b. lonely d. intelligent
5. She ____________ the position of womanhood in her country.
a. admired c. felt sorry for
b. congratulated d. pitied
6. At that time, women lacked _______________.
a. money c. wealth
b. education d. food
7. She urged the authorities to establish _____________ for girls.
a. hospitals c. prisons
b. schools d. market

8. She would help _____________ the school financially.


a. run c. organize
b. maintain d. ruin

9. The Colegio de _____________ was the first school for girls.


a. La Concordia c. Sta. Catalina
b. Sta. Isabel d. Sta. Margarita

10. Since then, women’s position has improved.


a. true c. maybe
b. false d. none of the above