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Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-14

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-14 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-14 is also represented by: o Reach 905 o Underwood Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

§ ¦ ¨
43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

§ ¦ ¨
43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

o ff SHA SHA

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

³
1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

M

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE

§ ¦ ¨
43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145

§ ¦ ¨
43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

N

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

E

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

E

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

F

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )

§ ¦ ¨
43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A
UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX

§ ¦ ¨
43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A

§ ¦ ¨
94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18

§ ¦ ¨
894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

N

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK

§ ¦ ¨
94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )

§ ¦ ¨
894
CREEK

@ ?
38

§ ¦ ¨
43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

³
0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

!

!

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6
45 t u 41 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

!
MN-9

!

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14

!

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A
18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

MN-18

! MN-18

§ ¦ ¨
894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
94

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

o ff o F II E L D F ELD

C ii tt C WAUW WAUW
!

MN-14
!

C ii tt y C y WEST A WEST

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water Waterbodies Civil Division
0

³
700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Assessment Point Map: MN-14
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

#

o ff o F II E L D F ELD

C ii tt C WAUW WAUW
!

MN-14
!

C ii tt y C y WEST A WEST

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilites Manufacturing and Industrial

³
0 700 1,400 Feet 2,800

Land Use Map: MN-14
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geomean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-14, Reach 905, Underwood Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good to Moderate Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is slightly high at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level occasionally, but never fall below the 2 mg/l variance standard. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to reduce fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentration does not exceed 0.35 mg/l on any day Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 100 mg/l on some of the days. While it is natural for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during warmer months, the concentrations decline sporadically in March and during the summer and early winter – this is unusual. The low concentrations in March may be related to pollutants and biochemical oxygen demand in the runoff associated with snow melt. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the 75th percentile value declines substantially in the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Bacteria are most prevalent in the winter and conditions are particularly poor in March. This is most likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations are greatest in March and are likely related to snow-melt. Concentrations then decline during the summer and early fall. This could be related to uptake by plants during the growing season. Suspended solids concentrations are below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil.

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Good Good Good to Moderate Moderate Good to Moderate Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline at low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased water Good Moderate to Poor
agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point sources are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the variance standard. During moist conditions, fecal coliform exceeds the standard 50% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met nearly all of the time. During these low flows would be the safest time for recreational uses (boating, wading, swimming), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus are highest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline over 50% of the time at the highest flows. This suggests the prevalence of non-point loads of phosphorus. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. Note that this site is located downstream of some concrete-lined reaches within the watershed. As a result, upstream activities such as stream bank erosion and re-suspension of stream sediments likely make less of a contribution to suspended sediment loads at this site compared to sites that are situated downstream of natural reaches that experience these activities.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good to Moderate

Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 905

Description Underwood Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.72

Average Daily Flow
Underwood Creek (905) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-14 Underwood Creek

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
8,133 71 691 247 2,964 86 351 147 11.0 11.1 100 0.066 0.043 84 0.67 0.61 16.8 7.9 0.0048 0.0013

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905 )
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Underwood Creek (RI 905)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)
Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows

Box & Whiskers
Dry Conditions Low Flows

1.E+04
C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Underwood Creek – Reach 905
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data