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Established in 1914

Myanma Alinn Daily
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aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

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aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

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aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

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(owif;pOf)

13

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(owif;pOf)

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a'oBuD;? &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;? u&ifjynfe,f? csif;
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aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/
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oefYpifaq;rIefY 50 uDvdk*&rf 247 ykH;? aq;pdrf
jcifaxmiftvkH; 3430 ? a&oefYaq;xkyf 18900?
uvd&k if;aq;jym; 28800? DHF Test Kit 30? tdro
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cGuf 9200 wdkYudk ay;ydkYaxmufyHhcJhNyD;jzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
(owif;pOf)

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

pOf NrdKUe,f
ausmif;trnf

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41

ykPÖm;uRef;
ykPÖm;uRef;
ykPÖm;uRef;
ykPÖm;uRef;
ykPÖm;uRef;
ykPÖm;uRef;
aygufawm
aygufawm
&aohawmif
&aohawmif
&aohawmif
&aohawmif
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;

pma&;ckH
(tjrifh)

tru-yJpdeef;
txu(cGJ)-oJwuf
30
rlvGef-vuf0Jjref
tvu(cGJ)-ukvm;acsmif;
tru-rif;pDacsmif;
tvu(cGJ)-uRJvrf;acsmif;
16
rlvGef-rD;ausmif;wuf
rlvGef-rSefeDjyif
tru-zufvdyf
tru-ausmufukefbkwf
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tru(cGJ)-oifyef;udkif;
rlvGef-ukefabmif
3
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tru-,dkifonf
5
tvu(cGJ)-ausmif;awmif
tru-abm&maps;
rlvGef-ukvm;acsmif;
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40
tvu(cGJ)-jAKwfacsmif;
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30
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10
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20
tru-awmif&yf
10
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tru-armifomukef;
tru-r[def*sD
5
tru-yDyifukef;
4
tru-uydkif;acsmif;
tru-rkcsm
tru-ukwdk;
5
rlvGef-vuúm
5
txu(cGJ)-ysm;wJ
tvu(cGJ)-tBuD;awmfr(1)
4

pma&;ckH
(tedrfh)
2
20
40
20
25
11
20
2
2
2
1
50
33
15
87
4
10
7
5
5
14
5
20
8
15

3
3
3
5
10
5
10
6
10

pOf NrdKUe,f

ausmif;trnf

pma&;ckH
(tjrifh)

pma&;ckH
(tedrfh)

tru-anmifyifvS
25
tvu(cGJ)-euef
10
tru(cGJ)-oH&Sifjyif
10
rlvGef-cGqkH
5
rlvGef-awmbG,f
1
rlvGef-awmbG,f
tru-pkyÜm
4
rlvGef-a&Tusifjyif
tru-ajrmif;abGacs
2
tru-iclawmif
txu(1)-ajrmufOD;
23
tru-wef;ysif;BuD;
tru-apwDukef;
tru-a&TxGef;jzL
tru-NrdKUacsmif;
rlvGef-*kyÜDaxmifh
10
tru-ajymif;qdyf
tvu(cGJ)-tkH;ywD;
9
tru-ovlacsmif;
10
tvu(cGJ)jyifa,mif;
10
r-uRJwuf
tru-uyfyJhykvJawmif
tvu(cGJ)Murf;wdkuf
tvu(cGJ)Avdayguf
tru-aps;a[mif;a&SU
tru-v[mus,f
tru-acgif;avmif;opf
tru-avmifrD;
tvu(cGJ)taoumv
tru-uRJezm;pl;
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rlvGef-yefZif;armf
rlvGef-OD;pdk;wifh
25
rlvGef-ZD;udkif;opf
tru-i^wm
tru-NydKif;acsmif;
tru-ief;wuf

15
10
20

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ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ajrmufOD;
ausmufawmf
ausmufawmf
ausmufawmf
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;

2
5
10
10
10
10
15
5

35
25
15
29
15
5
15
5
10
30
6
8
5
20
5
19
51
8
5
27
25

pOf NrdKUe,f

ausmif;trnf

tru-cGqkH(csif;)
rlvGef-wJeef;jyif
tru-ptif;&Gmopf
rlvGef-uif;qdyf
5
tru-aygufawmxdefyif
tru-puúa&
tru-awmifydkYBuD;
rlvGef-Zdkifacsmif;aygufawm
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5
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rlvGef-t0&Gm
7
rlvGef-cGqkH(&cdkif)
20
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r-ewfuHjyif
rlvGef-opfykawåmif
v(cGJ)tdkif0ef;
rlvGef-awmifykauú(&cdkif)
15
x(cGJ) rif;&Gm
40
r-nTefepfcGqkH
rlvGef-atmifwdkif
rlvGef-jrif;wifr
rlvGef-'Hk;om;
20
rlvGef-uRJBudK
25
v(cGJ) ausmufckwf
100
r-zkHomcGqkH
r-yGJ&uHqdyf
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tru-*sdwfacsmif;
4
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16
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5
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10
tru-'g;vufajrmuf
tru-uGrf;0
tru(cGJ)-trf;jy
bu-cGqkH
tru-at;csrf;uGrf;0
rlvGef-ewfarmf
tru(cGJ)-armfpGef;
tru-o*Feuftdkif
tru-aMum0
tru-auGU&Snf

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rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
rif;jym;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;
trf;

pma&;ckH
(tjrifh)

pma&;ckH
(tedrfh)
26
20
13
20
5
25
12
20
7
13
20
35
26
30
2
20
5
5
10
1
1
12
51
22

20
10
5
4
8

3
5
19
10
9
3
8
3
5
3

aejynfawmf Mo*kwf 13
jrefrmEdkifiHwpf0ef;ü ,ck&ufydkif;twGif; rdk;onf;xefpGm&GmoGef;rIaMumifh qnfwmwrHrsm; usdK;aygufrIr&Sdapa&; a&uif;rsm;csxm;NyD; apmifhMuyfMunfh½Iaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sd&m ,aeYnae 6 em&D wdkif;xGmcsuft&
a&avSmifwrHBuD; 39 ckwGif owfrSwfa&avSmifyrmPjynfhrDojzifh a&ydkvTJrsm;rS a&xkwfvTwfvsuf&SdNyD; wmwrHrsm;usdK;aygufrIr&SdaMumif; v,f,mpdkufysdK;a&;ESifhqnfajrmif;0efBuD;XmerS od&onf/

owfrSwfa&avSmifyrmPjynfhrDojzifh a&ydkvTJrS a&xkwfvTwfvsuf&Sdonfh a&avSmifwrHBuD;rsm;
pOf
qnftrnf

1/
2/
3/
4/
5/
6/
7/
8/
9/
10/
11/
12/
13/
14/

a&bkwfa&avSmifwrH
vdkifAm;a&avSmifwrH
uif;wyfa&avSmifwrH
ayBuD;a&avSmifwrH
vifyef;a&avSmifwrH
udk;yifuef
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rif;jrifa&avSmifwrH
odef&ifa&avSmifwrH
aus;yiftufa&avSmifwrH
ajrmuf,rm;a&avSmifwrH
ajrmuf,rm;a&ula&avSmifwrH
uefYa'gifha&avSmifwrH
qGmacsmif;a&avSmifwrH

uefa&jynfha&avSmif
a&ydkvTJrS
yrmP({uay) a&ausmfusrI (ay)
28474
1954
38295
8100
10180
9764
52000
19010
25260
44000
14057
122900
719
216350

1.85'
0.80'
4.30'
1.20'
1.40'
1.60'
1.90'
0.80'
1.90'
0.80'
3.40'
3.10'
0.20'
0.10'

uav; Mo*kwf 13
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; uav;NrdKUü a&BuD;a&vQHrIrsm;jzpfyGm;cJh&m
a&ab;oihfjynfolrsm;tm; uav;NrdKUay:&Sd u,fq,fa&;pcef;rsm;odkY
ajymif;a&TUae&mcsay;cJhNyD; a&ab;oifhjynfolrsm;tm; trsKd;om;rSwfykH
wifuwfjym;ESifh tdraf xmifppk m&if;rsm;ukd oufqidk &f mXmeu aeYcsi;f Ny;D
aqmif&Gufay;vsuf&Sdonf/
a&ab;oihfrdom;pkrsm;rSm
trsKd;om;rSwfykHwifuwfjym;rsm;ESihf

pOf
qnftrnf

15/
16/
17/
18/
19/
20/
21/
22/
23/

24/
25/
26/
27/

yoda&avSmifwrH
ia>ra&avSmifwrH
abmeDa&avSmifwrH
ysOfykHBuD;a&avSmifwrH
rZif;a&avSmifwrH
Zvufaxmfa&avSmifwrH
a&Tjynf(3)a&avSmifwrH
awmife0if;a&xdef;wrH
pOfhul;acsmif;a*gif;
a&avSmifwrH
anmifudkif;a&avSmifwrH
oJauma&avSmifwrH
awmifndKa&avSmifwrH
awmif,rm;a&avSmifwrH

uefa&jynfha&avSmif
a&ydkvTJrS
yrmP({uay) a&ausmfusrI (ay)
30500
2380
35200
11130
26186
18912
3700
21196
2229

0.70'
0.10'
0.30'
1.00'
1.10'
0.70'
0.20'
0.82'
0.10'

17594
52500
210000
17040

1.20'
0.55'
0.60'
0.10'

tdraf xmifppk m&if;rsm; a&pd?k ysupf ;D ESifh aysmufq;Hk jcif;rsm;&So
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fh rsK;d om;rSwyf w
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NrdKUay:a&ab;u,fq,fa&;pcef; 12 ck&Sda&ab;oihfjynfolrsm;tm;
topfjyefvnfxkwfay;cJh&m Mo*kwf 12 &uftxdysufpD;tdrfaxmifpk
pm&if; 2362 pkESihf trsKd;om;rSwfykHwifuwfjym; 1777 OD;wdkYtwGuf
xkwfay;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
(owif;pOf)

pOf
qnftrnf

28/
29/
30/
31/
32/
33/
34/
35/
36/
37/
38/
39/

pvif;a&avSmifwrH
rkef;acsmif;a&avSmifwrH
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unifa&avSmifwrH

uefa&jynfha&avSmif
a&ydkvTJrS
yrmP({uay) a&ausmfusrI (ay)
133000
674407
120000
319700
6846
325
1140
180000
1735
5364
98400
145000

0.60'
5.50'
0.80'
5.70'
0.20'
0.30'
0.20'
0.40'
0.65'
0.45'
0.50'
1.00'

(owif;pOf)

jrif;jcH Mo*kwf 13
jrif;jcH trSwf(1) oHrPdpuf½HkrS a&ab;oihf puf½Hk0efxrf;rsm;tm;
ulnDaxmufyHhjcif; tcrf;tem;udk puf½Hk{nhf&dyfomcef;rü Mo*kwf 13
&uf eHeuf 9 em&Du usif;ycJh&m puf½HkrSL; OD;at;0if;u trSmpum;
ajymMum;cJhNyD; 'kwd,puf½kHrSL;rsm;? vufaxmufpuf½HkrSL;rsm;? tvkyf½Hk
rSL;rsm;? ukrÜPDrsm;rSwm0ef&Sdolrsm;u a&ab;oihf0efxrf; 36 OD;tm;
wpfOD;vQif aiGusyf 64300 axmufyHhay;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
vif;vufMu,f(awmifom)

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

aejynfawmf Mo*kwf 13

aejynfawmf Mo*kwf 13
arG;jrLa&;? a&vkyif ef;ESifh aus;vufa'ozHUG NzKd ;a&;
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oef; ay;ydkYvSL'gef;cJhonf/
qufvufí use&f adS eao;aom a&ab;oifah 'o

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(owif;pOf)

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zkef;-067-408175? 09- 49208725 wdkYxHodkY
qufoG,fvSL'gef;EkdifaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
(owif;pOf)

uefBuD;axmifh Mo*kwf 13
{&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD; ykodrfc½dkif uefBuD;axmifhNrdKUe,ftwGif;
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ZifrmOD;(jyef^quf)

2015 ckESpf Mo*kwf 13 &uf
pOf

wkdif;a'oBuD;^
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1/ aejynfawmf

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23

23

-

-

-

32127

27599

15663

12773

3370

3/ u,m;jynfe,f

146

146

104

67

-

4/ u&ifjynfe,f

1162

1162

616

74

53

5/ csif;jynfe,f

4321

3927

3984

2205

-

6/ ppfukdif;wdkif;a'oBuD;

187650

181983

141257

101154

16199

7/ yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;

375925

286575

137206

52483

387

96846

91079

96846

65858

1673

3503

3503

262

28

5

10/ rGefjynfe,f

13010

13010

2294

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-

11/ &cdkifjynfe,f

291219

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273154

217246

100300

12/ &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;

99367

52218

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12691

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288106

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9/

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14/ {&m0wDwkdif;a'oBuD;
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(owif;pOf)

12-8-2015 txd
pOf

wkdif;a'o
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jynfe,f

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tjcm;

aygif;

1
63
29

27.650

7

2

364.895

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217.500

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332.820

585.225

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369^6.39 5250.831

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33

2
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198

6

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

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aejynfawmf Mo*kwf 13

2015 ckESpf? Mo*kwf 13 &uf? Mumoyaw;aeY aps;ydwfcsdef v,f,mxGufukefESifh opfoD;0vHaps;EIef;rsm;
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(owif;pOf)

xGuf&Sd&ma'o
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armif½dIif;a0vGif\ zciftrnfrSefrSm
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2015ckESpf w&m;rBuD;rItrSwf-277
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13 &uf) rGe;f rwnfhrD 10 em&DwGif txuftrnfygol w&m;vdk\ tqdkvTmudk xkacs
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xm;aMumif; od&onf/
0if;BudKif(jyef^quf)

oabmwlnDrIpmcRefvTm(LOA)
ysufjy,faMumif; today;aMunmjcif;
1/ arG;jrLa&;? a&vkyfief;ESifh aus;vufa'ozGHUNzdK;a&;0efBuD;XmeESifh Serge Pun &
Associates (Myanmar) Limited wdkYonf jrefrmEkdifiHwGif EdkYpm;EGm;arG;jrLa&;vkyfief;
f kyaf &;puf½Hk jyifqifwnfaqmufa&;? Ekid if H
zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;? UHT Milk jyKjyifxkwv
wum pHcsdefpHnTef;rSD UHT Milk rsm; xkwfvkyfa&;ESifhywfoufí 20-12-2013 &uf
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ukoa&;OD;pD;Xme? nTeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf½k;H rS 7-11-2014 &ufpyJG gpmjzifh taMumif;Mum;pm
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4/ tqkyd goabmwlnDrIpmcRefvTm(LOA)yg pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;t& arG;jrLa&;?
a&vkyif ef;ESihf aus;vufa'ozGUH NzdK;a&;0efBuD;XmESihf Serge Pun & Associates (Myanmar)
Limited wdkYcsKyfqkdxm;aom pmcsKyfonf ysujf y,fygaMumif; today;taMumif;Mum;yg
onf/
arG;jrLa&;? a&vkyfief;ESifh aus;vufa'ozGHUNzdK;a&;0efBuD;Xme

aysmufqHk;jcif;

OD;xGef;xGef; 12^r*'(Ekdif)011883 onf 6-8-2015&uf 6;30 em&D
wGif &xm;avSmfum;blwmrS tkwfusiff;blwmtoGm;? vufqGJtdwfwpfvHk;
aysmufomG ;ygojzifh 4if;tdwx
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(4)acsmif;ygoGm;ygí awGU&Sdoltm; xdkufwefpGmaus;Zl;qyfygrnf/
qufoG,f&efzkef;-09-796613781? 09-798701905

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

(2015 ckEpS f rwfvxkwf urÇmu
h se;f rma&;tzGUJ
&JU bDa&m*gumuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;eJU
bDy;dk emwm&Snyf ;dk o,faqmifolrsm;tm; ukoa&;
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pkaqmif;xm;wJh vltkyfpkBuD;jzpfygw,f/
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txl;vdktyfygr,f/
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bDydk;emwm&Snf o,faqmifxm;wJholawG[m
wpfaeYaeY wpfcsdefcsdefrSmawmh tonf;ajcmuf
tonf;uifqmjzpfoGm;rSmyg/
'gaMumifh 'Dvekd mwm&Snyf ;kd o,faqmifxm;wJh
olawGukd bDy;kd aoaq;eJU xda&mufatmif ukoay;
NyD; tonf;uifqmrjzpfatmif umuG,fxm;zdkY
vdkygw,f/
bDy;kd eJU ywfoufNy;D vGrJ mS ;aewJh t,ltqawG
bDy;kd &S&d if wcsKd Uu ukp&mrvdb
k ;l ? bmrSvyk pf &mrvdk
bl;vdkY ajymygw,f/ wcsdKUuawmh bDydk;qdk ukvdkY
r&bl; bDydk;&Sd&if wpfoufvHk; ukr&awmhbl;vdkY
ajymMuw,f q&m? uReaf wmf b,fawmh aorSmvJ
ajymygvdkUvJ ar;Muw,f/ bDydk;ukzdkY vdkrvdk bDydk;
aysmufraysmufqdkwm tJ'Dvdk cPcPvmar;Mu
w,f/ wu,fawmh 'Dvdk ajymMuwmawG wpfckrS
r[kwfygbl;/
tckacwfrSm bDydk;udk vHk;0 aysmufatmif
aoapwJh? ukwJhaq;awG trsm;BuD;ay:aeNyDyJ/
pm;aq;vnf;&Sdw,f/ xdk;aq;vnf; &Sdw,f/
'gaMumifh bDydk;qdkwmudk vHk;0aysmufoGm;atmif
ukvdkY&aeygNyD qdkwmudk xyfwvJvJ ajymvdkuf
csifygw,f/
bDydk;aoaq;awG
,aeYurÇmay:rSm&SdwJh bDydk;aoaq;awGudk
t"dutm;jzifh tkyfpk 2 pk cGJxm;ygw,f/
(u) udk,fcHtm;jrifhapwJh aq;awG
• Injection Pegylated Interferon
(yuf*vdwfwuf tifwmz&Gef xdk;aq;)
• 'Dtyk pf x
k rJ mS awmh xd;k aq;awGyJ ygygw,f/
(c) bDydk;aoaq; pm;aq;
• vifrDAsL'if; (Lamivudine)
• t'ufzdkAD,m (Adefovir)
• tifwufuAD,m (Entecavir)
• wifEdkzdkAD,m (Tenofovir)
'DvdkbDydk;aoaq;pm;aq;awG av;rsdK;&dSwJh
WHO

txJu jrefrmEdkifiHrSm bDydk;aoaq;taeeJU toHk;jyK tenf;trsm;udk jywJh HBsAg (quantitative)
zdkU tifwufuAD,meJU wifEdkzdkAD,m aq;ESpfrsdK;udkyJ qdw
k m[m qHBsAg r[kwyf gbl;/ ½d;k ½d;k bDy;kd ppfwmygyJ/
jrefrmEdik if H tpmtdrt
f v
l rf;aMumif;eJY tonf;a&m*g qHBsAg &JU toHk;0ifyHk
tzGJUu vufcHtwnfjyKxm;ygw,f/
qHBsAg [m bDydk;b,fawmh aysmufrSmvJ
usefwJhaq;awGuawmh aq;rwdk;wJh jzpf&yfawG qdkwmudk ajymEdkifrSmyg/ qHBsAg awGodyfrsm;&if
bDydk;raysmufEdkifygbl;/
jzpfvdkY roHk;oifhygbl;/
bDydk;ukr,fqdk&if bmawGppf&rSmvJ
Oyrmajym&r,fqdk&if
bDydk;&dSwJh vli,f
bDydk;ukr,fqdk&if bDydk;taumifta&twGufeJU wpfa,mufu uReaf wmf ud&k ;D ,m;oGm;zdUk vkyaf ewmyg/
bDydk;aysmufEIef;udk t&ifqHk;ppfzdkYvdkygw,f/
tJvdkppfvdkufvdkY bDydk;b,fawmh aysmufraysmuf
odcsifw,fvdkUajym&if ]]rif; qHBsAg ppfvdkufyg}}
bDydk;taumifta&twGuf (HBV DNA)
Hepatitis B virus &JU DNA vdkUac:wJh rsdK;½dk;ADZ vkc
Yd ikd ;f vku
d yf g/ qHBsAg u 5000 'grSr[kwf 20000
ta&twGuf ppfwmudk bDydk;taumif ta&twGuf vdkY tajzxGufae&if}} ]]rif;bDydk;u aemuf 5 ESpfeJU
ppfw,fvdkY ac:ygw,f/
rxGuEf ikd b
f ;l / rif;ud&k ;D ,m;oGm;zdUk vkyrf aeygeJaY wmh}}
bDydk;taumifta&twGufudkjywJh aemufenf; vdkY ajym&rSmyg/ bmvdkYvJqdkawmh udk&D;,m;EdkifiHu
xdk;aq;eJU pm;aq;EdIif;,SOfcsuf
yuf*vdwfwuftifwmz&Gef xdk;aq;
1/ ab;xGufqdk;usdK;rsm;ygonf/
2/ bDydk; HBsAg vHk;0aysmufoGm;Edkifygonf/
3/ aps;BuD;ygonf/
xdk;aq; 1 vHk;vsif
xkwfvkyfonfhEdkifiH
usyf

qGpfZmvefvkyf
1odef;8aomif;
tar&duefvkyf
1odef;6aomif;
AD,uferfvkyf
7aomif;
ygupöwefvkyf
6aomif;
4/ 1 ygwf 1vHk; 1ESpfyJ xdk;&ygr,f/

pepfuawmh copies/ml vkdUac:wJh aoG; 1 mL rSm
Copy vdUk ac:wJh taumifta&twGuf b,favmuf&Sd
w,fqdkwmudk ajymwmyg/
bDydk;taumifta&twGuf HBV DNA qdkwm
[m aoG;xJrSm bDydk;b,fESaumif &dSw,fqdkwmudk
ajymwmyg/ tonf;xJrSm b,fESaumif usefw,f
qdkwmudk ajymwmr[kwfygbl;/ 'gaMumifh bDydk;
taumifta&twGuf r&daS wmhb;l qdw
k m[m aoG;xJ
rSm bDydk;r&dSawmhbl;vdkUyJ ajymwmyg/ bDydk;aysmuf
raysmufudk ajymwmr[kwfygbl;/
aoG;xJrSm bDydk;r&dSawmhbl;/ HBV DNA
negative jzpfayr,fhvnf; bDydk;uawmh &dSEdkifNyD;
HBsAg uawmh positive jzpfEdkifygao;w,f/
bDydk;aysmufEIef; (qHBsAg)
Quantitative HBsAg vda
Yk c:wJh qHBsAg qdw
k m
tonf;qJvfawGxJrSm bDydk;rsdK;½dk;ADZ b,favmuf
userf useq
f w
kd mudk ppfwmyg/ HBV DNA yd;k aumif
a& ppfMunfv
h Ykd aoG;xJrmS bDy;kd r&daS wmhb;l qdak yr,hf
HBsAg [m positive jzpfaeygao;w,f/ 'gayr,fh
aoG;ppfMunfhvdkufvdkY qHBsAg r&dSawmhbl;qdk&if
bDydk;aysmufNyD? HBsAg negative jzpfNyDvdkY ajymEdkif
ygw,f/
'gaMumifh qHBsAg qkdwm[m bDydk;b,fawmh
aysmufrvJqdkwmudk odEdkifapwJh test wpfckyg/
tvG,fwul ajym&r,fqdk&ifawmh qHBsAg
prf;oyfrI test udk bDydk;aysmufEIef;? bDydk;b,fawmh
aysmufrSmvJ ajymEdkifwJh test wpfckvdkYac:&rSmyg/
qHBsAg udk b,fvdkppfrSmvJ
bDy;kd aysmufEeI ;f qHBsAg qdw
k mudk Roche ukrP
Ü u
D
xkwfwJh E411 qdkwJhpufeJU ppf&ygr,f/ tJ'Dpufudk
oH;k Ny;D qHBsAg test ppfzUkd twGuf oD;oefUxkwx
f m;wJh
qHBsAg test kit eJU ppf&rSmyg/
vGJEdkifwmwpfckudk ajym&r,fqdk&if bDydk;tcHG

wifEdkzdkAD,m bDydk;aoaq; pm;aq;
ab;xGufqdk;usdK;vHk;0r&dSyg/
bDydk; HBsAg raysmufEdkifyg/
aps;oufomygonf/
wpfaeYwpfvHk;aomuf&ygr,f/
tdE´d,EdkifiHvkyf wifEdkzdkAD,maq;
wpfvHk;vQif jrefrmaiGusyf 600
cefY&Sdygonf/

&uftuefYtowfr&dS?
&moufyefaomuf&ygrnf/
bDydk;&dS&if vHk;0vufrcHvdkUyg/ wu,fvdkY qHBsAg
u 300 avmufq&kd ifawmh ]]rif;bDy;kd aoaq;xd;k Edik f
r,fqdk&ifawmh bDydk;vHk;0aysmufoGm;Edkifw,f}}vdkY
ajymEdkifygw,f/ tJvdkudk toHk;uswJh qHBsAg test
yg/
bDydk;aoaq;xdk;r,fqdk&if
bDydk;aoaq;eJY uk&ifbDydk;vHk;0 aysmufoGm;
HBsAg negative jzpfoGm;Edkifygw,f/ qHBsAg
tenf;trsm;udk wdkif;wmNyD; pepfwus bDydk;ao
aq;xdk;NyD; ukr,fqdk&if bDydk;vHk;0 aysmufatmif

ukv&Ykd Nyv
D Ykd ajym&rSmaygh/ bDy;kd aoaq;rxd;k cifrmS
yxrqH;k bDy;kd taumifta&twGuf (HBV DNA)
eJY bDy;kd aysmufEeI ;f (qHBsAg) udpk pfNy;D wGNJ y;D Munfh
&rSmyg/
wu,fvdkY bDydk;aumifa& (HBV DNA)u
odyrf sm;ae&if bDy;kd aoaq;rxd;k ao;ygbl;/ yxr
qHk; Tenofovir pm;aq;eJY uk&OD;rSmyg/ pm;aq;eJY
ukNy;D bDy;kd taumifta&twGuf vH;k 0r&daS wmhb;l
qdkawmhrS bDydk;aoaq;udk xdk;rSmyg/
bDy;kd aoaq;xd;k aq;eJY ukr,fq&kd if qHBsAg
udk yxrqH;k wdik ;f wm&rSmyg/ tJvkd aq;xd;k wJt
h cgrSm
qHBsAg tenf;trsm;ay:rlwnfNyD; aysmufEIef;
uGmjcm;ygw,f/
- qHBsAg 1500 txuf aysmufEeI ;f 40%
cefY
- qHBsAg 1500 atmuf  aysmufEIef;
70%cefY
- qHBsAg 1000 atmuf  aysmufEIef;
80%cefY
- qHBsAg 500 atmuf  aysmufEIef;
90%cefY
- qHBsAg 100 atmuf  aysmufEIef;
99%cefY
bDydk;aysmufatmifukenf;tESpfcsKyf
- bDydk;taumifta&twGuf HBV DNA
udkppfyg/
- tJ'Daemuf bDydk;aoaq; Tenofovir
wpfaeY wpfvHk;wdkufyg/
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xHkawmf&Gmae OD;atmifpdk;(,majc
aygifjywf)ESifh
rkwfqdwfuGif;

&Gmae OD;csKdEkdif (0Jajcwkatmuf
ydkif;jywf)wkdYtm; ajcwkwyfqif
xm;&SdrItajctae tqifajyrI
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Muum
pdwf"mwfjr§ifhwifa&;
tm;ay;pum;rsm; ajymMum;cJh
aMumif; od&onf/
xkYdtjyif ¤if;uGif;qif;tzGJU
onf ajcwkvufwk tao;pm;
jyKjyifa&;wm0efcH apwem&Sif
aemufxyfwpfO;D udk xyfraH &G;cs,f
í oifwef;ay;avhusihfrIrsm;ay;
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
eef;om&D-xdef0if;

usKdif;wHk Mo*kwf 13
&Srf;jynfe,f(ta&SUydkif;) usKdif;wHkc½dkif rdkif;ysOf;NrdKUe,f aus;vufa'ozGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;OD;pD;XmerS 2015-2016 b@mESpfwGif (16)
rdkif&GmESihf zmvHk&Gmcsif;qufajrom;vrf; ig;rdkifukd q|rtm½HkukrÜPDrS wm0ef,lazmufvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/ tqkdyg vrf;azmufvkyfaerIudk
Mo*kwf 9 &ufu &Srf;jynfe,f½Hk;cGJOD;pD;rSL; OD;rsKd;atmifESihfrdkif;ysOf;NrdKUe,fOD;pD;rSL; OD;pdkif;atmifrsKd;xufwkdYu uGif;qif;aqmif&GufcJhaMumif; od&
onf/
armifaqGNidrf;(jyef^quf)

jrif;rl Mo*kwf 13
Mo*kwf 11 &uf eHeuf 6 em&DcGJu jrif;rlNrdKUe,f xD;aqmif;aus;&Gm tv,fwef;ausmif;(cGJ)a&SU rkH&Gmjrif;rl-rEÅav;um;vrf; rkdifwkdif(45^2 ESifh 45^3) tMum;wGif rHk&GmrSrEÅav;odkY rsKd;oefY(30 ESpf)armif;ESif
onfh ,mOftrSwf RLG/------ ESifh rEÅav;rS rHk&GmbufokdY pdk;a0NzdK;(28 ESpf) armif;ESifonhf ,mOftrSwf
YGN-9C/----- wdkY rsufESmcsif;qkdifwkdufrdí YGN-9C/----- ,mOfay:yg OD;jrihfa0rSm tcif;jzpfae&m
wGif aoqHk;um usefvlrsm; 'Pf&mtoD;oD;&&SdMuNyD; jrif;rlNrdKUr&Jpcef;u trIzGifhxm;aMumif; od&onf/
(079)

&rnf;oif; Mo*kwf 13
aus;vufa'ozHGUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;OD;pD;XmeESihf
pkdufysKd;a&;OD;pD;
XmewkdY yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufaom aus;vufa'otoufarG;0rf;ausmif;
taxmuftuljyK obm0ajrMoZmaqmif&Gufjcif;vkyfief; aqG;aEG;yJG
ukd rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; &rnf;oif; c½kdif ^NrdKUe,f arG;? a&?
aus;OD;pD;Xme½kH;cef;rü Mo*kwf 11 &ufu usif;ycJh&m aus;vufa'o
zHGUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme c½kdifOD;pD;rSL; OD;aomif;xkdufu trSmpum;
ajymMum;NyD; c½kdifpkdufysKd;a&;OD;pD;rSL; OD;pef;vGifu enf;ynmykdif;qkdif&m
rsm; &Sif;vif;jyojcif;? c½kdif^NrdKUe,fpkdufysKd;a&;OD;pD;Xme0efxrf;rsm;u
pmawGUvufawGU&Sif;vif;ykdYcsNyD; todynmay;vufurf;pmapmifrsm;
jzefYa0ay;cJhonf/
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a&;OD;pD;Xme? pkdufysKd;a&;OD;pD;XmerS OD;pD;rSL;rsm;ESihf 0efxrf;rsm;? NrdKUe,f
taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme? jrpdrf;a&mifaus;&Gm 10 &GmrS wpf&Gm
vQif vli,fig;OD;pDESifh ukwif&Gm? qnfBuD;&Gm? ZD;jzLukef;&Gm tp&Sdonfh
aus;&Gmrsm;rS awmifol 10 OD;pD wufa&mufcJhaMumif; od&onf/
twfuav;(&rnf;oif;)

aemifcsKd Mo*kwf 13
aemifcsKdNrdKUe,f apwemrGefvlrIulnDa&;toif;\ jrwfr*Fvm
tcrJhtaxGaxGa&m*gukoa&;ESihf usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIaq;cef;
ESpfywfvnfaeYtcrf;tem;ukd Mo*kwf 11 &ufu tqkdygaq;cef;ü
usif;yonf/ tcrf;tem;wGif NrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ukd,fpm; NrdKUe,f
pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDOuú| OD;pkd;xGef;u trSmpum;ajymMum;NyD;
NrdKUe,fapwemrGef vlrIulnDa&;toif;Ouú| OD;wifOD;u tcrJhaq;cef;
\ usef;rma&;apmifha&SmufrIvkyfief;rsm;ukd
&Sif;vif;ajymMum;
onf/
qufvufí tcrJah q;cef;wGif vkyt
f m;'gejyKuo
k ay;onfh q&m0ef
rsm;? olemjyKq&mrwkdYtm; *kPfjyKrSwfwrf;rsm;ay;tyfcJhaMumif; od&
onf/
(061)

aejynfawmfaumifpDe,fajr wyfuke;f NrdKUe,f oajyacsmif;aus;&Gm
tkyfpktwGif; e,fajrcHwyfrS t&m&Sd^ppfonfrdom;pkrsm;ESihf aus;&Gm
a'ocHrsm; pkaygif;NyD; a&pBudKNrdKUtwGif;a&ab;oifholrsm;twGuf
pkpkaygif;aiGusyo
f ed ;f 20 cefY tvSLaiGESiyhf pön;f rsm;ukd Mo*kwv
f 'kw,
d
ywffu armfawmf,mOfjzihf oGm;a&mufykdYaqmifvSL'gef;pOf/
armifarT;

a'ghzkef;,ef Mo*kwf 13
ucsifjynfe,f a'ghzkef;,efNrdKUe,fcJG jyefMum;a&;ESihf jynfolYqufqH
a&;OD;pD;Xme? &yf&GmtajcjyKrl;,pfaq;0g;wkdufzsufa&;tzJGUESifh ESpfjcif;
toif;awmfwkdY yl;aygif;í rl;,pfaq;0g;yaysmufa&;tjrif a[majym
yJGukd Mo*kwf 8 &ufu trSwf(2)&yfuGuf ESpfjcif;bk&m;&Sdckd;ausmif;0if;
twGi;f ü usi;f y&m NrKd Utkycf sKyaf &;rSL; OD;0if;ode;f xGe;f u rl;,pfaq;0g;\
qkd;usKd;rsm;? &yf&GmtajcjyK rl;,pfaq;0g;wm;qD;umuG,fa&;tzJGUESihf
bmoma&;tzJGUtpnf;rsm;taejzihf owif;ay;zrf;qD;&mwGif Oya'
vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;ESifhtnD aqmif&GufMuapvkdaMumif; ajymMum;
onf/
&JwyfzJGUrS rl;,pfaq;0g;wm;qD;ESdrfeif;a&;? BudKwifumuG,fa&;?
zrf;qD;a&;ESihf jyefvnfxlaxmifay;a&;qkdif&mrsm;ESihf ESpfjcif;toif;
awmfq&mrsm;u todynmay;a[majymMuaMumif; od&onf/
(NrdKUe,f jyef^quf)

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

aysmfbG,f Mo*kwf 13
rEÅav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D aysmb
f ,
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f ed ;f odr;f
rIoifwef; trSwfpOf(1^2015)udk NrdKUe,f pufrIv,f,mOD;pD;Xmeu
Mo*kwf 10 &ufwGif zGifhvSpfcJhonf/
oifwef;zGifhyGJwGif aysmfbG,fNrdKUe,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;rif;udkudk? &rnf;
oif;c½dkif pufrIv,f,mOD;pD;XmerSL; OD;atmifausmfoef;ESifh aysmfbG,f
NrKd Ue,f pufrv
I ,f,mOD;pD;XmerSL; OD;0if;a&Twu
Ydk trSmpum;ajymMum;onf/
oifwef;wGif v,f,moHk;pufud&d,mrsm; armif;ESifxdef;odrf;enf;udk
e,l;a[mfvefxGefpufav;pD;toHk;jyKí pmawGUvufawGU oifMum;rnf
jzpfNyD; oifwef;umvrSm Mo*kwf 10 &ufrS 21 &uftxd jzpfaMumif;
od&onf/ oifwef;odYk ausmif;uke;f &Gm? NrKd Ur&Gm? &Sm;yifv&S mG ? o&ufyif&mG ?
anmifEG,f&Gm? ayukef;&GmESifh a&T'g;&Gmrsm;rS oifwef;om; 50 wuf
a&mufcJhonf/
twfuav;(&rnf;oif;)

oJukef; Mo*kwf 13
yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD; jynfc½dkif
oJukef;NrdKUe,f&Sd awmifolrsm;\
a&BuD;epfjrKyfí ysufpD;oGm;aom
v,fajrrsm;udk rdk;pyg;pdkufysKd;
csdeftrD xGef,ufa&;vkyfief;rsm;
tvsiftjref aqmif&GufEkdif&ef
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jzifh ulnaD qmif&u
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H m;&SNd yD
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
(NrdKUe,f jyef^quf)

,if;rmyif Mo*kwf 13
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; ,if;rmyifc½dkif
,if;rmyifNrdKUü a&jyefvnfusqif;cJhNyD;aemuf
jyefvnfxal xmifa&;vkyif ef;rsm;udk aqmif&u
G f
vsuf&SdaMumif; od&onf/
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twGi;f &Sd aus;&Gmrsm;ü a&ab;oifah 'ocHjynfol
rsm;twGuf jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;vkyfief;rsm;
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
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vnfMunfh½Ippfaq;cJhNyD; vdktyfonfrsm;udk

wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh aygif;pyfn§dEdIif;aqmif&Guf
ay;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
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awGU&onfh ,if;rmyifNrKd Ue,ftwGi;f rS aus;&Gm
rsm;tm; NrdKUe,fpDrHcefYcGJrIaumfrwDOuú|u
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vrf;tus,f 18 ay? t&Snfay 300 cefY&Sd
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aom NrdKUe,ftaxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;XmerS

0efxrf;rsm;? NrKd Ue,f&w
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um tqifjh ri§ w
hf ifomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; wm0ef&dS
olwpfOD;xHrS od&onf/
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aus;vufuse;f rma&;XmecGrJ S q&mrrsm;uvnf;
usef;rma&;apmifah &SmufrItjzpf todynmay;
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&Gufay;vsuf&Sdonf/
xGef;udkudk

acsmif;OD; Mo*kwf 13
ppfudkif;wdkif;a'oBuD; rkH&Gmc½dkif acsmif;OD;NrdKU jynfolYtm;upm;uGif;ü
acsmif;OD;NrdKUe,fpDrHcefYcGJrIaumfrwDOuú|zvm; trsKd;om;(tvGwfwef;)
abmvkH;NydKifyGJ qkay;yGJudk Mo*kwf 6 &ufu usif;ycJhonf/
qkay;yGw
J iG f trsK;d om;(tvGww
f ef;)abmvk;H NyKd iyf w
JG iG f yxr&&Sad om
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cefYcGJrIaumfrwDOuú| OD;vSodef;u qkzvm;udk csD;jr§ifhcJhonf/ xdkYaemuf
'kw,
d qk&&Sad om NrKd Urabmvk;H toif;tm; tm;upm;ESiu
hf m,ynmOD;pD;
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&&Sad om NrKd Uopfabmvk;H toif;tm; 'kw,
d NrKd Ue,ftyk cf sKyaf &;rSL; OD;pd;k jrifh
vdIifu aiGusyfwpfodef;ESifh taumif;qkH;tm;upm;orm;qkrsm;udk NrdKUrd
NrdKUzrsm;rS csD;jr§ifhcJhonf/ abmvHk;NydKifyGJqkcsD;jr§ifhyGJodkY NrdKUe,ftaxmuf
tuljyKaumfrwDOuú| OD;uHaX;? tm;upm;ESifhum,ynmOD;pD;XmerS
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&JwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;? Xmeqdik &f mwm0ef&o
dS rl sm;? NrKd UrdNrKd Uzrsm;? tm;^umaumfrwD
0ifrsm;? abmvkH;tm;upm; 0goem&Sifrsm; wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
tdtdpdk;(jyef^quf)

&rnf;oif; Mo*kwf 13
rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD; &rnf;oif;c½dkif &rnf;oif;NrdKUe,frS aus;&Gm
10 &Gmü 2015-2016 b@ma&;ESpt
f wGi;f aqmif&u
G rf nfh jrpdr;f a&mif
pDru
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9 &ufu zGifhvSpfcJhonf/
oifwef;wGif c½dkifESifh NrdKUe,f jrpdrf;a&mifpDrHudef;taumiftxnf
azmfa&;aumfrwD0ifrsm;u aus;&Gm 10 &GmrS pDru
H ed ;f Bu;D MuyfraI umfrwD0if
rsm;tm; pDrHudef;ESifhywfoufí &Sif;vif;aqG;aEG;NyD; &efyHkaiGpm&if;xdef;
odrf;a&;qkdif&mrsm;udk ydkYcscJhum aus;&Gmwpf&Gmcsif;pDokdYvnf; oifwef;
rsm;udk qufvufydkYcsoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/ oifwef;zGifhyGJodkY
&rnf;oif;NrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;ESifh NrdKUe,fzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;taxmuf
tuljyKaumfrwD0ifrsm; wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
twfuav;(&rnf;oif;)

&efukef Mo*kwf 13
&efuek t
f a&SUydik ;f c½dik f Adv
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NrKd Ue,fuse;f rma&;OD;pD;Xmecef;rü Mo*kwf 10 &ufu
jyKvkyfcJhonf/
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k 0f efaqmifrcd if
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J uf a&mufaom ud,
k 0f efaqmif

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onfh EdYb
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ay;tyfcJhonf/
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udkufnDa&G;cs,fonfh pHjyrdcifqk&&Sdol Adkvfwaxmif
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vufaqmifrsm; ay;tyfcJhonf/
a[majymyGJESifh pHjyrdcifqkay;yGJodkY NrdKUe,frdcifESifh
uav; apmihaf &Smufa&;toif;rS Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;?
NrdKUe,fusef;rma&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;? NrdKUe,f
twGif; &yfuGuf 10 ckrS rdcifESifh uav;i,frsm;?
udk,f0efaqmifrsm; wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
atmifoef;(r*FvmawmifñGefY)

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

pwkwfpD;wD;toif;u tifwmrDvefawmifyHwdkufppfrSL; &Sm'ef;&SmusD
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EkdifcJhw,fvdkY qdkygw,f/

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zdkY qE´&Sdaew,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ bmpDvdkemtoif;taeeJY aygif 22 oef;
eJY a&mif;xkwfr,fqdk&if ref,luac:,lzdkY toifh&Sdw,fvdkY qdkygw,f/
yuf'½du
k kd bmpDvekd mu a&mif;xkwzf &Ykd w
dS ,fvYkd twnfjyKajymMum;vdu
k Nf y;D
wJah emuf ref,u
l urf;vSr;f rIawGjyKvyk cf w
hJ ,fvYkd qdyk gw,f/ odaYk yr,fh
w&m;0ifurf;vSrf;rIawGawmh r&Sdao;ygbl;/ touf 28 ESpft&G,f&Sd
wkdufppfrSL; yuf'½dk&JU aemufqHk;yGJtjzpf upm;zdkY&Sdw,fvdkY bmpDvdkem
toif;&JU tm;upm;'g½du
k w
f m a&mbwfzmeef'ufZu
f twnfjyKajymqdk
vdkufygw,f/ wdkufppfrSL; yuf'½dk[m bmpDvdkemtoif;rSm t"duwdkuf
ppfrSL;awGjzpfwJh rufqD? qGm&ufZfeJY aermwdkY aemufrSm&Sdaeygw,f/
ajymr,fqdk&if 'Dt"duupm;orm;awG&JU t&efupm;orm;tjzpfom&Sd
aeygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; olYtaeeJY bmpDvdkemu xGufcGmcsifaewm
yg/ ref,leJY bmpDvdkemtoif;wdkY&JU wm0ef&SdolawGnd§EIdif;rI tqifajy
oGm;r,fqdk&ifawmh wdkufppfrSL; ywf'½dk[m ref,lrSma&mufvmzdkY rsm;yg
w,f/ odkYaomfvnf; bmpDvdkemeJY qDADvmwdkY upm;wJhplygzvm;NydKifyGJ
rSm bmpDvdkemu ig;*dk;-av;*dk;eJY tEdkif&cJh&m tEkdif*dk;udk yuf'½dku oGif;
,lay;cJhygw,f/

upm;orm;ac:,la&;umvtqHk;owfcsdefrSm ref,l*dk;orm; 'D*D,m
taeeJY tdk;x&ufzdkY'frSmyJ quf&SdzdkYarQmfvifhxm;w,fvdkY qdkygw,f/ 'D*D
,m[m &D;&Jruf'&pf&JU pdwf0ifpm;rIcH&NyD;aemuf NyD;cJhwJhtywfu pyg;
udk wpf*dk;-*dk;r&SdeJY tEkdif&wJhyGJrSm vGJacsmfoGm;cJhygw,f/ touf 24 ESpf
t&G,f *dk;orm; 'D*D,mudk &D;&Jruf'&pfu ac:,lzdkYpdwf0ifpm;cJhayr,fh
vufawGUususac:,lpmcsKyfEkdifcJhjcif;r&SdcJhygbl;/ pydefaemufwef;upm;
orm; qm*sD&mrdkYpf ref,ludkvma&mufupm;wJhtcsdefrSm ref,ltaeeJY
'D*D,mudkvnf; &D;&Jruf'&pftoif;udk a&mif;csr,fvdkY tcdkiftrmajym
qdck w
hJ myg/ odaYk yr,fh uvyftoif;ESpcf &k UJ ndE§ idI ;f rIawG tqifrajycJw
h hJ
twGuf 'D*D,mudkvnf; &D;&Jruf'&pfuac:,lEdkifcJhjcif;r&Sdygbl;/ 'D
twGuf 'D*D,m[m ref,lrSmyJquf&SdEdkifw,fvdkY qdkygw,f/

csefyD,H&SpfyGJpOf(2)udk Mo*kwf 15 &uf nydkif;rSm ,SOfNydKifupm;wJhtcg tBudwfte,f&Sdr,fhyGJaumif;awGu apmifhBudKaeygw,f/ 'DyGJpOfawGrSm
rpf',fba&mheJY abmfvfwef? befaveJY bmrif*rf? zlvf[rfeJY b½dkufwefwdkYyGJawGu y&dowfawGudk pdwfvIyf&Sm;p&mawGzefwD;ay;MuOD;rSm
jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 'DwpfywfrSmawmh b,ftoif;awG&v'faumif; aqmifMuOf;oGm;MuOD;rvJqdkwm apmifhMunfhtm;ay;&OD;rSmjzpfygw,f/
rpf',fba&mhESifh abmfvfwef
2014-2015 abmvHk;&moD&JU csefyD,H&Spf
tNyD;rSm pwkw¦ae&mrSm &yfwnfcJhwJh rpf',f
ba&mh[m 'DESpfrSmawmh wef;pDZ,m;xdyfqHk;
rSm &yfwnfEkdifa&; arQmfrSef;aeygw,f/ 'g
aMumifh &moDtpyGJpOfawGuwnf;u trSm;
t,Gif;enf;atmif upm;aeNyD; trSwfjynfh
yGJwdkif;&,la&;tm;xkwfaeNyDjzpfygw,f/ rpf
',fba&mh[m tdrfuGif;rSm NyD;cJhwJhESpfu
abmfvfwefeJY upm;cJhwJhyGJrSm wpf*dk;-*dk;r&SdeJY
Ekid yf &JG xm;wJt
h jyif abmfvw
f efeq
YJ w
kH ikd ;f &v'f
aumif;wwfwJh tdrf&SifwdkYyJ 'DyGJrSm trSwfjynfh
&,lygvdrfhr,f/
befavESifh bmrif*rf
Ny;D cJw
h EhJ pS u
f oH;k *d;k pDoa&yGjJ zpfxm;wJt
h wGuf
tckyGJrSmawmh befavwdkY tm;xnfhrSmyg/ NyD;cJh
wJhESpfu wef;qif;vmcJh&wJh befav[m vm
r,fEh pS rf mS wef;jyefwufEidk af &; BuKd ;pm;aewmrdYk
tckyrJG mS awmh bmrif*rfwYkd rvG,yf gbl;/ bmrif
*rf[m tdrfuGif;tm;xkwfrIaumif;ayr,fh
wdkufppfrSL;awG&JU
tqHk;owfaumif;rIu
vdt
k yfaeqJjzpfwmrdYk 'DyrJG mS befavwdYk oH;k rSwf
tjynfh &,lzt
Ykd cGit
hf a&;rsm;aewmawmh trSef
ygyJ/
'gbDESifh csmvfwef
tckwpfavmajcprf;yGaJ wGrmS vnf; ajcrSeaf e
wJh 'gbDwdkYu csmvfwefudk zdtm;ay;upm;Edkif

rSmyg/ ADvm&D;&Judk oa&upm;xm;EkdifwJh 'gbD
wd&Yk UJ BuKd ;pm;rIu todtrSwjf yK&rSmjzpfygw,f/
csmvfwefwu
Ykd Ny;D cJw
h EhJ pS u
f 'gbDuiG ;f rSm upm;
cJhpOfu ESpf*dk;jywf½IH;yGJMuHKxm;wmrdkY tckyGJrSm
vnf; csmvfwefwYkd trSw&f zdYk tcGit
hf a&;enf;
aewmawmh trSefygyJ/
zlvf[rfESifh b½dkufwef
NyD;cJhwJhESpfu tdrfuGif;rSm ESpf*dk;jywf½IH;cJhwJh
ta<u;udk tckyGJrSm zlvf[rfwdkY jyefqyfzdkY BudK;
pm;ygvdrfhr,f/ qDADvmvdk rmausmwJhtoif;
udk tEkdifupm;xm;wJh b½dkufwef&JU ajcpGrf;u
vnf; avQmhwGufvdkYr&wmrdkY 'DyGJutBudwf
te,f&SdrSmyg/ 'gayr,fh zlvf[rf[m upm;
orm;topfawG tm;jznfhxm;wmrdkY tckyGJrSm
tedrfhqHk; wpfrSwfawmh&atmif,lygvdrfhr,f/
b&pöwdk;ESifh b&efzdkY'f
ajcpGr;f aumif;aewJh b&pöw;kd &JU tm;xkwrf I
u todtrSwfjyKp&mjzpfaeygw,f/ toif;
vdkuf vsifvsifjrefjrefupm;wwfNyD; tEkdif&vdk
pdwfjyif;xefwJh upm;orm;awGaMumifh b&ef
zdkY'ftwGuf cufcJwJhyGJjzpfygvdrfhr,f/ NyD;cJhwJh
ESpfu b&efzdkY'fuGif;rSm oHk;*dk;-wpf*dk;eJY½IH;cJhwJh
rSwfwrf;udk tckyGJrSm b&pöwdk;wdkY acszsufyg
vdrfhr,f/
[uf'gzD;vfESifh bvufbef;
aemufq;kH awGUqHck w
hJ yhJ rJG mS awmh ESp*f ;kd pDoa&
yGjJ zpfxm;ygw,f/ [uf'gzD;vfwu
Ykd avmavm

q,frSm ajcpGrf;usqif;aewmrdkY bvufbef;
wdkYtwGuf tm;xnfh&if 'DyGJrSm tajctae
aumif;Ekdifygw,f/ bvufbef;[m wef;jyef
wufEkdifa&; BudK;pm;aewmrdkY tdrf&SifwdkY trSwf
&zdkY rvG,fygbl;/
tpf0pfcsfESifh &SufzfzD;
pdefYrD&eftoif;udk ig;*dk;jywfoGif;NyD; EkdifyGJ&
xm;wJh &SufzfzD;wdkYu 'DyGJrSmvnf; tdrf&Sifudk
tcufawGUatmif upm;ygvdrfhr,f/ tdrf&Sif
tpf0pfcsfwdkYu wpfOD;csif;a&m toif;vdkufyg
tcsdwftqufrdrdupm;EkdifaewmrdkY &SufzfzD;
wdkYtwGufvnf; ½kef;uef&r,fhyGJyg/ csefyD,H&Spf
yGJpOfawGrSm wpfvSnfhpDtEkdif,laeMuwJh 'DESpf
oif;[m oa&&v'fuv
kd nf; OD;wnfomG ;Ekid yf g
w,f/
aemfwif[rfESifh ½dkom[rf
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u ESpf*dk;jywfeJY EkdifyGJ&xm;ygw,f/ 'DESpfoif;
qHw
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Ykd tompD;&wmrsm;wJh
tjyif tcsKUd yGaJ wGrmS *d;k jywfoiG ;f tEkikd &f ,lcw
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rdkY tckyGJrSm tdrf&SifwdkY vlpHkxkwfNyD; tEkdif&v'f
udk &SmazGygvdrfhr,f/ csefyD,H&SpfrSm pkpkaygif;
38 yGJqHkawGUcJhrI rSwfwrf;udkMunfh&if aemfwif
[rfwdkYu 21 yGJEkdifNyD; ½dkom[rfu ckepfyGJom
Ekdifxm;um 10 yGJoa&jzpfxm;wmrdkY tckyGJ
twGufawmh tdrf&SifuyJ atmifyGJcHzdkY rsm;yg
w,f/ /

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

Milk composition onf EGm;EdkYxkwfvkyfolawGeJY
EGm;Edv
Yk yk if ef;wkt
Yd wGuf pD;yGm;a&;t&ta&;Bu;D ovkd
pm;ok;H olawGtwGuv
f nf; tm[m&aA't& tvGef
ukdta&;BuD;ygw,f/ Milk compositionukd t"du
tm;jzifh vTrf;rkd;xm;wJhtcsufawGuawmh………/
(1) rsKd;½kd;ADZ
EdkYpm;EGm;awG&JU rsKd;½dk;ADZukdvkdufjyD;awmh milk
composition u ajymif;vJEdkifygw,f/ Jersey eJY
Guernsey EGm;rawGrmS milk fat yrmP[m 4 'or
5 rS 4 'or 9 &mcdkifEIef;cefY&SdNyD; milk protein u
awmh 3 'or 2 rS 3 'or 5 &mcdik Ef eI ;f cefY &Syd gw,f/
Holstein Friesian? Ayrshire eJY Brown swiss
wkrYd mS awmh milk fat yrmP[m 3'or 5rS 4 &mcdik f
EIef;cefY&SdNyD; milk protein uawmh 2 'or 9 rS 3
'or 2 &mcdik Ef eI ;f cefY &Syd gw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh Jersey
eJY Guernsey EGm;r[m Holstein Friesian? Ayrshire
eJY Brown swiss EGm;rawGxuf milk fat eJY milk
protein ykdrsm;ygw,f/ Zebu EGm;awGrSmawmh milk
fat u 7 &mcdkifEIef;cefYtxd&SdEdkifygw,f/
Fat droplets uvnf; EGm;rsK;d wpfce
k w
YJ pfcMk um;rSm
uGmjcm;Muygw,f/ Fat droplets u Holstein Friesian EGm;awGrSm tao;i,fqkH;jzpfNyD;awmh Guernsey EGm;awGrSmtBuD;qkH;jzpfwmukd awGU&ygw,f/
Total solid yrmPuawmh tjcm;Edp
Yk m;EGm;awGxuf
Jersey EGm;rawG&JUEdkYxJrSm trsm;qkH;yg0ifwmukd
awGU&ygw,f/
EGm;Ed&Yk UJ ta&mifuvnf; breed ay:rlwnfNy;D awmh
ajymif;vJEikd yf gw,f/ Jersey eJY Guernsey EGm;rawG&UJ
Ed[
Yk m t0ga&mifbuforf;ygw,f/ bmaMumifv
h nf;
qkdawmh tJ'DEGm;rsKd;ESpfrsdK;[m tjcm;EGm;awGxuf
carotene(yellow pigments) rS vitamin A okdY
ajymif;vJay;rIenf;aomaMumifh jzpfygw,f/
(2) EdkYn§pfcsdef wpfBudrfeJYwpfBudrf Mum;umv
(interval between milkings)

reufn§pfwJhEdkYeJY naen§pfwJhEdkYrSmvnf; milk fat
yrmPuGmjcm;ygw,f/ bmaMumifhvnf;qkdawmh
EdkYn§pfcsdefwpfBudrfeJYwpfBudrf Mum;umvuGmjcm;wm
aMumifh jzpfygw,f/
(3) EdkYay;umvtajctae (stage of lactation)
Milk composition [m EdkYay;umvtajctae
tay:rlwnfNy;D awmh uGmjcm;ygw,f/ Solid-not-fat
[m EdkYay;umv&JU yxrESpfywfrS oHk;ywftwGif;rSm
tjrifhqkH;jzpfaejyD;awmh aemufykdif;rSm wjznf;jznf;
csif; usvmygw,f/ Fat yrmP[m arG;arG;csif;rSm
tjrifhqkH;jzpfNyD;awmh csufcsif;yJ jyefusoGm;ygw,f/
tJ'v
D u
dk svmwm[m 10 ywfrS 12 ywfceft
Y xdjzpfNy;D
aemufykdif;rSmEdkYay;umvqkH;wJYtxd jyefwufvmyg
w,f/
Milk fat eJY protein [m early and late lactation
rSm tjrifq
h ;Hk jzpfjy;D awmh Edx
Yk w
k v
f yk rf I tjrifq
h ;Hk jzpfwhJ
mid lactation rSm tenf;qkH;jzpfygw,f/ lactose
yrmP[mtpykdif;rSm jrifhNyD;awmh EdkYay;umv
Mumjrifv
h mwmeJt
Y rQ wjznf;jznf; enf;vmygw,f/
(4)EdkYn§pfaepOf ajymif;vJrI
(Change in milk composition during milking)

Milk fat yrmP[m Edn
Yk p§ af ewJh jzpfpOftwGi;f rSm
ukd wjznf;jznf; jrifw
h ufvmygw,f/ Edn
Yk p§ n
f p§ cf si;f
yxrqkH;xGufvmwJhEdkYrSm milk fat yrmP[m 1 rS
2 &mcdkifEIef;cefY&SdNyD; aemufqkH;EdkYn§pfwmNyD;cgeD;rSm
xGuw
f EhJ rYkd mS awmh 5 rS 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f cefY yg0ifygw,f/

yrmPuawmh ykHrSefxuf 0 'or 12 &mcdkifEIef;cefY
jrifhwufoGm;ygw,f/ EdkYtHka&mifa&m*gjzpf&if EdkYwkdif
wpfwkdifeJY wpfwkdifuxGufwJh milk composition
awGvnf; uGmjcm;ygw,f/
(7) &moDOwk (season)

xGu&f rdS I jrifw
h ufvmygw,f/ rumen xJrmS propionic acid xGuf&SdrIjrifhrm;vmjcif;[m lactic acid eJY
glucose xGuf&SdrIukd jrifhwufapNyD; insulin production ukv
d aYIH qmfum adipose tissue rS free fatty
acid xGuf&SdrIukdavsmhusapygw,f/
(*) tpmauR;wJhtBudrfa&eJY tpmauR;rIpepf
(Frequency of feeding and feeding system)

tjcm;tpmauR;wJh tavhtxawGjzpfMuwJh
(tpmauR;wJhtBudrfa&eJY tpmauR;rIpepf) wkdYu
vnf; Edx
Yk rJ mS milk fat yrmPyg0ifru
I  dk vTr;f rk;d xm;
ygw,f/ tBudrf ta&twGuf enf;enf;eJY auR;
wJhtcg (txl;ojzifh concentrate ukd forages eJY
oD;jcm;cGaJ uR;wJt
h cg) ruminal acetate:propionate
ration avsme
h nf;vmNy;D milk fat yrmPukd avsmeh nf;
apygw,f/ fibre yrmPenf;Ny;D tpmEk(concentrate)
yrmPrsm;rsm;ygwJh tpmukdauR;jcif;aMumifh milk
fat yrmPavsmu
h srt
I wGuf pkaygif;a&mpyfxm;aom
tpm (total mix ration-TMR) ukd auR;jcif;jzifv
h nf;
aumif;? tpmauR;aomtBudrfta&twGuf rsm;
rsm;auR;jcif; (3 or more times daily) jzifhvnf;
aumif; ajz&Sif;Edkifygw,f/
(C) tpmMurf;&JUt&G,ftpm;
(forage particle size)

aumif;aumif;ckwfjzwfpOf;xm;wJh tpmMurf;
ukd auR;jcif;aMumifh milk fat yrmPukd
avsmhusapygw,f/ bmaMumifhvnf;qkdawmh tpm
Murf;t&G,t
f pm;[m wkv
d eG ;f aomaMumifh rumination time avsmhusNyD; saliva xGuf&SdrI enf;oGm;yg
w,f/ saliva enf;aomaMumifh rumen xJrSm acid
xGuf&SdrIukdxdef;nd§ay;&efcufcJoGm;NyD; rumen pH
usoGm;ygw,f/ rumen pH [m 6 xufykdíusoGm;
aomtcg tpmMurf;awGukdacszsufaom bacteria
(cellulolytic bacteria) awG&UJ pGr;f aqmif&nfusqif;
oGm;ygw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh acetic acid eJY butyric
acid xGu&
f rdS aI vsmeh nf;vmNy;D milk fat yrmPavsmh
usoGm;ygw,f/ forage particle size ukd tenf;qkH;
0'or 64 pifwDrDwmxm;NyD; auR;jcif;tm;jzifh
milk fat yrmPavsmu
h sjcif;uku
d muG,Ef ikd yf gw,f/
(i) tpmxJrSm upD"mwfyg0ifrI
(forage)

bmaMumifv
h nf;qkad wmh fat globules awGudk pkpnf;
NyD;awmh alveoli xJukd ppfxkwfwJhEIef;awG uGmjcm;
wmaMumifhjzpfygw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh EdkYukdajymifpif
atmif rn§p&f if milk fat yrmP ykrH eS x
f ufavsmeh nf;
ygw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh EGm;EdkYukd erlem,lr,fqkd&if
aoaocsmcsm oratmifarTNyD;rS erlem,lwm
aumif;ygw,f/
(5) touf t&G,f (age-parity)
EGm;r&JU toufBuD;vmwmeJYtrQ milk fat eJY
protein yrmP[m usvmygw,f/ Eda
Yk y;umvwpfck
wkdif;rSm milk fat [m 0'or 02 &mcdkifEIef;eJY milk
protein [m 0 'or 02 rS 0'or 05 &mcdkifEIef;
ceft
Y xd avsmu
h svmygw,f/ Solid-not-fat yrmP
u ykdNyD;awmhusqif;wwfygw,f/
(6) a&m*g (diseases)
EGm;awG&JU a&m*gawmfawmfrsm;u milk composition tay:rSm oufa&mufrI&Sdaomfvnf; EdkYtkH
a&mifa&m*g(mastitis)uawmh t"duoufa&mufyg
w,f/ EdkYtHka&mifa&m*gjzpf&if EdkYxJrSmygwJh fat,
solid-not-fat, lactose, casein(milk protein), βlactogolbulineJY ∞-lactalbumin awG avsmhenf;
oGm;Ny;D aoG;xJrmS ygwJh blood serum albumin, Igs,
sodium eJY chloride yrmPawG jrifhwufoGm;wwf
ygw,f/ wu,fvkdY mastitis jyif;jyif;xefxef jzpf
r,fq&dk ifawmh milk protein [m ykrH eS yf gaeusxuf
78 &mcdkifEIef;cefY avsmhenf;oGm;NyD;awmh chloride

&moDOwkuGmjcm;wmeJY milk composition u
vnf; uGmjcm;Edkifygw,f/ milk fat eJY solid-not-fat
yrmP[m aqmif;&moDrSmtjrifhqkH;jzpfNyD; aEG
&moDrSm tedrfhqkH;jzpfygw,f/ milk fat eJY protein
yrmP[m aEG&moDrSm aqmif;&moDxuf 0'or
2 rS 0'or 4 &mcdkifEIef;txd ykdenf;ygw,f/ bm
aMumifv
h nf;qkad wmh &moDOwkyv
l mwmeJt
Y rQ tpm
pm;EIef;usoGm;aomaMumifh fiber intake usoGm;
ygw,f/ Fibre intake usoGm;wmeJY milk fat
yrmPvnf; usoGm;ygw,f/
(8) tpm;tpm (feed)
Milk composition ukd ajymif;apEdkifwJh t"du
t[m&aA'qkdif&mtcsufrsm;uawmh
(u) tpmpm;EIef; (feed intake)
pm;vkdufwJhtpmrsm;ukd EGm;rsm;u wkduf½kdufaomf
vnf;aumif;? oG,0f u
dk í
f aomfvnf;aumif; Edx
Yk w
k f
vkyfrItwGuf tokH;csvkdufygw,f/ tJ'gaMumifh
tpmpm;EIef; jrifhwufvmwmeJY energy &&SdrIjrifh
wufvmNyD; milk protein yrmP[mvnf; 0'or
2 rS 0'or 3 &mcdkifEIef;cefY jrifhwufvmygw,f/
EdkYpm;EGm;awGukd imbalance ratio(low energy:
protein ratio) auR;r,fqkd&if milk fat eJY milk
protein yrmPavsmhusEdkifygw,f/
(c) tpmMurf;-tpmEktcsKd;
(forage:concentrate ration)

ykrH eS t
f m;jzifh EGm;ukad uR;wJt
h pmxJrmS tpmMurf;tpmEktcsKd;[m 40;60 jzpfygw,f/ wu,fvkdY
tpmEkyrmP[m 60 &mcdik Ef eI ;f xuf ausmv
f eG o
f mG ;
&if milk fat &mcdkifEIef; usoGm;wwfygw,f/ bm
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&ifawmh milk fat &mcdkifEIef; avsmhusEdkifNyD;awmh
saturated fat awG xnfhauR;r,fqkd&ifawmh milk
fat &mcdkifEIef;wufvmEdkifygw,f/ EdkYxJrSmygwJh fat
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yg0ifwhJ milk fat yrmPukd ruminal fermentation
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Yd vTr;f rk;d xm;ygw,f/

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11 &uf nae 6 em&Du vrf;ydkif;ydwfxm;cJhaMumif; od&onf/
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(owif;pOf)

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

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MuufajceDwyfzGJU

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmftpdk;&
usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme
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aq;0g;wuúodkvf? rEÅav;

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(1) 'Dyvdkrmoifwef;
pOf oifwef;trnf
oifwef;umv
(u) taxGaxGoGm;a&m*guk'Dyvdkrm
1 ESpf

Dip.D.Sc (General Dental Practice)
(2) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜHoifwef;
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2 ESpf
(*) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH(oGm;a&m*gukynm)
2 ESpf
(C) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH(oGm;wkaq;ynm)
2 ESpf
(i) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH
2 ESpf

(umuG,fa&;ESifhvlxkoGm;usef;rma&;ynm)
(p) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH(oGm;zHk;a&m*gukynm)
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(q) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH(uav;oGm;usef;rma&;ynm)
2 ESpf
(Z) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜH(oGm;nd§ukynm)
2 ESpf
(3) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmyg&*lbGJUoifwef;rsm;
pOf oifwef;trnf
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3 ESpf
(c) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;vufawGUyg&*lbGJU(bGm;wkaq;ynm)
/
pOf oifwef;trnf
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3 ESpf
(C) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;vufawGUyg&*lbGJU
/

(umuG,fa&;ESifhvlxkoGm;usef;rma&;ynm)
(i) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;vufawGUyg&*lbGJU(oGm;zHk;a&m*gukynm)
/
2/ vdktyfaomt&nftcsif;
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(1) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmbGJU&&dSNyD;ol jyifyoGm;bufqkdif&m q&m0efjzpf&rnf/

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(1) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmbGJU&&dSxm;oljzpf&rnf/

(2) avQmufvTmydwfonfh&ufwGif cGifh&ufryg vkyfouf (1)ESpfjynfhNyD;ol tNrJwrf;

0efxrf;jzpf&rnf/

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(*) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmyg*lbGJUoifwef;rsm;

(1) oGm;bufqkdif&maq;ynmr[modyÜHbGJU&&dSxm;oljzpf&rnf/

(2) avQmufvTmydwfonfh&ufwGif oGm;bufqkdif&m aq;ynmr[modyÜHbGJU&&dSNyD;aemuf

tenf;qHk;vkyfouf (2)ESpfjynfhNyD;ol tNrJwrf;0efxrf;jzpf&rnf/
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avQmufvTmydwfonfh&ufwGif tajccH0efxrf;avmif;oifwef;(aZ,s) (odkYr[kwf)

t&mxrf;tajccHynmoifwef; (odkYr[kw)f tBudK0efxrf;avmif;oifwef; (tBudKaZ,s)

(odkYr[kwf) txl;0efxrf;avmif;(q&m0ef)oifwef; wufa&mufNyD;oljzpf&rnf/
3/ avQmufvTmydwf&ufrSm 22-9-2015&uf (t*FgaeY)jzpfygonf/
4/ 'Dyvdkrmoifwef;twGuf avQmufvTmrsm;udk ygarmu©csKyf? oGm;bufqkdif&maq;wuúodkvfrEÅav;odkYvyd rf lí wku
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rEÅav;ygarmu©csKyfxH rysufruGufay;ydkY&rnf/
5/ 0ifcGifha&;ajzppfaq;rnfh&ufrSm (u) yg&*lbGJUoifwef;
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6/ bGJUvGefoifwef;0ifcGifhavQmufxm;ol 0efxrf;oGm;bufqkdif&m q&m0efrsm;onf bGJUvGef
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qkdif&m q&m0efrsm;onf 'Dyvdkrm0ifcGifpmar;yGJaMu; usyf 10000d^- (wpfaomif;usyfwdwd)udk
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atmifajromZHNrdKUe,f? rEÅav;NrdKUwGif zGifhvSpfxm;aom oGm;bufqkdif&m
aq;wuúodkvf? rEÅav;aiGpm&if;trSwf MD-288 (MD-012887) odkY vdyfrlí
aiGvTJpepfjzifhvnf; ay;oGif;Ekdifygonf/)
7/ avQmufvTmac:,lonfh aMunmcsuftjynfhtpHkESifh tao;pdwftcsuftvufrsm;udk oGm;buf
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aq;0g;odyÜHqdkif&myg&*lbGJU (Ph.D) oifwef;rsm;

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(c) yg&*lbGJU (aq;vufawGUaq;0g;odyÜH)
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2/ vdktyfaomt&nftcsif;

(u) aq;0g;r[modyÜHbGJUvGefoifwef;

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(3) avQmufvTmydwfonfh&ufwGif touf (50) xufrBuD;oljzpf&rnf/

(c) yg&*lbGJUoifwef;

(1) aq;0g;r[modyÜHbGJU (M.Pharm) &&SdNyD;oljzpf&rnf/

(2) avQmufvTmydwfonfh&ufwGif aq;0g;r[modyÜHbGJU&&SdNyD;aemuf tenf;qHk;vkyfouf 2 ESpfjynfhjyD;oljzpf&rnf/

(*) avQmufvmT ydwo
f nfh&ufwiG f tajccH0efxrf;avmif;oifwef;(aZ,s) (odkUr[kw)f t&mxrf;tajccHoifwef; (odkYr[kw)f

tajccH0efxrf;avmif; (ti,fwef;) oifwef; (odkUr[kw)f t&mxrf;i,ftajccHoifwef; wufa&muf NyD;oljzpf&rnf/
3/ avQmufvTmydwf&ufrSm 22-9-2015 &uf (t*FgaeU)jzpfygonf/
4/ BudKwifavQmufvTmrsm;udk aq;0g;wuúodkvf? rEÅav;odkU ay;ydkUavQmufxm;&rnf/
5/ 0ifcGifha&;ajzpmar;yGJppfaq;rnfh&ufrSm

(u) yg&*lbGJUoifwef;
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(c) r[modyÜHoifwef;
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6/ bGJUvGefoifwef;0ifcGifhavQmufxm;olrsm;onf bGJUvGefoifwef; 0ifcGifhpmar;yGJaMu; usyf 1000d^- (usyfwpfaxmifwdwd)
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f Spx
f m;aom aiGpm&if;trSwf MD-013006 odkU ay;oGi;f &rnf/
(rSwfcsuf/ / NrdKUe,fjrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;bPf? bPfcGJrsm;rSwpfqifh jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;bPf(2) rEÅav;wGif aq;0g;wuúodkvf? rEÅav;
aiGpm&if;trSwf MD-013006 vdyfrlí aiGvTJpepfjzifhvnf;ay;oGif;Ekdifygonf/)
7/ avQmufvTmac:,lonfh aMunmcsuf tjynfhtpHkESifh tao;pdwftcsuftvufrsm;udk aq;0g;wuúodkvf? rEÅav; zkef;-08540134? 085-40135? 085-40244 wdkUodkU ½Hk;csdeftwGif; qufoG,fpHkprf;Edkifygonf/
aq;0g;wuúodkvf? rEÅav;

jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&
usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme
aq;bufqdkif&mvlUpGrf;tm;t&if;tjrpfzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ESifhpDrHcefYcGJa&;OD;pD;Xme
aq;bufqdkif&menf;ynmwuúodkvf-rEÅav;
aq;bufqdkif&menf;ynmbGJUvGefoifwef;rsm;twGuf

avQmufvTmac:,ljcif;

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aq;bufqdkif&menf;ynm'Dyvdkrmoifwef;
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aq;bufqdkif&menf;ynmr[modyHÜoifwef;rsm;
pOf oifwef;trnf
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(u) aq;bufqdkif&menf;ynmr[modyHÜ ("mwfcGJenf;ynm)
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1.


2.

3.

Spare Parts for Marine Diesel Engine
(Yuchai, Model: YC6M220C)
Centre Shaft Assembly for 2nd Class Pear Shaped Buoy
High Pressure Hydraulic Hose for M.S.D Thihadipa

4 Items
4 Items
4 Items

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(Librarian at Institute of Southeast Asian Studies; Ministry of Education Singapore)
M.Sc Information Studies; Nanyang Technological University(Singapore), B.A(Hons)
Library and Information Studies(ygn), Higher Diploma in Masscommunication(TMC
Academy, Singapore),
Diploma in TESOL(USA)

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OD;rif;vGifOD;(Workplace Safety and Health(WSH) Manager at Sumitomo Mitsui Construction
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(Training Executive at NTUC Learninghub Pte. Ltd, Singapore)
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aomMum? Mo*kwf 14? 2015

pm - 3

pm - 4

TOTTENHAM HOTSPUR
Competition
Date
Game week2
Venue

-
-
-
-

STOKE CITY

Premier League
15 August 2015
Kick-off 20:30
White Hart Lane

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