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วิชา ภาษาอังกฤษ

ม.ปลาย ตอนที่ 23
เร.อง ตะลุยขอสอบ GAT : Reading 1
โดย พี่บอส พิเชฐ ดานไทยนำ ทรูปลูกปญญา
 
Reading 1: เจาะเทคนิค Reading
รูปแบบของ Passage

Part I : General
Introduction Specific
รูปแบบของ Passage
Time Order
Part  II :   Classification
Body Cause-Effect
Compare - Contrast
Definition & Exemplification
รูปแบบของ Passage

Specific
Part  III :  
Conclusion
General
จุดเดนของ Paragraph
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
1 Idea
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.

S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
1 Idea
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.

S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
1 Idea
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
รูจักคำถาม
1. Main Idea
= จะมีคำวา Main/ Title/ Topic/ Purpose/ Focus/ Primarily
2. Detail
= จะมีคำวา According to / Wh- / Which following + เนื้อเร.อง
3. Word Meaning
= จะมีคำวา could be best replaced by/ mean
4. Reference Word
= จะมีคำวา refer
5. Analyzing
= จะมีคำวา infer/ imply/ conclude/ assume/ suggest/ learn
รูจักเทคนิค Skimming
S V O. S V O S V O. S V O.S V O.
Trick: หา key S V O. S V O. S V O.
word ของประโยค
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
ในตำแหนงดังกลาว S V O. S V O. S V O.
รูจักเทคนิค Skimming

S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
Trick: หา key S V O. S V O. S V O.
word ของประโยค
S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O. S V O.
ในตำแหนงดังกลาว S V O. S V O. S V O.
Ever wished you could decide what to dream at night? A Japanese
toymaker says it has a new gadget that can help you do just that.

Tokyo-based Takara Company says that its “Dream Workshop”
stand- - shaped like an oversized cellular phone dock and about 14 inches
tall- - can be programmed to help sleepers choose what to dream.
While preparing for bed, the user mounts a photograph on the
device of who should appear in the dream, selects music appropriate
to the mood- - fantasy, comedy, romantic story, nostalgia- - and
records key word prompts, such as the name of a romantic crush.

Placed near the bedside, the dream-maker emits a special white
light, relaxing music and a fragrance to help the person nod off.
Several hours later, it plays back the recorded word prompts,
timed to coincide with the part of the sleep cycle when dreams most
often occur. It then helps coax the sleeper gently out of sleep with
more light and music so that the dreams are not forgotten.
The device targets sleep-deprived businessmen, a company official
said. “There are many businessmen today who say they don’t sleep
because they are too busy. This gadget can be used to help them
dream a good dream,” said Takara spokeswoman Mayuko Hasumi.
In a study conducted on a group of men and women
between the ages of 20 – 40, the device had a success rate of
22 percent in inducing dreams in which one of the prompt
words appeared.
What is the main idea of this passage?
1.  To report success in controlling a human’s mind.
2.  To show how a new gadget helps us select our dreams.
3.  To reveal that technology can help solve the business dilemma.
4.  To point out that technology can do anything beyond
imagination
What is the most suitable headline for this article?
1.  No More Insomnia
2.  The Dream-Maker Device
3.  The Wonder of Technology
4.  Technology Can Serve All Our Needs
รูจักเทคนิค Scanning

Trick :
หา Key word ของคำถาม จากนั้นไปหา Key word
ดังกลาวใน Passage แลวกลับมาพิจารณา Choice
Ever wished you could decide what to dream at night? A Japanese
toymaker says it has a new gadget that can help you do just that.

Tokyo-based Takara Company says that its “Dream Workshop” stand
- - shaped like an oversized cellular phone dock and about 14 inches tall
- - can be programmed to help sleepers choose what to dream.
While preparing for bed, the user mounts a photograph on the
device of who should appear in the dream, selects music appropriate to
the mood- - fantasy, comedy, romantic story, nostalgia- - and records
key word prompts, such as the name of a romantic crush.

Placed near the bedside, the dream-maker emits a special white
light, relaxing music and a fragrance to help the person nod off.
Several hours later, it plays back the recorded word prompts,
timed to coincide with the part of the sleep cycle when dreams most
often occur. It then helps coax the sleeper gently out of sleep with
more light and music so that the dreams are not forgotten.
The device targets sleep-deprived businessmen, a company official
said. “There are many businessmen today who say they don’t sleep
because they are too busy. This gadget can be used to help them
dream a good dream,” said Takara spokeswoman Mayuko Hasumi.
In a study conducted on a group of men and women between
the ages of 20 – 40, the device had a success rate of 22 percent
in inducing dreams in which one of the prompt words appeared.
Which of the following is NOT TRUE about Dream-Maker Device?
1.  It is about 14 inches long.
2.  It was invented by Japanese company.
3.  It will emit sound and scent at start.
4.  It can automatically select what to dream.
รูจักเทคนิคการเดาศัพท
Trick :
1.  ดู Part of Speech
2.  ดู Tone
3.  แปลประโยค และคำแวดลอม
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Definition & Restatement
this can be described as what this means is
many may be seen as combining with
this can be defined as this can be thought of
,that is, to put in another way
that is to say
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Exemplification
as for example another example
is for instance according to
referring to as mentioned in such as
associated with parallel to matching with
Like : ;
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Cause & Effect
Cause
because the fact that because of the reason is
that account of owing to due to
that is why the reason behind is thanks to
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Cause & Effect
Result
so therefore thus as a result
consequently with the result that with the result
so that the final result is that hence
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Compare & Contrast
Compare
Another furthermore moreover equally
Important too at the same time
Besides then accordingly
in fact in addition to like
Connectives and Transitional Phrases
for Compare & Contrast
Contrast
on the contrary yet whereas unlike
different from on the other hand in spite of
nevertheless despite this … that here … there
once … now then … now some … others
not only … but also conversely
According to reports in China Business News, prices in
Jinxiang, China’s garlic-growing capital, have seen a fortyfold increase
since March. Further down the supply chain, garlic prices have jumped
tenfold on wholesale markets in big cities and fourfold nationwide.
That compares with a meager doubling in the price of copper this year
and a 77% increase in the Shanghai stock market.
Yet, there is some justification for the increases. The amount of
land set aside for garlic-planting is said to have fallen by half in 2008 in
response to low prices. Rumors abound that garlic may prevent swine flu.
Cheap herbal remedies are popular in China, and ways to ward off disease
are compelling in the absence of comprehensive health care.
The word “justification” has the same meaning as _________.
1.  reason
2.  protest
3.  immorality
4.  Research
The word “ward off” has the same meaning as __________.
1.  write on
2.  protect from
3.  comply with
4.  expose to